Buteo: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Fossil range: 33.9–0 Ma
Oligocene - Present
Light-morph Red-tailed Hawk
(Buteo jamaicensis)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Subclass: Neornithes
Infraclass: Neognathae
Superorder: Neoaves
Order: Falconiformes (or Accipitriformes, q.v.)
Family: Accipitridae
Genus: Buteo
Lacepede, 1799

About 30, see text



Buteo (Etymology: Buteo is the Latin name of the Common Buzzard) is a genus of medium-sized wide-ranging raptors with a robust body and broad wings. In the Old World, members of this genus are called "buzzards", but "hawk" is used in North America. As both terms are ambiguous, buteo is sometimes used instead, for example, by the Peregrine Fund.[1]


Species in taxonomic order

A Roadside Hawk (Buteo magnirostris) in Goiás, Brazil
The Grey-lined Hawk (Buteo nitidus) has distinct coloration but otherwise is a normal buteo.
Ferruginous Hawk (Buteo regalis)

Fossil record[2]

A number of fossil species have been discovered, mainly in North America. Some are placed here primarily based on considerations of biogeography, Buteo being somewhat hard to distinguish from Geranoaetus based on osteology alone:[3]

  • Buteo fluviaticus (Brule Middle Oligocene of Wealt County, USA) - possibly same as B. grangeri
  • Buteo grangeri (Brule Middle Oligocene of Washabaugh County, USA)
  • Buteo antecursor (Brule Late Oligocene)
  • ?Buteo sp. (Brule Late Oligocene of Washington County, USA)[4]
  • Buteo ales (Agate Fossil Beds Early Miocene of Sioux County, USA) - formerly in Geranospiza or Geranoaetus
  • Buteo typhoius (Olcott Early ?- Snake Creek Late Miocene of Sioux County, USA)
  • Buteo pusillus (Middle Miocene of Grive-Saint-Alban, France)
  • Buteo sp. (Middle Miocene of Grive-Saint-Alban, France - Early Pleistocene of Bacton, England)[5]
  • Buteo contortus (Snake Creek Late Miocene of Sioux County, USA) - formerly in Geranoaetus
  • Buteo spassovi (Late Miocene of Chadžidimovo, Bulgaria)
  • Buteo musculosus (Miocene of Argentina) - formerly in Thegornis
  • Buteo conterminus (Snake Creek Late Miocene/Early Pliocene of Sioux County, USA) - formerly in Geranoaetus
  • Buteo sp. (Late Miocene/Early Pliocene of Lee Creek Mine, USA)
  • Buteo sanya (Late Pleistocene of Luobidang Cave, China)

An unidentifiable accipitrid that occurred on Ibiza in the Late Pliocene/Early Pleistocene may also have been a Buteo[6]. If this is so, the bird can be expected to aid in untangling the complicated evolutionary history of the Common Buzzard group.

The prehistoric species "Aquila" danana, Buteogallus fragilis (Fragile Eagle), and Spizaetus grinnelli were at one time also placed in Buteo.[3]


  1. ^ Buteos at the Peregrine Fund
  2. ^ Brodkorb (1962), Mlíkovský (2002)
  3. ^ a b Wetmore (1933)
  4. ^ A complete left ulna similar to Buteo but of distinctly small size: Cracraft (1969)
  5. ^ Probably several species; similar to Common Buzzard in appearance and size: Ballmann (1969), Mlíkovský (2002)
  6. ^ Alcover (1989)


  • Alcover, Josep Antoni (1989): Les Aus fòssils de la Cova de Ca Na Reia. Endins 14-15: 95-100. [In Catalan with English abstract]
  • Ballmann, Peter (1969): Les Oiseaux miocènes de la Grive-Saint-Alban (Isère) [The Miocene birds of Grive-Saint-Alban (Isère)]. Geobios 2: 157-204. [French with English abstract] doi:10.1016/S0016-6995(69)80005-7 (HTML abstract)
  • Brodkorb, Pierce (1964): Catalogue of Fossil Birds: Part 2 (Anseriformes through Galliformes). Bulletin of the Florida State Museum 8(3): 195-335. PDF or JPEG fulltext
  • Cracraft, Joel (1969): Notes on fossil hawks (Accipitridae). Auk 86(2): 353-354. PDF fulltext
  • Mlíkovský, Jirí (2002): Cenozoic Birds of the World, Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press, Prague. ISBN 80-901105-3-8 PDF fulltext
  • Wetmore, Alexander (1933): Status of the Genus Geranoaëtus. Auk 50(2): 212. DjVu fulltext PDF fulltext


Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary




Latin ?

Proper noun

Wikipedia has an article on:



  1. a taxonomic genus, within subfamily Buteoninae - buzzards and hawks

Related terms

Wikispecies has information on:


  • species
    • Buteo albicaudatus - white-tailed hawk
    • Buteo albigula - white-throated hawk
    • Buteo albonotatus - zone-tailed hawk
    • Buteo archeri - Archer's buzzard
    • Buteo augur - augur buzzard
    • Buteo auguralis - red-necked buzzard
    • Buteo brachypterus - Madagascar buzzard
    • Buteo brachyurus - short-tailed hawk
    • Buteo buteo - common buzzard
    • Buteo galapagoensis - Galapagos hawk
    • Buteo hemilasius - upland buzzard
    • Buteo jamaicensis - red-tailed hawk
    • Buteo lagopus - rough-legged buzzard
    • Buteo leucorrhous - white-rumped hawk
    • Buteo lineatus - red-shouldered hawk
    • Buteo magnirostris - roadside hawk
    • Buteo oreophilus - mountain buzzard
    • Buteo platypterus - broad-winged hawk
    • Buteo poecilochrous - puna hawk
    • Buteo polyosoma - red-backed hawk
    • Buteo regalis - ferruginous hawk
    • Buteo ridgwayi - Ridgway's hawk
    • Buteo rufinus - long-legged buzzard
    • Buteo rufofuscus - jackal buzzard
    • Buteo solitarius - Hawaiin hawk
    • Buteo swainsoni - Swainson's hawk
    • Buteo ventralis - rufous-tailed hawk


Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies


Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Falconiformes
Familia: Accipitridae
Subfamilia: Buteoninae
Genus: Buteo
Species: B. albicaudatus - B. albigula - B. albonotatus - B. archeri - B. augur - B. auguralis - B. brachypterus - B. brachyurus - B. buteo - B. galapagoensis - B. hemilasius - B. jamaicensis - B. lagopus - B. lineatus - B. melanoleucus - B. nitidus -B. oreophilus - B. platypterus - B. poecilochrous - B. polyosoma - B. regalis - B. ridgwayi - B. rufinus - B. rufofuscus -B. solitarius - B. swainsoni - B. ventralis


Buteo Lacepede, 1799


  • Tableaux méthodiques des Mammiferes et des Oiseaux. p.4

Vernacular names

Deutsch: Bussarde
Français: Buse
Türkçe: Şahin
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Buteo on Wikimedia Commons.


Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address