Butts County, Georgia: Wikis

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Butts County, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Butts County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Seat Jackson
Largest city Jackson
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

190 sq mi (492 km²)
187 sq mi (483 km²)
3 sq mi (9 km²), 1.79%
PopulationEst.
 - (2006)
 - Density

23,561
105/sq mi (40/km²)
Founded 1825
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Butts County CH GA.jpg
Butts County courthouse in Jackson, Georgia
Website www.buttscounty.org

Butts County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. It was created on December 24, 1825. As of 2000, the population was 19,522. The 2007 Census Estimate showed a population of 23,759.[1] The county seat is Jackson,[2] which is also the center of population of Georgia.[3]

Butts County has one radio station: WJGA FM 92.1 and one local newspaper, the Jackson Progress-Argus.

Butts County is home to famous air traffic controller and professor of ATC, Ramey Pace. He worked at the famed and busiest ATC facility, Atlanta Center. He currently works at Eastman Tower in Eastman, GA. Eastman Tower frequency is 124.55, ground on 121.17. AWOS on 119.42.

This county is a part of the Atlanta Metropolitan Area (Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area).

Contents

History

In 1825, the Georgia General Assembly named the County in honor of Captain Samuel Butts.[4][5] A year later, Jackson was created as the first city in the new county and became the county seat. Other towns followed, including Indian Springs (1837); Flovilla (1883); Jenkinsburg (1889); and Pepperton (1897). Indian Springs later became unincorporated and Pepperton was merged with Jackson in 1966, leaving 3 incorporated cities in Butts County. In recent years, Indian Springs has again become a tourist destination including many historic sites, shops, eating establishment and the famous Indian Springs Hotel as its centerpiece.

Much of Butts County and its cities were destroyed by the army of General William T. Sherman in its infamous March to the Sea during the American Civil War. Butts County struggled for decades afterwards to become economically stable again. The arrival of the first railroad train on May 5, 1882 started the resurgence and growth followed. In 1898, caught up in the post-reconstruction ferver that had infected most Georgia counties, Butts County erected a monumental courthouse as a sign of its new prosperity. This building is still in use as a courthouse to this day. The construction of the Lloyd Shoals dam in 1910 created Jackson Lake, a prime recreational lake located primarily in Butts County.

Progress milestones in Butts County include the first telephones in 1884; first waterworks in 1905; electric lights on February 19, 1907; and traffic lights in 1926.

In 2007, Butts County, along with the city of Flovilla were both designated as Georgia Signature Communities by the Georgia Department of Community Affairs. This prestigious designation was given to a total of 12 communities in Georgia that year.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 190 square miles (492 km²), of which, 187 square miles (483 km²) of it is land and 3 square miles (9 km²) of it (1.79%) is water.

Government

Butts County is governed by a Board of Commissioners composed of one commissioner from each of the county's five electoral districts. The commission members serve four year, staggered terms. The Board is presided over by the Chairman, elected annually from the members of the Commission to chair the meetings of the Board. The Board employs a County Administrator, Deputy County Administrator, County Clerk and nine department managers to oversee the daily affairs of the government.

There are four Constitutional Officers and three Elected Officials who are elected at-large by the voters of the county. The Constitutional Officers include the Sheriff; Tax Commissioner; Probate Judge and Clerk of the Superior Court. Elected officials include the Magistrate Judge; Coroner and County Surveyor. Other services are provided by departments headed by appointees of the Board of Commissioners.

In 2008, a movement began to create an elected, at-large chairman position to serve as presiding officer over the Board of Commissioners. This movement lost ground in 2009 and has not been revisited.

Famous & Notable Places

1821-The Indian Springs Hotel, now a museum, was the site of the signing of the treaty that ceded all Native American land in Butts County to the government. Today it is operated as a museum and had been carefully preserved by generations of historical society members. Indian Springs State Park surrounds the hotel and is the oldest State Park in the nation.

1910-Jackson Lake, created by the damming of the Ocmulgee River, is now a prime recreational venue that attracts man visitors from all over middle and north Georgia.

1928-Fresh Air Barbecue, the oldest functioning barbecue restaurant in Georgia, has held the title of Georgia's Best Barbecue since 1984.

1966-Georgia Diagnostic and Classification Center, now Georgia Diagnostic Prison, is the largest employer in Butts County. The prison is a maximum security prison that also houses the death row inmates. Until recent years, it was the location of the electric chair until this was replace by lethal injection.

Education

Butts County is served by three Elementary School campuses, one Middle School campus and one High School campus, all under the Butts County Board of Education. This board is elected with one representative from each of the five county commission districts. The system is managed by a Superintendent of Schools. Additionally, an adjunct campus of Griffin Technical College was erected in 2007 on a 24 acre site west of Jackson.

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Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 19,522 people, 6,455 households, and 4,867 families residing in the county. The population density was 105 people per square mile (40/km²). There were 7,380 housing units at an average density of 40 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 69.22% White, 28.82% Black or African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 1.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,455 households out of which 34.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 13.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.60% were non-families. 20.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 33.00% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 10.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 114.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 117.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,879, and the median income for a family was $44,937. Males had a median income of $33,155 versus $21,869 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,016. About 8.60% of families and 11.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.00% of those under age 18 and 16.70% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Georgia Diagnostic And Classification Prison

The Georgia Diagnostic and Classification Center is a maximum security prison opened in 1966 in Jackson. It is home to Georgia's death row and execution facility.In Georgia, the only legal method of execution has been lethal injection since the Georgia Supreme Court ruled electrocution cruel and unusual punishment in October 2001.

Notes

External links

Coordinates: 33°17′N 83°58′W / 33.29°N 83.96°W / 33.29; -83.96


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

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Butts County, Georgia
Map
File:Map of Georgia highlighting Butts County.png
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the USA highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1825
Seat Jackson
Largest City Jackson
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 1.79%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2006)
 - Density

23561
Time zone Eastern : UTC-5/-4
Website: www.buttscounty.org

Butts County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. It was created on December 24, 1825. As of 2000, the population was 19,522. The 2006 Census Estimate shows a population of 23,561 [1]. The county seat is Jackson6, which is also the center of population of Georgia [2]. Butts County has one radio station WJGA FM 92.1.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 492 km² (190 sq mi). 483 km² (187 sq mi) of it is land and 9 km² (3 sq mi) of it (1.79%) is water.

Major Highways

Adjacent Counties

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 19,522 people, 6,455 households, and 4,867 families residing in the county. The population density was 40/km² (105/sq mi). There were 7,380 housing units at an average density of 15/km² (40/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 69.22% White, 28.82% Black or African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 1.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,455 households out of which 34.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 13.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.60% were non-families. 20.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 33.00% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 10.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 114.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 117.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,879, and the median income for a family was $44,937. Males had a median income of $33,155 versus $21,869 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,016. About 8.60% of families and 11.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.00% of those under age 18 and 16.70% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Georgia Diagnostic And Classification Prison

In Georgia, the only legal method of execution has been lethal injection since the Georgia Supreme Court ruled electrocution cruel and unusual punishment in October of 2001. The Georgia Diagnostic and Classification Center is a maximum security prison opened in 1980 in Jackson. It is home to Georgia's death row and execution facility.

External links

Coordinates: 33°17′N 83°58′W / 33.29, -83.96

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Butts County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Butts County, GeorgiaRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Georgia (U.S. state)  +
Short name Butts County  +

This article uses material from the "Butts County, Georgia" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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