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Verizon Maryland, Inc.
Verizon Virginia, Inc.
Verizon Washington, DC, Inc.
Verizon West Virginia, Inc.
Type Subsidiaries of Verizon
Founded 1883 (DC)
1917 (WV)
Headquarters Washington, DC (DC)
Baltimore, MD (MD)
Richmond, VA (VA)
Charleston, WV (WV) USA
Industry Telecommunications
Products Local Telephone Service
Parent AT&T (foundings-1983)
Bell Atlantic/Verizon (1984-present)
Website Verizon Maryland
Verizon Virginia
Verizon Washington DC
Verizon West Virginia

Chesapeake & Potomac Telephone Company, usually known as C&P Telephone, was a d/b/a name for four of AT&T's, and after January 1, 1984, Bell Atlantic's Bell Operating Companies providing service to Washington, D.C., Maryland The companies included:

  • The Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company (DC)
  • The Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company of Maryland
  • The Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company of Virginia
  • The Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company of West Virginia.

Contents

History

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The Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company (DC)

The Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company was founded in June 1883. C&P Telephone Co. provided telephone service to Washington, D.C.

In July 1969, President Richard Nixon's telephone call to astronauts on the moon originated from C&P Telephone Co. equipment.

The Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company of Baltimore City

The Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company of Maryland

C&P Tel. Co. of Maryland logo, 1964-1969

C&P relaxed its rule against the hiring of African-Americans for white collar jobs in January 1943 due to labor shortages during World War II, but telephone operator positions remained racially segregated until the hiring of Hermie Graham for a position at a C&P office in Govans in 1974.[1]

The Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company of Virginia

C&P Tel. Co. of Virginia logo, 1964-1969

The Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company of West Virginia

The Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company of West Virginia began operations on January 1, 1917. C&P of WV took over telephone operations in West Virginia being served by Southern Bell and C&P Telephone Co. of Maryland.

In 1984, The Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company of West Virginia became a holding of Bell Atlantic, upon the divestiture of the Bell System by AT&T.

C&P Telephone Co. of WV was the last Bell Operating Company of Bell Atlantic to provide party line telephone service. The last party line was converted to "private line" service on October 30, 1989.

Changes

After AT&T's 1969 corporate identity overhaul, which included the famous Saul Bass Bell logo, all four companies' names were shortened to C&P Telephone on marketing materials, bills, vehicles, etc.

C&P Telephone logo, 1989-1994

In 1984, when the Bell System was divided into the Regional Bell Operating Companies, or "Baby Bells", the C&P Telephone companies became part of Bell Atlantic.

In 1994, Bell Atlantic renamed all of its operating companies. C&P Telephone was renamed:

  • Bell Atlantic – Maryland, Inc.
  • Bell Atlantic – Virginia, Inc.
  • Bell Atlantic – Washington, DC, Inc.
  • Bell Atlantic – West Virginia, Inc.

After Bell Atlantic's merger with GTE in 2000, the system was renamed Verizon, and so were its Bell Operating Companies. C&P Telephone was renamed:

  • Verizon Maryland, Inc.
  • Verizon Virginia, Inc.
  • Verizon West Virginia, Inc.
  • Verizon Washington, DC, Inc.

References

See also

External links


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