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Córas na Poblachta (Irish pronunciation: [kˠoːɾəs̪ˠ n̪ˠə pʷɔbʷłəxt̪ˠə]English: Republican Plan), abbreviated CnaP, was a minor Irish republican political party founded in 1940.

Contents

Origins

The idea for a new party was discussed at a meeting in Dublin on February 21, 1940 attended by 104 former officers of the pro- and anti-Treaty wings of the Irish Republican Army. The inaugural meeting of the new party took place on 2 March 1940. Its members of the pro- and anti-Treaty wings of the Irish Republican Army. Simon Donnelly, who had fought in Boland's Mill under Eamon de Valera in 1916, the former leader of the Dublin section of the IRA, and former chief of the Irish Republican Police, was elected as president of a central committee of fifteen members. Other leaders were Seán Fitzpatrick, another War of Independence veteran; Con Lehane, who had lately left the IRA; Séamus Gibbons; Tom O'Rourke; Seán Dowling, one of Rory O'Connor’s principal lieutenants in the Civil War days; Colonel Roger McCorley, one of the principal IRA leaders in Belfast during the Anglo-Irish War who had taken the Free State side in the Civil War; Frank Thornton, one of Michael Collins's top intelligence officers; Roger McHugh, a lecturer in English at University College Dublin and later professor; Captain Martin Bell and Peter O'Connor. Also in attendance at the first meeting was Seamus O'Donovan, Director of Chemicals on IRA Headquarters Staff in 1921 and architect of the IRA Sabotage Campaign in England by the IRA in 1939-1940. Indeed, O'Donovan proposed several of the basic resolutions.

Aims

The main aim of Córas na Poblachta was the formal declaration of a Republic. It also demanded that the Irish language be given greater prominence in street names, shop signs, and government documents and bank notes. It proposed to introduce national service in order that (male) citizens understood their responsibilities. The party’s economic policy was the statutory right to employment and a living wage. It proposed breaking the link with the British pound, the nationalisation of banks and the making of bank officials into civil servants. In the area of education, the party espoused free education for all children over primary age as a right, and university education when feasible. It also called for the introduction of children’s allowances.

Support

The party was not successful and failed to take a seat in a by-election held shortly after the party’s foundation. The party slowly fell apart, and Tim Pat Coogan notes that: “Dissolution occurred because people tended to discuss the party rather than join it.” Importantly, the party was not supported by the hardcore of republican legitimatists, such as Brian O'Higgins, who viewed the IRA Army Council as the legitimate government of an existing Irish Republic. Indeed in March 1940, O'Higgins published a pamphlet entitled Declare the Republic lambasting the new party.

Legacy

Although a failure, Tim Pat Coogan argues Córas was the “nucleus” of the Clann na Poblachta party which emerged and help take power from Fianna Fáil in 1948.

Party publications

  • Summary of policy, Dublin: Córas na Poblachta Central Committee, 1940.
  • The republican plan for the new Ireland, Dublin: Córas na Poblachta Central Committee, 1942.
  • Aicein: voice of the Irish Youth Movement, Córas na Poblachta, ca. 1941.

External links

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