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C-12 Huron
C-12F Huron
Role Civil utility aircraft
Manufacturer Beechcraft
Status Active service
Primary users United States Air Force
United States Army
United States Marine Corps
United States Navy
Unit cost $6 Million USD
Developed from Beechcraft Super King Air

The C-12 Huron is the military designation for a series of twin-engine turboprop aircraft based on the Beechcraft Super King Air and Beechcraft 1900. C-12 variants are used by the United States Air Force, United States Army, United States Navy and United States Marine Corps. These aircraft are used for various duties, including embassy support, medical evacuation, as well as passenger and light cargo transport. Some aircraft are modified with surveillance systems for various missions, including the Cefly Lancer, Guardrail and Project Liberty programs.

Contents

Design and development

The first C-12A models entered service with the Army in 1974 and was used as a liaison and general personnel transport. The aircraft was essentially an "off-the-shelf" Super King Air 200, powered by the type's standard Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-41 engines.[1]

The U.S. Navy followed suit in 1979, ordering a version of the Super King Air A200C (modified with a 52 inch by 52 inch cargo door from the Super King Air 200C), designating it the UC-12B, for logistics support between Naval and Marine Corps air stations, air facilities, and other activities, both in CONUS and overseas. The cabin can readily accommodate cargo, passengers or both. It is also equipped to accept litter patients in medical evacuation missions. Through 1982, the Navy ordered 64 of these aircraft.[1]

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C-12J

To meet the needs of transporting larger groups, the Army purchased six C-12J aircraft, based on the Beechcraft 1900C commuter airliner. One of the military C-12Js is used for GPS jamming tests at the 586th Flight Test Squadron, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico.[2] Another is based at the 517th Airlift Squadron, Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska.[3] Three were based at the 55th Airlift Flight, Osan Air Base, South Korea.[4] They have been relocated to the 459th Airlift Squadron, Yokota Air Base, Japan. The remaining two are used by U.S. Army Aviation.[5]

Although the UD- series 1900s were manufactured exclusively for military use, the United States military and other military and government organizations use 1900s from other series such as the UB-series 1900C, and 1900Ds which may be found elsewhere.[5]

Variants

King Air 200-based variants

A USN C-12F
An RC-12N Guardrail Common Sensor aircraft
C-12A 
Used by the US Army for liaison and attache transport. Based on the King Air A200 (serial numbers BC-1 through BC-61, BD-1 and up).
UC-12B 
US Navy/US Marine Corps version with an additional cargo door. Based on the King Air A200C (serial numbers BJ-1 and up).
NC-12B 
US Navy single-aircraft version, UC-12B BuNo 161311 equipped with four P-3C type Sonobuoy launchers.
TC-12B 
US Navy training version developed by conversion of UC-12B airframes.
C-12C 
US Army and US Air Force version of the C-12A with upgraded engines. Based on the King Air A200 (serial numbers BC-62 and up).
C-12D 
US Army and US Air Force version. Based on the King Air A200CT, changes include larger cargo door, "high-flotation" landing gear (a Beechcraft option for larger main landing gear wheels for use on unimproved runways) (serial numbers BP-1, BP-22, BP-24 through BP-51).
UC-12D 
Based on the King Air A200CT (serial numbers BP-7 though BP-11).
C-12F 
US Air Force transport version. Based on the King Air A200CF (serial numbers BP-52 through BP-63) and the King Air B200C (serial numbers BP-64 and up).
RC-12F 
US Navy version of the UC-12F modified with surface search radar.
UC-12F 
US Navy version based on the King Air B200C (serial number BU-1 and up, BV-1 and up, BW-1 and up).
RC-12G 
US Army version used for real-time tactical intelligence support under the Crazyhorse program.[6] Based on the King Air A200CT (three aircraft, serial numbers FC-1 and up). Previously operated by US Army Reserve aviation units.
C-12L 
Three A200s acquired for use in the Cefly Lancer program as RU-21Js. In 1984 the three aircraft modified with new VIP interiors, and returned to the US Army as C-12Ls.[7]
UC-12M 
US Navy UC-12B and UC-12F aircraft with upgraded cockpit instrumentation.
RC-12M 
US Navy RC-12F with upgraded cockpit instrumentation, plus other systems and structural upgrades.
C-12R 
Off the shelf BE200 modified with EFIS glass cockpit instrumentation.
C-12T 
Upgrade of earlier US Army C-12F versions with improved cockpit instrumentation.
C-12U 
Upgrade of US Army C-12T versions with improved cockpit instrumentation in order to meet global air traffic management directives.

King Air 350-based variants

C-12S 
US Army version based on the King Air 350, with seating for 8 to 15 passengers and quick cargo conversion capability.
MC-12W 
USAF version modified for the Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance (ISR) role; 8 King Air 350s and 29 King Air 350ERs on order.[8][9]

Beechcraft 1900-based variant

A U.S. Air Force Beech C-12J Huron lands at Yokota Air Base, Japan, on 29 June 2007.
C-12J 
Used by Pacific Air Forces, and Air Force Material Command carried 2 crew and 19 passengers. Based on the Beechcraft 1900C (serial numbers UD-1 through UD-6).

Air Force operates only 4 C-12J currently and 3 of them are operated by 459th Airlift Squadron stationed in Yokota Air Base, TokyoJapan and 1 is operated by Air Force Material Command based out of Holloman AFB, NM

Note: The U.S. military also operates other King Air versions under other designations, including the C-6 Ute and T-44 series. In addition, there are a number of Beechcraft 1900s operated by the military under civilian registrations, using their civilian model designations.

Specifications (King Air B200)

Orthographically projected diagram of the Beechcraft King Air B200.

Data from Airliners.net,[10] Janes[11]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1-2
  • Capacity: 13 passengers
  • Length: 43 ft 9 in (13.34 m)
  • Wingspan: 54 ft 6 in (16.61 m)
  • Height: 15 ft 0 in (4.57 m)
  • Wing area: 303 ft² (28.2 m²)
  • Empty weight: 7,755 lb (3,520 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 12,500 lb (5,670 kg)
  • Powerplant:Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-42 turboprops, 850 shp (635 kW) each

Performance

See also

Related development

Comparable aircraft

References

  1. ^ a b King Air timeline from Wings over Kansas
  2. ^ Air Force Fact Sheet
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ C-12J at Global Security.org
  5. ^ a b Army aviation web page
  6. ^ Special Electronic Mission Aircraft listing at GlobalSecurity.org
  7. ^ Harding, Stephen (1997). U.S. Army Aircraft Since 1947. Atglen, PA, USA: Schiffer Publishing Ltd.. pp. 30. ISBN 96-69996. 
  8. ^ Curtain Goes Up on Project Liberty
  9. ^ USAF to unleash 'Gorgon Stare' sensor in 2010
  10. ^ Lundgren, Johan (1996-2006). Raytheon Beechcraft King Air 200. Airliners.net. AirNav Systems LLC. URL accessed on 2006-07-30.
  11. ^ Jackson, Paul; Munson, Kenneth; Peacock, Lindsay. Jane's All the World's Aircraft. Jane's Information Group. ISBN 0-7106-2684-3. 

External links


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