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C-130J "Super" Hercules
A C-130J from the Air National Guard's 146th Airlift Wing at Channel Island ANG Base, California flies along the coast of Santa Cruz Island, California.
Role military transport aircraft
National origin United States
Manufacturer Lockheed Martin
First flight 5 April 1996
Introduction 1999
Status In production
Primary users United States Air Force
United States Marine Corps
United States Coast Guard
Royal Air Force
Unit cost US$62 million (C-130J 2008 flyaway cost)[1]
Developed from C-130 Hercules
Variants Lockheed Martin EC-130J
Lockheed Martin WC-130J

The Lockheed Martin C-130J "Super" Hercules is an American four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft. The C-130J is a comprehensive update of the venerable Lockheed C-130 Hercules, with new engines, flight deck, and other systems. The Hercules family has the longest continuous production run of any military aircraft in history. During more than 50 years of service, the family has participated in military, civilian and humanitarian aid operations. The Hercules has also outlived several planned successor designs, most notably the Advanced Medium STOL Transport contestants.

Contents

Design and development

The C-130J is the newest version of the Hercules and the only model still in production. Externally similar to the classic Hercules in general appearance, the J model is a very different aircraft. These differences include new Rolls-Royce AE 2100 D3 turboprops with Dowty R391[2] composite scimitar propellers, digital avionics (including Head-Up Displays (HUDs) for each pilot) and reduced crew requirements (two pilots and one loadmaster—no navigator or flight engineer).

The aircraft can also be configured with the "enhanced cargo handling system". The system consists of a computerized load masters station from where the user can remotely control the under floor winch and also configure the flip floor system to palletized roller or flat floor cargo handling. Initially developed for the USAF, this system enables rapid role changes to be carried out and so extends the C-130J's time available to complete taskings.[3] These combined changes have improved performance over its C-130E/H siblings, such as 40% greater range, 21% higher maximum speed, and 41% shorter take-off distance.[4]

The C-130J is available in a standard-length or stretched -30 variant. Lockheed Martin received the launch order for the J-model from the RAF, which ordered 25 aircraft, with first deliveries beginning in 1999 as Hercules C. Mk 4 (C-130J-30) and Hercules C. Mk 5 (C-130J).

The United States Air Force awarded a $470 million contract to Lockheed Martin for six modified KC-130J aircraft for use by the Air Force and Special Operations Command in mid-June 2008. The contract is expected to lead to C-130J variants that will replace aging HC-130s and MC-130s.[5]

With the addition of the Marine Corps's ISR / Weapon Mission Kit, the KC-130J will be able to serve as an overwatch aircraft and can deliver ground support fire in the form of 30mm cannon fire, Hellfire missiles, and precision-guided bombs.[6] This power, nicknamed the "Harvest Hawk", can be used in scenarios where precision is not a requisite, such as area denial.[7]

Operational history

Co-Pilot's HUD of a C-130J

The largest operator of the new model will be the U.S. Air Force, which is ordering the aircraft in increasing numbers. Current operators of the C-130J are the USAF (to include the Air Force Reserve Command and the Air National Guard), U.S. Marine Corps (being their 4th variant after KC-130F, KC-130R and KC-130T[8]), U.S. Coast Guard, Royal Air Force, Royal Australian Air Force, Danish Air Force, Royal Norwegian Air Force and the Italian Air Force. Total deliveries of C-130J aircraft have reached 181 units as of November 2009.[9]

Lockheed Martin has offered to lease four C-130Js to the German Luftwaffe, which has been awaiting a Transall replacement set for 2010 (the Airbus A400M), but the deal was rejected.

The Indian Air Force purchased six C-130J-30s in early 2008 at a cost of up to US$1.059 billion.[10] It is a package deal with the US government under its Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program, and India has retained options to buy six more of these aircraft for its special forces for combined army-air force operations.[11]

A C-130J Super Hercules is cleaned in the wash system at Keesler Air Force Base, Mississippi.

The Canadian Forces signed a US$1.4 billion contract with Lockheed Martin for 17 new C-130J-30s on 16 January 2008, as part of the procurement process to replace the existing C-130E and H models.[12] The C-130J will be officially designated CC-130J Hercules in Canadian Forces service.[13]

The Royal Norwegian Air Force ordered four C-130Js in 2007 to replace six aging C-130Hs in need of additional repairs.[14][15] The first aircraft was delivered in November 2008.[16][17]

Qatar ordered four C-130Js in 2008, along with spare parts and training for the Qatari Emiri Air Force. The contract is worth a total of US$393.6 million and deliveries are scheduled to begin in 2011.[18] The United Arab Emirates Air Force announced an order for 12 C-130J transport aircraft at the 2009 IDEX, with an announced value of US$1.3 billion.[19]

The Israeli Air Force is seeking to purchase nine C-130J-30s.[20] The Iraqi Air Force has ordered six C-130J-30s.[21][22]

In June 2009, Lockheed Martin said that both Britain and France had asked for technical details on the C-130J as an alternative to the troubled Airbus A400M.[23]

Variants

Two USMC KC-130Js of VMGR-352 during a training exercise
C-130J
Tactical airlifter
C-130J-30
Variant with 15 ft (4.6 m) longer fuselage.
KC-130J
United States Marine Corps aerial refueling tanker and tactical airlifter
WC-130J
weather reconnaissance ("Hurricane Hunter") version for the Air Force Reserve Command
EC-130J
Commando Solo variant for the Air Force Special Operations Command operated by the Pennsylvania Air National Guard
HC-130J
Long range patrol and air-sea rescue variant for the United States Coast Guard
CC-130J Hercules
Canadian Forces designation for the C-130J
Hercules C4
Royal Air Force designation for the C-130J-30
Hercules C5
Royal Air Force designation for the C-130J

Operators

Current and future operators of the C-130J shown in blue
A Hercules C5 of 30 Sqn, RAF Lyneham
RAF Hercules C-130J C5 taxiing before takeoff at RIAT 2009
C-130J-30 of the Royal Norwegian Air Force at Rygge Airshow 2009
 Australia
 Canada
 Denmark
 India
  • Indian Air Force: six to be delivered starting December 2010. Option to purchase six more.
 Italy
 Iraq
 Norway
 Oman
 Tunisia
 Qatar
 United Arab Emirates
 United Kingdom
 United States

Specifications (C-130J)

C-130-3-view.png
RAF Hercules C.4 (C-130J-30) in 2004

Specifications for are for basic J-model; data for C-130J-30 noted.

Data from USAF C-130 Hercules fact sheet,[30] International Directory of Military Aircraft,[31] Encyclopedia of Modern Military Aircraft[4]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3 (two pilots, and one loadmaster are minimum crew)
  • Capacity:
  • 92 passengers (128 for C-130J-30) or
  • 64 airborne troops (92 for C-130J-30) or
  • 6 pallets (8 pallets for C-130J-30) or
  • 74 litter patients with 2 medical personnel (97 litters for C-130J-30)
  • 2–3 HMMWVs or an M113 armored personnel carrier
  • Payload: 42,000 lb (19,090 kg) ; for C-130J-30: 44,000 lb/ 19,900 kg
  • Length: 97 ft 9 in, 29.79 m (for C-130J-30: 112 ft, 9 in, 34.69 m)
  • Wingspan: 132 ft 7 in (40.41 m)
  • Height: 38 ft 10 in (11.84 m)
  • Wing area: 1,745 ft² (162.1 m²)
  • Empty weight: 75,562 lb (34,274 kg)
  • Useful load: 72,000 lb (33,000 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: up to 175,000 lb (79,378 kg); normal 155,000 lb (70,305 kg)
  • Powerplant:Rolls-Royce AE 2100D3 turboprop, 4,637 shp (3,458 kW)) each
  • Propellers: Dowty R391 6-blade composite propeller, 1 per engine

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 362 knots (417 mph, 671 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 348 kn (400 mph, 643 km/h)
  • Range: 2,835 nmi (3,262 mi, 5,250 km)
  • Service ceiling: 28,000 ft (8,615 m) with 42,000 pounds (19,090 kilograms) payload
  • Takeoff distance: 3,127 ft (953 m) at 155,000 lb (70,300 kg) gross weight

See also

Exterior view of a USAF C-130J

Related development

Comparable aircraft

Related lists

References

  1. ^ "FY 2009 Budget Estimates." United States Air Force. February 2008, p. 81.
  2. ^ C-130J Advanced propeller system (6-blade R391 propellor). Dowty Propellers. Retrieved: 31 July 2009.
  3. ^ C-130J Spec Book. cc-130j.ca
  4. ^ a b Eden, Paul. "Lockheed C-130 Hercules". Encyclopedia of Modern Military Aircraft. Amber Books, 2004. ISBN 1904687849.
  5. ^ Trimble, Stephen (18 June 2008). "Lockheed Martin C-130J selected for new special operations role"". Flightglobal (Reed Business Information). http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2008/06/18/224745/lockheed-martin-c-130j-selected-for-new-special-operations.html. 
  6. ^ General James T. Conway on The Posture of the United States Marine Corps, 14 May 2009
  7. ^ McCullough, Amy (1 June 2009). "Refuel and Fire". Marine Corps Times (Gannett Company). 
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ "USAF Europe And Africa Command Add Another Proven C-130J Super Hercules To Their Airlift Fleet". Press release. 9 November 2009. http://www.lockheedmartin.com/news/press_releases/2009/091109ae_c130j_africa.html. Retrieved 22 January 2010. 
  10. ^ India – C-130J Aircraft. Defence Security Cooperation Agency, 25 May 2007.
  11. ^ "India signs agreement for Hercules aircraft". Indian Defense Research Wing. 6 February 2008. http://www.idrw.org/2008/02/06/india_signs_agreement_for_hercules_aircraft.html. 
  12. ^ Warwick, Graham. "Canada signs $1.4bn contract for 17 Lockheed Martin C-130Js". Flight International, 16 January 2008. Accessed: 17 January 2008.
  13. ^ "Public Works and Government Services Canada - PWGSC announces next step in procuring tactical airlift fleet". 3 August 2007. http://news.gc.ca/web/article-eng.do?crtr.sj1D=&mthd=tp&crtr.mnthndVl=&nid=343689. Retrieved 8 August 2007. 
  14. ^ "Norway to Renew Tactical Transport Fleet". Defense Industry Daily, 23 November 2009.
  15. ^ "Kontraktene er på plass" (Norwegian). Norwegian Defence Force website, 29 June 2007. Contract for new transport planes signed (english)
  16. ^ "Arbeidshesten er tilbake" (Norwegian). Norwegian Defence Force website, 25 November 2008. Plough horse back in business (english)
  17. ^ Hoyle, Craig. "Norway takes delivery of first Lockheed Martin C-130J". Flight International, 17 November 2008.
  18. ^ "LOCAL BRIEFING - Lockheed to Supply Planes to Qatar". Washington Post, 8 October 2008, p. D4
  19. ^ [2]
  20. ^ Israel - C-130J-30 Aircraft
  21. ^ Iraq - C-130J-30 Aircraft. Defense Security Cooperation Agency, 25 July 2008.
  22. ^ a b "Iraq Orders C-130Js". Defense Industry Daily, 12 August 2009.
  23. ^ "U.K., France Seek Data on Super Hercules Plane, Lockheed Says". Bloomberg
  24. ^ "Sultanate of Oman Acquires C-130J Super Hercules". Reuters, 5 June 2009
  25. ^ "Tunisia Orders C-130J Super Hercules Airlifters". Defense Talk, 04 March 2010.
  26. ^ "Qatar Buys 3 C-130Js". Defense News, 8 October 2008.
  27. ^ "Lockheed Martin Completes C-130J Deliveries for 2001". Lockheed Martin UK. http://www.lockheedmartin.co.uk/news/76.html. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  28. ^ "Directory: World Air Forces". Flight International, 11–17 November 2008.
  29. ^ Hoyle, Craig. "Lockheed Martin delivers 100th C-130J for US customer". Flightglobal.com, 1 May 2008. Retrieved on 2 May 2008.
  30. ^ "USAF C-130 Hercules fact sheet". October 2009. http://www.af.mil/information/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=92. Retrieved 13 December 2009. 
  31. ^ Frawley, Gerard (2002). The International Directory of Military Aircraft, 2002/03. Fyshwick, ACT, Australia: Aerospace Publications Pty Ltd. pp. 108. ISBN 1-875671-55-2. 

External links

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