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C-1 Trader
A C-1A Trader from Naval Air Station, Willow Grove, Pennsylvania in 1987
Role Transport
Manufacturer Grumman
First flight 4 December 1952
Introduced 1952
Retired 1988
Primary user United States Navy
Number built 83 (C-1), 4 (EC-1A)
Developed from S-2 Tracker
Developed into E-1 Tracer

The C-1 Trader was a carrier-onboard-delivery (COD) variant of the S-2 Tracker. It was replaced by a similar version of the E-2 Hawkeye, the C-2 Greyhound.

Contents

Design and development

The C-1 Trader grew out of a need by the United States Navy for a new anti submarine airplane. In response to this Grumman began development on a prototype twin-engine, high-wing aircraft which it designated the G-89.

Operational history

In 1952 the United States Navy typed this aircraft the XS2F-1 and flew it for the first time on December 4th of that year. During the rest of the 1950s 3 major variants emerged, the C-1 Trader being one of them. The C-1 (originally the TF-1) was outfitted to carry nine passengers or 3500 pounds of cargo and first flew in January 1955. Through out the 1960s and 1970s the C-1 Trader carried mail and supplies to aircraft carriers on station in the Pacific Ocean during the Vietnam War and also served as a trainer for all weather carrier operations. Over its production life 83 C-1 Traders were built plus four EC-1A Tracers which were converted into electronic countermeasure aircraft. The last C-1 was retired from US Navy service in 1988 though approximately ten are still operated as vintage war birds.

Variants

Grumman C-1 taking off at Willow Grove.jpg
C-1A onboard USS Coral Sea
TF-1
Carrier Onboard Delivery version of the S2F Tracker with enlarged fuselage for 9 passengers, redesignated C-1A in 1962, 87 built.
TF-1Q
Electronic Countermeasures conversion of the TF-1, redesignated EC-1A in 1962, four conversions.
TF-1W
Airborne Early Warning project that was developed in the WF-2 Tracer.
C-1A
TF-1 redesignated in 1962.
EC-1A
TF-1Q redesignated in 1962.

Operators

 United States

Specifications

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 42.2 ft (12.9 m)
  • Wingspan: 69.6 ft (21.2 m)
  • Height: 16.3 ft (4.9 m)
  • Empty weight: 18,750 lbs (8,504 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 29,150 lbs (13,222 kg)
  • Powerplant:Wright R-1820-82WA Cyclone 9-cylinder radial piston engine, 1,525 hp (1,137 kW) each

Performance

See also

Related development

Comparable aircraft

References

External links








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