|Full name||Club Atlético Peñarol|
|Founded||September 28, 1891|
|Ground||Estadio Contador Damiani
|Chairman||Juan Pedro Damiani|
Club Atlético Peñarol is a sports club in Montevideo, Uruguay, best known for its traditional football team, a three-time Intercontinental Cup winner, and five time Libertadores Cup winner. Its foundation date is a matter of controversy: the club's official position is that it was founded on September 28, 1891 as Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club by British railway workers, in the Peñarol suburb of Montevideo. Some Nacional fans and historians contribute to the debate about Peñarol's foundation date stating that the present Aurinegro was indeed founded in 1913 as CURCC continued to exist as a club and played in minor leagues.
Peñarol is named after its home neighborhood in Montevideo, which in turn takes its name from the city of Pinerolo in Italy. Club colors are yellow and black, deriving from the colors used in railway signs and barriers.
According to the International Federation of Football History and Statistics, an international organization recognized by FIFA, Peñarol were the South America's best club of the 20th century.
The Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club was founded on September 28, 1891, through the impetus of employees and workers of Montevideo's Central Uruguay Railway (British-owned) company, which operated in Uruguay since 1878. Of the 118 founding members of the club, 72 were British, one German and 45 Uruguayans. Due to the complicated nature of the name for the Spanish-speaking followers, the club was usually known only as CURCC or "Peñarol" in honor of their town located 10 km from Montevideo.
The first chairman of the Nobel institution was Frank Henderson, who exercised his office until the year 1899. In 1892, CURCC joined football, leaving that way rugby and cricket somehow relegated, sports that previously had dominance in the club. The first match was disputed by the club facing a combination of students from English High, and it finished with a 2-0 CURCC win.
In 1895, the club chose Julio Negrón as captain, this being the first Uruguayan player to hold this award, until then only given to English players.
Already in 1900 CURCC, along with Atlético Uruguay, Deutscher Fussball Klub and Albion (Nacional), was a founder of the Uruguay Football Association League, debuting on June 10, with a 2-1 success over Albion, the first official goals of the club were scored by Juan Peña and William Davies. That same year took place the first match versus Club Nacional de Football, a rival that with the years became a traditional opposition. The match finished 2-0, to CURCC.
At the end of the 1900 season CURCC won for the first time the Uruguayan championship, a success they repeated the following year. In 1903, CURCC was the first club to reach over ten goals in an official match of the Uruguayan championship, after defeating Triunfo 12-0, mark equalled by Montevideo Wanderers in 1908.
After witnessing the first crowning of Nacional, and the suspension of the championship because of the civil war in 1904, CURCC were again champions in 1905 and 1907. However, this year, W. Bayne took over the administration of CUR company, and rejected to preside the club, arguing the continuing economic problems and work it entailed, and that way being the first administrator of CUR railway company in refusing to be president of the club, with this going to the lower-ranking employees. This was to be the starting point for a series of conflicts between the company and the club, ended with the demerger of the latter in 1913.
In 1908, the club withdrew from the Uruguayan league in protest at the scheduling of the tournament, returning the following season, the same year that disagreements happened in CUR, after a group of team supporters burnt one of the wagons that were used to carry rival players.
After a new championship in 1911, the following year a study commission was designed to reform sectors of the club, among the proposals included the participation of partners who were not employees of CUR (the railway company), as well as changing the CURCC institutional name to Peñarol.
In June 1913, the assembly of CURCC rejected these proposals, the main reason for this being that the company wanted to dissociate the club from the Peñarol village, because of prejudices that had been formed around, mainly related to violence. However, in November of that year, CURCC approved the subjects to the section of soccer fans in view of the intent of these continuing with the club. That request was delivered to CURCC on November 15, 1913. Finally on December 13, the football section dissociated itself completely from CURCC, retaining the name of CURCC Peñarol.
In early 1914, both AUF and the Uruguayan government recognised Peñarol as the continuity of CURCC, but CURCC never did and gave their trophies to the " Hospital Britanico" where are held until today..
One of the main pledges against the two clubs being the same is that they co-existed until 1915 and played matches simultaneously and between them. However, that fact is contested by Peñarol, stating that while the CUR employees did engage in sports activity, those activities were merely recreational and not official in any way, as the football section was already independent from CUR, which is, again, contested by Nacional fans, as CURCC seemed to continue as a club with its own activities and pasrticipated as CURCC in the Uruguayan championships in 1914 and 1915, confronting and beating the peñarol team.
On the 12th of march, 1914 the CURCC Peñarol officially changed its name to the Club Atlético Peñarol, as the CURCC authorities claimed that they cannot share the same name an forced the new institution to change its name, change being approved by the Uruguayan league on March 14. On May 13 of that year the executive power of the government granted legal personality to the club. Thus confirming the position held by Nacional.
In their first years under the name of Peñarol, the club failed to win the Uruguayan Championship, losing the final to River Plate FC in 1914, and finishing second to Nacional in 1915, 1916 and 1917, and during this period the most important event was the inauguration of the Las Acacias field, on May 19, 1916.
The first club championships under the new denomination arrived in 1918 and 1920. However, in 1922, the Uruguayan Football Association (AUF) disaffiliated Peñarol and Central, which together gave birth to the Uruguayan Football Federation, parallel organ unrecognized by the AUF.
In 1926, Peñarol won the championship of the so-called Provisional Council, competition that arose following the reunification of the Uruguayan football (AUF and FUF) occurred a year before, currently unrecognized by the AUF as an official championship, even though it was the sole Uruguayan Championship of that year.
After performing for the first time a tour of Europe in 1927, Peñarol again lifted with the Uruguayan championship in 1928 and 1929. This last year, Julio María Sosa was declared as the first honorary president of the club. The following year, Peñarol played for the first time an official match in the Estadio Centenario in Montevideo, which ended with a 1-0 win over Olimpia Asunción.
On April 29, 1932, the AUF officially introduced professionalism, with the debut of Peñarol versus River Plate. That same year Peñarol won his first professional championship with 17 victories in 27 matches, which enabled them to accumulate 40 points, 5 over their nearest persecutor, Rampla Juniors. Also in 1932, the club played its first classic of the professional era, which the aurinegros won 2-0.
Having placed second in the season 1933, in which John Young became the first scorer of the club in a professional tournament with 33 goals, Peñarol won the first of 4 championships in a row (1935–38), in addition to the Championship Competition in 1936. During this period the club appointed Francisco Tochetti as the second honorary president.
Peñarol closed the decade of the 1930 with a second place, after losing a match to National, in a tournament marked by the first strike of professional footballers in Uruguay.
After three years of drought, Peñarol won the title in 1943, retaining it the following two years. That year also the club bought the land where years later was built the Peñarol Palace (opened in 1955).
After the strike decreed by the Uruguayan Mutualist of Professional Footballers in 1948 due to which the Uruguayan championship was suspended, in 1949 Peñarol got a new crown, with a 4-point lead over Nacional, Óscar Míguez being the league's topscorer. Finishing second in 1950, Peñarol was again champion in 1951, 1953, 1954, 1958 and 1959. Nacional was the first team obtaining the "quinquenio" (five years champion in a row), and has done it twice.
Peñarol has won the Copa America twice and the Copa Libertadores three times, matching with its rival Nacional, that is also three times world champion. Peñarol was the team that lost the most Copa America finals in the history.
In 1960, Peñarol qualifyied as a champion of the Uruguayan championship in 1959, to the then newly created Champions Cup of America (current Libertadores Cup), competition that brought together the champions from seven countries affiliated to the CONMEBOL (although the representatives of Peru, Ecuador and Venezuela did not attend the tournament). Peñarol made its debut in this tournament on April 19, against Club Jorge Wilstermann of Bolivia in a 7-1 thrashing, with the first goal of the match (and the tournament) coming courtesy of Luis Borges.
After eliminating San Lorenzo de Almagro in semifinals, the club won its first continental championship after beating Olimpia of Paraguay. Late in the season, the club lost the final of the Intercontinental Cup, also created that year, after a 0-0 home draw against Real Madrid, in front of 71,872 spectators, losing 1-5 in Spain. Domestically, Peñarol added another title.
In 1961, played a new version of the Champions Cup, but retained its continental title against Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras; 1-0 at home, with goal by Alberto Spencer, and 1-1 in São Paulo. In the second half of the year Peñarol won the Uruguayan championship, and for the first time in its history, the Intercontinental Cup, by defeating S.L. Benfica of Portugal by a 5-1 aggregate.
The next year, the club was one step away from achieving the consecration of the third Champions Cup. However, after losing in the first leg 0-1 and winning the second 3-2, in a game marked by incidents, a third match was needed against Santos Futebol Clube (which included Pélé), being played in neutral field at the Monumental Stadium in Buenos Aires. Peñarol fell 0-3, with the consolation being obtaining the Uruguayan championship again, which earned the club its first five consecutive years, the "Gold quinquenio" (1958–1962), which would befall again from 1993-97.
After a season without a title, highlighted at the international level by obtaining greatest goal-difference in a Libertadores tie, against Everest of Ecuador, 14-1 overall (5-0 and 9-1), Peñarol won the Uruguayan championship in 1964 and 1965, reaching and losing the Libertadores final in the latter year (to Independiente de Avellaneda. However, in 1966 Peñarol won its third continental silverware, after defeating Club Atlético River Plate in a third match played in Santiago, Chile, 4-2. That same year, a second Intercontinental Cup was won, after overcoming Real Madrid 2-0, both in the Centenario and in Madrid.
In the following years, Peñarol continued its title achievements both nationally and internationally, adding the South American Supercup in 1969 of Intercontinental Champions in 1969, tournament that brought together South American clubs that had won the Intercontinental Cup, being officially recognized by the CONMEBOL in 2005.
During this period Peñarol had also the highest recorded unbeaten period in the Uruguayan championship, which was extended to 56 matches between September 3, 1966 and September 14, 1968, when they fell 0-2 to Liverpool Montevideo. This marked is also the longest unbeaten done by any South American professional club at the first division and the second if one considers the amateur stage, behind Boca Juniors.
In 1970, Peñarol again reached the finals of Copa Libertadores, which it lost to Estudiantes de La Plata. It is worth mentioning that at that tournament the club achieved the greatest goal-difference in the history of the competition after beating Valencia in Venezuela by 11 to 2. The following year, in a tournament divided in two phases, Peñarol ranked second behind Nacional. After the first stage, the club accumulated 32 points, same amount that Nacional, however they were unable to keep pace in the final phase, which added 7 units, 1 less than the tricolours. After finishing runner-up in 1972 and 1973, the year in which Fernando Morena, one of Uruguay's most historical scorers arrived, the club won the Uruguayan championship, in 1974 and 1975. In 1974 Peñarol became the first Uruguayan club to win a Libertadores match in Argentina, after defeating Club Atlético Huracán in Buenos Aires 3-0. Archrivals Nacional wouldn't reach the same honour until 2002 when they won over Vélez Sarsfield.
After finishing second in 1976 and 1977, the following year, Peñarol won its twenty-fourth championship, season in which Morena obtained two records, the highest number of goals in a season (36), and the largest number of goals in a game, converting 7 versus Huracán Buceo.
After starting the 1980s in third place, in 1981 Peñarol was champion again after overcoming Nacional by three points. The champion team featured the figures of Rubén Paz, tournament's topscorer with 17, and Morena, who returned to the club by a then record fee: U.S. $1,029,000. The following year, Peñarol won the Libertadores Cup after defeating Cobreloa away 1-0, with a last minute goal by Morena, who was also the competition's best scorer at 7. In the second half of the year, Peñarol repeated the win of the Uruguayan championship, again with Morena as scorer with 17 entries, and won for the third time in its history the Intercontinental Cup, against Aston Villa F.C. (2-0, at Tokyo).
In 1983, the club had a discreet role at the local level, placing seventh place, but not at the international level, in which the club reached the Libertadores final after ousting Nacional, but fell short to Grêmio Porto Alegre. In 1984 and 1986, the club rose up again with the Uruguayan championship, being the last of these conquests particularly unique, since the club's economic problems did not allow the team to play the first match of this year, losing points accordingly. However, it was agreed that in the case that Nacional surpassed Peñarol by less than 2 points, a definition match had to be played. At the end of season Nacional finished top of Peñarol by a point, and thus the final was played; Peñarol won 4-3 on penalties.
In 1987 the club, despite the myriad economic problems as well as the youth of the squad, with a 22-year-old average, was crowned champion of Libertadores for the fifth time, beating América de Cali, in another third match played in Chile, which was decided with a goal by Diego Aguirre, in the 119th minute, which marked the third trophy the aurinegros lifted in that stadium. In the league, Peñarol only finished eighth, and would not win any tournament, domestic or continental, until 1993.
The first clash between Peñarol and its traditional rival, Nacional, dates from July 15, 1900, date on which Peñarol, playing under the name of CURCC, won 2-0, courtesy of Aniceto Camacho. This is considered the oldest rivalry outside the British Isles. It was during this years in which CURCC was awarded the highest goal scoring derby in history after a 7-3 success, on November 1, 1911, for the Cup of Honour. Overall, considering official matches and friendlies, Peñarol (as CURCC) and Nacional met in 59 opportunities, with 24 victories for CURCC and 20 for Nacional.
Under the Peñarol denomination, it first faced Nacional on December 14, 1913. During the amateur era, National obtained a slight advantage, but with the advent of professionalism Peñarol reversed this trend. Throughout this era, several episodes were placed in the fans' memories: in one of the most remembered derbies, the "Classic of the leak", occurred on October 9, 1949 for the first round of the Uruguayan Cup. At the end of the first half Peñarol led 2-0 but, during the break, Nacional decided not to take the field and withdraw, leaving the stadium through the back doors of the locker rooms. While followers of Nacional justified that the abandonment of the match was due to disconformities with the arbitration,"aurinegros" supporters argued that the real reason was the fear of letting in more goals.
Since December 14, 1913, Peñarol-Nacional faced on 432 occasions, with 154 victories to Peñarol and 137 defeats. Therefore, when considering the eras in professional and amateur matches and friendlies, both local and international and including the results of CURCC, both clubs met 491 times, with 179 victories of Peñarol and 157 of Nacional, ending the remaining 156 games in a tie.
Since its inception the colors that represented the CURCC and subsequently Peñarol have been yellow and black. This distinctive was taken from the railway, which in turn comes from the Rocket locomotive, designed and built by George Stephenson, winner of an aptitude test in 1829, thus making the contract for the Liverpool-Manchester railway line, from where the model expanded to the rest of the world.
The first kit used by CURCC in 1891 was divided into two halves, black to the right and yellow and black stripes on the left, black trousers and socks. This kit was reintroduced for the 1996 Clausura tournament, and for the debut game of the Libertadores Cup in 1998, in a 2-1 success over rivals Nacional. This game was also the first of Peñarol hosted for the cup in the inner country, at the Campus Municipal at Maldonado.The CURCC kit returned in September 2009.
In 1901 and 1908 the club wore for some games a shirt with yellow and black in squares. The current kit of Peñarol - yellow and black stripes - dates from 1905 and since then has been used almost continuously with few variations, like socks alternating between black and yellow, as well as some variations in the number of stripes on the shirt.
Regarding the away uniform, it is known with relative certainty that the first used was a squared shirt, similar to the kit used in 1901, but with black and orange squares. Since then there have been used different models, including one with horizontal stripes in 1984, yellow shirt and black shorts in 1987, as well as uniforms totally black, gray or yellow used in the past decade.
Additionally, other colours have been used for international friendlies, especially in the decade of the 1960 and 1970, like green against Inter Bratislava for the Montevideo Cup. In 2010,a new gold away shirt was introduced.
1995 - 2009
2001 - 2008
2004 - 2008
On June 3, 1919, in Rio de Janeiro, for the "Roberto Chery Cup", Brazil and Argentina tied 3-3, respectively wearing Peñarol and Uruguay kits. The cup was then gifted to Peñarol, as Chery was the club's goalkeeper. He died on May of that year, after the 1919 Copa América in Brazil.
Brazil NT June-3-1919
Argentina NT June-3-1919
The club uniforms adopted after Peñarol were:
Peñarol plays often in the Estadio Centenario state-owned and which was inaugurated on July 18, 1930. It has a capacity of 60,000 spectators, while the playing field has dimensions of 110 x 70 metres. It is located in Batlle Park, Montevideo.
However, Peñarol has an own stadium, now known as José Pedro Damiani (formerly "The Acacias"), inaugurated on April 19, 1916 and has capacity for 12,000 spectators. Normally it is not used for lack of space and consistent infrastructure for the development of a game of the institution, although it has been used on several occasions, the last one in August 1997 against Rampla Juniors.
Currently there are negotiations by the investor group, Ficus Capital, and the club, to build a stadium that could meet the requirements to host not only local fixtures but also international competitions. Primarily the idea is to build a stadium of approximately 40,000 seats, or remodel "Acacias" to reach such capacity. However, the difficult economic and institutional situation of the club makes it difficult for the project to take place in the short or medium term.
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
(Last tournament included: Apertura 2008)
|El Tanque Sisley||2||1||0||1||2||2||0|
|Paysandú Bella Vista||8||6||2||0||18||5||+13|
Professional era 1932-2008
Amateur Era 1900-1931
Pts. Team Country 1094 Peñarol Uruguay 1023 Boca Juniors Argentina 960 Club Nacional de Football Uruguay 910 Club Olimpia Paraguay 895 Independiente Argentina 862 River Plate Argentina 702 São Paulo FC Brazil 538 Cerro Porteño Paraguay 565 Cruzeiro Esporte Clube Brazil 533 Colo Colo Chile
Currently Peñarol competes in football, futsal and boxing, although historically the club had several sports, being successful in each of them, specially basketball, and cycling. The latter returned for a short period in 2002, with the club featuring the multi-champion Federico Moreira, and winning again the Vuelta ciclista del Uruguay and Rutas de América, as in the old days.2002 Cycling champions link
The club was Uruguayan and South American Champion in this speciality.
Peñarol have competed in the old era of Uruguayan women's football. The first match was a 4-0 victory over classic rivals Nacional in 1933 at the Centenario stadium. The club did not field a major team since the new system established in 1996, only youths squads in certain seasons.
There are a lot of football clubs around the World that honoured Peñarol by taking its name. Obviously, the highest number of these teams are from Uruguayan minor cities.
There were also a lot of other teams that are not competing nowadays. The oldest of those clubs was Club Atlético Peñarol from San José, founded on 17/06/1906. There were also Peñarol namesakes on: Tomás Gomensoro, Paso Carrasco, Nueva Helvecia, Rosario, Minas, Aiguá, Paysandú, Fray Bentos, Santa Clara de Olimar, Vergara, Velázquez, Achar, Nuevo Berlín, Las Piedras, Pando, Migues, Pueblo Castillo, 25 de Mayo, Orgoroso and Ciudad del Plata.