CASA C-212 Aviocar: Wikis


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C-212 Aviocar
CASA C-212 of the Swedish Coast Guard
Role Medium transport aircraft
Manufacturer EADS CASA
First flight 26 March 1971
Introduced May 1974
Primary users Spanish Air Force
Indonesian Armed Forces
Royal Saudi Air Force
Number built 478 (CASA) + >100 (IPTN)
CASA CN 212-200

The EADS CASA C-212 Aviocar is a turboprop-powered STOL medium transport aircraft designed and built in Spain for civil and military use. C-212s are also produced under licence in Indonesia by Indonesian Aerospace, formerly called IPTN but now known as IAe. The design was initially marketed under the name of Aviocar, but EADS-CASA no longer uses that name in referring to the C-212.

A total of 478 C-212s of all variants had been delivered through the end of 2008 by EADS-CASA. EADS-CASA predicts that an additional 85 aircraft will be delivered in the 2007-2016 time period.[1] EADS-CASA currently builds only the C-212-400, which received Spanish certification in 1998. The C-212-200 is currently built in Indonesia, and IAe is also preparing to begin assembly of -400 models, probably in 2008.


Design and development

During the late 1960s, the Spanish Air Force was still operating the already outdated Junkers Ju 52 and Douglas C-47, unpressurized and non-turbocharged piston-powered three- or two-engined craft. CASA developed the C-212 as a more modern alternative using the lighter and more reliable turboprop engine, with the first prototype flying on March 26, 1971. In 1974, the Spanish Air Force decided to acquire the Aviocar to update its fleet.

Airlines took note of the type's success with the military, so CASA developed a commercial version, the first examples of which were delivered in July 1975. In August 2006 a total of 30 CASA C-212 aircraft (all variants) remain in airline service around the world.[2]

The C-212 has a high-mounted wing, a boxy fuselage, and a conventional tail. The tricycle undercarriage is non retractable. It has space for 21-28 passengers depending on configuration. Since the C-212 does not have a pressurized fuselage, it is limited to relatively low-flight-level airline usage (below 10,000 ft (3,000 m) MSL). It is thus ideal for short legs and regional airline service.



Series 100

Original military production version. Also known as C-212-5, C-212-5 series 100M, and by the Spanish Air Force as the T-12B and D-3A (for medevac aircraft), 129 built.
VIP transport version, T-12C.
Six pre-production C-212As converted for photo-reconnaissance missions, TR-12A.
Original civil version
Two pre-production C-212As converted for use as navigational trainers, TE-12B.
Manufactured under licence in Indonesia since 1976, IPTN producing 28 NC-212-100s before switching to NC-212-200.

Series 200

CASA C-212-200 of Northwest Airlink operating a scheduled flight at Flint, Michigan, in April 1986

Stretched version with updated engines (Honeywell TPE331-10R-511C or -512C, rated at 900 shp (671 kW) each), introduced in 1979. The CASA C-212-200 is also a popular skydiving aircraft, known for its large capacity, fast climb, and large tailgate exit ramp.

C-212 series 200M
Military version known as T-12D in Spanish service and Tp 89 for the Swedish Air Force. Specialised ASW and maritime patrol aircraft have been built from this version.
C-212-200 built under licence by IPTN.
NC-212-200 MPA 
C-212-200 built under licence by IPTN, Designed as Maritime Patrol Aircraft

Series 300

Standard production version from 1987 on. Engines were Honeywell TPE331-10R-513C, also rated at 900 shp (670 kW) continuous (925 shp maximum). The propellers were changed from four-bladed Hartzell composite blade propellers to four-bladed Dowty-Rotol all-metal propellers. Winglets and a larger vertical stabilizer area provide improved performance, and the addition of a nose baggage compartment gives the nose a more streamlined look than the Series 200. Various systems have been incrementally upgraded, including the addition of an integrated autopilot system.

C-212-M series 300 (Series 300M)
Military version.
C-212 series 300 airliner
26 seat regional airliner.
C-212 series 300 utility
23 seat civil utility version.
C-212 series 300P
Civil utility version with Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-65 engines

Series 400

Updated version first flying in 1997. US military designation is C-41. Engines are Honeywell TPE331-12JR-701C, derated to 925 shp (690 kW) maximum. Airframe dimensions and flight performance are practically identical to those of the Series 300. Compared to the Series 300, many of the various aircraft systems have been refined and improved. Standard instrumentation has been updated to include a four-tube Rockwell-Collins Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS), a two-tube Integrated Engine Data System (IEDS), and a Universal UNS-1K Flight Management System (FMS) with integrated Inertial Reference Unit (IRU).

Currently, this version is built only in Spain, and is not certified for civilian use in the United States.


Blackwater C-212 over Afghanistan

Civil operators

CASA C-212 Safety Card on a Presidential Airways flight over Afghanistan in October 2005
USAF C-41A (C-212-200).

Military operators

 Abu Dhabi
  • Abu Dhabi Air Force - four delivered 1982[3]
 Dominican Republic
  • Paraguayan Air Force - four C.212-200 delivered 1984 and one C.212-400 delivered in 2003[3]
 South Africa
  • Transkei Defence Force - two delivered 1986[3]
 United States
  • Venda Defence Force

Incidents and Accidents

The CASA C-212 has been involved in 71 hull-loss incidents with a total of 499 fatalities.[7][8] This is a high occurrence, however the aircraft is generally not considered accident-prone as the cause of most crashes have been attributed to its being used in high-risk operations at low altitudes.

  • March 8, 1994: A Spanish Air Force CASA 212 was hit in the tail by a Serbian SA-7 missile over Gvozd (then Vrginmost) when ferrying UNPROFOR personnel from Sarajevo. The plane was part of the Ala 37 deployed in Vicenza, Italy. The tail control surfaces were damaged, the left engine failed and several passengers were injured. The crew managed to land the aircraft at Rijeka, Croatia. Spanish technicians were able to repair the damage and have the aircraft back in service in 48 hours.[10][11][12]
  • November 27, 2004: Presidential Airways CASA C-212-200 (registration: N960BW / serial nr: 231) was contracted by the US Department of Defense to supply American forces deployed in remote areas of Afghanistan. The airplane entered a box canyon and struck the 14,650-foot (4,470 m) level of Baba Mountain, which has a peak elevation of 16,739 feet (5,102 m). The flight was about 25 nm north of the typical route between Bagram and Farah[13].
  • October 26, 2006: Swedish Coast Guard CASA C-212-200 (registration: SE-IVF/serial nr: KBV 585) crashed in the Falsterbo Canal during a surveillance mission, killing all four onboard.[14][15] Eye-witness accounts suggest that the accident was caused by one of the wings of the aircraft somehow detaching from the plane.[16] The preliminary report from the Swedish Accident Investigation Board suggests that the right wing detached due to a fatigue crack which had developed in the load-bearing structure in the wing [17].
  • November 15, 2006: Mexican Navy CASA 212-200 Maritime Patrol (serial AMP-114) crashed in the sea in Campeche coast over the Mexican Gulf during a surveillance mission, all crew managed to survive, due to a smooth maneuver, reasons of the accident still unknown.[13]
  • June 26, 2008: Indonesian Military CASA C-212 was flying from the capital to Bogor, carrying 12 military personnel and six civilians, and was due to test a digital mapping camera, but it disappeared in the Salak Mountain region, about 90 km (60 miles south) of Jakarta. An air force spokesman said it was assumed it had crashed.[18].

Specifications (Series 300M)

Data from {name of first source}

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two (pilot and co-pilot)
  • Capacity: Up to 20 troops, 12 litters, or 2,820 kg (6,217 lb) of cargo
  • Length: 16.15 m (53 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 20.28 m (66 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 6.60 m (21 ft 8 in)
  • Wing area: 41 m² (441 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 4,400 kg (9,680 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 8,000 kg (17,600 lb)
  • Powerplant:Garrett AiResearch TPE-331-10R-513C turboprop engines, 690 kW (925 shp) each



  • Up to 500 kg (1,100 lb) of weapons on two hardpoints. Typically, machine gun pods or rocket launchers.

See also


  1. ^ Aviation Week & Space Technology, 29 October 2007 issue, p. 66
  2. ^ Flight International, 3-9 October 2006
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au Eastwood 1990, pages 85-94
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ Accident statistics for CASA C-212 from the Aviation Safety Network (English)
  8. ^ List of incidents in the Aviation Safety Network Database (English)
  9. ^
  10. ^ Vinuesa, Arturo: El conflicto de los Balcanes y la seguridad común europea. Editorial Fundamentos, 2002, page 190. ISBN 8424509277 (Spanish)
  11. ^ Destacamento C-212 en Vicenza / 1993-2002 (Spanish)
  12. ^ Ala 37 (Spanish)
  13. ^ a b SEMAR aircraft crashed in Mexican Gulf from the SEMAR (Spanish)
  14. ^ Press release from the Swedish Coast Guard (Swedish)
  15. ^ Accident description, October 26, 2006 in the Aviation Safety Network Database (English)
  16. ^ Four dead after coastguard plane crash, The Local, October 26, 2006. (English)
  17. ^ Statens Haverikommission, (Swedish Accident Investigation Board) (English)]
  18. ^ Plane goes missing over Indonesia from the BBC (English)
  19. ^ "RECENT ACCIDENTS". Planecrashinfo. Retrieved 10 October 2009.  
  20. ^ "UN plane crash kills 11 in Haiti". BBC News Online. Retrieved 10 October 2009.  


Eastwood, Tony; John Roach (1990). Turbo Prop Airliner Production List. The Aviation Hobby Shop. ISBN 0 907178 32 4.  

External links


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