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Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, member 9
Identifiers
Symbols TNFRSF9; 4-1BB; CD137; CDw137; ILA; MGC2172
External IDs OMIM602250 MGI1101059 HomoloGene1199 GeneCards: TNFRSF9 Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE TNFRSF9 207536 s at tn.png
PBB GE TNFRSF9 211786 at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 3604 21942
Ensembl ENSG00000049249 ENSMUSG00000028965
UniProt Q07011 Q3U3R1
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_001561 NM_001077508
RefSeq (protein) NP_001552 NP_001070976
Location (UCSC) Chr 1:
7.9 - 7.92 Mb
Chr 4:
149.76 - 149.79 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

CD137 is a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor family. Its alternative names are tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 9 (TNFRSF9), 4-1BB and induced by lymphocyte activation (ILA).

Contents

Expression

CD137 can be expressed by activated T cells, but to a larger extent on CD8 than on CD4 T cells. In addition, CD137 expression is found on dendritic cells, follicular dendritic cells, natural killer cells, granulocytes and cells of blood vessel walls at sites of inflammation.

Specific effects on cells

The best characterized activity of CD137 is its costimulatory activity for activated T cells. Crosslinking of CD137 enhances T cell proliferation, IL-2 secretion survival and cytolytic activity. Further, it can enhance immune activity to eliminate tumors in mice.

See also

Interactions

CD137 has been shown to interact with TRAF2.[1][2]

References

  1. ^ Jang, I K; Lee Z H, Kim Y J, Kim S H, Kwon B S (Jan. 1998). "Human 4-1BB (CD137) signals are mediated by TRAF2 and activate nuclear factor-kappa B". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (UNITED STATES) 242 (3): 613–20. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1997.8016. ISSN 0006-291X. PMID 9464265.  
  2. ^ Arch, R H; Thompson C B (Jan. 1998). "4-1BB and Ox40 are members of a tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-nerve growth factor receptor subfamily that bind TNF receptor-associated factors and activate nuclear factor kappaB". Mol. Cell. Biol. (UNITED STATES) 18 (1): 558–65. ISSN 0270-7306. PMID 9418902.  
  • Kwon BS, Weissman SM (1989). "cDNA sequences of two inducible T-cell genes". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86 (6): 1963–7. doi:10.1073/pnas.86.6.1963. PMID 2784565.  
  • Schwarz H, Tuckwell J, Lotz M (1993). "A receptor induced by lymphocyte activation (ILA): a new member of the human nerve-growth-factor/tumor-necrosis-factor receptor family". Gene 134 (2): 295–8. doi:10.1016/0378-1119(93)90110-O. PMID 8262389.  

Further reading

  • Sica G, Chen L (2000). "Biochemical and immunological characteristics of 4-1BB (CD137) receptor and ligand and potential applications in cancer therapy.". Arch. Immunol. Ther. Exp. (Warsz.) 47 (5): 275–9. PMID 10604232.  
  • Schwarz H (2005). "Biological activities of reverse signal transduction through CD137 ligand.". J. Leukoc. Biol. 77 (3): 281–6. doi:10.1189/jlb.0904558. PMID 15618293.  
  • Kwon BS, Weissman SM (1989). "cDNA sequences of two inducible T-cell genes.". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86 (6): 1963–7. doi:10.1073/pnas.86.6.1963. PMID 2784565.  
  • Zhou Z, Kim S, Hurtado J, et al. (1995). "Characterization of human homologue of 4-1BB and its ligand.". Immunol. Lett. 45 (1-2): 67–73. doi:10.1016/0165-2478(94)00227-I. PMID 7622190.  
  • Alderson MR, Smith CA, Tough TW, et al. (1994). "Molecular and biological characterization of human 4-1BB and its ligand.". Eur. J. Immunol. 24 (9): 2219–27. doi:10.1002/eji.1830240943. PMID 8088337.  
  • Schwarz H, Tuckwell J, Lotz M (1994). "A receptor induced by lymphocyte activation (ILA): a new member of the human nerve-growth-factor/tumor-necrosis-factor receptor family.". Gene 134 (2): 295–8. doi:10.1016/0378-1119(93)90110-O. PMID 8262389.  
  • Schwarz H, Blanco FJ, von Kempis J, et al. (1996). "ILA, a member of the human nerve growth factor/tumor necrosis factor receptor family, regulates T-lymphocyte proliferation and survival.". Blood 87 (7): 2839–45. PMID 8639902.  
  • Loo DT, Chalupny NJ, Bajorath J, et al. (1997). "Analysis of 4-1BBL and laminin binding to murine 4-1BB, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, and comparison with human 4-1BB.". J. Biol. Chem. 272 (10): 6448–56. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.10.6448. PMID 9045669.  
  • Schwarz H, Arden K, Lotz M (1997). "CD137, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor family, is located on chromosome 1p36, in a cluster of related genes, and colocalizes with several malignancies.". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 235 (3): 699–703. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1997.6870. PMID 9207223.  
  • Arch RH, Thompson CB (1998). "4-1BB and Ox40 are members of a tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-nerve growth factor receptor subfamily that bind TNF receptor-associated factors and activate nuclear factor kappaB.". Mol. Cell. Biol. 18 (1): 558–65. PMID 9418902.  
  • Jang IK, Lee ZH, Kim YJ, et al. (1998). "Human 4-1BB (CD137) signals are mediated by TRAF2 and activate nuclear factor-kappa B.". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 242 (3): 613–20. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1997.8016. PMID 9464265.  
  • Kim YJ, Kim SH, Mantel P, Kwon BS (1998). "Human 4-1BB regulates CD28 co-stimulation to promote Th1 cell responses.". Eur. J. Immunol. 28 (3): 881–90. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1521-4141(199803)28:03<881::AID-IMMU881>3.0.CO;2-0. PMID 9541583.  
  • Saoulli K, Lee SY, Cannons JL, et al. (1998). "CD28-independent, TRAF2-dependent costimulation of resting T cells by 4-1BB ligand.". J. Exp. Med. 187 (11): 1849–62. doi:10.1084/jem.187.11.1849. PMID 9607925.  
  • Langstein J, Michel J, Schwarz H (1999). "CD137 induces proliferation and endomitosis in monocytes.". Blood 94 (9): 3161–8. PMID 10556203.  
  • Jang LK, Lee ZH, Kim HH, et al. (2002). "A novel leucine-rich repeat protein (LRR-1): potential involvement in 4-1BB-mediated signal transduction.". Mol. Cells 12 (3): 304–12. PMID 11804328.  
  • Cooper D, Bansal-Pakala P, Croft M (2002). "4-1BB (CD137) controls the clonal expansion and survival of CD8 T cells in vivo but does not contribute to the development of cytotoxicity.". Eur. J. Immunol. 32 (2): 521–9. doi:10.1002/1521-4141(200202)32:2<521::AID-IMMU521>3.0.CO;2-X. PMID 11828369.  
  • Wilcox RA, Chapoval AI, Gorski KS, et al. (2002). "Cutting edge: Expression of functional CD137 receptor by dendritic cells.". J. Immunol. 168 (9): 4262–7. PMID 11970964.  
  • Shulzhenko N, Morgun A, Chinellato AP, et al. (2002). "CD27 but not CD70 and 4-1BB intragraft gene expression is a risk factor for acute cardiac allograft rejection in humans.". Transplant. Proc. 34 (2): 474–5. doi:10.1016/S0041-1345(02)02600-3. PMID 12009595.  
  • Pauly S, Broll K, Wittmann M, et al. (2002). "CD137 is expressed by follicular dendritic cells and costimulates B lymphocyte activation in germinal centers.". J. Leukoc. Biol. 72 (1): 35–42. PMID 12101260.  
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