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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

CD2 molecule

The protein structure of CD2. From PDB 1hnf
Available structures
1cdb, 1gya, 1hnf, 1qa9
Symbols CD2; SRBC; T11
External IDs OMIM186990 MGI88320 HomoloGene1338 GeneCards: CD2 Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE CD2 205831 at tn.png
More reference expression data
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 914 12481
Ensembl ENSG00000116824 ENSMUSG00000027863
UniProt P06729 Q5SRC1
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_001767 NM_013486
RefSeq (protein) NP_001758 NP_038514
Location (UCSC) Chr 1:
117.1 - 117.11 Mb
Chr 3:
101.4 - 101.42 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

CD2 (cluster of differentiation 2) is a cell adhesion molecule found on the surface of T cells and natural killer (NK) cells. It has also been called T-cell surface antigen T11/Leu-5, LFA-2, LFA-3 receptor, erythrocyte receptor and rosette receptor.[1]



It interacts with other adhesion molecules, such as lymphocyte function-associated antigen-3 (LFA-3/CD58) in humans, or CD48 in rodents, which are expressed on the surfaces of other cells.[2]

In addition to its adhesive properties, CD2 also acts as a co-stimulatory molecule on T and NK cells.[3]


Due to its structural characteristics, CD2 is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily; it possesses two immunoglobulin-like domains in its extracellular portion.[3]


CD2 has been shown to interact with CD2BP2,[4] Lck[5] and PSTPIP1.[6]


  1. ^ Uniprot database entry for CD2 (accession number P06729)
  2. ^ Wilkins A, Yang W, Yang J (2003). "Structural biology of the cell adhesion protein CD2: from molecular recognition to protein folding and design". Curr Protein Pept Sci 4 (5): 367–73. doi:10.2174/1389203033487063. PMID 14529530.  
  3. ^ a b Yang J, Ye Y, Carroll A, Yang W, Lee H (2001). "Structural biology of the cell adhesion protein CD2: alternatively folded states and structure-function relation". Curr Protein Pept Sci 2 (1): 1–17. doi:10.2174/1389203013381251. PMID 12369898.  
  4. ^ Nishizawa, K; Freund C, Li J, Wagner G, Reinherz E L (Dec. 1998). "Identification of a proline-binding motif regulating CD2-triggered T lymphocyte activation". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (UNITED STATES) 95 (25): 14897–902. ISSN 0027-8424. PMID 9843987.  
  5. ^ Bell, G M; Fargnoli J, Bolen J B, Kish L, Imboden J B (Jan. 1996). "The SH3 domain of p56lck binds to proline-rich sequences in the cytoplasmic domain of CD2". J. Exp. Med. (UNITED STATES) 183 (1): 169–78. ISSN 0022-1007. PMID 8551220.  
  6. ^ Li, J; Nishizawa K, An W, Hussey R E, Lialios F E, Salgia R, Sunder-Plassmann R, Reinherz E L (Dec. 1998). "A cdc15-like adaptor protein (CD2BP1) interacts with the CD2 cytoplasmic domain and regulates CD2-triggered adhesion". EMBO J. (ENGLAND) 17 (24): 7320–36. doi:10.1093/emboj/17.24.7320. ISSN 0261-4189. PMID 9857189.  

Further reading

  • Sayre PH, Reinherz EL (1989). "Structure and function of the erythrocyte receptor CD2 on human T lymphocytes: a review.". Scand. J. Rheumatol. Suppl. 76: 131–44. PMID 2471997.  
  • Rouleau M, Mollereau B, Bernard A, et al. (1997). "CD2 induced apoptosis of peripheral T cells.". Transplant. Proc. 29 (5): 2377–8. doi:10.1016/S0041-1345(97)00410-7. PMID 9270771.  
  • Lüscher B (2001). "Function and regulation of the transcription factors of the Myc/Max/Mad network.". Gene 277 (1-2): 1–14. doi:10.1016/S0378-1119(01)00697-7. PMID 11602341.  
  • Yang JJ, Ye Y, Carroll A, et al. (2002). "Structural biology of the cell adhesion protein CD2: alternatively folded states and structure-function relation.". Curr. Protein Pept. Sci. 2 (1): 1–17. doi:10.2174/1389203013381251. PMID 12369898.  
  • Bell GM, Seaman WE, Niemi EC, Imboden JB (1992). "The OX-44 molecule couples to signaling pathways and is associated with CD2 on rat T lymphocytes and a natural killer cell line.". J. Exp. Med. 175 (2): 527–36. doi:10.1084/jem.175.2.527. PMID 1346273.  
  • Marie-Cardine A, Maridonneau-Parini I, Ferrer M, et al. (1992). "The lymphocyte-specific tyrosine protein kinase p56lck is endocytosed in Jurkat cells stimulated via CD2.". J. Immunol. 148 (12): 3879–84. PMID 1351089.  
  • Hahn WC, Menu E, Bothwell AL, et al. (1992). "Overlapping but nonidentical binding sites on CD2 for CD58 and a second ligand CD59.". Science 256 (5065): 1805–7. doi:10.1126/science.1377404. PMID 1377404.  
  • Luzzati AL, Giacomini E, Giordani L, et al. (1992). "The antigen-specific induction of normal human lymphocytes in vitro is down-regulated by a conserved HIV p24 epitope.". Immunol. Lett. 33 (3): 307–14. doi:10.1016/0165-2478(92)90078-3. PMID 1385321.  
  • Ruegg CL, Strand M (1991). "A synthetic peptide with sequence identity to the transmembrane protein GP41 of HIV-1 inhibits distinct lymphocyte activation pathways dependent on protein kinase C and intracellular calcium influx.". Cell. Immunol. 137 (1): 1–13. doi:10.1016/0008-8749(91)90051-C. PMID 1832084.  
  • Schraven B, Samstag Y, Altevogt P, Meuer SC (1990). "Association of CD2 and CD45 on human T lymphocytes.". Nature 345 (6270): 71–4. doi:10.1038/345071a0. PMID 1970422.  
  • Samelson LE, Fletcher MC, Ledbetter JA, June CH (1990). "Activation of tyrosine phosphorylation in human T cells via the CD2 pathway. Regulation by the CD45 tyrosine phosphatase.". J. Immunol. 145 (8): 2448–54. PMID 1976695.  
  • Luzzati AL, Pugliese O, Giacomini E, et al. (1990). "Immunoregulatory effect of a synthetic peptide corresponding to a region of protein p24 of HIV.". Folia Biol. (Praha) 36 (1): 71–7. PMID 2111780.  
  • Seed B, Aruffo A (1987). "Molecular cloning of the CD2 antigen, the T-cell erythrocyte receptor, by a rapid immunoselection procedure.". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 84 (10): 3365–9. doi:10.1073/pnas.84.10.3365. PMID 2437578.  
  • Peterson A, Seed B (1987). "Monoclonal antibody and ligand binding sites of the T cell erythrocyte receptor (CD2).". Nature 329 (6142): 842–6. doi:10.1038/329842a0. PMID 2444890.  
  • Sayre PH, Chang HC, Hussey RE, et al. (1987). "Molecular cloning and expression of T11 cDNAs reveal a receptor-like structure on human T lymphocytes.". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 84 (9): 2941–5. doi:10.1073/pnas.84.9.2941. PMID 2883656.  
  • Diamond DJ, Clayton LK, Sayre PH, Reinherz EL (1988). "Exon-intron organization and sequence comparison of human and murine T11 (CD2) genes.". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 85 (5): 1615–9. doi:10.1073/pnas.85.5.1615. PMID 2894031.  
  • Lang G, Wotton D, Owen MJ, et al. (1988). "The structure of the human CD2 gene and its expression in transgenic mice.". Embo J. 7 (6): 1675–82. PMID 2901953.  
  • Leca G, Boumsell L, Fabbi M, et al. (1986). "The sheep erythrocyte receptor and both alpha and beta chains of the human T-lymphocyte antigen receptor bind the mitogenic lectin (phytohaemagglutinin) from Phaseolus vulgaris.". Scand. J. Immunol. 23 (5): 535–44. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3083.1986.tb01985.x. PMID 3085210.  
  • Sewell WA, Brown MH, Dunne J, et al. (1986). "Molecular cloning of the human T-lymphocyte surface CD2 (T11) antigen.". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 83 (22): 8718–22. doi:10.1073/pnas.83.22.8718. PMID 3490670.  

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