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CD3d molecule, delta (CD3-TCR complex)

PDB rendering based on 1xiw.
Available structures
Symbols CD3D; CD3-DELTA; T3D
External IDs OMIM186790 MGI88331 HomoloGene585 GeneCards: CD3D Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE CD3D 213539 at tn.png
More reference expression data
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 915 12500
Ensembl ENSG00000167286 ENSMUSG00000032094
UniProt P04234 A0N8K9
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_000732 NM_013487
RefSeq (protein) NP_000723 NP_038515
Location (UCSC) Chr 11:
117.72 - 117.72 Mb
Chr 9:
44.73 - 44.74 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 delta chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CD3D gene.[1]



CD3D has been shown to interact with CD8A.[2]

See also


  1. ^ "Entrez Gene: CD3D CD3d molecule, delta (CD3-TCR complex)".  
  2. ^ Doucey, Marie-Agnès; Goffin Laurence, Naeher Dieter, Michielin Olivier, Baumgärtner Petra, Guillaume Philippe, Palmer Ed, Luescher Immanuel F (Jan. 2003). "CD3 delta establishes a functional link between the T cell receptor and CD8". J. Biol. Chem. (United States) 278 (5): 3257–64. doi:10.1074/jbc.M208119200. ISSN 0021-9258. PMID 12215456.  

Further reading

  • Balk SP, Polischuk JE, Probert C, et al. (1996). "Composition of TCR-CD3 complex in human intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes: lack of Fc epsilon RI gamma chain.". Int. Immunol. 7 (8): 1237–41. doi:10.1093/intimm/7.8.1237. PMID 7495730.  
  • Li CJ (2007). "Therapeutic biology: checkpoint pathway activation therapy, HIV Tat, and transkingdom RNA interference.". J. Cell. Physiol. 209 (3): 695–700. doi:10.1002/jcp.20817. PMID 17001685.  
  • Phillips JH, Hori T, Nagler A, et al. (1992). "Ontogeny of human natural killer (NK) cells: fetal NK cells mediate cytolytic function and express cytoplasmic CD3 epsilon,delta proteins.". J. Exp. Med. 175 (4): 1055–66. doi:10.1084/jem.175.4.1055. PMID 1372642.  
  • Luzzati AL, Giacomini E, Giordani L, et al. (1992). "The antigen-specific induction of normal human lymphocytes in vitro is down-regulated by a conserved HIV p24 epitope.". Immunol. Lett. 33 (3): 307–14. doi:10.1016/0165-2478(92)90078-3. PMID 1385321.  
  • Alarcón B, Ley SC, Sánchez-Madrid F, et al. (1991). "The CD3-gamma and CD3-delta subunits of the T cell antigen receptor can be expressed within distinct functional TCR/CD3 complexes.". Embo J. 10 (4): 903–12. PMID 1826255.  
  • Hori T, de Waal Malefyt R, Duncan BW, et al. (1991). "Cloning of a novel cell type from human fetal liver expressing cytoplasmic CD3 delta and epsilon but not membrane CD3.". Int. Immunol. 3 (4): 353–7. doi:10.1093/intimm/3.4.353. PMID 1831653.  
  • Ruegg CL, Strand M (1991). "A synthetic peptide with sequence identity to the transmembrane protein GP41 of HIV-1 inhibits distinct lymphocyte activation pathways dependent on protein kinase C and intracellular calcium influx.". Cell. Immunol. 137 (1): 1–13. doi:10.1016/0008-8749(91)90051-C. PMID 1832084.  
  • Cefai D, Debre P, Kaczorek M, et al. (1991). "Human immunodeficiency virus-1 glycoproteins gp120 and gp160 specifically inhibit the CD3/T cell-antigen receptor phosphoinositide transduction pathway.". J. Clin. Invest. 86 (6): 2117–24. doi:10.1172/JCI114950. PMID 1979339.  
  • Luzzati AL, Pugliese O, Giacomini E, et al. (1990). "Immunoregulatory effect of a synthetic peptide corresponding to a region of protein p24 of HIV.". Folia Biol. (Praha) 36 (1): 71–7. PMID 2111780.  
  • Koning F, Maloy WL, Coligan JE (1990). "The implications of subunit interactions for the structure of the T cell receptor-CD3 complex.". Eur. J. Immunol. 20 (2): 299–305. doi:10.1002/eji.1830200211. PMID 2138083.  
  • Alexander D, Goris J, Marais R, et al. (1989). "Dephosphorylation of the human T lymphocyte CD3 antigen.". Eur. J. Biochem. 181 (1): 55–65. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1989.tb14693.x. PMID 2540970.  
  • Tunnacliffe A, Buluwela L, Rabbitts TH (1988). "Physical linkage of three CD3 genes on human chromosome 11.". Embo J. 6 (10): 2953–7. PMID 2826124.  
  • van den Elsen P, Shepley BA, Cho M, Terhorst C (1985). "Isolation and characterization of a cDNA clone encoding the murine homologue of the human 20K T3/T-cell receptor glycoprotein.". Nature 314 (6011): 542–4. doi:10.1038/314542a0. PMID 2859526.  
  • van den Elsen P, Georgopoulos K, Shepley BA, et al. (1986). "Exon/intron organization of the genes coding for the delta chains of the human and murine T-cell receptor/T3 complex.". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 83 (9): 2944–8. doi:10.1073/pnas.83.9.2944. PMID 2939461.  
  • Gold DP, Clevers H, Alarcon B, et al. (1987). "Evolutionary relationship between the T3 chains of the T-cell receptor complex and the immunoglobulin supergene family.". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 84 (21): 7649–53. doi:10.1073/pnas.84.21.7649. PMID 3478717.  
  • Tunnacliffe A, Sims JE, Rabbitts TH (1986). "T3 delta pre-mRNA is transcribed from a non-TATA promoter and is alternatively spliced in human T cells.". Embo J. 5 (6): 1245–52. PMID 3488209.  
  • van den Elsen P, Shepley BA, Borst J, et al. (1985). "Isolation of cDNA clones encoding the 20K T3 glycoprotein of human T-cell receptor complex.". Nature 312 (5993): 413–8. doi:10.1038/312413a0. PMID 6095101.  
  • Oravecz T, Norcross MA (1994). "Costimulatory properties of the human CD4 molecule: enhancement of CD3-induced T cell activation by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 through viral envelope glycoprotein gp120.". AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses 9 (10): 945–55. PMID 7506554.  
  • Luzzati AL, Giacomini E, Giordani L, et al. (1994). "An HIV p24 heptapeptide down-regulates antigen-specific responses in vitro interfering at the level of the T3-Ti complex.". Cell. Immunol. 156 (2): 286–95. doi:10.1006/cimm.1994.1175. PMID 7517794.  

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.



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