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Canadian Forces Base Trenton
Trenton Airport
IATA: YTRICAO: CYTR
Summary
Airport type Military
Owner The Queen in Right of Canada
Operator DND
Location Trenton, Ontario
Elevation AMSL 283 ft / 86 m
Coordinates 44°07′08″N 077°31′41″W / 44.11889°N 77.52806°W / 44.11889; -77.52806 (Canadian Forces Base Trenton)
Website cfcommunitygateway.com/trenton
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
06/24 10,000 3,048 Asphalt
Source: Canada Flight Supplement[1]

Canadian Forces Base Trenton (IATA: YTRICAO: CYTR) (also CFB Trenton), is a Canadian Forces base located 2.3 NM (4.3 km; 2.6 mi) northeast of Trenton, Ontario. It is operated as an air force base by Canadian Forces Air Command (AIRCOM) and is the hub for air transport operations in Canada and abroad. Its primary lodger unit is 8 Wing.

The airport is classified as an airport of entry by NAV CANADA and is staffed by the Canada Border Services Agency. The use of the airport for civilian aircraft is permitted for emergencies or MEDEVACs only.[1]

Contents

History

In 1929, 960 acres (390 ha) of farmland near Trenton were purchased by the federal government to establish a Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) station to be called RCAF Station Trenton. The base was officially opened in August 1931. Trenton was intended as a smaller supporting base to RCAF Station Borden, which was the home of Canadian military aviation and a major training base at the time. The location was chosen for being the mid-point between Ottawa and Toronto. It also provided the possibility of using the facility for seaplanes operating on Lake Ontario.

RCAF Station Trenton became host to No. 1 Fighter and No. 3 Army Cooperation Flights, flying Siskin and Tiger Moth aircraft. Trenton became a major training centre during the Second World War under Canada's participation in the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan. Along with the trainees, the 6 Repair Depot was based at Trenton. Following the war, Trenton became home to transport and fighter aircraft, with transport aircraft from the base taking part in the Korean Airlift, as well as numerous other missions throughout the 1950s and 1960s.

In 1958, RCAF Station Trenton became the destination for several test flights of the CF-105 Arrow, flying from the Avro Canada manufacturing facility at Malton Airport.

Canada upgraded its transport and search and rescue fleets during the 1960s when the RCAF purchased the CC-137 Husky, CC-130 Hercules, CH-113 Labrador and CC-115 Buffalo aircraft. RCAF Station Trenton became the home of training facilities for these aircraft.

RCAF Station Trenton was renamed Canadian Forces Base (CFB) Trenton after the February 1, 1968 merger of the RCAF with the Royal Canadian Navy and Canadian Army to form the Canadian Forces.

Present operations

AIRCOM operates the majority of its fixed-wing tactical and all of its strategic airlift aircraft from CFB Trenton.

CFB Trenton plays a key support role for the National Search and Rescue Program, being home to Joint Rescue Co-ordination Centre Trenton (JRCC Trenton) which is jointly staffed by AIRCOM and Canadian Coast Guard personnel who have responsibility for coordinating aircraft and marine rescue incidents in central and Arctic Canada. AIRCOM also operates the Canadian Mission Control Centre (CMCC Trenton) from the base, which is tasked with monitoring the Cospas-Sarsat system that detects transmissions from emergency locating beacons on aircraft or marine vessels in distress through Canada's search and rescue area of responsibility.

Land Force Command also operates the Canadian Forces Land Advanced Warfare Centre, formerly known as the Canadian Parachute Centre.

8 Wing operates several aircraft types, including CC-130 Hercules, CC-150 Polaris and CC-177 Globemaster transport aircraft, the CH-146 Griffon search and rescue helicopters, and the CC-144 Challenger VIP transport aircraft. The Challenger fleet, used to fly the Governor General, members of the Royal Family (when visiting Canada), the Prime Minister and members of the federal cabinet, is based at Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International Airport but supported from CFB Trenton.

Current squadrons under 8 Wing include:

Temporary storage facilities are being built at the base for the CC-177 and completion is scheduled for 2008. Permanent hangars will be built by 2010. In the meantime the CC-177 fleet is being stored outdoors.

Other operations

  • CFD Mountain View (Canadian Forces Detachment Mountain View), a former WWII RCAF airfield located south of Belleville, is utilized as a storage and overhaul facility of older aircraft.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 7 May 2009 to 0901Z 2 July 2009
  • UNCLAS CANAIRGEN 025/06 (Canadian Air Force General Order)

External links

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