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chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 3
Identifiers
Symbol CXCL3
Alt. symbols SCYB3, GRO3, GROg, MIP-2b, CINC-2b
Entrez 2921
HUGO 4604
OMIM 139111
RefSeq NM_002090
UniProt P19876
Other data
Locus Chr. 4 q21

Chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 3 (CXCL3) is a small cytokine belonging to the CXC chemokine family that is also known as GRO3 oncogene (GRO3), GRO protein gamma (GROg) and macrophage inflammatory protein-2-beta (MIP2b). CXCL3 controls migration and adhesion of monocytes and mediates it effects on its target cell by interacting with a cell surface chemokine receptor called CXCR2.[1][2] The gene for CXCL3 is located on chromosome 4 in a cluster of other CXC chemokines.[3]

References

  1. ^ Smith DF, Galkina E, Ley K, Huo Y. GRO family chemokines are specialized for monocyte arrest from flow. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005, 289(5):H1976-84. PMID: 15937099
  2. ^ Ahuja SK, Murphy PM. The CXC chemokines growth-regulated oncogene (GRO) alpha, GRObeta, GROgamma, neutrophil-activating peptide-2, and epithelial cell-derived neutrophil-activating peptide-78 are potent agonists for the type B, but not the type A, human interleukin-8 receptor. J Biol Chem. 1996, 23;271(34):20545-50. PMID: 8702798
  3. ^ O'Donovan, N., Galvin, M. Morgan, J.G. Physical mapping of the CXC chemokine locus on human chromosome 4. Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 84: 39-42, 1999. PMID: 10343098
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