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Cabane strut
Cabane struts of a de Havilland Tiger Moth

The cabane struts of a biplane aircraft support the upper wing over the fuselage and work in conjunction with other wing components such as spars and flying wires to transmit flight loads.[1]

Cabane struts also serve to maintain correct wing stagger, angle of incidence and decalage. The initial setting or in-service adjustment of these angles, usually with the help of a clinometer and plumb-bob, is known as 'rigging'.[2][3] Cabane struts found on early aircraft were often made of wood with later biplanes using aerofoil-sectioned tubular steel.

Rarely, as on the British Bristol F.2 Fighter late World War I two-seat fighter biplane, the lower wing of a biplane is placed entirely below the lower surface of the fuselage, using cabane-like support struts, and such an arrangement could conceivably be called a "ventral cabane strut" assembly.

Cabane struts are also found on parasol wing aircraft, which are similar to biplanes, but lacking the lower wing.[4]

See also




  1. ^ Taylor 1990, p.71.
  2. ^ Halliwell 1919, p.107.
  3. ^ de Havilland, p.13.
  4. ^ Crane, 1997, pg 379


  • Crane, Dale: Dictionary of Aeronautical Terms, third edition, Aviation Supplies & Academics, 1997. ISBN 1-56027-287-2
  • de Havilland Aircraft Company. The de Havilland DH82A Tiger Moth - Maintenance and Repair Manual, Third Edition . Hatfield, Hertfordshire. The de Havilland Aircraft Company Ltd. (Date unknown)
  • Halliwell, F.W. "Rigging: The Erection and Trueing-Up of Aeroplanes". Flight, 23 January 1919. p. 107.
  • Taylor, John W.R. The Lore of Flight, London: Universal Books Ltd., 1990. ISBN 0-9509620-15.


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