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The Cabinet Merkel I was the government of Germany between November 22, 2005 and October 27, 2009, during the 16th legislature of the Bundestag. Led by the Christian Democrat Angela Merkel (the first female chancellor in German history), it was supported by a grand coalition of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU), and the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD). It followed the Cabinet Schröder II. It laid down its function after the formation of the Cabinet Merkel II, which was formed following the 2009 elections.

Contents

Composition

The federal cabinet consisted of the following Ministers:

Office Incumbent In office Party
Chancellor Dr. Angela Merkel November 22, 2005 – Merkel II CDU
Vice-Chancellor Franz Müntefering November 22, 2005 – November 21, 2007 SPD
Dr. Frank-Walter Steinmeier November 21, 2007 – October 27, 2009
Minister of Foreign Affairs Dr. Frank-Walter Steinmeier November 22, 2005 – October 27, 2009 SPD
Minister of Labour and Social Affairs Franz Müntefering November 22, 2005 – November 21, 2007 SPD
Olaf Scholz November 21, 2007 – October 27, 2009
Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety Sigmar Gabriel November 22, 2005 – October 27, 2009 SPD
Minister of Economics and Technology Michael Glos November 22, 2005 – February 10, 2009 CSU
Dr. Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg February 10, 2009 – October 27, 2009
Minister of Defence Dr. Franz Josef Jung November 22, 2005 – October 27, 2009 CDU
Minister for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth Dr. Ursula von der Leyen November 22, 2005 – Merkel II CDU
Minister for Special Tasks and Head of the Chancellery Dr. Thomas de Maizière November 22, 2005 – October 27, 2009 CDU
Minister of the Interior Dr. Wolfgang Schäuble November 22, 2005 – October 27, 2009 CDU
Minister of Education and Research Dr. Annette Schavan November 22, 2005 – Merkel II CDU
Minister of Health Ulla Schmidt January 12, 2001 – October 27, 2009 SPD
Minister of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection Horst Seehofer November 22, 2005 – October 31, 2008 CSU
Ilse Aigner October 31, 2008 – October 27, 2009
Minister of Finance Peer Steinbrück November 22, 2005 – October 27, 2009 SPD
Minister of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs Wolfgang Tiefensee November 22, 2005 – October 27, 2009 SPD
Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul October 27, 1998 – October 27, 2009 SPD
Minister of Justice Brigitte Zypries October 22, 2002 – October 27, 2009 SPD

Formation of the grand coalition

Neither the coalitions of the CDU/CSU and the Free Democratic Party (FDP) nor the SPD and Alliance '90/The Greens had the vote of a majority of members of the Bundestag following the 2005 federal election, so they decided to form the second grand coalition in the history of the federal republic.

The two groups, the CDU/CSU and SPD, received nearly the same vote in the election (35.2% and 34.2%), so they decided that they would receive the same number of posts in the cabinet, eight (with six for the CDU and two for the CSU). On October 13, the SPD announced their future ministers, and on October 17, the CDU/CSU announced theirs.

Edmund Stoiber (CSU) was to become the Federal Minister of Economics and Technology, but refused the post on November 1, followed by a conflict with Angela Merkel over the abilities of the minister to succeed him.

The coalition agreement (Koalitionsvertrag), titled Together for Germany. With courage and humanity, was signed and accepted by the congress of the CDU, CSU, and SPD on November 12, 13, and 14. Angela Merkel was elected Chancellor of Germany on November 22 by 397 votes against 217. From that date the cabinet was officially in power.

See also

External links

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