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Egypt

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Politics and government of
Egypt



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The Cabinet of Egypt (Arabic: الحكومة المركزية‎) (Al-Hokouma Al-Markaziyyah) is the chief executive body of the Arabic Republic of Egypt. It consists of the Prime Minister and the cabinet ministers.

The government has a leading role in shaping the agenda of the houses of Parliament. It may propose laws to Parliament, as well as amendments during parliamentary meetings. It may make use of some procedures to speed up parliamentary deliberations.
The government is responsible only to Parliament, specifically the People’s Assembly.
The People’s Assembly may pass a motion of censure, forcing the resignation of the cabinet. Ministers have to answer questions from Members of Parliament, both written and oral; this is known as Inquiries to the Government Talebat Ihata.

In addition, ministers attend meetings of the two houses of Parliament when laws pertaining to their areas of responsibility are being discussed.

The details of the cabinet's organisation are set down in articles 153 to 160 of the constitution. Article 155 states that the members of the cabinet have to be sworn in when taking office.

Contents

Functions

The Cabinet shall exercise in particular the following functions:

  • Laying down the general policy of the State in collaboration with the President of the Republic and controlling its implementation in accordance with the laws and republican decrees.
  • Directing, co-ordinating and following up the work of the ministries and their different administrations as well as public organizations and institutions.
  • Issuing administrative and executive decisions in accordance with the laws and decrees and supervising their implementation.
  • Preparing draft laws and decrees.
  • Preparing the draft of the general budget of the State.
  • Preparing the draft of the State’s overall plan.
  • Contracting and granting loans in accordance with the rules of the Constitution.
  • Supervising the implementation of law, maintaining State security and protecting the rights of the citizens and the interests of the State.

Ministerial Seniority and Rank

Traditionally, the cabinet comprises, in decreasing rank:

  • The Prime Minister, Head of the Egyptian government.
  • Ministers, Full Cabinet members. Currently there are 27 ministers in this government.
  • Ministers of State, described as ‘junior ministers’, are assigned specific responsibilities or agencies. The portfolios of ministers of state are considerably more transient, as positions may be created and dissolved to suit specific short-term government priorities or the specific qualifications of candidates without alterations to the departmental structure, e.g. the Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs.
  • Ministers without portfolio, ministers who do not head specific departments and occasionally attend cabinet meetings, e.g. Minister without portfolio Omar Suleiman, the current Chief of the Egyptian Intelligence Services.
  • Chairmen of Departments, who head certain important departments that do not fall under the jurisdiction of any of the ministers and answer directly to the Prime Minister, e.g. The Chairman of the Suez Canal Authority.
  • Ministers-Delegate, who assist ministers in areas of their duties and rarely attend cabinet meeting.

Ministerial Criteria

The following eligibility conditions must be met constitutionally by all ministers.

  • At least 30 years old natural-born Egyptian citizen, enjoying his/her full civil and political rights.
  • A minister may not work in any independent work, commercial, financial or industrial during his term in office.

Present Egyptian Cabinet

As of 6 March 2009, The current cabinet consists of the following ministers. The Prime Minister is Dr. Ahmed Nazif.

Office Incumbent Since
Prime Minister Dr. Ahmed Nazif 2004
Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation Mr. Amin Ahmed Mohamed Othman Abaza 2005
Ministry of Civil Aviation Air Marshal Ahmed Shafiq 2004
Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (MCIT) Dr. Tarek Kamel 2004
Ministry of Culture Dr. Farouk Hosni 1987
Ministry of Defense and Military Production Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi 1991
Ministry of Education Dr. Ahmed Zaki Mostafa Badr 2010
Ministry of Electricity and Energy Dr. Hassan Ahmed Younis 2004
Ministry of Finance Dr. Youssef Boutros-Ghali 2004
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ambassador Ahmed Aboul Gheit 2004
Ministry of Industry and Foreign Trade Rashid Mohamed Rashid 2004
Ministry of Health and Population Dr. Hatem Mostafa Mostafa El-Gabali 2005
Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research Dr. Hani Mahfouz Hilal 2005
Ministry of Housing, Utilities, and Urban Communities Eng. Ahmed Alaa E-Din Amin El-Maghrabi 2005
Ministry of Information Anas El Fiqqi 2004
Ministry of Social Solidarity Dr.Ali El-Sayed Ali Al-Moselhi 2005
Ministry of Interior General Habib El Adly 1997
Ministry of Investment Dr. Mahmoud Mohieldin 2004
Ministry of International Cooperation Ms. Fayza Aboel Naga 2004
Ministry of Justice Counseler Mahmoud Marei 2004
Ministry of Manpower and Immigration Mrs.Aisha Abdel Hadi Abdel Ghani 2005
Ministry of Petroleum Sameh Fahmi 1999
Ministry of Planning and Economic Development Eng. Osman Mohamed Osman
Ministry of Local Development Mr. Mohamed Abdul Salam Mahgoub 2006
Ministry of Religious Affairs (Awkaf)=(Endowments) Dr. Mahmoud Hamdi Zakzok 1996
Ministry of Tourism Mr.Mohamed Zohair Mohamed Wahid Garana 2005
Ministry of Transportation Eng. Alaa Edin Mohamed Fahmy 2010
Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation Mohamed Nasruddin 2007
Ministry of State for Administrative Development Dr. Ahmed Darwish 2004
Ministry of State for Legal and Parliamentary Councils Dr.Moufed Mahmoud Shehab 2005
Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs General Maged George 2004
Ministry of State for Military Production Sayed Meshaal 1999
Ministry of State for Family and Population Ambassador Moushira Khattab 2009
Governor of the Central Bank of Egypt Farouk Abdel Baky Al-Okda 2004
Permanent Representative to the UN, New York Ambassador Maged Abdel Fattah 2005
Minister without portfolio; GIS Chief General Omar Suleiman 1993
Chairman of the Suez Canal Authority General Ahmed Ali Fadel 1996

[1]

See also

References

External links

  • Egyptiancabinet:[1]
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