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The building of the Cabinet of Ministers.

Coordinates: 50°26′52.0″N 30°32′1.4″E / 50.44778°N 30.533722°E / 50.44778; 30.533722 The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Кабінет Міністрів України) is the highest body of state executive power in Ukraine[1] and serves as the cabinet of government. There are 20 Ministries and 25 seats in the Cabinet. The Cabinet is responsible to the President of Ukraine and is under the control of and accountable to the Verkhovna Rada (parliament). It consists of the Prime Minister, the First Vice-Prime Minister, several Vice-Prime Ministers, the Minister of the Cabinet and many other Ministers, who head their assigned Ministries (departments).

The Cabinet is steered by the Prime Minister, chosen from the parliament with the President's formal proposal. The 13th and latest Cabinet was chosen on On March 11, 2010 and is headed by Ukraine's Prime Minister Mykola Azarov.[2]

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Ukraine

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The Cabinet issues resolutions and orders that are mandatory for execution. Normative legal acts of the Cabinet, ministries, and other central bodies of executive power are subjects to registration. Failure to register invalidates the act.

Appointment and dismissal

Under the terms of Article 83 of Ukraine's Constitution a governing coalition needs to be formed by factions (Not indiviuals) that represent a majority of the parliament.[3] A February 2010 law on the parliament's regulations does demand both a decision by the factions and 226 signatures by Members of Parliament.[4]

Before the constitutional reform adopted in late 2004 that took effect on January 1, 2006, the Prime Minister was nominated by the President and approved by the parliament. Subsequently, the rest of Cabinet was appointed by the President, formally upon the Prime Minister's nomination, although in practice the entire cabinet was often picked by the President himself.

After the reform, the parliament has the authority to both nominate and approve the Prime Minister. The candidate is proposed by the parliamentary coalition to the President and the latter submits an official nomination back to Verkhovna Rada for a formal approval vote. While the official nomination of the candidate for the parliamentary approval is still made by the President; as the Head of the State, formally, he takes no part in the nominee's selection and there is an ambiguity whether the President may turn down the candidate suggested by the parliamentary coalition.

The Prime Minister, following his appointment, nominates other members of the Cabinet (19 ministers) for approval by the Verkhovna Rada, except for the Minister of the Foreign Affairs and one of Defense, who are both nominated by the President.

Now the Prime Minister and his/her Cabinet could be dismissed only by the parliament, oppose to previously, when the President could dismiss the entire cabinet unilaterally at any time.

Members of the Cabinet and chief officers of central and local bodies of executive power may not combine their official activity with other work, except teaching, scholarly and creative activity outside of working hours, and/or to be members of an administrative body or board of supervisors of an enterprise that is aimed at making profit.

Current Cabinet

The Ukrainian parliament dismissed the second Tymoshenko Government on March 3, 2010.[5][6] The Ukrainian Constitution stipulates that before a new government is endorsed, the outgoing Cabinet stays on as a caretaker government.[7] A new coalition has not been formed yet but has to be formed within 30 days and a government within 60 (days from from March 3, 2010), or a snap parliamentary election has to be held.[5] Thus the minister from the second Tymoshenko Government at the moment stay on as acting ministers.[6][7]

Amid controversy Ukrainian lawmakers formed a new coalition on March 11, 2010 which included Bloc Lytvyn, Communist Party of Ukraine and Party of regions.[8] 235 deputies from the 450-member parliament signed the coalition agreement.[9]

Composition

On March 11, 2010, Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine approved the structure of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.[2]

Office Incumbent Party
Prime Minister Mykola Azarov PoR
First Vice Prime Minister Andrii Kliuyev PoR
Vice Prime Minister Borys Kolesnikov PoR
Vice Prime Minister Volodymyr Semynozhenko
Vice Prime Minister Volodymyr Sivkovych PoR
Vice Prime Minister Viktor Slauta PoR
Vice Prime Minister Serhii Tihipko SU
Vice Prime Minister Viktor Tikhonov PoR
Minister of Education and Science Dmytro Tabachnyk PoR
Minister of Transport and Communications Kostiantyn Yefymenko
Minister of Culture and Tourism Mykhailo Kulyniak
Minister of Economics Vasyl Tsushko
Minister of Labor and Social Policy Vasyl Nadraha BL
Minister of Defense Mykhailo Yezhel
Minister of Health Safety Zynovii Mytnik
Minister of the Cabinet of Ministers Anatolii Tolstoukhov PoR
Minister of Regional Development and Construction Volodymyr Yatsuba PoR
Minister on Communal Living Oleksandr Popov PoR
Minister of Internal Affairs Anatolii Mohyliov
Minister of Agrarian Policy Mykola Prysiazhniuk PoR
Minister of Industrial Policy Dmytro Kolesnikov PoR
Minister of Justice Oleksandr Lavrynovych
Minister of Foreign Affairs Kostiantyn Hryshchenko
Minister of Family, Youth and Sport Ravil Safiullin PoR
Minister of Finance Fedir Yaroshenko
Minister of Coal Industry Yurii Yashchenko
Minister of Fuel and Energy Yurii Boiko PoR
Minister of Environmental Protection Viktor Boiko BL
Minister of Emergencies and Minister of the Protection of the Population from the Chornobyl disaster Nestor Shufrych PoR

References

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Simple English

File:Government
The building where the cabinet meets.

The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Кабінет Міністрів України) is the highest body of state executive power in Ukraine[1] and serves as the cabinet of government.

In current Cabinet 2008 there are 20 Ministries and 25 seats in the Cabinet. The Cabinet is responsible to the President of Ukraine and is under the control of and accountable to the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament).

It consists of the Prime Minister, the First Vice-Prime Minister, several Vice-Prime Ministers, the Minister of the Cabinet and many other Ministers, who head their assigned Ministries (departments).

The Cabinet is steered by the Prime Minister, chosen from the parliament with the President's formal proposal.

References



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