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Coordinates: 38°46′51″N 9°29′54″W / 38.780919°N 9.498361°W / 38.780919; -9.498361

The lighthouse on Cabo da Roca

Cabo da Roca (Cape Roca) is a cape which forms the westernmost point of both mainland Portugal and mainland Europe. The cape is in the Portuguese municipality of Sintra, west of Lisbon district, and also forms the westernmost extent of the Serra de Sintra.[1]

Contents

Location

A seascape after sunset. North of Cabo da Roca.
Cape Roca is a popular tourist attraction.

The cape is located in Lisbon district, 42 kilometres west of the city of Lisbon and 18 kilometres west of the town of Sintra in the Sintra-Cascais Natural Park. Its coordinates, 38°47′N 9°30′W / 38.783°N 9.5°W / 38.783; -9.5, are inscribed on a stone plaque on the monument at the site. The cliff rises out of the Atlantic Ocean to approximately 140 metres above sea level.

Environment

Once home to a variety of plant life, Cabo da Roca has been overrun with the invasive plant species Carpobrotus edulis. This creeping, mat-forming succulent species - a member of the Stone Plant family Aizoaceae - was introduced as ground cover by local residents several decades ago, but now covers much of the arable land on Cabo da Roca.

History

Cabo da Roca was known to the Romans as Promontorium Magnum[1] and during the Age of Sail as the Rock of Lisbon. The 16th century Portuguese poet Luís de Camões described Cabo da Roca as the place "where the land ends and the sea begins" (Portuguese: Onde a terra acaba e o mar começa).

Landmarks

The cape's lighthouse and a tourist shop sit on top of the cliff. Construction of the lighthouse was completed in 1772, and the structure rises 144 meters in height above the cape. The cape is a popular tourist attraction, and the site features a monument with a crucifix bearing an inscription Portuguese:

Aqui...

Onde a terra se acaba e o mar começa...

(Camões)

Ponta mais ocidental do continente europeu





Here...

Where the land ends and the sea begins...

(Camões)

Westernmost point of the European continent

References

  1. ^ a b "Cape Roca". Encyclopedia Britanica. 2008. http://www.original.britannica.com/eb/article-9063940/Cape-Roca. Retrieved 2008-08-12.  

See also

External links

  • Cabo da Roca By Isa Carvalho in Accessible Portugal Online Magazine
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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Iberia : Portugal : Lisbon Region : Cabo da Roca

Cabo da Roca is a cape at the western coast of Portugal in the Lisbon Region. It is the westernmost point of the European continent.

Regions

Lisbon/Estoril coasts.

Cities

Lisbon, Queluz, Almada, Cascais, Sintra.

Other destinations

Sintra, Mafra, Colares, Praia das Maçãs, Praia Grande, Azenhas do Mar.

Get in

By bus

Bus 403 which starts regularly from Sintra to Cascais stops at Cabo da Roca. It takes 30 minutes from Sintra.

Train service Cascais to/from Lisboa (Cais do Sodré train station).

Train service Sintra to/from Lisboa (Entrecampos train station ).

CP [1] (Railways)

See

Tagus (Tejo) river/Mar da Palha.

Do

If you feel like spending you can get a certificate of your presence at the westernmost point of Europe.

Get out

You can go from here towards Sintra or Cascais or dare towards Mafra.

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