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Caddyshack

Movie poster for Caddyshack
Directed by Harold Ramis
Produced by Douglas Kenney
Written by Douglas Kenney
Harold Ramis
Brian Doyle-Murray
Starring Chevy Chase
Rodney Dangerfield
Ted Knight
Michael O'Keefe
Bill Murray
Dan Resin
Music by Johnny Mandel
Cinematography Stevan Larner
Editing by William C. Carruth
Distributed by Orion Pictures
thru Warner Bros.
Release date(s) July 25, 1980 (1980-07-25)
Running time 98 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $6,000,000
Gross revenue $39,846,344
Followed by Caddyshack II

Caddyshack is a 1980 American comedy film directed by Harold Ramis and written by Brian Doyle-Murray, Ramis and Douglas Kenney. It stars Chevy Chase, Rodney Dangerfield, Ted Knight, Michael O'Keefe and Bill Murray. Doyle-Murray also has a supporting role.

This was Ramis' first feature film and was a major boost to Dangerfield's film career; previously, he was known mostly for his stand-up comedy. Grossing almost $40 million in the U.S. alone (16th highest of the year), it was the first of a series of similar comedies. A sequel, Caddyshack II, followed in 1988, although it was not nearly as successful or well-received.

In 2000, Caddyshack was placed at number 71 on the American Film Institute's list of the 100 funniest American films. In 2005, a line from the movie was chosen by AFI for their list of the top 100 movie quotes from U.S. films. This film is also second on Bravo's "100 Funniest Movies".[1]

Contents

Cast

Also, Chuck Rodent was credited as playing the part of "Mr. Gopher". [2]

Plot summary

Danny Noonan is the eldest child (of many) in a working class Irish Catholic family. Danny aspires to attend college but his parents can't afford it and his grades were unremarkable in high school, which makes obtaining a traditional academic scholarship difficult. Danny works as a caddy at the upscale Bushwood Country Club, where he earns tips to finance his meager college fund.

Bushwood's membership includes: Judge Smails, a stodgy WASP jurist and the country club's co-founder; Doctor Beeper, an inattentive physician more concerned about his golf game than his patients; Bishop Pickering, a Lutheran Bishop; and Ty Webb, the son of Bushwood's other co-founder and a free-spirited playboy, very unlike the other members. Danny often caddies for Ty, who teaches Danny about the finer points in life, usually while showing off random trick shots.

Judge Smails notices the handiwork of a gopher on his way to the course. Smails confronts Bushwood's greenskeeper Sandy McFiddish, who entrusts the task of removing the gopher to Carl Spackler (Bill Murray), his unkempt, unhinged assistant.

Later that day, the flamboyant nouveau riche real estate tycoon Al Czervik arrives as a guest of another member. Although obnoxious and immature, Czervik is affable and endears himself to the caddies.

Danny's caddyshack boss Lou informs the caddies that the country club's caddy scholarship has become available, and that academic achievement is a rather flexible prerequisite. Danny decides to caddy for Judge Smails in hopes of earning his favor when Smails awards the next scholarship. Smails' foursome, which includes Dr. Beeper, Bishop Pickering and Smails' grandson, Spaulding, begins their round, and is joined by Smails' sensuous niece, Lacey Underall, who is visiting for the summer.

Czervik wastes no time in needling Smails on the course. Danny finally enters Smails' good graces on the final hole. Al loudly wagers $1,000 that Smails will miss his relatively short putt, which draws a crowd of onlookers. Smails does miss the putt, causing him to fling his putter in a blind rage, striking a woman. Danny takes responsibility for the incident, claiming the grips on the club were worn and Smails was not responsible, which puts him in good standing with the judge. Smails mentions to Danny that the caddy scholarship has become available again, and encourages him to apply.

At a Fourth of July banquet. Danny and girlfriend Maggie O'Hooligan work as servers. Danny becomes enamored of Lacey but Maggie informs him of Lacey's sexually promiscuous reputation (which only seems to encourage him further). Czervik creates fun-loving chaos by making insulting comments about Smails and his wife. Ty Webb arrives and catches the eye of Lacey.

Danny all but seals the scholarship by winning the Caddy Day golf tournament, earning the praise of the Judge, along with an invitation to mow his lawn and drop by a party at the Judge's yacht club. Danny and Maggie enjoy a romantic interlude first. Lacey visits Ty at his home, where the two enjoy tequila shots and a naked moonlight swim.

At the yacht club, Lacey suggests that she and Danny slip away for some private time at the Judge's house. Al Czervik literally crashes the party, destroying Smails' tiny wooden sloop with his enormous yacht by dropping the anchor into the cargo hold. The judge and his wife return home and discover Lacey and Danny naked in his bed. Danny grabs his clothes and flees, steps ahead of a club-wielding Judge.

Next day, Danny is called into the Judge's office. Danny expects to be fired but the Judge surprises him by offering him the scholarship in gratitude after Danny promises never to mention the embarrassing incident with his niece to anybody. Smails and Czervik encounter each other in the club's private bar, where they agree on a winner-take-all $20,000 golf match pitting Smails and Dr. Beeper against Al and Ty Webb.

Danny has to caddy for Judge Smails. Word spreads of the stakes involved and a crowd builds. At the end of nine holes, Smails' team is winning. He taunts Czervik, who doubles the stakes to $40,000. Al is hit by a ricocheting ball and pretends to be hurt, hoping to have the contest declared a draw. An umpire says Al would forfeit unless they were to use a substitute. Ty chooses Danny. The Judge threatens to revoke Danny's scholarship if he plays, but Al offers to make it worth his while.

As the match proceeds, Carl continues his battle with the course's gopher. He is tying the detonators to a single master switch. By the final hole, the score is tied. Judge Smails makes his putt, putting the Smails-Beeper team ahead by one shot. Danny must sink his very long putt to force a tie. Czervik raises the stakes to a whopping $80,000 on Danny making the putt, which Smails accepts.

Danny's putt reaches the edge of the cup. At that moment, Carl detonates the explosives, rocking the course. The force of the explosions is enough to cause the ball to drop, thereby winning the $80,000 bet for Ty and Al. Smails attempts to renege but Al's thugs are summoned to convince him otherwise. Czervik turns to the crowd and proclaims "Hey, everybody! We're all gonna get laid!"

The gopher emerges, unharmed by the explosives, and dances to Kenny Loggins' "I'm All Right" as the story ends.

Production

The movie was inspired by writer and co-star Brian Doyle-Murray's memories working as a caddy at Indian Hill Club in Winnetka, Illinois. His brothers Bill and John Murray (production assistant and a caddy extra), and director Harold Ramis also had worked as caddies when they were teenagers. Many of the characters in the film were based on characters they had encountered through their various experiences at the club, including a young woman upon whom the Maggie character is based and the Haverkampfs, a doddery old couple, John & Ilma, longtime members of the club, who can barely hit the ball out of their shadows ("That's a peach, hon"). The now legendary scene involving a Baby Ruth candy bar being thrown into the swimming pool was based on a real-life incident at Brian Doyle-Murray's high school.[2] The scene in which Al Czervik hits Judge Smails in the genitals with a struck golf ball happened to Ramis on what he quipped was the second of his two rounds of golf, on a nine-hole public course.[3]

Initially, Ted Knight's and Scott Collomby's characters were the central characters of the movie. However, the improvisational atmosphere surrounding the other cast members (specifically Dangerfield, Chase, and Murray) led to Dangerfield's, Chase's and Murray's roles expansion from cameos to starring roles, much to the annoyance of Knight and Colomby. Additionally, Knight, who was regarded as a genuinely nice person in real life, became fed up with the constant improvisation.[4]

The pool scene was filmed at Plantation Country Club in Plantation, Florida.[citation needed] The pool had not been used for several years prior to filming and was considerably revamped and then filled for the production.[citation needed] The dinner and dancing scene was filmed at the Boca Raton Hotel and Club in Boca Raton, Florida.[5]

The film was shot over 11 weeks during the autumn of 1979. Golf scenes were filmed at the Rolling Hills Golf Club (now the Grande Oaks Golf Club) in Davie, Florida.[6] The explosions that take place during the climax of the film were reported at the nearby Fort Lauderdale airport by an incoming pilot, who suspected a plane had crashed.[2] The marina scene involving Al Czervik's boat wreaking havoc upon Judge Smails's "dingy" was filmed in Biscayne Bay in Miami, FL.

The famous scene that begins when Ty Webb's golf ball crashes into Carl Spackler's ramshackle house was not in the original script. It was added by director Harold Ramis after realizing that two of his biggest stars, Chevy Chase and Bill Murray (who did not get along due to a feud dating back to their days on Saturday Night Live), did not have a scene together. The three met for lunch and wrote the scene together. This is the only time that Chase and Murray have appeared in a movie together.[7]

Bill Murray's famous "Cinderella story" scene was improvised based on two lines of stage direction. Ramis basically gave him direction to act as a kid announcing his own imaginary golf moment. Murray just took it from there. The flowers were his idea.[7] Murray was with the production only six days, and all of his lines were unscripted.[3]

In interviews, Cindy Morgan stated that the scene she shared with Chevy Chase, in which he pours massage oil on her, was completely improvised, and her reaction to Chase dousing her back with the massage oil, where she exclaimed "You're crazy!", was genuine.[4] Due to the fact she is legally blind without glasses or contacts, as well as afraid of heights, there was concern about the scene where she had to dive into the pool. Morgan climbed the ladder, but the flawless dive was executed by a professional diver.[8]

The gopher sequences were written and filmed after most of the movie was shot. Originally, director Harold Ramis wanted to cast a live animal to play the gopher. When that did not work out, the animatronic gopher (credited as "Chuck Rodent") and its tunnels were built by John Dykstra.[7] The gopher sounds were the same sounds used by Flipper the dolphin in the 60's television show of the same name. This was after principal cinematography had been completed and used higher quality film stock in an indoor soundstage resulting in the higher picture quality of these scenes still evident even on the current DVD.[4]

Reception

Caddyshack was released on July 25, 1980, in 656 theaters, where it grossed $3.1 million on its opening weekend. It went on to make $39.9 million in North America.

Despite the film's reputation as a cult classic and its many inclusions on lists of funniest films, reviews at the time of the film's release were generally negative. Roger Ebert gave the film two-and-a-half stars out of four and wrote, "Caddyshack feels more like a movie that was written rather loosely, so that when shooting began there was freedom - too much freedom - for it to wander off in all directions in search of comic inspiration".[9] Dave Kehr, in his review for the Chicago Reader, wrote, "The first-time director, Harold Ramis, can't hold it together: the picture lurches from style to style (including some ill-placed whimsy with a gopher puppet) and collapses somewhere between sitcom and sketch farce".[10]

Nevertheless, the film has slowly gained a massive cult following among those of the younger generation as well as in the golf world (Tiger Woods has said[citation needed] that it is his favorite film, so much so that he played Spackler in an American Express commercial based on the film) and many of the film's quotes have entered the lexicon of pop culture.

Ramis notes in the DVD documentary that TV Guide had originally given the film two stars (out of four) when it began showing on cable television in the early 1980s, but over time, the rating had gone up to three stars. He himself says he "can barely watch it. All I see are a bunch of compromises and things that could have been better" such as the poor swings of everyone save O'Keefe.[11]

In 2007, Taylor Trade Publishing released The Book of Caddyshack, an illustrated paperback retrospective of the movie, with cast and crew Q&A interviews. The book was written by Scott Martin.

Denmark was the only place outside the US where Caddyshack was a hit. The distributor had cut 20 minutes from the movie to emphasize Bill Murray's role.[12]

Honors

In June 2008, the American Film Institute (AFI) revealed its "10 Top 10"—the best ten films in ten "classic" American film genres—after polling over 1,500 people from the creative community. Caddyshack was named the seventh best film in the sports genre. Also, Murray's famous "Cinderella story" line was included in the countdown of greatest quotes.[7]

American Film Institute recognition

Caddyshack restaurants

On June 7, 2001, Bill Murray, Brian Doyle-Murray and their other four brothers opened a themed restaurant inspired by the movie at the World Golf Village, near St. Augustine, Florida. The restaurant is meant to resemble a stodgy country club, much like the fictional Bushwood Country Club, and serves primarily American cuisine. The brothers are all active partners and make occasional appearances at the restaurant. Three more restaurants opened in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina; Orlando, Florida; and Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida; however, all three have been closed, leaving only the World Golf Village location.[13]

References

  1. ^ Bravo's 100 funniest movies list
  2. ^ a b Caddyshack: Reel Life from "ESPN.com Page 2"
  3. ^ a b Caddyshack: The Inside Story, Bio.HD 13 December 2009.
  4. ^ a b c [1]
  5. ^ On Location: Caddyshack filming locations.
  6. ^ Grande Oaks Golf Club].
  7. ^ a b c d Mark Canton, Chevy Chase, Scott Colomby, Hamilton Mitchell, Cindy Morgan, Jon Peters, Harold Ramis, Ann Ryerson. (1999). Caddyshack: The 19th Hole, Special Feature. [DVD]. Warner Brothers. 
  8. ^ Hinson, Mark (August 7, 2009). "'Caddyshack' siren joins the fun for film school's 20th". Tallahassee Democrat: p. 14D. 
  9. ^ Ebert, Roger (January 1, 1980). "Caddyshack". Chicago Sun-Times. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19800101/REVIEWS/1010307/1023. Retrieved 2009-07-13. 
  10. ^ Kehr, Dave. "Caddyshack". Chicago Reader. http://onfilm.chicagoreader.com/movies/capsules/1545_CADDYSHACK. Retrieved 2009-07-13. 
  11. ^ Martin, Brett (July 2009). "Harold Ramis Gets the Last Laugh". GQ: 64–67, 124–25. http://men.style.com/gq/features/full?id=content_9558&pageNum=4. Retrieved 2009-06-22. "Like, it bothers me that nobody except Michael O'Keefe can swing a golf club. A movie about golf with the worst bunch of golf swings you've ever seen! It doesn't bother golfers, though.". 
  12. ^ Iben Albinus Sabroe (2008). Jeg vil vinde en Oscar (I Want to Win an Oscar).
  13. ^ Murray Bros. Caddyshack home page

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Caddyshack is a 1980 comedy film about an exclusive golf course that has to deal with a brash new member and a destructive dancing gopher.

Directed by Harold Ramis. Written by Brian Doyle-Murray, Harold Ramis and Douglas Kenney.
At last, a comedy that bites!Taglines

Contents

Judge Smails

  • I have a little poem I'd like to read in honor of this occasion, if I may. Spaulding, get your foot off the boat! :"It's easy to grin / when your ship comes in / and you've got the stock market beat. / But the man worthwhile / is the man who can smile / when his shorts are too tight in the seat"...ah-ha-ha-ha. OK, Pookie, do the honors.

Carl Spackler

  • "Great big gobs of greasy, grimy gopher guts." How about a nice, cool drink, varmints? Scum! Slime! Menace to the golfing industry! You're a disgrace. You're varmints. You're one of the lowest members of the food chain and you'll probably be replaced by the rat. Well, I have been pushed. It's about time somebody teaches these varmints a little lesson about morality and about what it's like to be a decent, upstanding member of a society! Come to Carl, varmint. -- I guess we're playing for keeps now. I guess the kidding around is pretty much over. I guess it's just a matter of pumping about five thousand gallons of water down there to teach you a little bit of a lesson. Is that it? I think it is!
  • [standing in an ornamental flowerbed] What an incredible Cinderella story! This unknown, comes out of nowhere, to lead the pack at Augusta. He's at the final hole. He's about 455 yards away, he's gonna hit about a 2-iron, I think. [swings, pulverizes a flower] Oh, he got all of that. The crowd is standing on its feet here at Augusta. The normally reserved crowd is going wild... [pauses] for this young Cinderella who's come out of nowhere. He's got about 350 yards left, he's going to hit about a 5-iron, it looks like, don't you think? He's got a beautiful backswing... [swings, pulverizes another flower] that's- oh, he got all of that one! He's gotta be pleased with that! The crowd is just on its feet here. He's a Cinderella boy. Tears in his eyes, I guess, as he lines up this last shot. He's got about 195 yards left, and he's got a, looks like he's got about an 8-iron. This crowd has gone deadly silent... Cinderella story, out of nowhere, former greenskeeper, now about to become the Masters champion. [swings, pulverizes yet another flower] It looks like a mirac- it's in the hole! It's in the hole!

Dialogue

Ty: I like you, Betty.
Danny: It's Danny, sir.
Ty: Danny. Danny, I'm going to give you a little advice. There's a force in the universe that makes things happen; all you have to do is get in touch with it. Stop thinking...let things happen...and be...the ball.

Sandy [with heavy Scottish brougue]: Carl, I want you to kill all the gophers on the course.
Carl: Correct me if I'm wrong, Sandy, but if I kill all the golfers, they'll lock me up and throw away the key.
Sandy: Not golfers, you great git! Gophers- the little brown, furry rodents!
Carl: We can do that. We don't even need a reason.
Sandy: Aye! Well, do it, man!
Carl: OK, but why don't we do the same thing, but with gophers? [Sandy storms off] It's not my fault nobody can understand you.

Carl: So I jump ship in Hong Kong and make my way over to Tibet, and I get on as a looper at a course over in the Himalayas.
Angie: A looper?
Carl: A looper, you know, a caddy, a looper, a jock. So, I tell them I'm a pro jock, and who do you think they give me? The Dalai Lama, himself. Twelfth son of the Lama. The flowing robes, the grace, bald...striking. So, I'm on the first tee with him. I give him the driver, he hauls off and whacks one- big hitter, the Lama- long, into a ten-thousand foot crevice, right at the base of this glacier. And do you know what the Lama says? "Gunga galunga...gunga- gunga lagunga." So we finish the eighteenth and he's gonna stiff me. And I say, "Hey, Lama, hey, how about a little something, you know, for the effort, you know?" And he says, "Oh, uh, there won't be any money, but when you die, on your deathbed, you will receive total consciousness." So I got that goin' for me, which is nice.

Czervik: Judge, give someone else a chance! You lucky devil! Come here, honey! And loosen up! You're a lot of woman, you know that? Yeah, wanna make 14 dollars...the hard way?
Mrs. Smails: You...you...you're no gentleman!
Czervik: I'm no doorknob, either.

Danny: Judge Smails, sir?
Judge Smails: Sit down, Danny. I think you know why you're here, so I'll do us the courtesy of not reviewing what happened yesterday. My niece is the kind of girl that has a certain zest for living. The last thing any of us needs now is a lot of loose talk about her behavior.
Danny: I swear I didn't tell anybody anything, sir.
Judge Smails: Good, good. You know, despite what happened, I'm still convinced that you have many fine qualities. I think you can still become a gentleman someday if you understand and abide by the rules of decent society. There's a lot of...well, badness in the world today. I see it in court every day. I've sentenced boys younger than you to the gas chamber. I didn't want to do it- I felt I owed it to them. The most important decision you can make right now is what you stand for- goodness...or badness.
Danny: I've made some mistakes in the past. I'm willing to make up for that. I want to be good!
Judge Smails: Very good! I know how hard it is for young people today and I want to help. Just ask my grandson, Spaulding. He and I are regular pals. Are you my pal..."Mr. Scholarship Winner"?
Danny: Yes, sir! I'm your pal!
Judge Smails: How about a Fresca?

Taglines

  • At last, a comedy that bites!
  • Some People Just Don't Belong.
  • The Snobs Against The Slobs!
  • Playing A Round Of Golf At The Bushwood Club Isn't Just Confined To The Golf Course!
  • At last, a comedy with balls!

Cast

External links

Wikipedia
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