Caerphilly: Wikis

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Coordinates: 51°34′41″N 3°13′05″W / 51.578°N 3.218°W / 51.578; -3.218

Caerphilly
Welsh: Caerffili
Caerphilly is located in Wales2
Caerphilly

 Caerphilly shown within Wales
Population 31,060 
OS grid reference ST1586
Principal area Caerphilly
Ceremonial county Gwent
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CAERPHILLY
Postcode district CF83
Dialling code 029
Police Gwent
Fire South Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Caerphilly
Welsh Assembly Caerphilly
List of places: UK • Wales • Caerphilly

Caerphilly (Welsh: Caerffili) is a town in the county borough of Caerphilly, south Wales, located at the bottom of the Rhymney Valley, with a population of approximately 31,000. It is a commuter town of Cardiff and Newport. It is about 2–3 miles north of the Cardiff suburbs of Lisvane and Rhiwbina, separated by Caerphilly Mountain. It is traditionally within the county of Glamorgan, on the border with Monmouthshire and it is the largest town in the county borough of Caerphilly, which since 2003 has formed part of the lieutenancy area of Gwent. The town gives its name to Caerphilly cheese, which originated in the area.

Caerphilly Castle

Caerphilly is the site of Caerphilly Castle,[1] built between 1268 and 1271, which is the largest castle in Wales, and second largest in Britain (after Windsor). In 1899 the Rhymney Railway built their maintenance facilities; however, the expansion of the population in the nineteenth century was more to do with the increasing market for coal. Caerphilly hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1950.

Caerphilly is featured in the Sex Pistols documentary The Filth and the Fury. Protests and a prayer meeting were held outside the Castle Cinema on the evening of 14 December 1976, when the Pistols were playing a concert there. At this point in time, Caerphilly was one of the few councils that would allow the group to perform (Leeds and Manchester being the others).

Caerphilly is the birthplace of Tommy Cooper,[2] Martyn Richard Jones, Bristol Rovers' fan favourite David Pipe and Arsenal midfielder Aaron Ramsey. It was also home to Nottingham Forest and Wales star Robert Earnshaw, following his family's move from Zambia.

The town has a rugby union club, Caerphilly RFC, who play in Division 1 EAST of the Welsh National League.

During the summer, the town hosts The Big Cheese[3] festival and a fundraising musical event called Megaday.[4]

Contents

Transport

The A469 trunk road runs through the town north to south, while the A468 skirts the northern boundary of the town. Caerphilly has two railway stations; Caerphilly at the southern end of the town near the shopping area, and Aber in the western part of the town, both on the Rhymney Line serving Cardiff. A tramway connects the outlying estate of Glenfields with St Cennydd Road as part of the local transport improvement scheme.

Network Rail propose that a new station be built in Energlyn to support residential development in that part of the town[5 ].

Popular culture

Caerphilly is the home of a professional Quidditch team operating within the fictional Harry Potter universe. The Caerphilly Catapults are one of only thirteen Quidditch teams that have been playing in the professional Quidditch League of Britain and Ireland that was established in 1674. The team players wear vertically striped robes of light green and scarlet. They won the 1956 European Cup by defeating the Norwegian Karasjok Kites in the final.[6]
The pop-punk bands Attack! Attack! and Doc Savage were formed in Caerphilly.

See also

Caer

References

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Caerphilly (Welsh: Caerffili) [1] is a town in Glamorgan, South Wales.

Get in

Caerphilly is located just a few miles north of Cardiff, on the A469 road. Arriva Trains [2] run services to Caerphilly from Penarth via Cardiff Queen Street and Cardiff Central stations.

  • Caerphilly Castle, Castle Street, Caerphilly (In the town centre. You can't miss it.), [3]. 1st April - 31st May 9.30am - 5.00pm. 1st June - 30th September 9.30am - 6.00pm. 1st October – 31st October 9.30am - 5.00pm. 1st November – 31st March 9.30am - 4.00pm (11.00am - 4.00pm on Sundays). Last entry 30 mins before closing. The largest castle in Wales, and the 2nd largest in the UK, after Windsor Castle. Boasts a tower that "out-leans" the famous one at Pisa. Adults £3.50, Conc £3.00, Family £10.00 (2 adults & 3 children).  edit
  • Tommy Cooper (Statue), The Twyn. Just up the hill from Caerphilly Castle is the town's most famous son: just like that!  edit
  • The Big Cheese (Annual Arts Festival), [4]. This festival takes place on the last weekend of July in the grounds of Caerphilly Castle, with music, comedy, cheese racing, and historical reenactments. Free Event.  edit

Eat

The hard, white Caerphilly Cheese, which was originally made in the surrounding coutryside and sold at the market in the town. Production of the real farmhouse Caerphilly died out during World War II as milk production was diverted to the large cheddar factories, but the practise has been revived in recent times.

Beano's Cardiff Road Very friendly and comfy cafe that does the best paninis you've ever tasted, largely in thanks to the cheese! And the milkshakes aren't bad either. £3.15 for a panini.

  • The Cottage, Mountain View, Pwllypant, Caerphilly, 029 20869160. AA and WTB 3* B&B. All rooms en-suite.  edit
  • Both the Premier Inn [5] and Travelodge [6] chains have hotels in Caerphilly, due to its proximity to the capital.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

CAERPHILLY, a market town of Glamorganshire, Wales, 1524 m. from London by rail via Cardiff, 7 m. from Cardiff, 1 2 m. from Newport and 6 m. from Pontypridd. The origin of the name is unknown. It was formerly in the ancient parish of Eglwysilan, but from that and Bedwas (Mon.) an ecclesiastical parish was formed in 1850, while the whole of the parishes of Eglwysilan and Llanfabon, with a total acreage of 14,426, were in 1893 constituted into an urban district; its population in 1901 was 15,385, of which 4343 were in the "town" ward. In 1858 was opened the Rhymney railway from Rhymney to Caerphilly and on to Taff's Well, whence it had running powers over the Taff Vale railway to Cardiff, but in 1871, by means of a tunnel about 2000 yds. long, under Cefn Onn, a direct line was provided from Caerphilly to Cardiff. A branch line, 4 m. long, was opened in 1894 to Senghenydd. The Pontypridd and Newport railway was constructed in 1887, and there is a joint station at Caerphilly for both railways. Some 2 m. eastwards there is a station on the Brecon and Merthyr railway at Bedwas.

The ancient commote of Senghenydd (corresponding to the modern hundred of Caerphilly) comprised the mountainous district extending from the ridge of Cefn Onn on the south to Breconshire on the north, being bounded by the rivers Taff and Rumney on the west and east. Its inhabitants, though nominally subject to the lords of Glamorgan since Fitzhamon's conquest, enjoyed a large measure of independence and often raided the lowlands. To keep these in check, Gilbert de Clare, during the closing years of the reign of Henry III., built the castle of Caerphilly on the southern edge of this district, in a wide plain between the two rivers. It had probably not been completed, though it was already defensible, when Prince Llewelyn ab Griffith, incensed by its construction and claiming its site as his own, laid siege to it in 1271 and refused to retire except on conditions. Subsequently completed and strengthened it became and still remains (in the words of G. T. Clark) "both the earliest and the most complete example in Britain of a concentric castle of the type known as ` Edwardian,' the circle of walls and towers of the outer, inner and middle wards exhibiting the most complete illustration of the most scientific military architecture." The knoll on which it stood was converted almost into an island by the damming up of an adjacent brook, and the whole enclosed area amounted to 30 acres, The great hall (which is 73 ft. by 35 ft. and about 30 ft. high) is a fine example of Decorated architecture. This and other additions are attributed to Hugh le Despenser (1318-1326). Edward II. visited the castle shortly before his capture in 1326. The defence of the castle was committed by Henry IV. to Constance, Lady Despenser, in September 1403, but it was shortly afterwards taken by Owen Glyndwr, to whose mining operations tradition ascribes the leaning position of a large IV. 30 a circular tower, about So ft. high, the summit of which overhangs its base about 9 ft. Before the middle of the 15th century it had ceased to be a fortified residence and was used as a prison, which was also the case in the time of Leland (1535), who describes it as in a ruinous state. It is still, however, one of the most extensive and imposing ruins of the kind in the kingdom.

The town grew up around the castle but never received a charter or had a governing body. In 1661 the corporation of Cardiff complained of Cardiff's impoverishment by reason of a fair held every three weeks for the previous four years at Caerphilly, though "no Borough." Its markets during the 19th century had been chiefly noted for the Caerphilly cheese sold there. The district was one of the chief centres of the Methodist revival of the 18th century, the first synod of the Calvinistic Methodists being held in 1743 at Watford farm close to the town, from which place George Whitefield was married at Eglwysilan church two years previously. The church of St Martin was built in 1879, and there are Nonconformist chapels. Mining is now the chief industry of the district. (D. LL. T.)


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also caerphilly

English

Proper noun

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Wikipedia

Caerphilly

  1. a town in Glamorgan, South Wales

Translations

  • Welsh: Caerffili

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