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Cagliari
—  Comune  —
Comune di Cagliari
View of Cagliari from the sea

Coat of arms
Cagliari is located in Italy
Cagliari
Location of Cagliari in Italy
Coordinates: 39°14′47″N 09°03′27″E / 39.24639°N 9.0575°E / 39.24639; 9.0575Coordinates: 39°14′47″N 09°03′27″E / 39.24639°N 9.0575°E / 39.24639; 9.0575
Country Italy
Region Sardinia
Province Cagliari (CA)
Frazioni Pirri, Poetto, Giorgino
Government
 - Mayor Emilio Floris (PdL)
Area
 - Total 85.45 km2 (33 sq mi)
Elevation 4 m (13 ft)
Population (May 31, 2008)
 - Total 157,780
 - Density 1,846.5/km2 (4,782.3/sq mi)
 - Demonym Cagliaritani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 09100
Dialing code 070
Patron saint St. Saturninus
Saint day October 30
Website Official website

Cagliari About this sound listen (Italian pronunciation: [ˈkaʎʎari], Sardinian: Casteddu) is the capital of the island of Sardinia, a region of Italy. Cagliari's Sardinian name Casteddu literally means the castle. It has about 160,000 inhabitants, or about 400,000 including the suburbs (metropolitan area): Elmas, Assemini, Capoterra, Selargius, Sestu, Monserrato, Quartucciu, Quartu Sant'Elena.

Contents

History

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Early history

Cagliari has been inhabited since ancient times. It occupies a favourable position between the sea and a fertile plain, and is surrounded by two swamps (which afforded defences from enemies from inner lands) and is close to high and green mountains (to which people could evacuate if everything else was lost). Some testimonies of prehistoric inhabitants were found in Monte Claro and in Cape Sant'Elia.

Under the name of Karalis it was established around the 7th century BC as one of a string of Phoenician colonies in Sardinia, including Tharros. Its foundation is expressly assigned to its opportune situation for communication with Africa as well as its excellent port, it doubtless assumed under their government the same important position it occupied under the Romans. It passed with the rest of the island first to the control of Carthage and then to Rome in 238 BC when the Romans defeated the Carthaginians. No mention of it is found on the occasion of the Roman conquest of the island; but during the Second Punic War, it was the headquarters of the praetor, T. Manlius, from whence he carried on his operations against Hampsicora and the Carthaginians,[1] and appears on other occasions also as the chief naval station of the Romans in the island, and the residence of the praetor.[2]

Cagliari City Hall

Florus calls it the urbs urbinum, or capital of Sardinia, and represents it as taken and severely punished by Gracchus,[3] but this statement is wholly at variance with the account given by Livy, of the wars of Gracchus, in Sardinia, according to which the cities were faithful to Rome, and the revolt was confined to the mountain tribes.[4] In the Civil War between Caesar and Pompey, the citizens of Caralis were the first to declare in favor of the former, an example soon followed by the other cities of Sardinia;[5] and Caesar himself touched there with his fleet on his return from Africa.[6] A few years later, when Sardinia fell into the hands of Menas, the lieutenant of Sextus Pompeius, Caralis was the only city which offered any resistance, but was taken after a short siege.[7]

Bastion of Saint Remy

No mention of it occurs in history under the Roman Empire, but it continued to be regarded as the capital of the island, and though it did not become a colony, its inhabitants obtained the rights of Roman citizens.[8] After the fall of the Western Empire it fell, together with the rest of Sardinia, into the hands of the Vandals, but appears to have retained its importance throughout the Middle Ages.

Via Roma

Claudian describes the ancient city as extending to a considerable length towards the promontory or headland, the projection of which sheltered its port: the latter affords good anchorage for large vessels; but besides this, which is only a well-sheltered road-stead, there is adjoining the city a large salt-water lake, or lagoon, called the Stagno di Cagliari, communicating by a narrow channel with the bay, which appears from Claudian to have been used in ancient times as an inner harbor or basin.[9] The promontory adjoining the city is evidently that noticed by Ptolemy (Κάραλις πόλις καὶ ἄκρα), but the Caralitanum Promontorium of Pliny can be no other than the headland, now called Capo Carbonara, which forms the eastern boundary of the Gulf of Cagliari, and the southeast point of the whole island. Immediately off it lay the little island of Ficaria,[10] now called the Isola dei Cavoli.

Giudicato of Cagliari

Darsena, skyline

Subsequently ruled in turn by the Vandals and the Byzantine Empire, Cagliari became the eponymous capital of an independent kingdom or giudicato, ruled by a giudice or judike (literally "judge"). However, there is some evidence that during this period of independence from external rule, the city was deserted because it was too exposed to attacks by Moorish pirates from the sea. Apparently many people left Cagliari and founded a new town (named Santa Igia) in an area close to the Santa Gilla swamp on the west of Cagliari, but distant from the sea. The giudicato of Cagliari comprised a large area of the Campidano plain, the mineral resources of the Sulcis region and the mountain region of Ogliastra. There were other three independent and autonomous giudicati in Sardinia: Logudoro (or Torres) in the northwest, Gallura in the northeast, and in the east the most famous, the long-lived Giudicato of Arborea, with Oristano as its capital.

Aerial view of Cagliari

11th century

Panorama of "Stampace", old district

During the 11th century, the Pisan republic which had previously seized the Sulcis region in the south west, conquered the Giudicato of Cagliari and re-built the town itself. Pisa was one of the four Italian "maritime republics" that during the Middle Ages fought for control of the Mediterranean Sea and its commercial routes. The other maritime republics were the short-lived Duchy of Amalfi, Genoa, and Venice. Pisa and Genoa had a keen interest in Sardinia because it was a perfect strategic base for controlling the commercial routes between Italy and North Africa.

Some of the fortifications that still surround the current district of Castello (Casteddu 'e susu in the Sardinian language) were built by the Pisans, most notably the two remaining white limestone towers designed by architect Giovanni Capula (originally there were three towers that guarded the three gates that gave access to the district). Together with the district of Castello, Cagliari comprised the districts of Marina (which included the port), Stampace and Villanova. Marina and Stampace were guarded by walls, while Villanova, which mainly hosted peasants, was not.

In 1089, Constantine Salusio de Lacon appeared with the title of rex et iudex Caralitanus ("King and Judge of Cagliari").

Roman Amphitheatre
Largo Carlo Felice

14th to 17th centuries

During the 14th century the Kingdom of Aragon conquered Cagliari after a battle against the Pisans and advanced its plan to conquer all of Sardinia. When Sardinia was finally conquered by Crown of Aragon, Cagliari became the administrative capital of the viceroyalty of Sardinia, which later came under the rule of the Castilian/Spanish Empire. However the orientation towards the Americas, Sardinia and consequentially Cagliari lost strategic importance as Spain centered on its Atlantic dominions and not its Mediterranean ones.

18th century

In 1718,[11] after a brief rule of the Austrian Habsburgs, Cagliari and Sardinia came under the House of Savoy. As ruler of Sardinia, the Savoys took the title of kings of the Sardinian kingdom. The Sardinian kingdom comprised Savoy and Nice (currently in France), Piedmont and Liguria, as well as Sardinia. Although Sardinian by name, the kingdom had its capital in Turin, in mainland Italy, where the Savoys resided. The parliament was also in Turin and its members were mainly aristocrats from Piedmont or the mainland.

By the end of the 18th century, after the French Revolution, France tried to conquer Cagliari because of its strategic role in the Mediterranean sea. A French army landed in the Poetto beach and moved towards Cagliari, but the French were defeated by Sardinians who decided to defend themselves against the revolutionary army. People from Cagliari hoped to receive some concession from the Savoys in return for their defending the town: for example, aristocrats from Cagliari asked for a Sardinian representative in the parliament of the kingdom. When the Savoys refused any concession to the Sardinians, inhabitants of Cagliari rose up against the Savoys and expelled all representatives of the kingdom and people from Piedmont. This insurgence is celebrated in Cagliari during the "Die de sa Sardigna" (Sardinian Day) on the last weekend of April. However the Savoys regained control of the town after a brief period of autonomous rule.

Panorama of "Villanova" district

Modern age

From the 1870s, with the unification of Italy, the city experienced a century of rapid growth. Many outstanding buildings were erected by the end of the 19th century during the office of Mayor Ottone Bacaredda. Many of these buildings combined influences from Art Nouveau together with the traditional Sardinian taste for flower decoration: an example is the white marble City Hall near the port. Ottone Bacaredda is also famous for the violent repression of one of the earlier worker strikes in the beginning of the 20th century.

Zone East of Cagliari port

During World War II Cagliari was heavily bombed by the Allies in February 1943. In order to escape from the bombardments and the misery of the destroyed town, many people left Cagliari and moved to the country or rural villages, often living with friends and relatives in overcrowded houses. This flight from the town is known as "sfollamento" (deserting).

After the Italian armistice with the Allies in September 1943, the German Army took control of Cagliari and the island, but soon retreated peacefully in order to reinforce their positions in mainland Italy. The American Army then took control of Cagliari. Cagliari was strategically important during the war because of its location in the Mediterranean Sea. Many airports were near Cagliari (Elmas, Monserrato, Decimomannu, currently a NATO airbase) from which airplanes could fly to Northern Africa or mainland Italy and Sicily.

After the war, the population of Cagliari rebounded and many apartment blocks were erected in new residential districts, often created with poor planning as for recreational areas.

Panorama of "Fonsarda" district, with the T-Hotel Skyscraper on the right

Projects for the future

In the last years a great urban development was started in Cagliari. New projects include the new Betile museum for Nuragic and modern art, designed by the Prizker Award winner Zaha Hadid: it will rise on the Sant'Elia promenade. Another already started project is the Cagliari metro: the first line is already running from Piazza Repubblica to Monserrato, one of Cagliari suburbs, and will be soon connected to University campus; works for other lines to all the city suburbs and the airport will be soon started. The promenade from the old harbour to Sant'Elia will be totally restored. The old port in Via Roma, now to be used only as tourist and cruise port (where the cruise terminal is already finished), will be closed to ferry-boats, which will be moved to the new port in “porto canale”.

All Sant'elia district will be changed, the old ruined apartment buildings will be demolished and a new district designed by Rem Koolhaas will rise. Also the Stadium will be demolished and rebuilt as a new stadium, with 25,000 covered seats, usable for concerts and events too. On the promenade will also rise a great amphitheatre (20,000 seats) for concerts, as well as an aquarium where now is the old salt production plant. Other projects include the new district near the Santa Gilla pond (Piazza Santa Gilla), a luxurious beauty-center on the Poetto beach, where now is the old abandoned “Marino” hospital, the new university campus, designed by Paulo Mendes da Rocha, and the new “Parco della musica”, a great park with an amphitheatre and fountains, channels and water-games, between T-hotel and the Civic Theatre; the latter will be finished by the end of the year, while the other works will be finished by 2010-2011.

Demographics

Historical populations
Year Pop.  %±
1861 37,243
1871 37,135 −0.3%
1881 43,472 17.1%
1901 61,678 41.9%
1911 70,132 13.7%
1921 73,024 4.1%
1931 92,689 26.9%
1936 97,996 5.7%
1951 130,511 33.2%
1961 173,540 33.0%
1971 211,377 21.8%
1981 219,648 3.9%
1991 204,237 −7.0%
2001 164,249 −19.6%
2007 (Est.) 158,041 −3.8%
2009 157,141 −0.6%
Source: ISTAT 2001

Between the '80s and the '90s of the 20th century the population of Cagliari was around 220,000. During this period four municipal districts became autonomous municipalities with some local referendums. So, due to the separation of Quartucciu (12,527 inh. in 2009[12]) in 1983, Elmas (8,977 inh. in 2009[12]) in 1989, Monserrato (20,603 inh. in 2009[12]) and Selargius (29,099 inh. in 2009[12]) in 1991, Cagliari passed from circa 220,000 to 160,000 residents. Without this detachment the municipal population of Cagliari could be of 228,347.

In 2007, there were 158,041 people residing in Cagliari, of whom 46.7% were male and 53.3% were female. Minors (children ages 18 and younger) totalled 13.36 percent of the population compared to pensioners who number 21.87 percent. This compares with the Italian average of 18.06 percent (minors) and 19.94 percent (pensioners). The average age of Cagliari residents is 46 compared to the Italian average of 42. In the five years between 2002 and 2007, the population of Cagliari declined by 3 percent, while Italy as a whole grew by 3.56 percent.[13] The current birth rate of Cagliari is 6 births per 1,000 inhabitants compared to the Italian average of 9.45 births. This trend is proportionally inverse with Cagliari metropolitan areas and suburbs, where most younger families move.

As of 2006, 98.09% of the population was Italian. The largest immigrant group came from East Asia: 0.72%, and other European nations: 0.50%. The overwhelming majority of persons are Roman Catholic.

Cagliari Cathedral

Main sights

The old part of the city (called Castello, the castle) lies on top of a hill, with a wonderful view of the Gulf of Cagliari (also known as Angels Gulf). Most of its city walls are intact, and feature the two 13th century white lime-stone towers, St. Pancras Tower and the Elephant Tower. The local white lime-stone was also used to build the walls of the city and many buildings. D. H. Lawrence, in his lively memoir of a voyage to Sardinia, Sea and Sardinia, undertaken in January 1921, described the effect of the warm Mediterranean sun-light on the white lime-stone city and compared Cagliari to a "white Jerusalem". The city is said to be built on seven hills (Sant'Elia, Bonaria, Monte Urpinu, Castello, Monte Claro, Tuvixeddu and San Michele).

The Cathedral was restored in the 1930s turning the former Baroque façade into a Medieval Pisan style façade, more akin to the original appearance of the church. The bell tower is original. The interior has a nave and two aisles, with a pulpit (1159-1162)[14] sculpted for the Cathedral of Pisa but later donated to Cagliari. The crypt houses the remains of martyrs found in the Basilica of San Saturno (see below). Near the Cathedral is the palace of the Provincial Government (which used to be the island's governor's palace before 1900). In Castello is also the Sardinian Archaeological Museum, the biggest and most important regarding the prehistoric Nuragic civilisation of Sardinia. Finally, Castello hosts many craftsmen workshops in its tightened and scenic lanes.

In the Cathedral: a marble lion destroys a serpent, 12th century
Bonaria
The historic district "Castello"

The Basilica di San Saturnino is one of the most important Palaeo-Christian monuments in Sardinia. Dedicated to the martyr killed under Diocletian's reign, Saturninus of Cagliari (patron saint of the city), it was built in the 5th century. Of the original building the central part remain and the dome, to which two armes (one with a nave and two aisles) was added. A Palaeo-Christian crypt is also under the church of San Lucifero (1660), dedicated to Saint Lucifer, a bishop of the city. This has a Baroque façade with ancient columns and sculpted parts, some of which found in the nearby necropolis.

The Chiesa della Purissima is a church from the 16th century.

The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Bonaria was built by the Aragonese in 1324-1329 during the siege to the Castle in which the Pisan had taken shelter. It has a small Gothic portal in the façade and in the interior houses a wooden statue of the Madonna, which was thrown off by a Spanish ship and landed at the feet of the Bonaria hill. The cloister of the convent is home to the Marinery Museum.

The other early districts of the town (Marina, Stampace, Villanova) retain much of their original appeal and still seem to function as distinct villages within the town.

Considerable other remains of the ancient city are still visible at Cagliari, the most striking of which are those of the Roman Amphitheatre, carved into a block of rock (the typical lime-stone on which Cagliari is built), and of an aqueduct; the latter a most important acquisition to the city, where fresh water is scarce. There exist also ancient cisterns of vast extent: the ruins of a small circular temple, and numerous sepulchres on a hill outside the modern town, which appears to have formed the necropolis of the ancient city. (Smyth's Sardinia, pp. 206, 215; Valery, Voyage en Sardaigne, c. 57.) The Amphitheatre still stages open-air operas and concerts during the summer.

Elephant Tower

The districts built in the 1930s spot some nice examples of Art Deco architecture and some controversial examples of Fascist neoclassicism, such as the Justice Court (Palazzo di Giustizia) in the Republic Square. The Justice Court is close to the biggest town park, Monte Urpinu, with its pine trees and artificial lakes. The park includes a vast area of a hill. The Orto Botanico dell'Università di Cagliari, the city's botanical garden, is also of interest.

Cagliari has one of the longest beaches in an Italian town. The Poetto beach stretches for 13 km and was famous for its white fine-grained sand. A recent controversial intervention to save the beach from erosion has slightly altered the original texture of the sand.

Economy

View of Cagliari Harbour

Cagliari has one of the largest fish markets in all of Italy with a vast array of fish for sale to both the public and trade. It's the main commercial and industrial center of the island, with many major Italian factories within its provincial boundaries. The communications provider Tiscali has its headquarters in town, and Cagliari also has one of the biggest container terminals on the Mediterranean sea. Many multinational corporations like Coca Cola, Heineken, Unilever, Bridgestone and Eni Group have factories in town.

Tourism is also one of the major industries of the city.

Transport

  • International Airport (Cagliari-Elmas, Mario Mameli)
  • Passengers and commercial port, cruise terminal
  • Highway to Sassari - Porto Torres (SS131/E35) and Olbia (SS131 Diramazione Centrale Nuorese)
  • Train station, connected to Iglesias and Carbonia, Olbia and Golfo Aranci and to Sassari and Porto Torres through Ozieri-Chilivani joint
  • Metro, from piazza Repubblica to Monserrato; by 2009 it will reach the university campus and the Policlinico Hospital. Then it will connect all the suburbs.
  • Bus and tram transport into the city and suburbs operated by C.t.m. Spa.
  • Coach transport for all regional destination operated by ARST/FdS/FMS

Sport

Cagliari is home to the football team Cagliari Calcio, winner of the Italian league championship in 1970, with the team led by one of the greatest Italian strikers of all times, Gigi Riva. Cagliari is an ideal location for water sports such as surfing, kitesurfing, windsurfing and sailing due to strong and reliable favourable winds. Hiking is also popular.

Sport plans

Sport plans in Cagliari:

  • Sant'Elia stadium
  • PalaRockfeller
  • Terramaini Olympionic pool

Climate

Weather data for Cagliari - Elmas, Sardinia (1961-1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 57
(14.3)
58
(15.3)
61
(17.1)
65
(20.4)
72
(24.3)
80
(28.6)
85
(31.6)
86
(31.8)
80
(28.9)
73
(24.8)
65
(20.2)
59
(16.1)
70
(23.2)
Average low °F (°C) 42
(7.7)
43
(8.2)
45
(9.2)
48
(11.1)
54
(14.3)
61
(18.1)
65
(20.6)
66
(21.1)
63
(19.0)
57
(15.7)
49
(11.5)
44
(8.8)
53
(13.8)
Record low °F (°C) 23
(-1.8)
26
(-0.2)
28
(-0.2)
31
(3)
38
(6.5)
47
(8.4)
49
(12.4)
54
(15.4)
48
(11)
39
(4.8)
28
(-0.2)
26
(-0.4)
23
(-1.8)
Precipitation inches (cm) 1.8
(5)
2.2
(6)
1.7
(4)
1.5
(4)
0.9
(2)
0.4
(1)
0.1
(0)
0.4
(1)
1.2
(3)
2.2
(6)
2.2
(6)
2.2
(5)
16.8
(43)
Source: {{{source}}} {{{accessdate}}}

Cagliari has a Mediterranean Climate, with hot dry summers and very mild winters. Its climate is comparable to that of Southern California, but it is often refreshed by north-westerly winds. It is close to other beautiful seaside locations, such as Maddalena Beach, Chia or Villasimius, still relatively unspoilt by tourism and is also close to mountain parks, such as Monte Arcosu or Maidopis, with large forests and wildlife (Sardinian deer, wild boars, etc.).

Culture

Cagliari has some peculiar gastronomic traditions. Many dishes are based on the wide variety of fish and sea food available, for example, burrida. Although it is possible to trace influences from Spanish cuisine, Cagliaritanian food has a distinctive and unique character. Very good wines are also part of Cagliaritanians' dinners: excellent wines are in fact produced in the nearby vineyards of the Campidano plain.

Life in Cagliari has been vividly depicted by Sergio Atzeni, who set many of his novels and short stories, such as Bakunin's Son, in ancient and modern Cagliari.

A church in Cagliari gives its name to Buenos Aires. The Spaniard who founded Buenos Aires visited the church of Bonaria (fair winds) and asked for help from the Mary of Bonaria, to whom the church is dedicated. The church faces the sea and was allegedly built where a sailor landed after the Mary of Bonaria appeared in the midst of a tempest and saved the sailor and his ship from sinking.

It is the seat of the Archdiocese of Cagliari.

The main opera house of Sardinia, Teatro Lirico, has its quarters in Cagliari.[15]

Nightlife

Cagliari is a tourist city, and especially in summer a lot of clubs and pubs are goals for youth and tourists, pubs and night-clubs are concentrated in the Corso Vittorio Emanuele II, a narrow street in Stampace district, Marina district, near to the port and Castello district, as for clubs they are mostly on the Poetto beach (in summer), or in Viale Marconi (in winter). Famous clubs lie outside the city, just like "Tsunami" in Santa Margherita di Pula, and "Peyote" in Villasimius.

Metropolitan area

The metropolitan area of Cagliari reach a population of 369.000 inhabitants circa , 500.000 inhabitants if we count the conurbation area (Pula, Villa San Pietro, Sarroch, Villaspeciosa, Uta, Decimoputzu, Villasor, Serramanna , Nuraminis, Monastir, San Sperate, Ussana, Serdiana, Dolianova , Soleminis).

View of Cagliari and part of his metropolitan area.
Province Comune Area
( km²)
Population(1)
Sardegna
Province of Cagliari Cagliari 85,45 157.415
Assemini 117,50 26.493
Capoterra 68,25 23.666
Elmas 13,70 8.951
Monserrato 6,50 20.739
Quartucciu 27,87 12.398
Quartu Sant'Elena 96,20 71.215
Selargius 26,71 29.100
Sestu 48,32 19.291
TOTAL 490,50 369.268
  • (1) - ISTAT data , November 2008 [16]

Consulates

Consulates located in Cagliari:

Twin cities

Image gallery

References

  1. ^ Livy xxiii. 40, 41.
  2. ^ Id. xxx. 39.
  3. ^ ii. 6. § 35.
  4. ^ xli. 6, 12, 17.
  5. ^ Julius Caesar Commentarii de Bello Civili i. 30.
  6. ^ Hirt. B. Afr. 98.
  7. ^ Cassius Dio xlviii. 30.
  8. ^ Pliny iii. 7. s. 13; Strabo v. p. 224; Pomponius Mela, ii. 7; Antonine Itinerary pp. 80, 81, 82, etc.
  9. ^ Claud. B. Gild. 520-24.
  10. ^ Pliny l. c.; Ptolemy iii. 3. § 8.
  11. ^ "Guide to Cagliari, Villasimius, Costa Rei" (web). CharmingSardinia. February 2009. http://www.charmingsardinia.com/booksardegna/SARDINIA-Cagliari-Villasimius-Costa%20Rei-Oristano-2009.pdf.  
  12. ^ a b c d (Italian) Source : Istat 2009
  13. ^ "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT". Demo.istat.it. http://demo.istat.it/bil2007/index.html. Retrieved 2009-07-07.  
  14. ^ http://www.storiarte.altervista.org/album/sardegna/ambone.jpg
  15. ^ Teatro Lirico Web-site
  16. ^ "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT". Demo.istat.it. http://demo.istat.it/bilmens2008gen/index.html. Retrieved 2009-07-25.  

See also

  • Cagliari Metropolitan Area

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Italy : Sardinia : Cagliari

Cagliari is the capital of Sardinia.

Get in

By plane

Several airlines serve Cagliari Elmas Airport and connect it to many Italian and European cities [1]

  • To and from the airport
    • Taxi:Taxi service in Cagliari is provided by the following companies

Cooperativa Radio Taxi “Quattro Mori”

Scalette Santo Sepolcro, 2 Cagliari Tel. 070 – 400101

Cooperativa Radio Taxi “Rossoblù”

Via Duomo, 19 Cagliari Tel. 070 – 6655

By bus

Bus ARST Azienda Regionale Trasporti free toll 800 865042 info tel. 070 4098327

Timetables

From CAGLIARI (STAZIONE ARST) to CAGLIARI-ELMAS AIRPORT

05:40 06:10 07:05 08:10 09:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 13:00 14:00 14:30* 14:45 15:00 15.30 16:00 17:00 18:00 19:00 20:00 20:45

From, CAGLIARI-ELMAS AIRPORT to CAGLIARI (STAZIONE ARST)

08:45 09:30 09:45 09:55* 10:30 11:30 12:30 13:30 14:30 15:30 16:30 17:30 18:30 19:30 20:30 21:00 22:10 22:30 23:00

Get around

Public transportation

Cagliari Public Transportation CTM provides an fast and efficient service to get around in Cagliari city and suburbs.There are about 30 lines of buses and four new metro lines are in progress. At least the bus traffic is amazingly efficient and reliable to Italian standards.

  • Transport Map:

[2]

By car

It's really difficult to get parking and drive in rush hour even if road network has been recently improved.

On foot

The best thing you can do is walk through the old city and discover it. Almost everything you have to see in a quick visit of Cagliari can be joined by a pleasant little walk.

You'll be better off wearing comfortable shoes, though. The old town of Cagliari lies in a somewhat steep hill, so you'll be walking uphill or downhill most of the time.

There are clean public toilets in the building on the Pontile Sanita ferry wharf, near the bus terminal.

By bike

Cagliari Bike station In the centre of Cagliari,inside the parking area at the train station www.ichnusabike.it

Do

Beach,Sun,Summer

Cagliari is known as "The City of Sun", so you must have a full relaxing day on the wonderful Poetto Beach. This 8 kilometers long beach will excite you and is perfectly equipped to satisfy every your wish. You can get here by buses PF,PQ,3P,9P.

The beach is divided to free parts and 'beach clubs' that charge you with entry fee and rent you umbrellas, deck chairs etc. Prices are around €3 / entry, about €12 for a umbrella, one deck chair and one sun bed. The 'club beaches' clean the sand each night and provide you with showers and toilets too.

Buy

Most of the shops are concentrated in a couple of areas: Via Roma and Largo Carlo Felice, the pedestrial roads Via Manno and Via Garibaldi, and the part of town around Via Alghero, Via Paoli and Via Dante. Lots of beautiful shop are concentrated in this areas which could remind you of Copenhagen's Strøget.

Eat

There's a LOT of restaurants in the old town area, and you probably will not make a bad selection anyway since the food seems to be top class at least if you enjoy seafood. A dinner for two with little house wine, There's a good pizza place tucked away in the side streets in the Marina district, l'Oca Bianca. You should make a reservation, though.

There's a few places to enjoy lunch salads at the Piazza Yenne, and a wonderful Gelateria if you don't want to eat too heavily during the day. These places double up as decent eateries by night.

  • Cafe Restaurant Van Gogh, coastal road Cagliari Villasimius km 19,4, 070 786082. Traditional Sardinian food that is freshly prepared and beautifully presented, afternoon light meals and salads, lunches and dinners, prix fix lunch menus, Facilities for children, Good parking, Close to beach  edit
  • Hotel Tanca Irde [3] Strada per Poggio dei Pini Capoterra, 09012 CA. Hotel Tanca Irde is located on a small hill between the mountains and the sea, within the area of Capoterra and only a few kilometers from Cagliari and its airport. The hotel, which is open all year round, is surrounded by ample grounds containing a swimming pool and private car park.

The whole area around Cagliari gives host to a number of accommodation options including the world famous Forte village [4] and the stunning hotel le meridien located on the white sandy beaches of Chia.

  • Hotel Villa del Parco, [5]. The Villa del Parco Hotel and its magnificent Thalasso Spa is an oasis of five star luxury and elegance in Sardinia, near Santa Margherita di Pula: for an holidays of pure relaxation and pampering.  edit
  • Cruccuris Resort Località Cruccuris, 09049, Tel: +39 070 7989020, Fax: +39 070 7989018, [6]. The Cruccuris Resort in Villasimius, provides privately accessible rooms in a beautifully landscaped garden, complemented with 4 star services.
  • Stella Maris Sardinia Località Campulongu, Villasimius, 09049, Tel: +39 070 797100 , Fax: +39 070 797367, [7]. The Stella Maris in Villasimius, provides a welcoming holiday destination complemented by 4 star service in the beautiful area of Villasimius.
  • Alghero - known for its beautiful beaches and very good food at reasonable prices (4 hour bus trip from Cagliari).
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1911 encyclopedia

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Proper noun

Singular
Cagliari

Plural
-

Cagliari

  1. Province of Sardinia, Italy.
  2. Capital and port of Cagliari and also the capital of Sardinia.

Translations

  • Bulgarian: Калгари (1,2)
  • French: Cagliari (1, 2)
  • Italian: Cagliari (1) , Cagliari (2) f.

Italian

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Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Cagliari

Wikipedia it

Proper noun

Cagliari f.

  1. Cagliari (province)
  2. Cagliari (town)

Derived terms


Simple English

Comune di Cagliari
Country Italy
Region Sardinia
Province Cagliari (CA)
Mayor Emilio Floris (Forza Italia)
Elevation m (13 ft)
Area 85.45 km2 (33 sq mi)
Population (as of August 31, 2005)
 - Total 160,770
 - Density 1,881/km² (4,872/sq mi)
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 39°14′47″N, 09°03′27″E
Gentilic Cagliaritani
Dialing code070
Postal code 09100
Frazioni Pirri, Poetto, Giorgino
Patron St. Saturninus
 - Day October 30


Location of Cagliari in Italy
Website: www.comune.cagliari.it

Cagliari (Sardinian: Casteddu) is a city in the region of Sardinia in Italy. It is also the capital of the Province of Cagliari. About 160,000 people live in and about 500,000 people around Cagliari. Cagliari also has a port.


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