The Full Wiki

More info on Cairo

Cairo: Wikis

  
  
  
  
  
  

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Cairo

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cairo
القاهرة al-Qāhira
From Top to Bottom, Left to Right: Cairo Night, Cairo Tower, Unknown Soldier Memorial, Al Azhar Mosque, Al Tahrir Complex at Al Tahrir Square, Cairo Citadel, Egyptian Museum, Cairo Skyline with The Nile Visible

Flag
Cairo is located in Egypt
Cairo
Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center)
Coordinates: 30°3′29″N 31°13′44″E / 30.05806°N 31.22889°E / 30.05806; 31.22889
Country  Egypt
Governorate Cairo Governorate
Government
 - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir
Area
 - City 453 km2 (174.9 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 - City 16,758,581
 Density 31,582/km2 (81,797/sq mi)
 Metro 17,856,000[citation needed]
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website www.cairo.gov.eg
Cairo (Arabic: القاهرةal-Qāhira, literally "The Victorious") is the capital of Egypt, and the largest city in Africa, and the Arab World, as well as one of the most densely-populated cities in the world.[1][2] Nicknamed "The City of a Thousand Minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture, Cairo has long been a center of the region's political and cultural life. Even before Cairo was established in the tenth century, the land composing the present-day city was the site of national capitals whose remnants remain visible in parts of Old Cairo. Cairo is also associated with Ancient Egypt due to its proximity to the Great Sphinx and the pyramids in adjacent Giza.
Egyptians today often refer to Cairo as Maṣr (Arabic: مصر‎), the Egyptian Arabic pronunciation of the name for Egypt itself, emphasizing the city's continued role in Egyptian influence. Cairo has the oldest and largest film and music industries in the Arab World, as well as the world's second-oldest institution of higher learning, al-Azhar University. Many international media, businesses, and organizations have regional headquarters in the city, and the Arab League has been based in Cairo for most of its existence.
With a population of 6.8 million[3] spread over 214 square kilometers (83 sq mi), Cairo is by far the largest city in Egypt. With an additional ten million inhabitants just outside the city, Cairo resides at the center of the largest metropolitan area in Africa and the eleventh-largest urban area in the world.[4] Cairo, like many large cities in developing countries, suffers from high levels of pollution and traffic, but its metro – currently the only on the African continent – also ranks among the fifteen busiest in the world,[5] with over 700 million passenger rides annually.

Contents

History

Initial settlements

A man on a donkey walks past a palm tree, with a mosque and market behind him.
A rendition of Fustat from A.S. Rappoport's History of Egypt
The area around present-day Cairo, especially Memphis, had long been a focal point of Ancient Egypt due to its strategic location just upstream from the Nile Delta. However, the origins of the modern city are generally traced back to a series of settlements in the first millennium AD. Around the turn of the 4th century,[6] as Memphis was continuing to decline in importance,[7] the Romans established a fortress town along the east bank of the Nile. This fortress, known as Babylon, remains the oldest structure in the city. It is also situated at the nucleus of Egypt's Coptic Christian community, which separated from the Roman and Byzantine church in the late 4th century. Many of Cairo's oldest Coptic churches, including The Hanging Church, are located along the fortress walls in a section of the city known as Coptic Cairo.
After the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 641, Rashidun commander 'Amr ibn al-'As established Fustat just north of Coptic Cairo and Babylon. At Caliph Umar's request, the Egyptian capital was moved from Alexandria to the new city.[8] Fustat also became a regional center of Islam and home to the Mosque of Amr ibn al-As, the first mosque in Egypt.[9] When the Abbasids usurped the Umayyads in 750, they moved the capital to al-Askar, which they had built just north of Fustat. In 868, under the Tulunids, Egypt's capital was moved further north to their own settlement, al-Qatta'i.[10] However, neither al-Askar nor al-Qatta'i achieved the prominence of Fustat; al-Askar had become indistinguishable from Fustat by the end of the 9th century, and al-Qatta'i was destroyed by the Abbasids when they recaptured Egypt in 905. With the Abbasids' second conquest, Fustat once again became the capital of Egypt.

Foundation and expansion

In 969, led by General Gawhar al-Siqilli, the Fatimid Caliphate conquered Egypt and established a new fortified city northeast of Fustat. It took four years for Gawhar to build the city, initially known as al-Manṣūriyyah,[11] which was to serve as the new capital of the caliphate. During that time, Gawhar also commissioned the construction of al-Azhar Mosque, which developed into the second-oldest university in the world. Cairo would eventually became a center of learning, with the library of Cairo containing hundreds of thousands of books.[12] When Caliph al-Mu'izz li Din Allah finally arrived from the old Fatimid capital of Mahdia in 973, the city was given its present name, al-Qahira ("The Victorious"), in reference to the caliph.[11]
A multi-domed mosque dominates the walled Citadel, with ruined tombs and a lone minaret in front.
The Cairo Citadel, seen above in the late 19th century, was built between 1176 and 1183
For nearly two hundred years after Cairo was established, the administrative center of Egypt remained in Fustat. However, in 1168, the Fatamids, under the leadership of Vizier Shawar, set fire to Fustat to prevent Cairo's capture by the Crusaders.[13] Egypt's capital was permanently moved to Cairo, which eventually expanded to include the ruins of Fustat and the previous capitals of al-Askar and al-Qatta'i. While the Fustat fire successfully protected the city of Cairo, a continuing power struggle between Shawar, King Amalric I of Jerusalem, and Syrian general Shirkuh led to the downfall of the Fatimid establishment.[14]
In 1169, Saladin was appointed as the new vizier of Egypt and, two years later, he would seize power from the family of the last Fatimid caliph, Al-'Āḍid.[15] As the first Sultan of Egypt, Saladin established the Ayyubid dynasty, based in Cairo and Damascus, and aligned Egypt with the Abbasids, who were based in Baghdad.[16] During his reign, Saladin also constructed the Citadel, which served as the seat of Egyptian government until the mid-19th century.
In 1250, slave soldiers, known as the Mamluks, seized Egypt and, like many of their predecessors, established Cairo as the capital of their new dynasty. Continuing a practice started by the Ayyubids, much of the land occupied by former Fatimid palaces was sold and replaced by newer buildings.[17] Construction projects initiated by the Mamluks pushed the city outward while also bringing new infrastructure to the center of the city.[18] Meanwhile, Cairo flourished as a center of Islamic scholarship and a crossroads on the spice trade route between Europe and Asia. By 1340, Cairo had a population of close to half a million, making it the largest city west of China.[19]

Stagnation and Ottoman rule

Three minarets and a onion-shaped dome tower above al-Azhar's marble courtyard adorned by pillared Islamic craftsmanship
Al-Azhar University attained its primacy among Islamic schools during the Ottoman period
Although it avoided Europe's stagnation during the Late Middle Ages, Cairo could not escape the Black Death, which struck the city more than fifty times between 1348 and 1517.[20] During its initial, and most deadly, waves, approximately 200,000 people were killed by the plague,[21] and, by the 15th century, Cairo's population had been reduced to between 150,000 and 300,000.[22] The city's status was further diminished after Vasco da Gama discovered a sea route around the Cape of Good Hope, thereby allowing spice traders to avoid Cairo.[19]
Cairo's political influence diminished significantly after the Ottomans supplanted Mamluk power over Egypt in 1517. Ruling from Istanbul, Sultan Selim I relegated Egypt to a mere province, with Cairo as its capital.[23] For this reason, the history of Cairo during Ottoman times is often described as inconsequential, especially in comparison to other time periods.[19][24][25] However, during the 16th and 17th centuries, Cairo remained an important economic and cultural center. Although no longer on the spice route, the city facilitated the transportation of Yemeni coffee and Indian textiles, primarily to Anatolia, North Africa, and the Balkans. Cairene merchants were instrumental in bringing goods to the barren Hejaz, especially during the annual hajj to Mecca.[25][26] It was during this same period that al-Azhar University reached the predominance among Islamic schools that it continues to hold today;[27][28] pilgrims on their way to hajj often attested to the superiority of the institution, which had become associated with Egypt's body of Islamic scholars.[29] By the 16th century, Cairo also had high-rise apartment buildings where the two lower floors were for commercial and storage purposes and the multiple stories above them were rented out to tenants.[30]
Under the Ottomans, Cairo expanded south and west from its nucleus around the Citadel.[31] The city was the second-largest in the empire, behind only Istanbul, and, although migration was not the primary source of Cairo's growth, twenty percent of its population at the end of the 18th century consisted of religious minorities and foreigners from around the Mediterranean.[32] Still, when Napoleon arrived in Cairo in 1798, the city's population was less than 300,000, forty percent lower than it was at the height of Mamluk—and Cairene—influence in the mid-14th century.[19][32]
The French occupation was short-lived as British and Ottoman forces, including a sizable Albanian contingent, recaptured the country in 1801.[33] The British vacated Egypt two years later, leaving the Ottomans, the Albanians, and the long-weakened Mamluks jostling for control of the country.[34][35] Continued civil war allowed an Albanian named Muhammad Ali Pasha to ascend to the role of commander and eventually, with the approval of the religious establishment, viceroy of Egypt in 1805.[36]

Modern era

Until his death in 1848, Muhammad Ali Pasha instituted a number of social and economic reforms that earned him the title of founder of modern Egypt.[37][38] However, while Muhammad Ali initiated the construction of public buildings in the city,[39] those reforms had minimal effect on Cairo's landscape.[40] Bigger changes came to Cairo under Isma'il Pasha (r. 1863–1879), who continued the modernization processes started by his grandfather. Drawing inspiration from Paris, Isma'il environs a city of maidans and wide avenues; due to financial constraints, only some of them, in the area now composing Downtown Cairo, came to fruition.[41] Isma'il also sought to modernize the city, which was merging with neighboring settlements, by establishing a public works ministry, bringing gas and lighting to the city, and opening a theater and opera house.[42][43]
High-rises, including a multi-story white building in the foreground, dominate a sunset view of Cairo alongside the Nile, which is shown flowing under a bridge carrying a busy street
Today, high-rise buildings line the eastern edge of the Nile in central Cairo
The immense debt resulting from Isma'il's projects provided a pretext for increasing European control, which culminated with the British invasion in 1882.[19] The city's economic center quickly moved west toward the Nile, away from the historic Islamic Cairo section and toward the contemporary, European-style areas built by Isma'il.[44][45] Europeans accounted for five percent of Cairo's population at the end of the 19th century, by which point they held most top governmental positions.[46]
The British occupation was intended to be temporary, but it lasted well into the 20th century. Nationalists staged large-scale demonstrations in Cairo in 1919,[19] five years after Egypt had been declared a British protectorate.[45] Nevertheless, while this led to Egypt's independence in 1922, British troops remained in the country until 1956. During this time, urban Cairo, spurred by new bridges and transport links, continued to in expand to include the upscale neighborhoods of Garden City, Zamalek, and Heliopolis.[47] Between 1882 and 1937, the population of Cairo more than tripled – from 347,000 to 1.3 million[48] – and its area increased from 1,000 hectares (10 km2; 4 sq mi) to 16,300 hectares (163 km2; 63 sq mi).[49]
The British departed Cairo following the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, but the city's rapid growth showed no signs of abating. Seeking to accommodate the increasing population, President Gamal Abdel Nasser redeveloped Midan Tahrir and the Nile Corniche, and improved the city's network of bridges and highways.[50] Meanwhile, additional controls of the Nile fostered development within the island of Gezira and along the city's waterfront. The metropolis began to encroach on the fertile Nile Delta, prompting the government to build desert satellite towns and devise incentives for city-dwellers to move to them.[51]
Despite these efforts, Cairo's population has doubled since the 1960s, reaching close to seven million (with an additional ten million in its urban area). Concurrently, Cairo has established itself as a political and economic hub for North Africa and the Arab World, with many multinational businesses and organizations, including the Arab League, operating out of the city.

Geography

A sharp blue river divides the cityscape, which is primarily greenery and sparse low-rise buildings in the foreground, and dense with several modern high-rises in the background
Cairo's focal point, the Nile, adjacent to the European-inspired districts near the city's center
Cairo is located in northern Egypt, known as Lower Egypt, 165 kilometers (100 mi) south of the Mediterranean Sea and 120 kilometers (75 mi) west of the Gulf of Suez and Suez Canal.[52] The city is along the Nile River, immediately south of the point where the river leaves its desert-bound valley and branches into the low-lying Nile Delta region. Although the Cairo metropolis extends away from the Nile in all directions, the city of Cairo resides only on the east bank of the river and two islands within it on a total area of 214 square kilometers (83 sq mi).[53][54]
Until the mid-19th century, when the river was tamed by dams, levees, and other controls, the Nile in the vicinity of Cairo was highly susceptible to changes in course and surface level. Over the years, the Nile gradually shifted westward, providing the site between the eastern edge of the river and the Mokattam highlands on which the city now stands. The land on which Cairo was established in 969 (present-day Islamic Cairo) was located underwater just over three hundred years earlier, when Fustat was first built.[55]
Low periods of the Nile during the 11th century continued to add to the landscape of Cairo; a new island, known as Geziret al-Fil, first appeared in 1174, but eventually became connected to the mainland. Today, the site of Geziret al-Fil is occupied by the Shubra district. The low periods created another island at the turn of the 14th century that now composes Zamalek and Gezira. Land reclamation efforts by the Mamluks and Ottomans further contributed to expansion on the east bank of the river.[56]
Several people walk down a small empty lane overshadowed on both sides by three-story buildings with shrouded balconies and windows of Islamic style
The streets of Islamic Cairo, adorned by Islamic architecture, are narrower and older than those in the city center
Because of the Nile's movement, the newer parts of the city – Garden City, Downtown Cairo, and Zamalek – are located closest to the riverbank. The areas, which are home to most of Cairo's embassies, are surrounded on the north, east, and south by the older parts of the city. Old Cairo, located south of the center, holds the remnants of Fustat and the heart of Egypt's Coptic Christian community, Coptic Cairo. The Boulaq district, which lies in the northern part of the city, was born out of a major 16th-century port and is now a major industrial center. The Citadel is located east of the city center around Islamic Cairo, which dates back to the Fatimid era and the foundation of Cairo. While western Cairo is dominated by wide boulevards, open spaces, and modern architecture of European influence, the eastern half, having grown haphazardly over the centuries, is dominated by small lanes, crowded tenements, and Islamic architecture.
Northern and extreme eastern parts of Cairo, which include satellite towns, are among the most recent additions to the city, as they developed in the late-20th and early-21st centuries to accommodate the city's rapid growth. The western bank of the Nile is commonly included within the urban area of Cairo, but it composes the city of Giza and the Giza Governorate. Giza has also undergone significant expansion over recent years, and today the city, although still a suburb of Cairo, has a population of 2.7 million.[54] The Cairo Governorate is just north of the Helwan Governorate, which was created in 2008 when some of Cairo's southern districts, including Maadi and New Cairo, were split off and annexed into the new governorate.[57]

Climate

In Cairo, and along the Nile River Valley, the climate is a desert climate (BWh according to the Koppen climate classification system[58]), but often with high humidity due to the river valley's effects. Wind storms can be frequent, bringing Saharan dust into the city during the months of March and April. High temperatures in winter range from 13 °C (55 °F) to 19 °C (66 °F), while night-time lows drop to below 8 °C (46 °F), often to 5 °C (41 °F). In summer, the highs rarely surpass 40 °C (104 °F), and lows drop to about 20 °C (68 °F). Rainfall is sparse, but sudden showers do cause harsh flooding. In New Cairo, the temperatures often drop below zero during winter.
A panorama of the Nile showing Cairo tower in the middle and two major bridges on the far right and left.
Climate data for Cairo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31
(88)
33
(91)
38
(100)
45
(113)
47
(117)
47
(117)
43
(109)
43
(109)
42
(108)
43
(109)
38
(100)
31
(88)
47
(117)
Average high °C (°F) 18
(64)
21
(70)
24
(75)
28
(82)
33
(91)
35
(95)
36
(97)
35
(95)
32
(90)
30
(86)
26
(79)
20
(68)
27
(81)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
9
(48)
11
(52)
14
(57)
17
(63)
20
(68)
21
(70)
22
(72)
20
(68)
18
(64)
14
(57)
10
(50)
15
(59)
Record low °C (°F) 2
(36)
2
(36)
3
(37)
6
(43)
9
(48)
13
(55)
16
(61)
17
(63)
14
(57)
11
(52)
6
(43)
1
(34)
1
(34)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
5
(0.2)
5
(0.2)
3
(0.12)
3
(0.12)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(0.12)
5
(0.2)
29
(1.14)
Sunshine hours 217 224 279 300 310 360 372 341 300 279 240 186 3,408
Source: BBC Weather[59] September 26, 2009

Infrastructure

Cairo seen from Spot Satellite

Health

Cairo, as well as neighbouring Giza, has been established as Egypt's main centre for medical treatment, and despite some exceptions, has the most advanced level of medical care in the country. Cairo's hospitals include As-Salam International Hospital- Corniche El Nile; Maadi (Egypt's largest private hospital with 350 beds), Ain Shams University Hospital, Dar El Fouad Hospital, as well as Qasr El Ainy General Hospital.

Education

Cairo has long been the hub of education and educational services not only for Egypt but also for the whole Arab world. Today, Cairo is the center for many government offices governing the Egyptian educational system, has the largest number of educational schools, and higher learning institutes among other cities and governorates of Egypt.
Some of the International Schools found in Cairo include:
Universities in Cairo:
University Date of Foundation
Al Azhar University 975 - world's second oldest surviving degree granting university
Cairo University 1908
American University in Cairo 1919
Ain Shams University 1950
Arab Academy for Science & Technology and Maritime Transport 1972
Helwan University 1975
Sadat Academy for Management Sciences 1981
Higher Technological Institute 1989
Modern Academy In Maadi 1993
Misr International University 1996
Misr University for Science and Technology 1996
Modern Sciences and Arts University 1996
Université Française d'Égypte 2002
German University in Cairo 2003
Canadian International College 2004
British University in Egypt 2005
Nile University 2006

Transportation

Ramses Street, one of Cairo's main arteries
Transportation in Cairo comprises an extensive road network, rail system, subway system, and maritime services. Road transport is facilitated by personal vehicles, taxi cabs, privately-owned public buses, and Cairo microbuses. Cairo, specifically Ramses Square, is the center of almost the entire Egyptian transportation network.[citation needed]
The subway system, officially called "Metro (مترو)", is a fast and efficient way of getting around Cairo. It can get very crowded during rush hour. Two train cars (the fourth and fifth ones) are reserved for women only, although women may ride in any car they want.
An extensive road network connects Cairo with other Egyptian cities and villages. There is a new Ring Road that surrounds the outskirts of the city, with exits that reach outer Cairo districts. There are flyovers, and bridges such as the Sixth of October bridge that, when it doesn't experience heavy traffic, allows fast[citation needed] means of transportation from one side of the city to the other.
Cairo traffic is known to be overwhelming and overcrowded.[60] Traffic moves at a relatively fluid pace. Drivers tend to be aggressive, but are more courteous at intersections, taking turns going, with police aiding in traffic control of some congested areas.[citation needed]
On 25 October 2009 a passenger train ran into another one near Giza, just outside Cairo.[61] Local news agencies reported at least 25 people dead.[62] A local resident, Samhi Saleh Abdel Al, told reporters that "the first train stopped after hitting a cow and 10 minutes later the second train arrived at full speed."[63] One of the two trains was travelling from Cairo to Asiot, while the other was said to have been en-route to Fayoum from Al-Jeeza.[64] Around 55 people were injured.[65]

Sports

Cairo International Stadium with 75,100 seats
Football is the most popular sport in Egypt, and Cairo has a number of sporting teams that compete in national and regional leagues. The best known teams are Al-Ahly and El Zamalek, whose annual football tournament is perhaps the most watched sports event in Egypt as well as the African and Arabian World. Both teams are known as the "rivals" of Egyptian football, and are the first and the second champions in the African continent and the Arab World. Both teams play their home games at Cairo International Stadium or Naser Stadium, which is Cairo's largest stadium and one of the largest stadiums in the world.
The Cairo International Stadium was built in 1960 and its multi-purpose sports complex that houses the main football stadium, an indoor stadium, several satellite fields that held several regional, continental and global games, including the African Games, U17 Football World Championship and was one of the stadiums scheduled that hosted the 2006 African Nations Cup which was played in January, 2006 Egypt later won the competition and went on to win the next edition In Ghana (2008) making the Egyptian and Ghanaian national teams the only teams to win the African cup of nations Back to back which resulted in Egypt winning the title for a record number of six times in African Continental Competition's history.
Cairo failed at the applicant stage when bidding for the 2008 Summer Olympic Games, which was hosted in Beijing, China. However, Cairo will host the Pan-Arab Games this year and next year.
There are several other sports teams in the city that participate in several sports including el Gezira Sporting Club, el Shams Club, el Seid Club, Heliopolis Club and several smaller clubs, but the biggest clubs in Egypt (not in area but in sports) are Al Zamalek & Al Ahly. They have the two biggest football teams in Egypt.
Most of the sports federations of the country are also located in the city suburbs, including the Egyptian Football Association. The headquarters of the Confederation of African Football (CAF) was previously located in Cairo, before relocating to its new headquarters in 6 October City, a small city away from Cairo's crowded districts.
On October 2008, the Egyptian Rugby Federation was officially formed and granted membership into the International Rugby Board.
Egypt is internationally known for the excellence of its squash players who excel in both professional and junior divisions. Gizira Club in Zamalek is where former world #1 Amr Shabana and former world #1 Karim Darwish practice. The Heliopolis Club in Heliopolis is the home of current world #1 Ramy Ashour and his brother, world #24, Hisham Ashour. Other major squash-playing venues are The Shooting Club (Nadi el Seid) in Dokki, The Maadi Club in Maadi and Wadi Degla in Degla.

Culture

Over the ages, and as far back as four thousand years, Egypt stood as the land where civilizations have always met.[citation needed] The Pharaohs together with the Greeks and the Romans have left their imprints here. Muslims from the Arabian Peninsula, led by Amr ibn al-A'as, introduced Islam into Egypt. Khedive Mohammad Ali, with his Albanian family roots, put Egypt on the road to modernity. If anything, the cultural mix in this country is natural, given its heritage. Egypt can be likened to an open museum with monuments of the different historical periods on display everywhere.

Cairo Opera House

President Mubarak inaugurated the new Cairo Opera House of the Egyptian National Cultural Centers on October 10, 1988, seventeen years after the Royal Opera House had been destroyed by fire. The National Cultural Center was built with the help of JICA, the Japan International Co-operation Agency and stands as a prominent feature for the Japanese-Egyptian co-operation and the friendship between these two nations.
Egypt is proud to be the only state in the region which built two opera houses within a century.

Khedivial Opera House

The Khedivial Opera House or Royal Opera House was the original opera house in Cairo, Egypt. It was dedicated on November 1, 1869 and burned down on October 28, 1971. After the original opera house was destroyed, Cairo was without an opera house for nearly two decades until the opening of the new Cairo Opera House in 1988.

Cairo International Film Festival

Egypt's love of the arts in general can be traced back to the rich heritage bequeathed by the Pharaohs. In modern times, Egypt has enjoyed a strong cinematic tradition since the art of filmmaking was first developed, early in the 20th century. A natural progression from the active theatre scene of the time, cinema rapidly evolved into a vast motion picture industry. This together with the much older music tradition, raised Egypt to become Hollywood Middle East and the cultural capital of the Arab world.
For more than 500 years of recorded history, Egypt has fascinated the West and inspired its creative talents from play writer William Shakespeare, poet and dramatist John Dryden, and novelist and poet Lawrence Durrell to film producer Cecil B. de Mille. Since the silent movies Hollywood has been capitalising on the box-office returns that come from combining Egyptian stories with visual effects.
Egypt has also been a fount of Arabic literature, producing some of the 20th century's greatest Arab writers such as Taha Hussein and Tawfiq al-Hakim to Nobel Laureate, novelist Naguib Mahfouz. Each of them has written for the cinema.
With these credentials, it was clear that Cairo should aim to hold an international film festival. This dream came true on Monday August 16, 1976, when the first Cairo International Film Festival was launched by the Egyptian Association of Film Writers and Critics, headed by Kamal El-Mallakh. The Association ran the festival for seven years until 1983.
This achievement lead to the President of the Festival again contacting the FIAPF with the request that a competition should be included at the 1991 Festival. The request was granted.
In 1998, the Festival took place under the presidency of one of Egypt's leading actors, Hussein Fahmy, who was appointed by the Minister of Culture, Farouk Hosni, after the death of Saad El-Din Wahba.
Four years later, the journalist and writer Cherif El-Shoubashy became president.
For 33 years The International Festival has awarded dozens of international superstars, including John Malkovich, Nicolas Cage, Morgan Freeman, Bud Spencer, Gina Lollobrigida, Ornella Muti, Sophia Loren, Claudia Cardinale, Victoria Abril, Elizabeth Taylor, Shashi Kapoor, Alain Delon, Goldy Hawn, Kurt Russell, Susan Sarandon, Greta Scacchi, Catherine Deneuve, Peter O'Toole, Charlize Theron, Julia Ormond, Mira Sorvino, Stuart Townsend, Alicia Silverstone, Priscilla Presley, Christopher Lee, Irene Papas, Marcello Mastroianni, Salma Hayek, Lucy liu, Samuel Jackson, Tom Berenger and Omar Sharif, as well as directors like Robert Wise, Elia Kazan, Vanessa Redgrave, Oliver Stone, Roland Joffe, Carlos Saura, Ismail Merchant and Michelangelo Antonioni, in an annual celebration and examination of the state of cinema in the world today. The presidents of the Festival since it was founded in 1976 are Saad El-Din Wahba, Hussein Fahmy and Sherif El Shoubashy. This year the festival a milestone of 30 years in an annual celebration and examination of the state of cinema in the world today.

Cairo Geniza

The Cairo Geniza is an accumulation of almost 200,000 Jewish manuscripts that were found in the genizah of the Ben Ezra synagogue (built 882) of Fostat, Egypt (now Old Cairo), the Basatin cemetery east of Old Cairo, and a number of old documents that were bought in Cairo in the later 19th century. These documents were written from about 870 to as late as 1880 AD and have now been archived in various American and European libraries. The Taylor-Schechter collection in the University of Cambridge runs to 140,000 manuscripts; there are a further 40,000 manuscripts at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America.

Al-Azhar Park

Inaugurated in May 2005, Al-Azhar Park is located adjacent to Cairo's Darb al-Ahmar district. The Park was created by the Historic Cities Support Programme (HCSP) of the Aga Khan Trust for Culture (AKTC), an entity of the Aga Khan Development Network, and was a gift to Cairo from His Highness the Aga Khan. It is interesting to note that the city of Cairo was founded in the year 969 by the Fatimid Imam-Caliphs who were ancestors of the Aga Khan.[66]
During the development of the park, a part of the 12th century Ayyubid wall was discovered and subsequently restored. The wall had originally been built by Salah al-Din al-Ayubbi as a defence against the crusaders. The discovery prompted additional research into the nearby historic neighborhood of Darb al-Ahmar, and eventually led to a major project encompassing the restoration of several mosques, palaces and historic houses. The HCSP also established social and economic programs to provide a wide range of assistance for local residents.[67]

Media

Egyptian Media Production City in Cairo

The 6 October city-based Nedia Production city (NPC) is the biggest ever built information and media complex, which, together with the Egyptian media satellites "Nilesat 101", "Nilesat 102", will allow Egypt to step into the new world of the 21st century. Thereby, Cairo will be well-qualified and well-equipped to maintain its pioneering role in the field of satellite television

Economy

Old buildings in Downtown Cairo. In the center is the statue of Talaat Pasha Harb, the father of the modern Egyptian economy
Cairo is also in every respect the center of Egypt, as it has been almost since its founding in 969 AD. 15% of all Egyptians live there. The majority of the nation's commerce is generated there, or passes through the city. The great majority of publishing houses and media outlets and nearly all film studios are there, as are half of the nation's hospital beds and universities. This has fueled rapid construction in the city—one building in five is less than 15 years old.
This astonishing growth until recently surged well ahead of city services. Homes, roads, electricity, telephone and sewer services were all suddenly in short supply. Analysts trying to grasp the magnitude of the change coined terms like "hyper-urbanization".

Main sights

For a complete list, see Visitor attractions in Cairo

The Egyptian Museum

Main entrance of the Egyptian Museum.
Cairo Cafe.
The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, known commonly as the Egyptian Museum, is home to the most extensive collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities in the world. It has 136,000 items on display, with many more hundreds of thousands in its basement storerooms

Khan El-Khalili

Khan el-Khalili is an ancient shopping area, nothing less, but some of the shops have also their own little factories or workshops.
The suq (which is the Arabic name for bazaar, or market) dates back to 1382, when Emir Djaharks el-Khalili built a big caravanserai (or khan) right here. A caravanserai was a sort of hotel for traders, and usually the focal point for economic activity for any surrounding area. This caravanserai is still there, you just ask for the narrow street of Sikka Khan el-Khalili and Badestan.

Old Cairo

The part of Cairo that contains Coptic Cairo and Fostat, which contains the Coptic Museum, Babylon Fortress, Hanging Church, the Greek Church of St. George, many other Coptic churches, the Ben Ezra Synagogue and Amr ibn al-'As Mosque.

Cairo Tower

The Cairo Tower is a free-standing concrete TV tower in Cairo. It stands in the Zamalek district on Gezira Island in the Nile River, in the city centre. At 187 meters, it is 43 meters higher than the Great Pyramid of Giza, which stands some 15 km to the southwest.

Al-Azhar Mosque

Established in 972 CE, Al-Azhar mosque was historically the site of the renowned Al-Azhar University, until the university's move in the late 20th Century to a new campus in Nasr City.

Pollution

Cairo is a rapidly expanding city, which has led to many environmental problems. The air pollution in Cairo is a matter of serious concern. Greater Cairo's volatile aromatic hydrocarbon levels are higher than many other similar cities.[68] Air quality measurements in Cairo have also been recording dangerous levels of lead, carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, and suspended particulate matter concentrations due to decades of unregulated vehicle emissions, urban industrial operations, and chaff and trash burning. There are over 2,000,000 cars on the streets of Cairo, 60% of which are over 10 years old, and therefore lack modern emission cutting features like catalytic converters. Cairo has a very poor dispersion factor because of lack of rain and its layout of tall buildings and narrow streets, which create a bowl effect. A mysterious black cloud (as Egyptians refer to it) appears over Cairo every fall and causes serious respiratory diseases and eye irritations for the city's citizens. Tourists who are not familiar with such high levels of pollution must take extra care.[69]
Smog in Cairo
Cairo also has many unregistered lead and copper smelters which heavily pollute the city. The results of this has been a permanent haze over the city with particulate matter in the air reaching over three times normal levels. It is estimated that 10,000 to 25,000 people a year in Cairo die due to air pollution-related diseases. Lead has been shown to cause harm to the central nervous system and neurotoxicity particularly in children.[70] In 1995, the first environmental acts were introduced and the situation has seen some improvement with 36 air monitoring stations and emissions tests on cars. 20,000 buses have also been commissioned to the city to improve congestion levels, which are very high.
The city also suffers from a high level of land pollution. Cairo produces 10,000 tons of waste material each day, 4,000 tons of which is not collected or managed. This once again is a huge health hazard and the Egyptian Government is looking for ways to combat this. The Cairo Cleaning and Beautification Agency was founded to collect and recycle the waste; however, they also work with the Zabbaleen (or Zabaleen), a community that has been collecting and recycling Cairo's waste since the turn of the 20th century and live in an area known locally as Manshiyat naser.[71] Both are working together to pick up as much waste as possible within the city limits, though it remains a pressing problem.
The city also suffers from water pollution as the sewer system tends to fail and overflow. On occasion, sewage has escaped onto the streets to create a health hazard. This problem is hoped to be solved by a new sewer system funded by the European Union, which could cope with the demand of the city. The dangerously high levels of mercury in the city's water system has global health officials concerned over related health risks. There is also more concern about environmental issues among Egyptians than before. There is now general awareness and some projects are laid down to help make the public aware of the importance of clean environment.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Cairo is twinned with:

Famous people born in Cairo

Cairo images gallery

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ , http://www.prlog.org/10332580-cairo-alqahira-is-egypts-capital-and-the-largest-city-in-the-middle-east-and-africa.html 
  2. ^ "World's Densest Cities". Forbes. 21 December 2006. http://www.forbes.com/2006/12/20/worlds-most-congested-cities-biz-energy-cx_rm_1221congested_slide.html. Retrieved 6 March 2010. 
  3. ^ (xls) Population and Housing Census 2006, Governorate level, Population distribution by sex, Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics, http://www.msrintranet.capmas.gov.eg/ows-img2/xls/rep1ne.xls, retrieved 9 July 2009 . Adjusted census result, as Helwan governorate was created on 17 April 2008 from a.o. parts of the Cairo governorate.
  4. ^ Demographia World Urban Areas & Population Projections, Demographia, April 2009, http://www.demographia.com/db-worldua.pdf, retrieved 9 July 2009 
  5. ^ Mustafayev, Nicat (29 June 2009). "World metro systems by annual passenger rides". http://en.apa.az/news.php?id=104441. Retrieved 9 July 2009. 
  6. ^ Hawass & Brock 2003, p. 456
  7. ^ "Memphis (Egypt)". Encarta. Microsoft. 2009. http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761573551/memphis_(egypt).html. Retrieved 24 July 2009. 
  8. ^ Butler 2008, p. 341
  9. ^ Butler 2008, p. 342
  10. ^ Raymond 2000, pp. 23-9
  11. ^ a b Glassé & Smith 2003, p. 96
  12. ^ Meri & Bacharach 2006, p. 451
  13. ^ Daly & Petry 1998, p. 213
  14. ^ Daly & Petry 1998, pp. 213-5
  15. ^ Daly & Petry 1998, p. 215
  16. ^ Shillington 2005, p. 438
  17. ^ Raymond 2000, p. 122
  18. ^ Raymond 2000, pp. 120-8
  19. ^ a b c d e f Shillington 2005, p. 199
  20. ^ Shoshan 2002, p. 4
  21. ^ Bryne 2004, pp. 104-5
  22. ^ Shoshan 2002, p. 1
  23. ^ Shillington 2005, p. 447
  24. ^ Rose, Christopher; Linda Boxberger (1995). "Ottoman Cairo". Cairo: Living Past, Living Future. The University of Texas Center for Middle Eastern Studies. http://menic.utexas.edu/cairo/history/ottoman/ottoman.html. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  25. ^ a b Winter 1992, p. 225
  26. ^ İnalcık et al. 1997, pp. 507-9
  27. ^ Winter 2004, p. 115
  28. ^ Daly & Petry 1998, pp. 94-5
  29. ^ Winter 2004, pp. 115-7
  30. ^ Mortada, Hisham (2003), Traditional Islamic principles of built environment, Routledge, p. viii, ISBN 0700717005 
  31. ^ Winter 1992, p. 226
  32. ^ a b Winter 1992, pp. 226-7
  33. ^ Sicker 2001, p. 103
  34. ^ Sicker 2001, p. 104
  35. ^ Afaf Lutfi Sayyid-Marsot 1984, p. 39
  36. ^ Sicker 2001, pp. 104-5
  37. ^ Afaf Lutfi Sayyid-Marsot 1984, p. 1
  38. ^ McGregor 2006, p. 53
  39. ^ Shillington 2005, p. 437
  40. ^ Raymond 2000, pp. 291, 302
  41. ^ Raymond 2000, pp. 313-4
  42. ^ Raymond 2000, pp. 311-3
  43. ^ Abu-Lughod 1965, pp. 436-44
  44. ^ Abu-Lughod 1965, pp. 429-31, 455-7
  45. ^ a b Hourani, Khoury & Wilson 2004, p. 317
  46. ^ Abu-Lughod 1965, p. 431
  47. ^ Raymond 2000, pp. 326-9
  48. ^ Raymond 2000, p. 319
  49. ^ Raymond 2000, p. 322
  50. ^ Raymond 2000, p. 349
  51. ^ Raymond 2000, pp. 343-5
  52. ^ "Cairo to Suez". WolframAlpha. Wolfram Research. http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=cairo+to+suez. Retrieved 10 September 2009. 
  53. ^ "Cairo Maps". Cairo Governorate. http://www.cairo.gov.eg/C17/C8/Cairo%20Maps/default.aspx. Retrieved 10 September 2009. 
  54. ^ a b Brinkhoff, Thomas. "Egypt: Governorates & Cities". City Population. http://www.citypopulation.de/Egypt.html. Retrieved 12 September 2009. 
  55. ^ Collins 2002, p. 125
  56. ^ Collins 2002, p. 126
  57. ^ Leila, Reem (24–30 April 2008). "Redrawing the Map". al-Ahram Weekly. http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2008/894/eg6.htm. Retrieved 12 September 2009. 
  58. ^ "World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification". Köppen-Geiger. http://koeppen-geiger.vu-wien.ac.at/pics/kottek_et_al_2006.gif. Retrieved 2010-01-22. 
  59. ^ "Weather Centre - World Weather - Average Conditions - Cairo". BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/world/city_guides/results.shtml?tt=TT000180. Retrieved 2010-01-22. 
  60. ^ "Al-Ahram Weekly | Features | Reaching an impasse". Weekly.ahram.org.eg. 2006-02-01. http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2006/779/feature.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  61. ^ "Egypt train crash death toll rises". smh.com.au. http://www.smh.com.au/world/egypt-train-crash-death-toll-rises-20091025-heeg.html. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  62. ^ "9&10 News: The nuclear issue...National emergency...Deadly train crash". www.9and10news.com. http://www.9and10news.com/category/story/?id=179211. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  63. ^ "Al Jazeera English - Middle East - Deadly train crash in Egypt". Al Jazeera [1]. http://english.aljazeera.net/news/middleeast/2009/10/20091024181043439993.html. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  64. ^ "Maan News Agency: Fourteen killed as trains collide south of Cairo". www.maannews.net. http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=234685. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  65. ^ "Two Trains Crash Outside Cairo, Egypt, Killing At Least 25 - Police". Sky News. http://news.sky.com/skynews/Home/World-News/Two-Trains-Crash-Outside-Cairo-Egypt-Killing-At-Least-25---Police/Article/200910415415965?lpos=World_News_Top_Stories_Header_1&lid=ARTICLE_15415965_Two_Trains_Crash_Outside_Cairo%2C_Egypt%2C_Killing_At_Least_25_-_Police. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  66. ^ "Aga Khan and Madame Mubarak Inaugurate Cairo's Al-Azhar Park - AKDN, March 25, 2005". Archived from the original on 2007-12-26. http://web.archive.org/web/20071226045441/http://www.akdn.org/news/2005March25.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-06. 
  67. ^ "Article: Rescuing Cairo's Lost Heritage - Islamica Magazine, Issue 15, 2006". Archived from the original on 2007-04-02. http://web.archive.org/web/20070402113109/http://www.islamicamagazine.com/issue-15/rescuing-cairos-lost-heritage.html. Retrieved 2006-12-06. 
  68. ^ Khoder, M.I. (January 2007). "Ambient levels of volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere of Greater Cairo". Atmospheric Environment (Air Pollution Research Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza) 41 (3): 554–566. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.08.051. ISSN: 1352-2310. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VH3-4M69JXB-2/2/78a7f549b20e2c16b3cf7a2f5659e467. Retrieved 2007-01-01. 
  69. ^ "Black cloud reappears over Cairo". Middle East online 41: 554. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.08.051. 
  70. ^ Lidsky, T. I. (January 2003). "Lead neurotoxicity in children: basic mechanisms and clinical correlates". Brain 126 (1): 5–19. doi:10.1093/brain/awg014. PMID 12477693. http://brain.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/126/1/5. Retrieved 2008-04-19. 
  71. ^ "From Cairo's trash, a model of recycling / Old door-to-door method boasts 85% reuse rate". Sfgate.com. 2006-06-03. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/c/a/2006/06/03/MNGKOJ82991.DTL. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  72. ^ "New York City Global Partners". The City of New York. 2010. http://www.nyc.gov/html/unccp/scp/html/sc/main.shtml. Retrieved 27 January 2010. 

Bibliography

  • Abu-Lughod, Janet (July 1965), "Tale of Two Cities: The Origins of Modern Cairo", Comparative Studies in Society and History, 7, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, ISSN 00104175 
  • Afaf Lutfi Sayyid-Marsot (1984), Egypt in the Reign of Muhammad Ali (illustrated, reprint ed.), Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521289688 
  • Beattie, Andrew (2005), Cairo: A Cultural History (illustrated ed.), New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195178939 
  • Butler, Alfred J. (2008), The Arab Conquest of Egypt - And the Last Thirty Years of the Roman Dominion, Portland, Ore.: Butler Press, ISBN 1443727839 
  • Byrne, Joseph Patrick (2004), The Black Death (illustrated, annotated ed.), Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 0313324921 
  • Collins, Robert O. (2002), The Nile (illustrated ed.), New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, ISBN 0300097646 
  • Daly, M. W.; Petry, Carl F. (1998), The Cambridge History of Egypt: Islamic Egypt, 640-1517, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521471370 
  • Glassé, Cyril; Smith, Huston (2003), The New Encyclopedia of Islam (2nd revised ed.), Singapore: Tien Wah Press, ISBN 0759101906 
  • Hawass, Zahi A.; Brock, Lyla Pinch (2003), Egyptology at the Dawn of the Twenty-First Century: Archaeology (2nd ed.), Cairo: American University in Cairo, ISBN 9774246748 
  • Hourani, Albert Habib; Khoury, Philip Shukry; Wilson, Mary Christina (2004), The Modern Mhttp://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cairo&action=edit&section=32iddle East: A Reader (2nd ed.), London: I.B. Tauris, ISBN 1860649637 
  • İnalcık, Halil; Faroqhi, Suraiya; Quataert, Donald; McGowan, Bruce; Pamuk, Sevket (1997), An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire (illustrated, reprinted ed.), Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521574552 
  • McGregor, Andrew James (2006), A Military History of Modern Egypt: From the Ottoman Conquest to the Ramadan War, Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 0275986012 
  • Meri, Josef W.; Bacharach, Jere L. (2006), Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia, New York: Taylor & Francis, ISBN 0415966922 
  • Raymond, André (2000), Cairo, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, ISBN 0674003160 
  • Sanders, Paula (2008), Creating Medieval Cairo: Empire, Religion, and Architectural Preservation in Nineteenth-Century Egypt, Cairo: American University in Cairo, ISBN 9774160959 
  • Shillington, Kevin (2005), Encyclopedia of African History, New York: Taylor & Francis, ISBN 1579584535 
  • Shoshan, Boaz (2002), David Morgan, ed., Popular Culture in Medieval Cairo, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521894298 
  • Sicker, Martin (2001), The Islamic World in Decline: From the Treaty of Karlowitz to the Disintegration of the Ottoman Empire (illustrated ed.), Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 027596891X 
  • Winter, Michael (1992), Egyptian Society Under Ottoman Rule, 1517-1798, London: Routledge, ISBN 041502403X 
  • Winter, Michael (2004), Egyptian Society Under Ottoman Rule, 1517-1798, London: Routledge, ISBN 0203169239 

Further reading

External links

General information

Photos and videos


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

View of Islamic Cairo and the Citadel
View of Islamic Cairo and the Citadel
.Cairo (القاهرة al-Qāhirah) is the capital of Egypt and, with a total population in excess of 16 million people, one of the largest cities in both Africa and the Middle East (the regions which it conveniently straddles).^ Cairo Cairo, the capital of Egypt is one of the largest cities of the world.
  • Cairo hotels, Cairo hotels, EGYPT hotels - Dilos Holiday World 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.dilos.com [Source type: General]

^ Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in Africa.
  • HI - Hostel Cairo Youth Hostel 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.hihostels.com [Source type: General]

^ What is the largest city in Africa?
  • Cairo Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is also the 19th largest city in the world, and among the world's most densely populated cities.^ Cairo is the 13th largest city in the world with 21st most populous metropolitan area in the world.
  • Cairo Egypt,Cairo Information,About Cairo,Cairo Facts and Overview 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.biztradeshows.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cairo is the largest city in Africa and Egypt's most populous city.
  • Cairo - City of the Thousand Minarets 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.all-about-egypt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Today, Greater Cairo encompasses various historic towns and modern districts creating in turn one of the most populated cities in the world.
  • Cairo Holiday Planner. Tailor-made Holidays to Cairo in Egypt 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.onthegotours.com [Source type: General]

.Situated on the River Nile, Cairo is famous for its own history, preserved in the fabulous medieval Islamic city and Coptic sites in Old Cairo.^ Hotel is situated along the River Nile, This hotel located in the heart of Cairo, .
  • Cairo Hotels, Egypt, Cairo Hotel Reservations, Discount Hotels in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.stayxs.com [Source type: General]

^ Hotel OverviewThe River Nile and the city...
  • Cairo holidays - Cheap late deals and bargain all inclusive package holiday offers to Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.beatthebrochure.com [Source type: General]

^ The hostel is well situated on the banks of the River Nile in central Cairo.
  • HI - Hostel Cairo Youth Hostel 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.hihostels.com [Source type: General]

.The Egyptian Museum in the center of town is a must see, with its countless Ancient Egyptian artifacts, as is shopping at the Khan al-Khalili bazaar.^ Browsers at Khan el-Khalili Bazaar find exotic shopping.
  • Cairo Hotels - Compare Hotels in Cairo and Read Reviews 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC cairo.hotelguide.net [Source type: General]

^ See the massive Citadel and Khan Al-Khalili bazaar.
  • Cairo Vacations, Tourism and Cairo, Egypt Travel Reviews - TripAdvisor 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.tripadvisor.com [Source type: General]

^ Khan al-Khalili Market/Bazaar .

.No trip to Cairo would be complete, for example, without a visit to the Giza Pyramids, and to the nearby Saqqara Pyramid Complex, where visitors will see Egypt's first step pyramid built by the architect Imhotep for the third dynasty pharaoh Djoser.^ The Step Pyramid: The first proper pyramid, built for King Zoser in the 27th-century BC by the architect Imhotep .
  • Cairo Hotels, Egypt, Cairo Hotel Reservations, Discount Hotels in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.stayxs.com [Source type: General]

^ The Pyramids of Giza are the most visited attraction in Egypt.
  • Cairo - City of the Thousand Minarets 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.all-about-egypt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nearby attractions include the Giza Pyramids, the Citadel, and Cairo Tower.
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt: 90 Cheap Accommodation Deals 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.hotelscombined.com [Source type: General]

.Though firmly attached to the past, Cairo is also home to a vibrant modern society.^ The journey through Cairo's past continues to the 20th century when much of the city developed a distinctly modern charactre.
  • Cairo Egypt Hotels 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.masr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Midan Tahrir area situated in downtown Cairo area , built in the 19th century under the rule of Khedive Ismail, has strived to be a "Paris on the Nile". There also are a number of more modern suburbs including Ma'adi and Heliopolis, while Zamalek is a quiet area on Gezira Island, with upscale shopping.^ Opposite downtown is the Nile island of Gezira, with the island of Roda just to the south.
  • Cairo Attractions and Travel & Tourism 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC attractionstourism.com [Source type: News]
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

^ Khedive Ismail's palace on Zamalik island is a notable 19th-century structure.
  • Cairo Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There, amid crumbling 19th century mansions, a history of segregationism and steady economic decline have conspired to make Cairo one of the most impoverished places in the state.

.Cairo is best in the fall or spring, when the weather isn't so hot.^ Cairo isn't really the best place to shop.
  • Supermarkets - Cairo Shopping - VirtualTourist.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

.A felucca ride on the Nile is a good way to escape from the busy city, as is a visit to Al-Azhar Park.^ Citadel View Restaurant Situated perfectly for panoramic views of the city’s main sights Al-Azhar Park, Salah Salem Street, Cairo +20 2 510 9150 .
  • Cairo, Egypt Restaurants - Top Cairo, Egypt Restaurants and Cairo, Egypt city guide 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.worldexecutive.com [Source type: News]

^ The average Egyptian is friendly,peaceful, religious (in a good way) and busy enough getting on with life, which is for most people enough of a challange.
  • Safety of Americans in Cairo/Egypt? - Cairo Forum - TripAdvisor 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.tripadvisor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Felucca rides on the Nile departing from the docks along the Corniche in Maadi are a relaxing way to spend an afternoon.
  • Cairo, Egypt 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC worldfacts.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


Districts

.Cairo is vast: with more than 17 million people, it's the largest city in Africa and the Middle East.^ Best outsourcing city in the Middle East...
  • cairolive.com -- Egypt news, Cairo tourism, Global headlines, Arabic press 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.cairolive.com [Source type: News]

^ A modern busy metropolis and one of the largest cities in Africa, It is home to more than 16 million people.

^ Cairo is the largest city in Africa and Egypt's most populous city.
  • Cairo - City of the Thousand Minarets 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.all-about-egypt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The downtown core consists of the following districts:
.Downtown (Midan Tahrir)
Midan Tahrir is the very centre of the modern city: big hotels, transport nexus and the Egyptian Museum, with downtown extending through Midan Talaat Harb up to Midan Ataba.^ The Egyptian Museum is also located near the hotel.
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt: 90 Cheap Accommodation Deals 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.hotelscombined.com [Source type: General]

^ Here too is the city centres main attraction, the Egyptian Museum.
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

^ The older eastern section of the city is very different, having grown up haphazardly over the centuries.
  • Cairo - City of the Thousand Minarets 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.all-about-egypt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Midan Ramses
Cairo's main railway station and a burgeoning retail and accommodation zone.^ Cairo main station to the Opera Square.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cairo railway station.
  • HI - Hostel Cairo Youth Hostel 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.hihostels.com [Source type: General]

^ Agiant statue of Ramses II, the greatest of thr New Kingdom monarchs (amongst whose immortal relics are the temples of Abu Simble), meets the eyes of those arriving at Cairo for the statue occupies a prominent part of Cairo's Main Railway Station square, which bearshis name, Ramses Square.
  • Cairo Egypt Hotels 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.masr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Garden City
An upmarket "garden suburb" close to the city centre and the Corniche el-Nil.^ Corniche el Nil, Garden City, Cairo, 11511 .
  • Cairo, Egypt Restaurants - Top Cairo, Egypt Restaurants and Cairo, Egypt city guide 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.worldexecutive.com [Source type: News]

^ Nubian Village Serenades from wandering minstrels and the sweet scent of fresh bread permeate the restaurants riverside terrace pavilion Grand Hyatt Hotel, Corniche El Nil, Garden City, Roda Island, Cairo Tel: +20 2 365 1234 .
  • Cairo, Egypt Restaurants - Top Cairo, Egypt Restaurants and Cairo, Egypt city guide 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.worldexecutive.com [Source type: News]

^ Corniche El Nil Cairo 12344 Map Distance: 2.4 mi.
  • Cairo Travel Guide | Away.com 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC vacation.away.com [Source type: General]

.Islamic Cairo
The centre of historic Cairo, located east of downtown; the Citadel, Khan el Khalili (the main Cairo souq / market), historic mosques and medieval architecture.^ The centre of downtown Cairo is Tahrir Square, located on the east bank.
  • Cairo Travel Guide 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.ask-aladdin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The center of downtown Cairo is Tahrīr Square, located on the east bank.
  • Cairo (Egypt) - Search View - MSN Encarta 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Khan el-Khalili .
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt: 90 Cheap Accommodation Deals 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.hotelscombined.com [Source type: General]

.Old Cairo
Located south of downtown, includes Coptic Cairo, Fustat (Cairo's historical kernel) and Rhoda Island.^ Medieval Cairo Located east of downtown, this old quarter of narrow alleys and soaring minarets (which dates to the Fatimid period) is the city’s traditional center of culture and commerce.
  • Visions of Cairo - Articles - Travel + Leisure 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.travelandleisure.com [Source type: General]

^ Situated at the shore and islands of Nile River in northern Egypt, Cairo city is not only the administrative hub of the country but also acts as the major cultural and historical center.
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our Cairo home office for the next two weeks is located in Zamalek - an island nestled on either side by the Nile.
  • Jan Chipchase - Future Perfect: Cairo Archives 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.janchipchase.com [Source type: General]

.Dokki and Mohandeseen
Located on the west bank of the Nile, with upscale restaurants and shopping.^ Due to open in the Autumn of 2009, this new luxury hotel is located on the banks of the Nile with the Pyramids and Sphinx about 30 minutes' drive away.
  • Cairo, Egypt, Upmarket Luxury Holidays Classic Collection Holidays 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.classic-collection.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You can dine in a floating restaurant on the Nile, sample an apple-flavored shisha waterpipe at a coffee-shop or see oriental dancers and cabarets at a luxury hotel.

^ Located on the banks of the Nile River near the site of a Roman city captured by the Arabs in 641, Al-Fusṭāṭ was first built by the Arabs as a military camp.
  • Cairo (Egypt) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Gezira and Zamalek
Upmarket suburbs on an island in the Nile, with hotels and the Cairo Tower.^ Looking south from Cairo Tower on Gezira.
  • Cairo - LookLex Encyclopaedia 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.i-cias.com [Source type: News]

^ JW Marriott Hotel Cairo Location: Suburbs / Airport Hotel Details Good standard, hotel set in gardens, with a pool, water park and golf course.
  • Cairo Hotels in Egypt - DirectRooms 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC directrooms.com [Source type: General]

^ Greater Cairo is made up of original Cairo, the city of Giza , the islands Gezira and ar-Ruda, and regions in Qalubiyya, north of Cairo proper.
  • Cairo - LookLex Encyclopaedia 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.i-cias.com [Source type: News]

.Giza
A sprawling western district of the city and the site of the Pyramids.^ An amazing city of Egypt full of ancient treasure, Cairo provides you a perfect gateway for excursions to nearby "Great Pyramids of Giza".
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the western Bank of the Nile and on top of the Giza plateau rise the colossal Pyramids and the mysterious Sphinx - two of the most glorious contributions of Pharaonic heritage.
  • HI - Hostel Cairo Youth Hostel 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.hihostels.com [Source type: General]

^ Holidays in Cairo - Many Historical Attractions Cairo is a massive city that’s sprawled out almost to the base of the pyramids of Giza to accommodate its 15 million residents.
  • Cairo holidays - Cheap late deals and bargain all inclusive package holiday offers to Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.beatthebrochure.com [Source type: General]

.Heliopolis and Nasr City
An upmarket residential and retail area close to the Airport.^ The airport can be reached from Cairo city centre, across the 6th October Bridge, via Salah Salem Road which leads to Heliopolis.
  • Cairo Airport Guide (CAI) 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.worldtravelguide.net [Source type: News]
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

^ Fairmont Towers Heliopolis Hotel Location: Airport / Suburbs Hotel Details A good facility, deluxe hotel close to the airport, on the edge of Cairo City.
  • Cairo Hotels in Egypt - DirectRooms 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC directrooms.com [Source type: General]

^ The airport and Heliopolis are well signposted from the city centre.
  • Cairo Airport Guide (CAI) 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.worldtravelguide.net [Source type: News]
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

Ma'adi
A suburb catering to many foreign expatriates, accessed by the Ring Road.

Understand

.Situated along the Nile, Cairo has ancient origins, located in the vicinity of the Pharaonic city of Memphis.^ Greater Cairo is made up of original Cairo, the city of Giza , the islands Gezira and ar-Ruda, and regions in Qalubiyya, north of Cairo proper.
  • Cairo - LookLex Encyclopaedia 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.i-cias.com [Source type: News]

^ An amazing city of Egypt full of ancient treasure, Cairo provides you a perfect gateway for excursions to nearby "Great Pyramids of Giza".
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Located where the Nile valley widens into its delta, Cairo was founded in AD641 and expanded in the 9th century to become the most powerful Islamic city of the medieval era.
  • Cairo, Egypt, Upmarket Luxury Holidays Classic Collection Holidays 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.classic-collection.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The city started to take its present form in 641 A.D , when the Arab general Amr Ibn Al-Ase conquered Egypt for Islam and founded a new capital called Misr Al-Fustat, "the City of the Tents", due to the legend of Al-Ase finding, on the day he was leaving to conquer Alexandria, two doves nesting in his tent.^ Cairo, officially known as Al-Qahirah, is the capital city of Egypt .
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Mosque of Amr Ibn Al-Aas, in the Fustat region, is the first mosque to be built Egypt.
  • Cairo Egypt Hotels 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.masr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Called a magical-realism thriller, it tells of a drug runner, a struggling journalist, an American expatriate, a young activist, and an Israeli soldier all coming together on the streets of modern-day Cairo, a city of magic and legend.
  • G. WILLOW WILSON ON CAIRO & OUTSIDERS: METAMORPHO/AQUAMAN - NEWSARAMA 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC forum.newsarama.com [Source type: General]

.Not wanting to disturb them, he left the tent, which became the sight of the new city in what is now Old Cairo.^ What is now called as Old Cairo is more about the small lanes crowded by tenements and ancient landmarks while the modern city or the western Cairo's skyline is dominated by government buildings and modern architecture.
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cairo is the cultural capitol of the Arab World, to a large degree the Arab equivalent of new York City.
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Video: Why Cairo? 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC hotair.com [Source type: General]

^ Without a visit to Khan el-Khalili, Egyptian Museum, and Old Cairo your trip to this "Triumphant" city is incomplete.
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Tunisian Fatimid dynasty captured the city in 969 A.D and founded a new city, Al-Qahira ("The Victorious") just north of Al-Fustat.^ This distinction is attributed to the Fatimids who come to Egypt in the year 969 A. D. Crossinb the Nilefrom the west at Giza, they settled at a comp pitched north of "Fustat" jawhar Al-Saqally, the Fatimid commander-in-chief, is sued orders for a new city to be built to serve as the military headquarters and royal seat of the Fatimid Caliphate.
  • Cairo Egypt Hotels 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.masr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He built his famous mousque and founded the city of "Fustat" In 750 A.D., "Al-Askar" was founded north of "Fustat", following which Ahmed ibn Touloun founded the town of "Al-Qatayeh" north of "Al-Askar", where his famous mousque stands All these Islamic capitals were preludes to the actual establishment of Cairo itself.
  • Cairo Egypt Hotels 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.masr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fatimid palaces Comparison with contemporary Islamic cities 6.Fatimid Mosques of Cairo: new traditions and old forms .
  • http://archnet.org/courses/cairo.html 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC archnet.org [Source type: Academic]

.Al-Qahira gave the city its English name, Cairo, but the locals still call it Maşr (مصر), the Egyptian dialectal version of Amr's Mişr.^ From the late ninth century onwards, a succession of Arab rulers made their mark on the city: Ibn Tulun built his royal city el-Qatai, the Fatimids built the walled city of el-Qahira, from which Cairo takes it name.
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

^ Sort By: Name Abou El Sid , Cairo The tremendously popular (and noisy) Abou El Sid is a nostalgic ode to Egyptian comfort food and Cairo's prerevolutionary heyday.
  • Cairo Restaurant and Dining Reviews and Recommendations on Concierge.com 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.concierge.com [Source type: General]

^ As the 19th Century gave way to the 20th, Cairo was a cosmopolitan city of more than a third of a million people, Over 80 per cent were Egyptians, but the balance was made up of Greeks, Italians, French, Austrians, English, Germans and Turks.
  • Cairo Practice by Paul Vernon [ FolkRoots. No 141] 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC bolingo.org [Source type: General]

.Confusingly, this also the Arabic name of the entire country of Egypt!^ Click Here for a list of addresses *Note that the places that say Syria and Iran are street names in Egypt and NOT country names.
  • Supermarkets - Cairo Shopping - VirtualTourist.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily highs (°C) 18 21 24 28 33 35 36 35 32 30 26 20
Nightly lows (°C) 8 9 11 14 17 20 21 22 20 18 14 10
Precipitation (cm) .5 .5 .5 .3 .3 0 0 0 0 0 .3 .5

Source: BBC Weather Centre
.The best time to visit Cairo is during the winter from November to March, when daytime highs generally stay below 25°C, with nighttime lows around 10°C with occasional rain showers clearing the air.^ The most expensive air tickets to Cairo are found during peak holiday travel times, such as the New Year.
  • Cheap Airfare to Cairo, Egypt, Africa - International Air Tickets with BootsnAll.com 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.bootsnall.com [Source type: News]

^ Cairo comes alive at night, which is the best time to shop, eat delicious Middle Eastern cuisine, or simply watch the world go by from a pavement cafe.

^ The president's brief stay in Cairo included a visit to the Sultan Hassan mosque, a 600-year-old center of Islamic worship and study.
  • Obama Cairo Speech (VIDEO): Calls For New Beginning, Gets Standing Ovation 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

(Don't bother packing an umbrella: even the rainiest months of the year rarely top 5 mm.) .If visiting during winter, be aware that not all buildings, including some hotels and hostels, are equipped with heaters.^ We were walking along a raised street and noticed on the lower street some filthy walls at the base of the buildings, including a shop with a big sign 'Spotless' in English.

^ Some 70 Hostels, Hotels, and Pensions are on the approved list and every effort is made to maintain by supervision a satisfactory standard of cleanliness and general comfort.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As one might think, the city has all the amenities tourists might expect, including a variety of hotels, bars, nightclubs and restaurants.

Visitors should always pack a few warm jumpers and a warm jacket for evening wear. The brief spring from March to May can be pleasant, but summer temperatures, on the other hand, can reach a searing 38°C, which is compounded by the city's terrible pollution which is at its worst in the fall before the rains.

Orientation

.Today's Greater Cairo is a city with at least 17 million inhabitants, where the rich and impoverished live side by side , and skyscrapers and fast food restaurants nestle up to world heritage monuments.^ Mohandesse is a vibrant area of Cairo full of interesting shops, local-style cafes, good restaurants and places to watch this exotic world go by.
  • Cairo holidays - Cheap late deals and bargain all inclusive package holiday offers to Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.beatthebrochure.com [Source type: General]

^ The crazy, striking capital of Cairo is one of the largest 15 cities in the world, with hundreds of ancient sites.
  • Cheap Airfare to Cairo, Egypt, Africa - International Air Tickets with BootsnAll.com 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.bootsnall.com [Source type: News]

^ It's an important question in a mostly Muslim Middle Eastern country of 80 million, and in a city that's commonly known as the cultural capital of the Arab world.
  • The New York Inquirer: Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.nyinquirer.com [Source type: News]

.Originally, Cairo was the designated name of the city on the eastern bank of the Nile, and this is where you'll find both the modern Downtown, built under influence of French architecture, today the center of commerce and popular life, as well as historical Islamic and Coptic sights.^ Among the cities associated with the Islamic civilization, Cairo is perhaps the most representative culturally and certainly the richest architecturally.
  • http://archnet.org/courses/cairo.html 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC archnet.org [Source type: Academic]

^ An amazing city of Egypt full of ancient treasure, Cairo provides you a perfect gateway for excursions to nearby "Great Pyramids of Giza".
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Located where the Nile valley widens into its delta, Cairo was founded in AD641 and expanded in the 9th century to become the most powerful Islamic city of the medieval era.
  • Cairo, Egypt, Upmarket Luxury Holidays Classic Collection Holidays 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.classic-collection.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Outside the core on the eastern bank, you'll find the modern, more affluent suburbs of Heliopolis and Nasr City near the airport, and Ma'adi to the south.^ You'll feel more comfortable.
  • Women - Cairo Warnings - VirtualTourist.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ Going to: find airport When are you going?
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

^ More hotels near Cairo airport .

.In the middle of the Nile is the island of Gezira and Zamalek, more Western and tranquil than the rest of the city.^ Situated at the shore and islands of Nile River in northern Egypt, Cairo city is not only the administrative hub of the country but also acts as the major cultural and historical center.
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saraya El Gezira Street 2.0 mi The Cairo Marriott Hotel And Omar Khayyam Casino is a superb Cairo accommodation for either business or pleasure, actually situated on an island in the middle of the Nile River, connected to the mainland.
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt: 90 Cheap Accommodation Deals 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.hotelscombined.com [Source type: General]

^ There also are a number of more modern suburbs including Ma'adi and Heliopolis, while Zamalek is a quiet area on Gezira Island, with upscale shopping.
  • Cairo Travel Videos - Cairo Videos - Cairo Tourism Videos - Insider Perks 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.insiderperks.com [Source type: News]

.On the western bank is lots of modern concrete and business, but also the great Giza pyramids and, further to the south, Memphis and Saqqara.^ An amazing city of Egypt full of ancient treasure, Cairo provides you a perfect gateway for excursions to nearby "Great Pyramids of Giza".
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Pyramids of Giza , near Memphis , stand at the southwestern edge of the metropolis, and an obelisk in the northeast marks the site of Heliopolis , where Plato once studied; modern landmarks of Western-style high-rise hotels and apartment buildings overlook the Nile River .
  • Cairo (Egypt) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most famous attractions are nearby Giza Pyramids, Saqqara, and a trip down the nile.
  • Cheap Airfare to Cairo, Egypt, Africa - International Air Tickets with BootsnAll.com 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.bootsnall.com [Source type: News]

.The city might seem like a lot to handle, but give it a try, and you might come to love it!^ Now, because of this speech, Osama bin Laden loves you and wants to give you a great big hug!
  • Obama Cairo Speech (VIDEO): Calls For New Beginning, Gets Standing Ovation 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Come on guys; dont be like other great bands and just fade away, we love your music!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Respect

.Egypt is a predominantly Muslim country so say nothing that might be perceived as an insult to Islam or the Egyptian culture.^ Egypt we are a muslim country.
  • Women - Cairo Warnings - VirtualTourist.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ Many people say to beware of Egyptian men, and although I would agree I believe it is important not to tar all the men in this beautiful, hospitable country with the same brush.
  • Women - Cairo Warnings - VirtualTourist.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ Situated at the shore and islands of Nile River in northern Egypt, Cairo city is not only the administrative hub of the country but also acts as the major cultural and historical center.
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Women and men should wear modest clothing. It is considered disrespectful to the mainly Islamic inhabitants to see visitors walking around with exception of beaches and hotels wearing clothing which reveal thighs , upper arms , bare backs , or cleavage. .Men should also not walk about bare chested or wearing very short shorts outside of the hotel or beach resort.^ For a spot of old-fashioned charm try the Hotel Victoria, a 20th century colonial style masterpiece a short walk from all the big tourist attractions.
  • Cairo holidays - Cheap late deals and bargain all inclusive package holiday offers to Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.beatthebrochure.com [Source type: General]

^ Short-term car parking is available for about 1,000 cars and is located within walking distance of the terminal buildings.
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

^ Commented You should walk around in an Iowa t-shirt and shorts and call everyone wusses.
  • Profile page for Cairo: SB Nation 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.sbnation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Do not enter a mosque with shoes on. This is extremely disrespectful. Also, avoid walking in front of persons in prayer. This can sometimes be difficult as Egyptians can and will be seen , laying out prayer mats on pavements to pray specially for the noon day Friday prayer. .It is quite acceptable for visitors or Christian Egyptians , to carry on as normal in the streets or shops during the prayer time.^ By Charles Levinson Photos by Claude Stemlin Photos by Claude Stemlin It's Friday morning in Cairo, a blessed splinter of time when the city's normally frenetic streets are quiet.
  • Cairo, Egypt's Harley-Davidson motorcycle dealership - Feature Review - Motorcyclist Online 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.motorcyclistonline.com [Source type: General]

.Try not to make any comments on Egyptian heroes like Gamal Abdul Nasser, or Anwar Sadat because you might end up in a heated argument.^ I say BS to calling the speech “surprisingly good.” Yeah, if you like the chin and nose up most of the time.
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Obama’s Cairo speech: Surprisingly good 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC hotair.com [Source type: General]

^ Eat up all the free bandwidth you want, but make sure to tell us afterwards.
  • Cairo Travel Guide || Jaunted 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.jaunted.com [Source type: General]

^ Ed, you should be ashamed of yourself with all your butt kissing, making nice and trying to hard to endear your syndicated columns buyers.
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Obama’s Cairo speech: Surprisingly good 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC hotair.com [Source type: General]

For more information on visa requirements, see the Egypt article.

By plane

.Cairo International Airport (IATA: CAI), [1] is well served by Egypt-Air [2], the national carrier, and others such as British Airways [3], Air France [4], KLM [5], Singapore Airlines [6] and Lufthansa [7], as well as budget carriers TUI-fly [8] and Jet-Air-Fly [9].^ Cairo International Airport .
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

^ Read More: Cairo International Airport Guide .
  • Cheap flights to Cairo from UK Airports by Just the Flight 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.justtheflight.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Flying to Cairo-Grady County Airport?
  • AirNav: 70J - Cairo-Grady County Airport 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.airnav.com [Source type: General]

Go ahead and exchange some money in the airport - best to do this before going through customs.
.The airport has three terminals, the latest of which was opened in 2009. Egypt-Air now operates all flights from the new Terminal 3, but there is little rhyme or reason to other airlines, especially as T2 will be partly closed in 2009-2010 for renovation works, so double-check your terminal before departure.^ An airport bus service operates from Terminal 1.
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

^ Due to open in the Autumn of 2009, this new luxury hotel is located on the banks of the Nile with the Pyramids and Sphinx about 30 minutes' drive away.
  • Cairo, Egypt, Upmarket Luxury Holidays Classic Collection Holidays 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.classic-collection.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Flying from all major UK airports on all major airlines, we have loads of discounted flights to Cairo, so simply use our search box below to book the cheapest available Cairo flight.
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

.A free shuttle bus runs between the three every 30 minutes, 24 hours a day.^ Bus no.400 leaves every 30 minutes during the day and every hour at night.
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

^ A free shuttle bus links the two terminals, which are about 3km (2 miles) apart.
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

^ Flight information (tel: (0)2 634 8566) is available 24 hours a day.
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

.Taxi drivers trying to lure you at the airport will try to tell you otherwise regarding the shuttle bus, but go outside the terminal and you will find the free shuttle bus.^ An airport bus service operates from Terminal 1.
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

^ Going to: find airport When are you going?
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

^ The airport's own Aviation Information Technology Company offers a free signal in the terminals, but the best signal is in the Terminal 2 food court.
  • Cairo Travel Guide || Jaunted 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.jaunted.com [Source type: General]

.The airport is located on the north-eastern outskirts of the city at Heliopolis.^ Located 22 km / 14 miles north-east of Cairo, the famous Egyptian capital, Cairo International Airport (CAI) lies directly east of Al-Matariyah, Al-Zaytun, Heliopolis, Hilmiya and Matariya.
  • Cheap flights to Cairo ( CAI ) : Cairo flights from £ 75 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.travelhouseuk.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ The airport can be reached from Cairo city centre, across the 6th October Bridge, via Salah Salem Road which leads to Heliopolis.
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

^ The city is growing rapidly, both in terms of population and geographical area, with new suburbs expanding on its outskirts, especially into the Eastern Desert.
  • Cairo Holidays: Cheap Holidays in Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: General]
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

.If you want to spend the night near the airport, the Novotel Cairo Airport hotel is located next to the airport, and there are other lodging options in nearby Heliopolis.^ Other accommodation near Cairo .
  • Hotels Cairo, guest house, accommodation Cairo, Egypt 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

^ The Novotel Cairo Airport Hotel (tel: (0)2 918 520) is located 3km (2 miles) from the airport.
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

^ Located 22 km / 14 miles north-east of Cairo, the famous Egyptian capital, Cairo International Airport (CAI) lies directly east of Al-Matariyah, Al-Zaytun, Heliopolis, Hilmiya and Matariya.
  • Cheap flights to Cairo ( CAI ) : Cairo flights from £ 75 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.travelhouseuk.co.uk [Source type: General]

Getting to downtown Cairo can be a pain. .LE 40 is a good price by taxi, although it can be quite difficult to negotiate this price if you are not an Arabic speaker.^ Taxis are metered, although the meters are rarely used, so ensure you agree the fare before setting off.
  • Traveleye: Travel Search Engine for Travel Guides, Reviews, Photos, Hotels & Holiday/Vacation Rentals 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.traveleye.com [Source type: News]

^ In short they are just like what you can find in the USA. The prices are listed in both Arabic and English.
  • Supermarkets - Cairo Shopping - VirtualTourist.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

Refuse to pay the "ticket" (airport parking fee) for the driver. .If you are going to downtown Cairo, you may be able to share a taxi with other tourists or backpackers.^ I'm still new to cairo myself, so there may be other better ways to do these things.

^ Keep on progin Cheers My email adress: elpprogster@hotmail.com Other Cairo /ELP type prog fans may contact me for conversation!

^ Not a bad moment on the CD. If you have one of the other Cairo albums and were wondering if this one was worth it, stop wondering and grab your wallet.

Another option is to use transportation arranged by your hotel or hostel, though this service is often not complimentary.
For the adventurous, catch a public bus to Midan Tahrir or Midan Ramses from the big underground bus station 5 minutes outside Terminal 1. Ask a local if unsure, but don't catch the notorious (non-A.C) green buses. In some cases, the bus destination and, or number will be in Arabic. If this is the case, be prepared to ask a driver or passengers if the bus stops at your destination. .Buses run every 30 minutes, take 60-90 minutes and cost LE 2. At least on the non-A.C bus, you may be charged an additional LE 1 if you bring aboard large or bulky items.^ A 55 minute speech in Cairo is more like a college lecture which covers every conceivable point in case you're taking notes and will be tested afterward.
  • Obama Cairo Speech (VIDEO): Calls For New Beginning, Gets Standing Ovation 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Every Day   Senior N.C.O.'s may bring one non-commissioned Member of the Women's Auxiliary Forces.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ TOOLBOX Resize Print E-mail COMMENT 0 Comments Your browser's settings may be preventing you from commenting on and viewing comments about this item.
  • Transcript: President Obama Addresses Muslim World in Cairo - washingtonpost.com 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.To get from downtown to the airport, board an A.C bus at the bus terminal just north of the Egyptian Museum (under the highway bridge).^ An airport bus service operates from Terminal 1.
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

^ Egyptian Museum has received five ancient fresco pieces that France's Louvre Museum returned under the threat of a boycott...
  • cairolive.com -- Egypt news, Cairo tourism, Global headlines, Arabic press 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.cairolive.com [Source type: News]

.Finally, there are also direct express buses from the airport to Alexandria every 30-60 minutes; however, the buses operate only during daylight hours (4 AM - 7:30 PM).^ To specify midnight (start of day), select “00 / 12 am” in the Hour-field and 00 in the Minutes field To specify noon (middle of day), select “12 / 12 pm” in the Hour-field and 00 in the Minutes field Advertising More information .
  • The World Clock – Time Zone Converter 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.timeanddate.com [Source type: News]

^ SLADE CLUB, WOLSLEY ROAD, Whist drives and tombolas are frequently held, and there is a Dance for all ranks every Monday evening 8.30 p.m.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cairo Winter hours: Saturday and Sunday 12-6 pm Posted by cairo at 3:30 PM 0 comments .

.When returning to the airport for departure, allow plenty of time (2-3 hours to be safe) to get to the airport, as the roads can be very congested.^ Money and communications: The airport has a bank and ATMs; 24-hour bureaux de change and post offices are located in the Departures hall in both terminals.
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

^ Road: Taxi: Taxis are available from the airport to central Cairo (journey time: 30 minutes).
  • Cairo Flights: Cheap flights to Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: News]

.If you depart on Friday morning or mid-day, the trip to the airport will be quick, as roads are deserted while people go to the mosque for Friday prayers.^ Then when you think you are going to end up in the desert, there is a slip road leading to the Mall.
  • Supermarkets - Cairo Shopping - VirtualTourist.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ Thankfully he brought his khakis and set aside enough time to day trip out to the Pyramids of Giza and the 600-year-old Sultan Hassan mosque.
  • Cairo Travel Guide || Jaunted 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.jaunted.com [Source type: General]

^ We were told that only the first 150 people each day are allowed into the pyramid (at additional cost, of course), so we got there first thing in the morning.

Upon arriving, you need to pass through a security checkpoint before you can get to the ticket counter/check-in area. .You must bring a print-out with you of your itinerary or ticket to show the security staff, in order to pass through the checkpoint.^ Common toilet in egypt by pangtidor Bring your own toilet paper, some water and some 1Egyptian Pound notes wherever you go.
  • Women - Cairo Warnings - VirtualTourist.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ This article shows you what cairo is, and why it may be useful in your applications.
  • Cross-platform graphics with cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.ibm.com [Source type: General]

^ In cairo you must also select your blank medium.
  • Cross-platform graphics with cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.ibm.com [Source type: General]

.For Egypt-Air, there is a separate, usually shorter, check-in line for European destinations.^ Because of our commitment to never again use Egypt Air ( see Nairobi-Getting There ), we had a short stopover in Sudan, during which we were not allowed to leave the plane.

.You will pass through a second security checkpoint just before boarding your aircraft.^ I just recently discovered you on XM radio channel 51 and now I have purchased all of your CD's.

^ This little timesaver lets you update your My developerWorks profile with just one click!
  • Cross-platform graphics with cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.ibm.com [Source type: General]

^ Crossing the street is interesting with the chaotic driving, but by watching the locals, we found that we just had to go whenever you wanted and be willing to stop between each lane for cars to pass before moving on.

.Allow plenty of time for getting through the security checkpoints and checking in, as lines can be long.^ Thousands of people were waiting in line to get through the security scans outside the museum, and thousands more to funnel through the security scans at the gate inside the museum.

.Note that there is no baggage room at the airport.^ Men friends of women using the club may be invited to use the public rooms, and a special convenience is a men's lounge and waiting room   There is no entrance fee.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By train

.Cairo's main railway station - Ramses Station (Mahattat Ramses) - is located on Midan Ramses, which is also the location of the Mubarak Metro Station.^ Cairo main station to the Opera Square.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Central Cairo The current heart of Cairo, the downtown region roughly centered on Midan Tahrir, stretches east to Ramses Station and south to Garden City.
  • Cairo Hotels, Vacations and Tourism, Cairo, Egypt Travel Guide - AOL Travel 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC travel.aol.com [Source type: General]

^ Reservations for accommodation can be obtained by writing to the Leave Accommodation Bureau, Cairo Main Station, stating day and if possible time of arrival, and length of stay.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Trains run to Cairo from most other regions and cities within Egypt.^ An amazing city of Egypt full of ancient treasure, Cairo provides you a perfect gateway for excursions to nearby "Great Pyramids of Giza".
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Situated at the shore and islands of Nile River in northern Egypt, Cairo city is not only the administrative hub of the country but also acts as the major cultural and historical center.
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ AsiaRooms brings for all the customers lucrative deals as well as fast and secure reservation policy for both hotels in Cairo and for other Egypt hotels .
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Trains in Egypt don’t generally run on schedule, as a matter of fact they run consistently at least 15 minutes late, if not later.^ It does at least seem to be returning consistent numbers from one run to the next, though.
  • cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC cworth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Train service is available from Ramses Station to Alexandria, while service to Luxor and Aswan is available at the Giza Railway Station.^ Alexandria Aswan Cairo Luxor Omdurman Port Said Suez .
  • Cairo Lawyers, Law Firms, Lawyer in Cairo, Law Firm, Find a Lawyer, Attorney Cairo Egypt 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.helplinelaw.com [Source type: News]

^ Sharm El Sheikh Hurghada Luxor Alexandria Aswan Marsa Alam Dahab Taba St. Catherine Egypt Info .
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Visitors wishing to connect with trains to Luxor , Aswan , and the rest of upper Egypt should take the Metro from Midan Ramses Mubarak Metro Station , on line one to Giza Metro-Train Station which should take approximately twenty minutes.^ Trains go to Luxor and Aswan and long-distance buses are also available but internal flights are the quickest and most efficient way to cover long distances.
  • Traveleye: Travel Search Engine for Travel Guides, Reviews, Photos, Hotels & Holiday/Vacation Rentals 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.traveleye.com [Source type: News]

^ Central Cairo The current heart of Cairo, the downtown region roughly centered on Midan Tahrir, stretches east to Ramses Station and south to Garden City.
  • Cairo Hotels, Vacations and Tourism, Cairo, Egypt Travel Guide - AOL Travel 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC travel.aol.com [Source type: General]

^ What to See: Pyramids at Giza About 45 minutes by bus from Cairo, you do not miss the pyramids, one of the seven wonders of the world.
  • Cairo Travel Guide || Jaunted 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.jaunted.com [Source type: General]

Trains also depart to the canal cities, but buses are much faster.
Learn Eastern Arabic numerals
Eastern Arabic numerals, instead of Arabic-Hindu numerals as used in the west, are used to indicate train numbers, departure times, seat numbers, and other key information. You may need to ask for help. .The ticket agent or other friendly person might write the departure time in Arabic-Hindu numerals for you, though you may still need help finding your train car and seat.^ How do you find the time to do it all?

^ It is helpful to have the name of your hotel or destination written down in Arabic.
  • Traveleye: Travel Search Engine for Travel Guides, Reviews, Photos, Hotels & Holiday/Vacation Rentals 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.traveleye.com [Source type: News]

^ You can either check out our special Cairo holiday bargains below or simply use our search box to help find you the ideal Cairo holiday.
  • Cairo Holidays: Cheap Holidays in Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: General]

.Or, you can use this chart below of Eastern Arabic numerals in the top table below to guide you.^ You can either check out our special Cairo holiday bargains below or simply use our search box to help find you the ideal Cairo holiday.
  • Cairo Holidays: Cheap Holidays in Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: General]

It is best to purchase tickets in advance to be assured of a seat. .It is also important for travelers to ensure with the ticket office that the train is not a local train used by Egyptians to visit all of the small destinations south wards in the Nile Valley , but only the major cities.^ Situated at the shore and islands of Nile River in northern Egypt, Cairo city is not only the administrative hub of the country but also acts as the major cultural and historical center.
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Without a visit to Khan el-Khalili, Egyptian Museum, and Old Cairo your trip to this "Triumphant" city is incomplete.
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From the Egyptian capital, we administer a number of important educational and training programs for Egyptian students and professionals.
  • Cairo: Take a virtual tour of AMIDEAST Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.amideast.org [Source type: Academic]

For comfort visitors should also preferably insist on a first class seat but nothing less than a second class . .Online ticket purchases are not available, so you need to either go to the train station and buy your ticket there or go through a travel agency who can arrange this for you ahead of time.^ Common toilet in egypt by pangtidor Bring your own toilet paper, some water and some 1Egyptian Pound notes wherever you go.
  • Women - Cairo Warnings - VirtualTourist.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ Until she goes off and does it, you can relive her world tour online; its Africa leg is available in book form .
  • Cairo Travel Guide || Jaunted 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.jaunted.com [Source type: General]

^ If you have reserved a hotel room through Agoda, and then show us that you could book the same room, for the same dates, at a lower rate, that is viewable and bookable on another website, within 48 hours of booking your room with us, we will either match that rate or beat it.
  • Sofitel El Gezirah Cairo Hotel Cairo Egypt - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

Especially in the summer months, trains running between Cairo and Alexandria do sell out, so advance purchase is advised. .Sometimes it is possible to buy train tickets in the morning, for a train later the same day or if not busy, you might get on the next train.^ Advance tickets available, with a $10 ticket getting you in to see a days worth of events at all three spaces.

.There are multiple windows for different classes and destinations, so check that you are in the correct line.^ As others did, I was checking the site if there's hope for a new Cairo album: YES! Hey guys: what's holding you back?

.There is a luggage room in the station, situated on your right of the entrance.^ Men friends of women using the club may be invited to use the public rooms, and a special convenience is a men's lounge and waiting room   There is no entrance fee.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The price of one box is 2.5 pounds/24 hours.
Alexandria is served by a large number of departures through the day. .Among the best trains are El-Espani (Spanish) which has a morning service from Cairo at 9am.^ Sofitel El Gezirah Cairo Hotel Cairo Egypt - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals .
  • Sofitel El Gezirah Cairo Hotel Cairo Egypt - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

El-Espani and Turbine (Turbo) are the best services, going non-stop to Alexandria and taking 2 hours and 40 min. The next best service is Al-Fransawi (French), which stops at the major Delta cities on the road. The Express (French) and Turbo trains to Alexandria have first and second class, all air conditioned. Refreshments are available for purchase on the train. First class is recommended, but second class is also reasonably comfortable.
.Trains heading to Luxor, Aswan, and other Upper Egypt destinations also depart from the rail station in Giza.^ Cairo - Giza - Luxor - Aswan (Nile Cruise) .
  • .: Havana Hotel Cairo :. Egypt Cairo 3 stars hotel, Egyp Cairo Budget Accommodation , Egypt Cheap hotel in Cairo. 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.havanahotelcairo.com [Source type: General]

^ Sharm El Sheikh Hurghada Luxor Alexandria Aswan Marsa Alam Dahab Taba St. Catherine Egypt Info .
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Sleeping Trains (Abela Egypt) [10] leave Cairo 8 pm and arriving in Luxor 5.05 am and Aswan 8.15 am.^ Where: Cairo , Egypt March 17, 2009 at 2:15 PM .
  • Cairo Travel Guide || Jaunted 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.jaunted.com [Source type: General]

^ Posted by cairo at 4:15 PM 1 comments .

^ Posted by cairo at 4:15 PM 0 comments .

.There also is a 9:10 PM departure from Cairo.^ June (2) Press Reviews Opening Night at Cairo ► May (6) cairo GRAND OPENING Saturday June 7th from 6-10 pm...

^ Three great spots, three great shows, one night....see you there Posted by cairo at 9:04 PM 0 comments .

Check the website for more departures, including one three days a week from Alexandria. .It's relatively expensive at 60 USD for a bed in a double-person cabin one way.^ Outbound One way only Return My dates are flexible Cabin Economy .
  • Cheap Flights to Cairo – Book Cairo Flights (CAI) – Fly bmi 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.flybmi.com [Source type: General]

.Tickets are bought at the office to your left as you enter the train station from the Metro and taxi station.^ Enter your email and we'll email you a new password.
  • Cairo Real Estate & Cairo Homes For Sale — Trulia.com 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.trulia.com [Source type: General]

The tickets are payable in US dollars, Euros, or British Pounds only. There are no exchange offices at the train station itself. .It is also possible to make reservations in advance, by calling or faxing your request to Abela, and then pay for and pick up your tickets at the station.^ Collection from and return to your hotel or join your tour group and the pick up time start from 5:00 am maximum 5:30 am.
  • Cairo Hotels, Vacations and Tourism, Cairo, Egypt Travel Guide - AOL Travel 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC travel.aol.com [Source type: General]

^ We want you to pay the lowest possible rate for your room.
  • Shepheard Hotel Cairo Egypt - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

^ Reservations for accommodation can be obtained by writing to the Leave Accommodation Bureau, Cairo Main Station, stating day and if possible time of arrival, and length of stay.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Since these trains are designated for tourists, you will stay in special cars guarded by armed plain-clothes policemen.
Going to Upper Egypt, the alternative to the expensive sleeper (or flying) is the ordinary trains. One of these departs at 00.30 to Luxor and Aswan and is supposed to take 10 hours to Luxor and 13 hours to Aswan.
Ramsis Station Tel. +202 25753555
See also: Cairo to Jerusalem by bus
Buses arrive to Cairo from virtually all over the country. .The two main destinations are Midan Ramsis and Cairo Gateway, formerly known as Turgoman, but vehicles also sometimes stop at other destinations, notably Abbasiya.^ Not a bad moment on the CD. If you have one of the other Cairo albums and were wondering if this one was worth it, stop wondering and grab your wallet.

.From Midan Ramses and Cairo Gateway it's a quick 5 LE taxi cab ride to downtown, 7-10 LE to Zamalek.^ Visitors often feel most comfortable finding their feet in the Westernised downtown district of central Cairo around Midan Tahrir (Liberation Square).
  • Cairo Holidays: Cheap Holidays in Cairo, Egypt- lastminute.com 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: General]

^ Central Cairo The current heart of Cairo, the downtown region roughly centered on Midan Tahrir, stretches east to Ramses Station and south to Garden City.
  • Cairo Hotels, Vacations and Tourism, Cairo, Egypt Travel Guide - AOL Travel 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC travel.aol.com [Source type: General]

.Cairo Gateway is a new, modern indoor station located approximately 500m from the Orabi Metro Station, within the new Cairo Gateway Plaza.^ The town was never rebuilt, but a new town sprang up on the northeast and was extended from time to time, and slightly to the north of this in A. D. 969, the modern town of Cairo was founded.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Destinations:
.
  • Port Said, Ismailiya, and Suez - hourly services from Cairo Gateway (2 hrs; 20-30 LE)
  • Sharm el-Sheikh - East Delta buses take approximately 8 hrs (80 LE) while Super-jet buses take 6 hrs.^ Cheapest business class fare to Cairo with BMI: £887.80 including taxes £998.20 Cheapest business class fare to Cairo with EgyptAir: £998.20 including taxes Cairo Travel Features .
    • Cheap flights to Cairo from UK Airports by Just the Flight 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.justtheflight.co.uk [Source type: News]

    ^ Sharm El Sheikh .
    • Shepheard Hotel Cairo Egypt - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]
    • Sofitel El Gezirah Cairo Hotel Cairo Egypt - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Sharm El Sheikh Intl .
    • Cheap Flights to Cairo – Book Cairo Flights (CAI) – Fly bmi 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.flybmi.com [Source type: General]

    Some East Delta services continue to Dahab. .When taking the bus to Sharm, keep your bus ticket and passport handy, as you will pass through a number of checkpoints, which require passengers to present identification and ticket.^ Our unique airfare search allows you to browse through and book airline tickets from all leading scheduled and charter airlines, either direct or in-direct.
    • Cheap flights to Cairo ( CAI ) : Cairo flights from £ 75 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.travelhouseuk.co.uk [Source type: General]

    .A cheaper option to get to Sharm by bus is to take a bus, a train, or a minibus to Suez (10LE) and from the main bus station there, take the 11AM or the 13:20 bus to Sharm for only 31 LE.
  • Taba and Nuweiba - Buses leave Cairo Gateway three times daily (06.00 hrs, 09.30 hrs & 22.15 hrs) with prices comparable with the services to Sharm.^ Cairo main station to the Opera Square.
    • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ TAG Heuer Scales Back Tiger Woods, Features Prominently on Website on Waggle Room - 12/22/09 5:06 PM EST (1 reply) .
    • Profile page for Cairo: SB Nation 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.sbnation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Collection from and return to your hotel or join your tour group and the pick up time start from 5:00 am maximum 5:30 am.
    • Cairo Hotels, Vacations and Tourism, Cairo, Egypt Travel Guide - AOL Travel 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC travel.aol.com [Source type: General]

    It takes around 6 hrs to get to Nuweiba.
  • Siwa - Direct buses leave Cairo Gateway Sunday and Wednesday nights at 7:45PM (60 LE)
Uncomfortable, but cheap, micro-buses leave from Cairo to a large number of destinations. .The main garages are Midan Ramsis and Al-Marg metro station (for the north-east and Sinai).^ Central Cairo The current heart of Cairo, the downtown region roughly centered on Midan Tahrir, stretches east to Ramses Station and south to Garden City.
  • Cairo Hotels, Vacations and Tourism, Cairo, Egypt Travel Guide - AOL Travel 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC travel.aol.com [Source type: General]

They are faster and might as such be an option for shorter trips, but have a terrible toll of accidents. .There are also other places these buses leave from depending on your destination, ask locals.^ This bureaux places at the services of H. M.'s Forces on leave the extensive knowledge and experience of those operating it of local conditions.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ AOL Travel Community Join other travelers to discuss your favorite places to travel, where to stay and what to do once you're there.
  • Cairo Hotels, Vacations and Tourism, Cairo, Egypt Travel Guide - AOL Travel 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC travel.aol.com [Source type: General]

Be aware that at least for the Sinai, foreigners are prohibited to use the micro-bus system.
Super-jet bus to Alexandria, Hurghada and Sinai TEL. +202 2266-0212.
.East Delta bus to Sharm El-Sheikh , Arish and Rafah Tel.^ Sharm El Sheikh .
  • Pyramisa Cairo Hotel and Casino in Cairo, Egypt. Find Hotels in cairo overlooking the Nile. 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.pyramisaegypt.com [Source type: News]
  • Cairo Hotels and Nile Cruises in Cairo, Egypt. Make your stay in Cairo hotels memorable. 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.pyramisaegypt.com [Source type: General]
  • Shepheard Hotel Cairo Egypt - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]
  • Sofitel El Gezirah Cairo Hotel Cairo Egypt - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

^ To: Sharm El Sheikh .
  • Adventures Travel Service - Hotels in Cairo, Egypt 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.adventur.com [Source type: News]

^ Pyramisa Hotel Sharm El sheikh Video .
  • Cairo Hotels and Nile Cruises in Cairo, Egypt. Make your stay in Cairo hotels memorable. 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.pyramisaegypt.com [Source type: General]

+202 2576-2293.

By car

Driving in Cairo is not recommended, nor necessary. The traffic is, at the least, overwhelming for the common traveler. The driving has a consistency, but not in any official way. Road signs, lanes, right-of-ways, etc. are not adhered to, and there are a large number of junctions and flyovers. Traffic signals exist in only a few locations and are routinely ignored. Though, sometimes police officers are directing traffic at busy intersections. In downtown Cairo, drivers will sometimes bump other cars that are blocking their way. And, don't be upset if your side-view mirror gets hit. At night, many drivers do not use headlights, so use extra caution or avoid driving at night. In Egypt, vehicles travel on the right side of the road. .Instead of making a left turn, you will often need to make a u-turn and backtrack, or you can make three right turns.^ If you need to make a phone call to someone in another country and you are not quite sure how to dial the number, then this service should hopefully help you.
  • International Dialing/Area codes calculator 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.timeanddate.com [Source type: News]

^ If you do not see your location on that page, please make a custom order in the Custom Orders section to the right on this page.
  • Cairo airport code CAI travel bags, t-shirts, and more by Air Wear / Air Ware 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.solarek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Parking houses or official parking spots are rare. Cars may be parked two or three deep on the side of the road, and will often be left unlocked, and out-of-gear, so they can be moved. .In many places, people work to look after parked cars.^ Too many young people looking to leave...
  • cairolive.com -- Egypt news, Cairo tourism, Global headlines, Arabic press 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.cairolive.com [Source type: News]

A small tip is expected for this service. Or, you can use valet parking.
.If planning to hire a car at the airport and drive directly out of Cairo do not assume that this will be easy, due to the chaotic conditions.^ Recently expanded car parking facilities mean the Cairo Airport can now accommodate upwards of 7,000 vehicles, with both short-term and long-term options.
  • Cheap flights to Cairo ( CAI ) : Cairo flights from £ 75 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.travelhouseuk.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Internationally recognised car hire companies including Avis, Budget and Hertz all have outlets situated within the Read more about Cairo Airport Guide Subscribe Latest Offers .
  • Cheap flights to Cairo ( CAI ) : Cairo flights from £ 75 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.travelhouseuk.co.uk [Source type: General]

Getting in and out of Cairo.
.To get to Alexandria , The North Coast , The Delta and The Western Desert drivers should take the Cairo - Alexandria Desert Road from The Mewhwar Road- 26th July corridor from Down Town Cairo.^ The town was never rebuilt, but a new town sprang up on the northeast and was extended from time to time, and slightly to the north of this in A. D. 969, the modern town of Cairo was founded.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sherif Street, Down Town, 4th Floor Phone: +2012 540 6568 Corporate & banking law firm - CBL Cairo, Egypt CBL - Corporate & Banking Law Firm in Egypt .
  • Commercial Law Attorney, Lawyer, Law Firm Cairo, Egypt 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.hg.org [Source type: News]

To get to Beni Sueif, Fayoum, Assyut, Luxor, and Aswan, drivers from Downtown should take the The Sixth Of October-Fayoum exit at the Remaya Roundabout beside The Giza Pyramids at Le Meridian Hotel,to the Fayoum turn off at the Fayoum - Sixth Of October junction, 6 KM from Remaya Roundabout.
To get to Suez, Port Said, and Ismailia, drivers from Downtown should take the Ring Road to the Suez Road junction for Suez, and The Ismailia junction off the Ring Road for Ismailia and Port Said.
To get to Hurghada, and Ain Sukhna, drivers from Downtown, should take the Ring Road to the New Ain Sukhna Toll Road at Kattamaya.
.To get to Sharm el-Sheikh, Dahab, Nuweiba, Ras Sidr, Al-Arish, and Rafah on the Sinai Peninsula, drivers from Downtown, should take the Ring Road to the Suez Road junction at the J.W. Marriot Hotel, through the Ahmed Hamdy Tunnel, on to the Sinai Peninsula.^ Sharm El Sheikh .
  • Sofitel El Gezirah Cairo Hotel Cairo Egypt - BEST DISCOUNT RATES Hotel Deals 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

^ Meanwhile , president of the Lawyers' Syndicate, Hamdi Ahmed Khalifa, left for Germany to join the al-Sherbini family lawyers...
  • cairolive.com -- Egypt news, Cairo tourism, Global headlines, Arabic press 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.cairolive.com [Source type: News]

^ Hilton Sharm El Sheikh Fayrouz Resort .
  • Hotels Cairo, guest house, accommodation Cairo, Egypt 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.a1tourism.com [Source type: General]

Get around

The American University in Cairo has made a good map of Cairo [11]. .It is a must-have when you want to get around on your own.^ Build Your Trip Flights Hotels Cars Cruises Packages Activities What type of Package do you want?
  • Cairo Crawler - The Cairo Search Engine and Business Directory 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC cairocrawler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Description: COME HOME! Do you have a young family or teens who want a space of their own?
  • Cairo Real Estate & Cairo Homes For Sale — Trulia.com 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.trulia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.CAIRO A-Z from The Palm Press offers a more detailed city map in 300 pages.^ Use our interactive Cairo home price map to view real estate activity across Cairo ZIP codes and in other cities nearby Cairo.
  • Cairo Real Estate & Cairo Homes For Sale — Trulia.com 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.trulia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To experience all Cairo has to offer, go to the left of the page and book your flight today.
  • Cheap Flights to Cairo – Book Cairo Flights (CAI) – Fly bmi 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.flybmi.com [Source type: General]

Cairo metro system
Cairo metro system
.Cairo and Algiers are the only two cities on the African continent with metro systems.^ Situated at the shore and islands of Nile River in northern Egypt, Cairo city is not only the administrative hub of the country but also acts as the major cultural and historical center.
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I am honored to be in the timeless city of Cairo, and to be hosted by two remarkable institutions.
  • Obama Speech In Cairo: VIDEO, Full Text 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Remarks by the President at Cairo University, 6-04-09 | The White House 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ CQ Transcriptwire Thursday, June 4, 2009; 6:32 AM I am honored to be in the timeless city of Cairo, and to be hosted by two remarkable institutions.
  • Transcript: President Obama Addresses Muslim World in Cairo - washingtonpost.com 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Algerian metro system although complete is due to be opened early 2010. While Cairo's metro system fully functioning is modern and sleek, the two lines are all too limited in scope.^ Civilian : where beauty meets function, cultivating awareness between the modern and natural worlds – simple and sleek.’ Posted by cairo at 4:07 PM 0 comments .

^ Although it would be nice to have the whole line-up, Jeff is probably the only one who knows how to get it done Its all-positive though.

But they are a major boon in the areas they cover, and the flat rate fare of 1.00 LE per trip is a bargain. .Visitors attempting to use the metro in Cairo should try not to be put off when they go to a ticket window to purchase a ticket.^ If you have any complaints as to overcharging or cleanliness they should be made in writing to the Welfare Officer H. Q. Cairo Area, or to the L. A. Bureau.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Commented All of that cash money going from Waggle Room to RB's pocket has to be put to good use.
  • Profile page for Cairo: SB Nation 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.sbnation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Egyptians do not understand the concept of queuing, so be prepared to politely but assertively, navigate your way through the crowed to the ticket window . The key interchanges are Mubarak, at Midan Ramses, and Sadat, below Midan Tahrir.
.The Cairo Metro has stations in Dokki and Maadi, among other places.^ The Committee allow Other Ranks the use of the Club's Tennis Court on any day during the week and this privilege is largely being used by the troops stationed around Maadi.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Metro is also a hassle-free way to get to Giza to see the Pyramids, although you'll need to complete the trip taking a bus all the way (change to bus for "Al-Haram" at the Giza train station).^ An amazing city of Egypt full of ancient treasure, Cairo provides you a perfect gateway for excursions to nearby "Great Pyramids of Giza".
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Advance tickets available, with a $10 ticket getting you in to see a days worth of events at all three spaces.

^ I'll never expect to see you play anywhere in Mexico, so I'm not going to ask if you plan in doing it lol.

.Plans have been made to add new lines to include Mohandiseen and Zamalek, as well as the airport; however, little progress seems to be made on this.^ Their jewelry line, LULU, is made from new and vintage components.

Note that there are two cars of each train reserved for women, which are located in the middle section of the train. The metro stops running at approximately midnight and starts up again around 6am. There are no timetables, but departures are very frequent. The metro is better to use if you wish to avoid traffic jam. .It is secure, costs one pound one trip and has a clear European navigation system.^ So let me be clear: No system of government can or should be imposed by one nation by any other.
  • Remarks by the President at Cairo University, 6-04-09 | The White House 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ So let me be clear: no system of government can or should be imposed upon one nation by any other.
  • Obama Speech In Cairo: VIDEO, Full Text 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Transcript: President Obama Addresses Muslim World in Cairo - washingtonpost.com 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

By taxi

.The fleet of black-and-white taxis that ply Cairo's streets are convenient but a hassle — communication can be an issue and the meters, which are heirs from antique eras of gas prices, are not normally used.^ Use our interactive Cairo home price map to view real estate activity across Cairo ZIP codes and in other cities nearby Cairo.
  • Cairo Real Estate & Cairo Homes For Sale — Trulia.com 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.trulia.com [Source type: General]

.Prices are, however, not erratic, and any Cairene knows how much the driver expects depending on time and distance spent in the car, and perhaps the traffic (relative to normal Cairo levels, of course).^ I am a French music fan to tell you how much I love the band Cairo.

Because of a recent 20% raise in gasoline prices, prices could be slightly higher, but still very cheap for most tourists. Additionally, it is highly recommended that you have exact change before you enter a cab; drivers are reluctant if not resistant to giving change, but if you can present them with the exact amount for the journey they will more likely accede without haggling or complaint.
Ordinary Egyptians will never state prices beforehand. Instead the correct sum is paid through the window after leaving the car. .Some drivers might protest as they expect tourists to pay more than the standard rates.^ For more than 60 years they've endured the pain of dislocation.
  • Remarks by the President at Cairo University, 6-04-09 | The White House 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ They have killed people of different faiths -- but more than any other, they have killed Muslims.
  • Remarks by the President at Cairo University, 6-04-09 | The White House 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Maybe the Waqf can get some more milage out of that late 7th Century tourist attraction… .
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Video: Why Cairo? 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC hotair.com [Source type: General]

.As a tourist it's probably best to meet these expectations as it only represents a very small increase in hard currency terms.^ These needs will be met only if we act boldly in the years ahead; and if we understand that the challenges we face are shared, and our failure to meet them will hurt us all.
  • Obama Speech In Cairo: VIDEO, Full Text 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Remarks by the President at Cairo University, 6-04-09 | The White House 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • Transcript: President Obama Addresses Muslim World in Cairo - washingtonpost.com 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

Avoid negotiations - it takes lots of time and you end up at a price you won't like. Instead, use the "walk-away"-technique if they don't agree to your (reasonable) price. As long the driver does not leave the car, you're all right. If this happens, consult someone nearby.
.As a tourist you might prefer to state a price beforehand, which may prevent ripoffs but will require you to quote slightly above the local price to get a quick nod.^ TOOLBOX Resize Print E-mail COMMENT 0 Comments Your browser's settings may be preventing you from commenting on and viewing comments about this item.
  • Transcript: President Obama Addresses Muslim World in Cairo - washingtonpost.com 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Try to get a taxi on the fly instead of those loitering outside 5-star hotels and restaurants to minimize price inflation.^ Next Sort by: Distance Price Hotel Name Star Rating .
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Detailed List Sort by: Distance Price Hotel Name Star Rating .
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Using a big hotel as your destination may also inflate the price. .Always choose the taxi, don't let the taxi choose you.^ Don't let anything or anyone discourage you!

Sample taxi prices
  • Short trips within one area LE5
  • Downtown to Midan Hussein LE7
  • Downtown to Mohandesin LE10
  • Downtown to Pyramids LE25
  • Downtown or Zamalek to Airport LE40
  • Zamalek to Downtown LE7
  • Zamalek to Midan Hussein LE15
Cabbies usually expect more money (2 or 3 LE) for ferrying more people. If you decide not to negotiate the price beforehand (this is the better method) be ready to jump ship and/or bargain hard if the cabbie brings up the fare after you are in the car. .They rarely accept more than 4 people to a taxi.^ For more than 60 years they've endured the pain of dislocation.
  • Remarks by the President at Cairo University, 6-04-09 | The White House 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ And I want to particularly say this to young people of every faith, in every country -- you, more than anyone, have the ability to reimagine the world, to remake this world.
  • Remarks by the President at Cairo University, 6-04-09 | The White House 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ And I want to particularly say this to young people of every faith, in every country - you, more than anyone, have the ability to remake this world.
  • Obama Speech In Cairo: VIDEO, Full Text 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

Also add 5-7 LE driving late at night.
In March 2006 a new fleet of 500 bright yellow taxis hit the road. They run on natural gas, and will soon add up to a total of 1500 cars, all equipped with air-conditioning, meters that actually work, and credit card readers. The meter starts at 3.50 LE, and then 1 LE for every additional kilometer. The drivers are not allowed to smoke in the cars. .They are referred to as 'City Cabs' or Cairo Cabs', and can be a bit more expensive (and less of an adventure) than the black-and-white cabs for short hops.^ Because Cairo is just a short hop from Mecca.
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Video: Why Cairo? 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC hotair.com [Source type: General]

^ AB: Well I’m a bit of a film geek in general, but this project has less to do with “film” as a medium, and more to do with Hollywood as a producer of popular culture.

^ Their designs reference natural and man-made patterns--clean black and white pieces are mixed with informal colorful details.

However, for longer distances they are the way to go for price and comfort. From within Cairo call 0104343438 - 19155.
Never continue traveling in any vehicle which you deem to be unsafe or the driver to be driving recklessly, specially in the dark on unlit roads, or in single track highways where overtaking is dangerous. If you fell unsafe simply tell the driver to slow down, if he does not do this immediately ask him to stop and simply get out and walk away.
.In recent months the Egyptian government has started a scheme to replace the old black and white taxis with new white taxis with a black and white checkered strip along the side with meters to work along side the yellow and black private taxis.^ This truth transcends nations and peoples - a belief that isn't new; that isn't black or white or brown; that isn't Christian, or Muslim or Jew.
  • Obama Speech In Cairo: VIDEO, Full Text 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

By bus

The large red, white and blue public buses cover the entire city and are much cheaper, but are usually crowded. However, there are the similar air-conditioned buses that charge 2 L.E. for the trip and prohibit standing on the bus. .They can be found in the main squares in Cairo.^ Cairo main station to the Opera Square.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Also found in main squares are the smaller mini-buses that are usually orange and white or red, white and blue. Because of problems with sexual harassment women travelers are advised only to take the small micro-buses and buses which prohibit standing.
Apart from the main bus stations, buses can be hailed from street-level. Buses are seldom marked with destination, instead passengers shout out (or use a number of sign-language like hand codes) their destinations and if the bus goes this place it will stop. .On micro-buses, the fare starts at 50 piastres and goes up to 1 LE. Travelers unfamiliar with Cairo can ask bus drivers or passengers to let them know where there stop is.^ I know everyone that posts asks this: but when will the next Cairo CD be out?

^ CN finally catches up to Real Clear World in asking why Barack Obama chose Cairo to deliver a speech on American relations with the Muslim world.
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Video: Why Cairo? 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC hotair.com [Source type: General]

.Don't be shy - even if you don't speak Arabic, simply politely blurt out the name of your destination to the bus driver or a friendly looking passenger and they will take care of you.^ A huge success, thank you to everyone who came out and enjoyed an incredible evening!!

^ NOT the anti-christ or whatever ridiculous thing they say he is, and they simply don't want to be wrong.
  • Obama Speech In Cairo: VIDEO, Full Text 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We're all inspired by your words of encouragement and are now looking to see what we might be able to do toward putting out another disc.

Late night bus riders Take note, bus frequency, length of route, and in some cases, fees can vary during the late evening hours onward. In some cases, a route may terminate, without notice, short of your destination. When this takes place, locals reply upon private citizens hoping to make some additional money, to get them to their final destination. As always, use caution, if you should choose to accept private transportation. .One final note on late night bus transportation, since many mini- buses will not depart until the bus is nearly full, you should be prepared for a lengthy period of time, while the driver waits for enough people to board.^ Hi, I have Conflict And Dreams since many years ago and I must say it's one of my absolute favorite progressive albums.

^ BY TIME (Day or Night, driver must be notified).
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ WOW! I haven't been to the Cairo site for a while, but last night I heard you guys on the radio and thought I should see what youre up to.

There are a number of major bus stations (mawqaf مواقف) throughout the city. One of the largest is conveniently located behind the Egyptian Museum in Midan Tahrir. Note that there are actually two stations - the main bus station for the city buses, and the micro-bus station behind it. Travelers who want to visit the Pyramids, for example, can catch a seat in a micro-bus for approximately 2 pounds. Visitors wishing to go to the pyramids and see a bus or micro-bus driver shouting Haram, shoud always before boarding make a pyramid triangle with your hands to ensure that the driver is driving to the actual pyramids themselves, and not just to the district of Haram, which although is fairly close to the pyramids, can terminate a fair distance from the pyramid entrance.
There are also bus stations in Midan Ramses, under the overpass. .Buses run from Ramses to Heliopolis, City Stars Mall and other destinations not covered by the Tahrir bus station.^ October City Airport Dokki Downtown Garden City Giza Heliopolis Nasr City Zamalek More Destinations .
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A selected list of Cairo highlights:
.
  • Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx.^ By tram or private car to the Great Pyramids of Giza, The Sphinx, The Temple of the Sphinx, etc, The Zoo is on the road to the Pyramids.
    • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Soliman Pasha St. TOUR NO.1, - PYRAMIDS AND SPINX   Half day excursion, visit to the Great Pyramidsof Giza,The Sphinx and the granite temple etc.
    • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ TO Great pyramids of Giza :-The Temple of the Sphinx, the Sphinx and other sights, The Zoological Garden.
    • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The only remaining monuments of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, it is the country's most famous tourist attraction.
  • Egyptian Museum, on Midan Tahrir. .The world's premier collection of ancient Egyptian artifacts.
  • Citadel, in Islamic Cairo.^ To the north-east of Cairo, near Matariya, are a few ruins and a standing obelisk, which are all that are left of the ancient city of Heliopolis, the famous "city of the sun" called on by the Egyptians.
    • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Although, as will be realized from the foregoing not, Cairo dates back about a thousand years, many of the ancient Egyptian remains in the neighbourhood are several times that age.
    • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .A grand castle built by Salah Al-Din.^ It was built by Sultan Mohammed el Nasir in 1311 though formerly ascribed to Salah el Din, and was restored by Sultan el Ghuri (1501-1516).
    • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Also parts of the water pipes (Majra Al-Oyouon) are still there, these pipes used to carry the water from the Nile River to the citadel.
  • Al-Azhar Mosque.^ It was Islam - at places like Al-Azhar University - that carried the light of learning through so many centuries, paving the way for Europe's Renaissance and Enlightenment.
    • Obama Speech In Cairo: VIDEO, Full Text 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    One of the pillars of Islamic thought and home to the world's oldest university.
  • Ibn Tulun, close to Sayida Zeinab. .The oldest, and maybe most beautiful mosque in Cairo.
  • The Coptic Museum, in Coptic Cairo.
  • The "Hanging Church" (Church of the Virgin Mary), in Zabaleen Area (District of Manshiet Nasser) below Mokkatam Hills, not far away from the Citadel
  • Cairo Tower (185 m./610 ft.^ This has been enlarged and altered several times and is the oldest mosque in Cairo.
    • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Citadel, on account of its age and history, is one of the most important buildings of Cairo, and , because of its commanding position on the Moqattom hills, it is the most prominent.
    • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Cairo, which is the capital of Egypt, has a population of 1,307,422 (Census 1937) and is by far the largest and most important town in Africa.
    • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ) on .Gezira Island offers a 360-view of Cairo, along with the Giza Pyramids off in the distance to the west.
  • Al-Azhar Park.^ An amazing city of Egypt full of ancient treasure, Cairo provides you a perfect gateway for excursions to nearby "Great Pyramids of Giza".
    • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Having hotels of some world renowned hotels groups, Hotels of Cairo are worth reckoning when it comes to offering classic accommodation along with quality of hospitality to the guests.
    • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ From the south-west corner, behind the mosque, a very fine and extensive view of Cairo and the surrounding country may be obtained, and the sunset seen behind the pyramids is particularly beautiful.
    • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .A recently opened landscaped gardens overlooking the Citadel  edit
  • Khan El Khalily.^ Without a visit to Khan el-Khalili, Egyptian Museum, and Old Cairo your trip to this "Triumphant" city is incomplete.
    • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ TO Citadel:-Alabaster Mosque of Mohammed ali el Kebir - Mosque Sultan Hussein - The tombs of the Mamelukes, The native Bazars of Al Mouski and Khan el Khalili and many other interesting historical sites.
    • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Cairo's souk area where visitors will find many merchants selling perfume, spices, Gold, Egyptian hand craft.  edit
  • Abdeen Palace. Located about one Kilometer away from the Midan El-Tahrir a five minutes walk, home of the last king of Egypt the exiled king Farouk.  edit
  • Pharaonic Village. It is about twenty minutes driving from Downtown.  edit

Do

Coffee & Sheesha

.Have a coffee, mint tea or Cola at El Fishawy's coffee shop in Khan El-Khalili.^ Without a visit to Khan el-Khalili, Egyptian Museum, and Old Cairo your trip to this "Triumphant" city is incomplete.
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Smoke a sheesha water pipe (try the "double apple" flavor) and watch the world go by. Great cheap entertainment.

Felucca

Ride a felucca along the Nile River. .A great way to relax and enjoy a night under the stars in Cairo.^ Cairo from London Heathrow are a great way to explore the historically rich city.
  • Cheap Flights to Cairo – Book Cairo Flights (CAI) – Fly bmi 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.flybmi.com [Source type: General]

^ Three great spots, three great shows, one night....see you there Posted by cairo at 9:04 PM 0 comments .

Feluccas are available across from the Four Seasons Hotel in Garden City. .To charter your own, negotiate a fair price of no more than 20 to 30 LE for about a half hour for the boat, or 50 LE for an hour, no matter how many people are on it.^ I'm a graphic and web designer myself so I'll be more than glad to help you with your site or the artwork of your upcoming CD. One can dream eh?

^ And I want to particularly say this to young people of every faith, in every country - you, more than anyone, have the ability to remake this world.
  • Obama Speech In Cairo: VIDEO, Full Text 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They have killed people of different faiths - more than any other, they have killed Muslims.
  • Obama Speech In Cairo: VIDEO, Full Text 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

Pay after your ride, or you may get much less than you bargained for! Public boats with loud Arabic music and a giggling crowd are also available for LE 2 for 1/2 hour.

Parks

.Cairo has a shortage of parks, but you can take a stroll along the Corniche el-Nil, and there is a river promenade on Gezira Island.^ Situated at the shore and islands of Nile River in northern Egypt, Cairo city is not only the administrative hub of the country but also acts as the major cultural and historical center.
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Three great spots, three great shows, one night....see you there Posted by cairo at 9:04 PM 0 comments .

^ The beginning of it near the river may be seen from the Old Cairo road (Sharia Kasr el Aini road) not far from the turning to the Abbas bridge.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Al-Azhar Park near Heliopolis is a good place to escape, with a good vantage point of Islamic Cairo and the city skyline.^ Cairo, officially known as Al-Qahirah, is the capital city of Egypt .
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To the north-east of Cairo, near Matariya, are a few ruins and a standing obelisk, which are all that are left of the ancient city of Heliopolis, the famous "city of the sun" called on by the Egyptians.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Wadi Digla Protected Area is a 60 square kilometer park near Ma'adi, that offers opportunity for taking a trek, jogging, rock climbing, and cycling. Wadi Degla is also a good spot for bird watching, and viewing the various reptile species, plants, and deer that reside there. You can take a cab from Ma'adi to the entrance at Wadi Delga. Cab drivers in Ma'adi should know where to go.

Recreation

.Other options for relaxation include visiting the Giza Zoo and the Cairo Botanical Gardens, or watching horse racing at the Gezira Club in Zamalek .^ The Cairo Yacht Club during the season conducts races for Other Ranks.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Address: - Cairo Yacht Club, Sharia el Khazen, Giza, Telephone 96615 -28- .
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ GEZIRA SPORTING Club holds a race meeting every Saturday during the season.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Or when you need a break from city life, try a round of golf on the famous Mena House Golf Course overlooking the Pyramids, or The Hilton Pyramids Hotel tournament Golf Course and nearby Sixth Of October City , Ten minutes drive from Giza Pyramids.^ An amazing city of Egypt full of ancient treasure, Cairo provides you a perfect gateway for excursions to nearby "Great Pyramids of Giza".
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ October City Airport Dokki Downtown Garden City Giza Heliopolis Nasr City Zamalek More Destinations .
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cairo & Nearby Cities Cairo Foreclosures Cairo Open Houses Cairo New Homes Ochlocknee Real Estate Whigham Real Estate Climax Real Estate Meigs Real Estate Pelham Real Estate Thomasville Real Estate See All Nearby Cities Real Estate .
  • Cairo Real Estate & Cairo Homes For Sale — Trulia.com 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.trulia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Or if the family, and especially children are fed up looking at monuments and museums, a ten minute trip from the Giza Pyramids by micro-bus, taxi, or car, will take you to two of the biggest and best theme parks in Cairo, Dream-park, and Magic land, both in nearby Sixth Of October City.^ An amazing city of Egypt full of ancient treasure, Cairo provides you a perfect gateway for excursions to nearby "Great Pyramids of Giza".
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Without a visit to Khan el-Khalili, Egyptian Museum, and Old Cairo your trip to this "Triumphant" city is incomplete.
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is a sign of neither courage nor power to shoot rockets at sleeping children, or to blow up old women on a bus.
  • Obama Speech In Cairo: VIDEO, Full Text 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

Magic land is also part of The Media Production City complex, including The Mövenpick Hotel, where visitors can take a tour of the Egyptian TV and drama sets, and studios which house many of the Egyptian and other Arabic TV stations.

Shopping

Citystars is Egypts premier shopping mall and is quite comparable to a foreign mall. It offers most international brands and most international food chains.It offers a cinema and amusment park. .Mcdonalds, TGI Fridays, Fudrucckers, Ruby Tuesdays and more are all here.^ All of the high budget productions are louder, brighter, faster and better, and there is more here than in any other country.

Horseback Riding

.Go horseback riding in the desert from one of the Nazlet El-Samaan stables like FB Stables (contact Karim +20 (0)16 507 0288 or visit their website: www.fbstables.com ) in Giza.^ If you are interested, all the contact links can be found at www.rosfest.com.

^ Website for Heidi and her twin sister Erika: http://www.heidianderikadraw.com/ Posted by cairo at 3:30 PM 0 comments .

Ride in the shadow of the Great Pyramids or further afield to Saqqara or Abu Sir or camp out over night with a barbecue and fire. Popular with expats who keep their horses at livery, FB Stables is also great for a 'tourist' type ride to view the Pyramids from the desert. Longer rides to Saqqara and Abu Seer can be arranged in advance, as can sunrise, sunset and full moon rides. .Other than the horses and good company, one of the best things about FB is their amazing rooftop terrace (with bbq) with unrivaled views over the Pyramids - a great place to relax with a drink whilst watching the Sound and Light show.^ An amazing city of Egypt full of ancient treasure, Cairo provides you a perfect gateway for excursions to nearby "Great Pyramids of Giza".
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is easier to blame others than to look inward; to see what is different about someone than to find the things we share.
  • Obama Speech In Cairo: VIDEO, Full Text 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The third Giza pyramid, that of Mycerinus, is much smaller than the other two.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • Sufi Dancing - The Al Taura Troupe offers free performances every Saturday and Wednesday night at 8:30PM at the Al-Ghouri Mausoleum. .This picturesque place is situated nearby the Khan el Khalili souk, on a narrow street between the Al Azhar and Al Ghouri mosques.
  • The Culture Wheel (الساقية Al-Saqia), [12].^ Without a visit to Khan el-Khalili, Egyptian Museum, and Old Cairo your trip to this "Triumphant" city is incomplete.
    • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The most important mosque is that of El Azhar, which was built in 971 and was created a university in 988.
    • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ TO Citadel:-Alabaster Mosque of Mohammed ali el Kebir - Mosque Sultan Hussein - The tombs of the Mamelukes, The native Bazars of Al Mouski and Khan el Khalili and many other interesting historical sites.
    • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The largest independent cultural center in Cairo, offers concerts almost every night.
  • The Garden Theater in Al-Azhar Park [13] offers a range of musical performances.^ Situated at the shore and islands of Nile River in northern Egypt, Cairo city is not only the administrative hub of the country but also acts as the major cultural and historical center.
    • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ For over a thousand years, Al-Azhar has stood as a beacon of Islamic learning, and for over a century, Cairo University has been a source of Egypt's advancement.
    • Obama Speech In Cairo: VIDEO, Full Text 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Concert of first-class music every evening at 9:15 p.m.
    • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The venue is also a great place for an evening stroll.
  • Cairo Opera House [14]
  • Egyptian Center for Culture & Art (MAKAN) [15] Egyptian Traditional music.
  • The Townhouse Gallery of Contemporary Art, Hussein El Me'mar Pasha street, (+202) 2 576 80 86 (), [16].^ Situated at the shore and islands of Nile River in northern Egypt, Cairo city is not only the administrative hub of the country but also acts as the major cultural and historical center.
    • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ House Plants will be on display in the Cairo gallery space through October.

    ^ Obama delivers key speech in Cairo - White House- msnbc.com .
    • Obama Speech In Cairo: VIDEO, Full Text 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    Daily 10AM-2PM, 6PM-9PM, F 6PM-9PM, Closed Th.  .'see', 'Cairo');return false;" title="click to edit The Townhouse Gallery of Contemporary Art">edit
  • Cairo Jazz Club, 197, 26th July Street (From Zamalek, just before Sphinx Square).^ Description: Just a golf cart ride away from the 14th hole at the Cairo Country Club.
    • Cairo Real Estate & Cairo Homes For Sale — Trulia.com 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.trulia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Dancing and live music  edit
  • The American University in Cairo, [17] is the most prestigious educational institute in all Egypt.^ AsiaRooms brings for all the customers lucrative deals as well as fast and secure reservation policy for both hotels in Cairo and for other Egypt hotels .
    • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Cairo, which is the capital of Egypt, has a population of 1,307,422 (Census 1937) and is by far the largest and most important town in Africa.
    • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ For over a thousand years, Al-Azhar has stood as a beacon of Islamic learning, and for over a century, Cairo University has been a source of Egypt's advancement.
    • Obama Speech In Cairo: VIDEO, Full Text 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    It offers a variety of courses including Arabic and Middle Eastern Studies. .English is the instruction language.
  • Cairo University is one of the reputable universities in the Middle East and Africa.^ Middle East Hotel Cairo .
    • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Cairo University was one of the first universities to be established in Egypt.
  • The International Language Institute (ILI), [18] in Mohandesin offers courses in Modern Standard Arabic and Egyptian dialect up to an intermediate-advanced level in an international student environment.^ For over a thousand years, Al-Azhar has stood as a beacon of Islamic learning, and for over a century, Cairo University has been a source of Egypt's advancement.
    • Obama Speech In Cairo: VIDEO, Full Text 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ EGYPT: Obama speech great news for Cairo University .
    • Obama Speech In Cairo: VIDEO, Full Text 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    Teachers are professional and prices relatively low.
  • Kalimat Language and Cultural Centre, 22, Mohamed Mahmoud Shaaban St., Mohandessin, Giza, (202) 761 8136 / 337 5814, [19]. This is a great language school with a lot of friendly teachers and students from around the world.

Work

If you have professional qualifications there are possibilities for work in Cairo. Try the English weeklies al-Ahram and al-Waseet for job vacancies.
Midan Talaat Harb
Midan Talaat Harb
ATMs are conveniently located in various places throughout downtown. A more secure option are the ATMs in the five star hotels. There also are numerous places that handle currency exchange, or you can try any major bank such as HSBC or Commercial International Bank for currency exchanges or redeeming travelers cheques. There also are a number of Citibank [20] branches in Cairo.
Foreign currencies can also be exchanged for Egyptian pound in all the Egyptian banks like Banque Misr [21] , National Bank of Egypt [22], Banque De Caire [23], Arab African Bank [24] , The United Bank [25], or the large branches of Bureau De Change.
.
  • The Khan El-Khalili bazaar is a giant souq in Islamic Cairo.^ Without a visit to Khan el-Khalili, Egyptian Museum, and Old Cairo your trip to this "Triumphant" city is incomplete.
    • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The merchants here are ravenous and skilled, so don't fall for the hard sell and be prepared to haggle. This is a great place to buy rustic glassware and perfume bottles. Be choosy.
  • Zamalek has a number of small, but high-end shops, along with shops selling crafts, jewelry and other items. Fair Trade Cairo in Zamalek is a great shop selling high quality crafts made by local artisans. Nefertari, also in Zamalek, has wonderful organic cotton linens, skin care products, and the like. There is also Nomad, that has a small, charming second floor showroom in Zamalek, as well as Nagada, and Khan Misr Taloun.
Diwan, in Zamalek, is a very nice primarily English-language bookstore.
  • Midan Talaat Harb and surrounding streets, including Talaat Harb Street, are home to countless shops, selling everything from shoes and books to sweets.
  • The Midan Ataba area in Downtown Cairo is home to large bookseller markets, where you can find inexpensive books, as well as electronics and clothing markets.
This guide uses the following price ranges for a typical meal for one, including soft drink:
Budget Under LE 10
Mid-range LE 10-40
Splurge Over LE 40-100
Cairo has an enormous number of restaurants, catering to most needs. Cheap food can be found everywhere in street restaurants and snack stalls. The top notch restaurants are often, but not always, found in hotels and Nile boats. The borders between restaurants and cafes are not crystal-clear in the Egyptian capital. In many places it is perfectly acceptable to just have a drink or sheesha. Medium and high-range outlets might have a minimum charge. Cheaper restaurants will normally not serve alcohol as well as some more expensive outlets.
.In general, downtown is good for budget eating, while for higher quality eating you should head to Zamalek, Mohandiseen or any of the other more affluent parts of town.^ October City Airport Dokki Downtown Garden City Giza Heliopolis Nasr City Zamalek More Destinations .
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For those with a greater interest in Cairo's culinary life, look for Cairo Dining, a magazine with a half-yearly update of 1000 Cairo restaurants (and places to go out) sorted by price, kind of food and area.^ A Committee consisting of representatives of the Services controls this sport and anybody interested should make contact with the Committee through Cairo Area.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A special dragoman waits every day to conduct residents to places of interest in and about Cairo, at strictly inclusive and reasonable prices.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A restaurant service is provided and supplies Indian food and cold drinks at basic prices.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Otlob.com[26] delivers food from a large number of Cairo restaurants, including fast-food places like McDonalds, as well as higher-end places.^ AsiaRooms brings for all the customers lucrative deals as well as fast and secure reservation policy for both hotels in Cairo and for other Egypt hotels .
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Otlob is also useful because it offers a list of restaurants by type of food, area, and even covers menus, conveniently all in English. .Almost all but the highest quality Cairo restaurants offer delivery or takeout.^ Having hotels of some world renowned hotels groups, Hotels of Cairo are worth reckoning when it comes to offering classic accommodation along with quality of hospitality to the guests.
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Fatir is a pastry, shown here with honey. It can be eaten as a meal or snack, with sweet ingredients like jam or honey, or salty toppings like cheese, meat, and vegetables which make it more like a pizza.
Fatir is a pastry, shown here with honey. It can be eaten as a meal or snack, with sweet ingredients like jam or honey, or salty toppings like cheese, meat, and vegetables which make it more like a pizza.
Traditional Egyptian staples are available almost everywhere. In stalls and street restaurants you will find traditional dishes like fuul (bean paste), taa'miya (falafel), muzagga (the Egyptian version of the Greek moussaka), kushari (macaroni, lentils, chick peas, and sometimes a tomato sauce), fetyeer (pancakes with different fillings) and shawarma (a recent import from Lebanon and Syria — pieces of roasted meat usually wrapped in bread). Cheaper places will only serve up vegetables and maybe beef hot dogs or corned beef. Eggs, fried potatoes and salads are also usually available. .Hygiene varies wildly and the best advice is to go for the most visited places.^ Expert advice is gladly given on the vest places to stay, the best places to visit, the cheapest way to do things.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Avoid empty restaurants as the food will be less fresh. Especially downtown you can find many good kushari shops, including many outlets of the excellent Kushari Tahrir chain. Delicious and cheap fuul , falafel, and shawarema sandwiches can be bought at the many outlets of popular GAD fast food chain dotted around Cairo. The average price for a tub of takeaway kushary is between 3 to 5 Egyptian pounds, fuul falafel sandwiches is between 1 to 1.5 Egyptian pounds, and shawerma sandwiches are between 4 and 8 Egyptian pounds.
In the medium and upper price range your choice of traditional Egyptian food will be more limited. Although the situation is improving, traditionally Egyptian gastronomical experiences are still mostly restricted to private homes. Quality chain restaurants like Felfela (several outlets), Abou El Sid[27] (Zamalek, Maadi and Dokki), and Abou Shakra [28] offer authentic Egyptian food. Otherwise Arabic and oriental restaurants tend to mix styles or completely go for more Lebanese-style eating, considered more stylish by rich Cairenes. The good side of this is that Cairo is blessed with many quality Lebanese outfits, from chains like Dar Al-Qamar to stylish restaurant establishments. Additionally, Turkish food and restaurants catering to Gulf visitors can be found.

Western and Asian food

Cairo has a growing number of Western fast food outlets available - these are, incidentally, some of the best places to see young Cairenes relaxing together, as fast food restaurants are apparently considered amongst the hippest places to hang out. McDonalds[29], Hardees[30], Pizza Hut [31], and KFC [32] are spread about the city, but they are relatively more expensive. Most of these also offer free wireless internet.
Mo'men chain [33], Cook Door [34] the Egyptian equivalent of McDonald's has similar menu with similar prices and free wireless internet.
Lighter meals like sandwiches and salads as well as pastries can be found in western-style bakeries and cafes. Popular chains like Cilantro, Beanos, Costa, and The Marriott Bakery as well as individual outlets all offer more or less similar dishes. Most of these places also offer free wireless internet.
There is also a cute TGI Friday's [35] on the Nile banks at the entrance of Maadi, serving beer but no wine. Gezira also boasts its very own Chili's. For burgers, you can also try Fuddrucker's [www.fuddruckers.com/] (Maadi and Mohandesseen) or Lucille's [www.lucillesrestaurants.com/] in Ma'adi (54 Road n° 9) which is owned by an American woman. Maison Thomas has several branches throughout Cairo, including Mohandiseen, Zamalek, and Maadi, and serves some of the best pizza in Cairo. There is an Italian place called the Mint in Mohandesseen 30 Gezirt Al Arab ST. open 9 AM till 1.30 AM, which boasts a very stylish interior, however it's alcohol free. .If it's more stylish international dining you're into, Cairo offers a wide variety: Italian, Chinese and Japanese outlets in addition to the ambiguous continental cooking abound, especially in areas like Zamalek, Mohandseen and Dokki.^ If you have any complaints as to overcharging or cleanliness they should be made in writing to the Welfare Officer H. Q. Cairo Area, or to the L. A. Bureau.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ October City Airport Dokki Downtown Garden City Giza Heliopolis Nasr City Zamalek More Destinations .
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Rossini fish restaurant 66 Omar Ibn El Khatab ST +202 2291-8282 , Cedars 42 Gezerit Al Arab Mohandeseen +202 3345-0088, this Lebanese restaurant is a favorite with Mohandesseen's ladies who can order grills and salads in a specious outdoor terrace.

Hygiene and diet issues

For health reasons it is advisable not to drink tap water or eat unpeeled fresh fruits and vegetables -- at least for the first few days of the visit. There are few solely vegetarian options, L'aubergine in Zamalek is a good restaurant for vegetarian food. Otherwise, Egyptian cuisine is dominated by vegetable courses, but be aware of "hidden" meat in stock, sauces and the like. .One should also be cautious about sushis or ice creams sold outside of main hotels.^ A Garden Kiosk run by Lady Voluntary Workers, where soft drinks, Ice cream, cold lunches and sandwiches are sold at popular prices.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Also, if served eggs, one should be cautious to ensure that they are fully cooked (sunny side up eggs may allow certain organisms to be transmitted).

Self-catering

The Metro chain and Alfa Market dotted around Cairo are convenient supermarkets. They often stock Western brands. Otherwise vegetables and fruit are plentiful and cheap. Bakeries such as The Bakery chain sell western-style bread and pastries. Organic food is available at Sekem in Zamalek.
By far the cheapest and most satisfying option, buying from Souks and outdoor markets makes for a crash course in Arabic and haggling, not to mention that the produce is often superb! Bread can be found on nearly every corner and comes in two types - whole wheat aysh baladi and white flour aysh shami. Both are baked fresh daily and delivered by thousands of kids on bicycles to every corner of the city. Every neighborhood has a few streets dedicated to produce and other goods. Always wash fruit thoroughly before eating. Eating a fresh Roma tomato in the heat of Summer straight from a market seller after being washed is a delight, hard to match. The fruits and vegetables in Egypt may not conform to EU or US standards of size, but their taste is far superior.
Small bakeries (furne) sell every kind of baked good imaginable - ranging from Italian style bread sticks with nigella and sesame seeds to croissants, donuts and anything with dates in it. Fresh goods from these bakeries offers a nice alternative to the standard Egyptian breakfast of beans, beans, and beans, as well as the fact that this bread is very cheap.
Coffee & shisha at el-Fishawy
Coffee & shisha at el-Fishawy
Cairo has a wide range of drinking options from the very traditional to fashionable and modern. At the other end of the scale, almost any street in Cairo has a traditional coffee house, ´ahwa, a traditionally male institution of social life tracing many hundreds of years back in history. Besides that you'll find everything from fruit stalls to patisseriés and bakeries and modern cafés whipping up all varieties of modern European coffee. .In addition to the traditional Turkish coffee and shai tea, virtually everywhere you'll find drinks like hibiscus tea kerkedeeh, served warm or cold depending on season, sahleb, a coconut drink usually served in winter, fakhfakhenna (a kind of fruit salad), sugarcane juice, mango and tamarind juice, Tamr hindi.^ The menu consists of tea, coffee, Harlicks, Ovaltine, hot and cold, milk shakes, ice cream sodas, Ices, fruit salad, minerals, home-made lemonade, cold ham and tongue, sandwiches, salads, hot futtered toast, eggs; cakes etc.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Traditional Coffee Houses

.Cairo remains one of the best cities in the world to sample the traditional coffee house culture of the region.^ This was one of the most ancient Egyptian cities and for a time long before Memphis was built, was the capital and it remained for centuries the religious and intellectual centre of the country.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

They are called maqhâ in Standard Arabic, but in the local dialect this is turned into ´ahwa. The Turkish coffee remains an invariable ingredient in any Cairene coffee house, and water pipe (sheesha) and tea is even more popular. While considered "old fashioned" for a time, these places are again turning fashionable among younger crowds and even smoking a water-pipe is no longer a male-only pastime. Places vary from just a small affair--plastic chairs and tables put out on the street--to more elaborate cafes especially in upscale and tourist areas.
A social institution
When coffee was introduced to the Arab and Islamic world in the 1600s the Islamic clergy attempted to outlaw it. However people's cravings soon convinced the sheikhs against this, although even today the most pious followers of Islam would still avoid visiting an ´ahwa. .For most Egyptian men however, it is an important social institution, usually near one's home and the local mosque or church.^ This was one of the most ancient Egyptian cities and for a time long before Memphis was built, was the capital and it remained for centuries the religious and intellectual centre of the country.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is the place to chat, pick up the latest news, read the paper, watch a TV show or a soccer match, or simply people watch while puffing a waterpipe sheesha. .Some say there are more than 20,000 coffee houses in Cairo.^ A few years ago, in a gallery in this pyramid there were found some 30,000 beautiful stone vases, which have been estimated to weigh about ninety tons.
  • Services Guide to Cairo, book 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.warlinks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Today Downtown and Islamic Cairo are the best places to visit for a sampling of this essential part of Cairene life.
For many, the sheesha or water pipe, is the main attraction of any visit to a Cairene coffee house. It is usually available in at least two varieties, mu´assal, pure tobacco, and tofâh, apple-flavored. Other fruit varieties are sometimes available. Coffee houses range from the more elaborately decorated to a simple counter and some plastic chairs and tables spread out in the street. Foreigners are invariably made welcome, although women might feel uncomfortable visiting coffee houses in traditional, poor areas of the city. However, in downtown and the tourist areas of Islamic Cairo single or women-only groups should not expect anything more than the ordinary hassle.
Turkish coffee (´ahwe turki) is served either sweet (helwa), medium sweet (masbout), with little sugar (sukr khafeef) or no sugar (sâda). Sweet means very sweet. Tea (shai) is served either as traditional loose tea (kûshari, not to be confused with the Cairo macaroni-rice stample kushari), known as dust tea in English, or in a tea bag. Most coffee shops usually offer fresh mint leaves to put in your tea, upon request. A range of soft drinks are usually available. Most typically you will find hibiscus tea (karkadee), served warm in the winter season and hot during the warmer parts of the year.

Fruit juice stalls

During the hot Cairo summer, fruit juice stalls selling fresh juice (and occasionally fruit salads and other soft drinks) are a delight not to be missed. Basically these places sell fresh-pressed juice of whatever is in season. Typical choices include orange (bortoqâl), lemon (limon), mango (manga) and strawberry (farawla), guava (gawafa), pomegranate (Rummān). Prices and quality depend on season and availability. These places are spread out around the city and available at almost all the places tourists typically visit and in all local residential districts. Traditional coffee houses or fruit juice stalls might sell all or some of these drinks.
A health reminder Use extra care if you choose to consume beverages from fruit stalls. In general, food handling procedures are not up to Western food sanitation standards.

Modern cafes and pastry shops

Modern cafes and patisseries are spread out around the city. Typically they serve light food like sandwiches and salad in addition to espresso-based coffees and pastries. Many of these places are chains, like Cilantro, Beanos, Cinnabon, Orangette, The Bakery and Coffee Roastery. Most of these places, including all the chains mentioned above, offer wireless internet connection as well. International chains such as Costa Coffee and Starbucks are also widely available throughout Cairo.

Nightlife

For the capital of a muslim country Cairo is quite moderate when it comes to the consumption of alcohol. .A wide range of bars and dance clubs is available, basically in every major hotel, and some are open 24/7. If you'd like to explore the less fancy drinking places in Cairo, Downtown is definitely the place to go.^ Having hotels of some world renowned hotels groups, Hotels of Cairo are worth reckoning when it comes to offering classic accommodation along with quality of hospitality to the guests.
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Sleep

.Cairo has a tremendous range of accommodation, from low-rent budget hotels[36] downtown to five-star palaces along the Nile.^ Having hotels of some world renowned hotels groups, Hotels of Cairo are worth reckoning when it comes to offering classic accommodation along with quality of hospitality to the guests.
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo .
  • Cairo Hotels Egypt, Cairo Hotels Accommodation, Cairo Hotels Discount, Cheap Hotels in Cairo, Hotel in Cairo 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

See individual district articles for hotel listings.

Contact

Mail

The main post office [37] of Cairo is located on Midan Ataba (open 7am - 7pm Sa - Th, 7am - 12 noon Fr and holidays). .The poste restante office is to be found along the side street to the right of the main entrance to the post office and through the last door (open 8am - 6 pm Sat - Th, 10am - 12 noon Fr and holidays) - mail will be held for 3 weeks.^ To specify midnight (start of day), select “00 / 12 am” in the Hour-field and 00 in the Minutes field To specify noon (middle of day), select “12 / 12 pm” in the Hour-field and 00 in the Minutes field Advertising More information .
  • The World Clock – Time Zone Converter 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.timeanddate.com [Source type: News]

Egypt-Post livery is green and yellow.
There are two kind of mail boxes for international and domestic use. They are typically found on the street in pairs, colored green and yellow. It is said that your mail will be delivered no matter which one you use. Always use the register mail facility to post anything valuable or important. It takes longer but each step of the journey is recorded, as many letters do not arrive at their destinations when using regular mail service.

Internet

The Internet is rapidly growing in Cairo as in many other Egyptian and Middle Eastern cities. There is now a profusion of established internet cafés and venues, with many more opening for business each month. An hour in a downtown net cafe will set you back 3-5LE. A growing number of cafés including Cilantro and Beanos provide wifi for free, and if all else fails, you can always drop into a McDonalds and try their network. Luxury hotels often provide WiFi at a premium.
.If you have access to a traditional telephone line in Cairo, then you will be able to access the internet through dial-up connection for 1.25 LE per hour by dialing 0777 XXXX numbers.^ If you need to make a phone call to someone in another country and you are not quite sure how to dial the number, then this service should hopefully help you.
  • International Dialing/Area codes calculator 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.timeanddate.com [Source type: News]

Mobile Phones

In Egypt, cell phone are a way of life. Walking down any street, or on a crowded bus, it seems that most Egyptians are addicted to cell phones (similar to what you may find in Japan or Korea). .Instead of using your phone from you home country (which often tend to carry very high roaming fees), consider obtaining an Egyptian SIM card or cheap unlocked phone.^ If you need to make a phone call to someone in another country and you are not quite sure how to dial the number, then this service should hopefully help you.
  • International Dialing/Area codes calculator 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.timeanddate.com [Source type: News]

The 2 main carriers in Egypt are Mobinil [38] and Vodafone Egypt [39], with UAE's Etisalat [40] a growing 3rd player in the Egyptian market. Mobinil [41] and Vodafone [42] offer the best coverage, but for tourists Etisalat is the best option give mos bang for your buck with minutes and seem to have the lowest calling rates abroad out of any of the 3 (a difference of paying $0.55USD per minute for a call to the States than paying $2.50 USD for using your home GSM provider on roaming).
You can find mobile dealerships in every section of Cairo (frankly, you can't avoid them), and getting set up is fairly easy. SIM cards for any of the 3 providers go for about 5-20 LE (about 1 to 5 USD). You will need to bring your identification (its recommended to bring a copy of your ID, as you may not want someone walking off with your passport in a shady shop to make a copy). If you don't have an unlocked phone, many shops will sell cheap older models (usually Nokia phones) as secondhand phones. .But beware, make sure that the phone is fully functional before purchasing it, and buying a used one is at your own risk (as a good percentage of these tend to be stolen ones).^ If you need to make a phone call to someone in another country and you are not quite sure how to dial the number, then this service should hopefully help you.
  • International Dialing/Area codes calculator 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.timeanddate.com [Source type: News]

Stay safe

You can walk around the main streets anytime you feel like roaming. It's fairly safe and you will always find lots of people around smiling and offering to help. Women alone can expect to be the target of an excessive amount of catcalling, but it rarely, if ever, goes beyond that. .You should bear in mind that around the more touristy locations there is an abundance of 'helpful' people, but be careful who you go with and under no circumstance let anyone push or guide you anywhere you don't want to go!^ If you need to make a phone call to someone in another country and you are not quite sure how to dial the number, then this service should hopefully help you.
  • International Dialing/Area codes calculator 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.timeanddate.com [Source type: News]

If you get lost look for the security and police officers. Many speak a little English, and most know their local area very well, as well as the tourist spots.
Crossing streets is another major challenge in Cairo. Traffic lights, which only exist in a few locations, are routinely disregarded. In downtown Cairo, police officers may be controlling traffic at key intersections at busy times. To cross the street, it's like playing the video game "Frogger", hurrying across the street one lane at a time, when there is a small break in traffic. Also, when riding in a taxi, the driver may go quite fast and drive erratically. If at any time you feel unsafe simply tell the driver to stop and get out.
  • Police, 122.  edit
  • Ambulance, 123.  edit
  • Fire, 180.  edit

Stay healthy

Tummy upsets As elsewhere in Egypt, be careful with what you eat. Raw leafy vegetables, egg-based dressings like mayonnaise and minced meat are particularly risky. Avoid cold salads and puddings from buffets even in the 5* hotels just to be on the safe side.Opinions on tap water vary, but most visitors choose to stick to the bottled stuff. Large bottles of water can be purchased for 2 or 3 LE. Avoid ice in drinks, and only eat fruit with a skin you can wash or peel. You may find that tummy medications you bring from home simply don't work. All visitors would do well to buy from any pharmacy Egyptian brand drugs. The best and most common being Entocid and Antinal. Diarrhea and vomiting can almost always be stopped by taking 2 of these tablets with a glass of water in a few hours. If symptoms persist, it is wise to consult a doctor as dehydration in Summer can come on quickly.
Smog can reach extreme levels, especially in late summer and fall before the rains. This, coupled with the summer heat, can make spending time outdoors in the summer quite unpleasant.
Mosquitos Mosquitos are a part of life in Egypt so you will have to live with them. They are active from dusk till dawn, and then find a dark sheltered place to sleep during the heat of the day. They love humidity and wet environments where they breed. They also love leafy green gardens, and hedging. Sitting around lakes, pools, or in a garden at night can be suicide. Only the female bites, and one female in a bedroom can cause much discomfort by morning, so it is always wise to kill any before sleeping. A fly swatter is best as they move due to air pressure, swatting with a newspaper will not work. Mosquito repellent sprays are of little value either. Most hotels will have smoke sprays at dusk to quieten them down but they will revive and attack later. The best defense is to kill any in hotel rooms. Wear long sleeves and long trousers when out at night.When out sit in a breeze or in front of a fan as they do not like moving air. The mosquito tablets and burners merely make them sleepy, they do not kill them. It's better to spend a few minutes going round the hotel room killing any you see than suffer days of itching and painful bites.

Hospitals

For medical care, hotels usually have a house doctor on call. Any major operations are best performed outside Egypt, but the following hospitals are generally considered the best in Cairo:
  • Cleopatra Hospital, Heliopolis, 2414-3931, [43].  edit
  • Dar El Fouad Hospital, 6th of October City, 3835-6030, [44].  edit
Backpackers will see doctor's offices dotted all around Cairo on board signs. They are speciality specific. Just look for one and then inquire. Note most surgeries open after 5pm and run late till sometimes midnight.A consultation fee will give you a consultation and one follow up appointment. Travelers can also visit private hospitals like El Salam, Dar Al Fouad,6th October University Hospital, Ain Shams University Hospital,Kasr El-Eney during the day. Each has an outpatient clinic with various specialists on duty. Usually no appointment is necessary and you will be seen depending on how early you arrive. The fee for the outpatient clinic of 6th October University Hospital for a consultation and follow up is 40le.
  • Alexandria is a possible day-trip, although the city deserves more. Enjoy a day visiting the library, a museum, castle or the beach and return to Cairo after a good fish meal and maybe a drink.
  • Ain al-Sukhna is the closest Red Sea resort to Cairo and easily reached on a day trip. This place is growing rapidly to become the getaway for Cairo's moneyed elite. To get here, hire a taxi for the day (you need to arrange this 1-2 days beforehand to get the necessary permits) for about 200-300 LE.
  • Fayyoum is another popular place for Egyptians to picnic. While the city offers little in itself, the Qaroon lake and Wadi Al-Rayyan both offer scenic spots for relaxing and the area also contains some of the first pyramids in history. Get there by bus and then get a taxi to drive you around for the day at approximately LE 100 or get a taxi from Cairo at LE 200-300. It's possible to stay overnight at the scenic Tunis village for 30 LE.
  • The pyramids of Saqqara, Memphis and possibly Dahshur all offer an easy day trip out of Cairo. Expect to pay at least LE 150-200 for a private taxi.
  • Helwan the Japanese Gardens in Helwan 20 mins drive from Downtown or by The Metro is a perfect place to spend an afternoon picnic away from the city.
  • 6th October City has 2 large American Style Theme Parks and is a 10 minute drive from the Pyramids at Giza.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.There is more than one meaning of Cairo discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia.^ Is there one in Cairo ?
  • Starbucks in Egypt - Cairo Message Board - TripAdvisor 11 September 2009 16:11 UTC www.tripadvisor.in [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heliopolis is one of the nicest places to live in Cairo, but there isn't much to visit as a tourist.
  • Cairo Travel Guide - Cairo Interactive Map - iGuide 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC iguide.travel [Source type: News]

^ With the marvels of both Islam and early Christianity - Cairo abounds with places to see and things to do A modern busy metropolis and one of the largest cities in Africa, Cairo is home to more than 16 million people.
  • Daily Trips to Cairo, Pyramids, Sakkara, Memphis, Citadel, Egyptian Museum, Dinner Nile Cruise. 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.mintravel.com [Source type: General]

.We are planning to let all links go to the correct meaning directly, but for now you will have to search it out from the list below by yourself.^ Travel destinations don’t get much more classic than Cairo, and even if you find yourself all Pyramid-ed out, you’re unlikely to be bored.
  • Cairo Vacations, Cairo Travel and Tourism Guide - TravBuddy 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.travbuddy.com [Source type: General]

^ And as he's about to get out, the driver turns to him and says, "Young man, let me give you a piece of advice."

^ If you know of a Cairo hostel that isn't listed here, please use the "Add a New Hostel" link at the bottom of the page.
  • Cairo Hostels - Hostel Reviews 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.hostelz.com [Source type: General]

.If you want to change the link that led you here yourself, it would be appreciated.^ What do you love, what would you change?
  • SPIN Earth : Africa, CAIRO 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.spinearth.tv [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you want to grab it for free get hold of me here and we'll arrange a simple sharing ...
  • Cairo Knife Fight | Facebook 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It isn't as though there isn't water here..there's tons of it, but if you want drinking water you have to drill deep enough to avoid surface water that might have agricultural runoff in it.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Pronunciation 1

Proper noun

Singular
Cairo
Plural
-
Cairo
  1. The capital of Egypt.

Translations

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Pronunciation 2

  • IPA: /kɛroʊ/, /keɪroʊ/

Proper noun

Singular
Cairo
Plural
-
Cairo
  1. Any of several cities and towns in the United States.

Anagrams

  • Anagrams of acior
  • coria

Simple English

File:Kairo
The town center of Cairo, seen from the Cairo tower.

[[File:|thumb|right|A map of Egypt. Cairo is the light green spot.]]

Cairo (Arabic:القاهرة, this is usually transliterated as Al-Qāhirah) is a city in Egypt. The city name can be translated as the one who won. Cairo is sometimes called "Mother of the World" (Um al Dunya).[1]

The city is the capital and largest city in Egypt.

Cairo has a population of 7.7 million people. About 15.2 million people live in its urban area. This makes it the biggest city of the Arab World.[2] It also is the city with the biggest urban area in Africa

The city is located on the Nile River.

Contents

History

In 969, the Fatimids entered Egypt and they made Cairo the capital of their caliphate.[3]

The Al Azhar mosque and university was made in 972. This became the world's oldest university. It is the most widely known seminary in the Islamic world.[1]

Tourism

The great pyramids of Giza and the step pyramid of Sakkara are located just outside of the city.[1]

The Egyptian Museum holds the world’s largest collection of antiquities from the time of the ancient Pharoahs. Many treasures from the tomb of King Tutankhamun are in this museum.[1]

Famous Cairenes

People from Cairo are called 'Cairenes'.

  • Abu Sa'id al-Afif - Fifteenth Century Samaritian
  • Boutros Boutros-Ghali, former Secretary-General of the United Nations
  • Naguib Mahfouz, novelist, Nobel Prize in Literature in 1988.
  • Mido, Professional soccer player with Middlesbrough F.C
  • Mohamed ElBaradei, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency 2005 Nobel Peace Prize laureate
  • Naguib Sawiris, 62nd richest person on earth in a 2007 list of billionaires, reaching US$10.0 billion with his company Orascom Telecom Holding
  • Farouk El Baz, a great contributor to NASA
  • Sir Magdi Yacoub, leading cardiologist, knight
  • Constantin Xenakis (1931) Greek artist
  • Voula Zouboulaki (1931) Greek actress

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Hedges, Chris. "What's Doing in Cairo," New York Times. January 8, 1995.
  2. Demographia World Urban Areas & Population Projections, Demographia, April 2009, http://www.demographia.com/db-worldua.pdf, retrieved 9 July 2009 
  3. Beeson, Irene. "Cairo, a Millennial," Saudi Aramco World. September/October 1969, pp. 24, 26-30.

References

Other websites

Simple English Wiktionary has the word meaning for:


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 20, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Cairo, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message