|Cairo International Airport
مطار القاهرة الدولي
|IATA: CAI – ICAO: HECA|
|Operator||Cairo Airport Authority|
|Elevation AMSL||382 ft / 116 m|
|Sources: Airport website and DAFIF f the existing airfield is 4,000m by 65m and will be suitable for the Airbus A380.|
Cairo International Airport (IATA: CAI, ICAO: HECA) (Arabic: مطار القاهرة الدولي) is the busiest airport in Egypt and the primary hub for Star Alliance member EgyptAir. The airport is located to the north-east of the city around 15 km from the business area of the city.
The airport is administered by the Egyptian Holding Co. for Airports and Air Navigation (EHCAAN), which controls four companies including: Cairo Airport Co., Egyptian Airports Co., National Air Navigation Services and Aviation Information Technology and the Cairo Airport Authority (CAA), which is the regulatory body. In 2004, Fraport AG won the management contract to run the airport for 8 years.
Cairo International is the second busiest airport in Africa after OR Tambo International Airport in South Africa. Over 65 airlines use Cairo airport (including charter airlines) and 9 cargo airlines. EgyptAir is the largest operator at the airport, holding 61% of the departure slots in 2009. With the assimilation of the carrier into Star Alliance in July 2008 the airport has the potential to be a major hub with its positioning between Africa, the Middle East and Europe (especially with facilities for the A380).
In 2009, the airport served 14,382,042 passengers (+0.2% vs. 2008) and handled just under 143,000 aircraft movements (+3.6% vs. 2008).
The airport has three terminals with a third (and largest) opened on 27 April 2009. A fourth runway is currently under construction (opens late 2010) and a single cargo terminal. Runway 05L/23R is 3,300m long, 05C/23C has a length of 4,000m and 16/34 is 3,180m (all of the runways are 60m wide).
During World War II, the United States Army Air Force built Payne Airfield to serve the Allied Forces, rather than take over the existing Almaza Airport, located 5 km away. Payne Field was a major Air Transport Command air cargo and passenger hub, connecting westwards through Benghazi Airport to Algiers airport on the North African route to Dakar Airport in French West Africa. (1943–1945).
Other locations which transport routes were flown were RAF Habbaniya, Iraq on the Cairo - Karachi, India route; Lydda Airport, British Palestine; Jeddah, Arabia , on the Central African route to Roberts Field, Liberia (1941–1943), and later after the war ended, Athens, Greece and on to destinations in Europe.
When American forces left the base at the end of the war, the Civil Aviation Authority took over the facility and began using it for international civil aviation. In 1963, Cairo International Airport replaced the old Heliopolis Airport, which had been located at the Hike-Step area in the east of Cairo.
The terminal facilities include Departure Hall 1, International Hall 3, and Hall 4 for Private & Non-commercial Aircraft Services. As part of the recent upgrading and facility improvement scheme, the CAA demolished the old hall 3, previously used for domestic arrivals and departures, to reconstruct a new hall to be used for international arrivals. Terminal 1 is locally known as the "Old Airport," although its facilities were recently given a complete overhaul and are newer than those of Terminal 2, which is still known as the "New Airport."
Terminal 1 is used by several Middle Eastern airlines, and an increasing number of other foreign carriers, such as Air France and KLM, who transferred operations from Terminal 2 in 2006. Terminal 1 has 12 gates.
The CAA has also inaugurated the "Airport City Concept," to provide an array of services and entertainment facilities to travelers, airport visitors, as well as the general public. The first phase of this, a new shopping mall called the 'AirMall' has been built near Terminal 1's New International Arrival Hall 3.
As of 2009 the façade of the terminal was being upgraded. The cladding which includes the landside facades of the terminal, the water tower and CAC's administration buildings. A Study on reorganizing the departure and arrival Halls is ongoing as well as the feasibility study to include a number of contact stands to improve the service and comfort levels to the passengers.
Terminal 1 - Hall 4 is dedicated to private and executive jet services. Even though it is referred to as a 'Hall' under Terminal 1 it is operated independently from the commercial passenger terminal. It has proven to be one of the most successful general aviation halls in the Middle East.
Smart Aviation Company has been based there since 2007.
Terminal 2 was inaugurated in 1986. It primarily served European, Gulf and Far Eastern airlines. The terminal was closed in several phases in early 2010 for complete renovation.
The architecture of the terminal building limits the possibility of expansion. There is significant congestion when more than 3 flights check in simultaneously, or more than 2 planes arrive at the same time. The terminal itself has 7 boarding gates.
In February 2010 the World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors approved a loan amount of $280 million to support the Cairo Airport Development Project (CADP) to overhaul the terminal. The project will increase the terminal capacity from 3 to 7.5 million passengers annually. The entire terminal's "look & feel" will improve dramatically once the renovation works are completed. The upgrade shall include the complete modernisation of the 20 year old facility to reach the same level of service as the new Terminal 3. Once completed, the renovated terminal will be operated jointly with Terminal 3 as one integrated terminal, thus, reinforcing the role of Cairo International Airport as a regional hub.
NACO/ECG were assigned to prepare three (3) different scenarios for Terminal 2’s re-development and the draft report was submitted in April 2008. The detailed design for T2 is ongoing. The project which will take 36 months to complete will double the capacity of T2 to around 7.5 million passengers and double the number of gates from 7 to 14 (and an additional 5 remote stands). It will include larger and more modern retail areas and will also include Airbus A380 gates. Upon completion in 2013 the passengers can expect a highly enhanced modern designed terminal offering international standard service levels and more passengers' convenience to include a large and appealing retail area and lounges.
As an interim measure several carriers operating from the terminal will briefly relocate to Terminal 1 while the terminal is renovated. The following have/will shift operations from T2 to T1:
Given projected growth, and the limited ability to expand Terminal 2, the Egyptian Ministry of Civil Aviation began construction of Terminal 3 in 2004. The terminal was officially inaugurated by the Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak on Thursday 18th December, 2008 and opened for commercial operations on 27 April 2009. The facility is twice as large as the current two terminal buildings combined, with the capacity to handle 11 million passengers annually (6m international & 5m domestic) once the first phase is completed. It is located adjacent to Terminal 2, and the two terminals will initially be connected by a bridge. Access roads have already been redesigned, and the parking lots relocated.
With its hub at the airport EgyptAir's operations were overhauled with the full transfer of its operations (international and domestic) into the state of the art terminal between 27 April and 15 June 2009. To implement the Star Alliance “Move Under One Roof” concept all alliance members serving the airport were relocated to the terminal by 1 August 2009.
The new terminal includes:
With the national carrier, EgyptAir and the Egyptian authorities planning to develop the airport as a hub for the Middle East and Africa, the airport facilities are in constant development.
Several projects are underway including:
|Air Berlin||Berlin-Tegel, Cologne/Bonn, Munich||1|
|Air France||Paris-Charles de Gaulle||1|
|Air Sinai||Tel Aviv||3|
|Alitalia operated by Air One||Milan-Malpensa [ends 30 October]||1|
|AlMasria Universal Airlines||Yanbu||1|
|Delta Air Lines||New York-JFK||1|
|EgyptAir||Abu Dhabi, Abu Simbel, Abuja, Accra, Addis Ababa, Aleppo, Alexandria, Algiers, Almaty, Amman, Amsterdam, Asmara, Assiut, Aswan, Athens, Bahrain, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Beirut, Benghazi, Berlin-Schönefeld, Brussels, Casablanca, Damascus, Dammam, Doha, Dubai, Dar es Salaam, Düsseldorf, Entebbe, Frankfurt, Geneva, Guangzhou, Hurghada, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jeddah, Johannesburg, Kano, Khartoum, Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait, Lagos, Larnaca, Lisbon, London-Heathrow, Luxor, Madrid, Medina, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Domodedovo, Mumbai, Munich, Muscat, Nairobi, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Paris Charles de Gaulle, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, Sana'a, Sharjah, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tokyo-Narita, Tripoli, Tunis, Vienna||3|
|EgyptAir Express||Alexandria, Aswan, Budapest, Catania, Hurghada, Luxor, Malta, Marsa Alam, Mersa Metruh [seasonal], Sharm el-Sheikh, Sharq Al Owainat, Taba||3|
|El Al||Tel Aviv||1|
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa, Khartoum||1|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi||1|
|Kenya Airways||Khartoum, Nairobi||1|
|Libyan Airlines||Benghazi, Sebha, Tripoli||1|
|Lufthansa operated by PrivatAir||Munich [seasonal]||3|
|Meridiana operated by Eurofly||Milan-Malpensa||2|
|Middle East Airlines||Beirut||1|
|Royal Air Maroc||Casablanca||1|
|Saudi Arabian Airlines||Abha, Dammam, Jeddah, Medina, Riyadh||2|
|Singapore Airlines||Dubai, Singapore||3|
|Sudan Airways||Khartoum, Port Sudan||1|
|Sun d'Or International Airlines||Tel Aviv||1|
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich||3|
|Syrian Air||Aleppo, Damascus, Latakia||1|
|Air Cairo||Domestic and Europe||2|
|Air Europa||Barcelona, Madrid1||2|
|Air Memphis||Domestic and Europe||1|
|Alexandria Airlines||Alexandria, Aqaba, Luxor||1|
|AlMasria Universal Airlines||Domestic and Europe||1|
|AMC Airlines||Domestic and Europe||1|
|Cairo Aviation||Domestic and Europe||1|
|EgyptAir||Paphos [begins 17 April]||3|
|Euro Mediterranean Airlines||Domestic and Europe||1|
|KoralBlue Airlines||Domestic and Europe||1|
|Lotus Air||Domestic and Europe||1|
|Midwest Airlines (Egypt)||Domestic and Europe||1|
|Petroleum Air Services||domestic flights and oil airstrips||1|
^1 : These flights make a stop en route to the listed destination (either in one direction or both). However the airlines do not have the right to transport passengers between Cairo and the en route stops.
|Air France Cargo||Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Reunion, Tunis|
|Cargolux||Luxembourg, Hong Kong|
|EgyptAir Cargo||Châteauroux, Eldoret, Hahn, Khartoum, Kent, Nairobi, Ostend, Sharjah|
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa, Dubai, Liège|
|Lufthansa Cargo||Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Sharjah|
|MK Airlines||Kent-Manston, Ostend|
|Qatar Airways Cargo||Doha|
|Royal Jordanian Cargo||Amman, Brussels|
|Tristar Air||Amsterdam, Düsseldorf, Kent-Manston, Tripoli|
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||Istanbul|
A rendering of the new terminal 2 due to be completed in 2013
The plan for the new terminal which will include a new check-in area, a new pier and a new apron
The new home of Egypt Air at Terminal 3
The remote stands at Terminal 3
The baggage claim area.
The departure hall.
Egypt Air planes at their new hub.