Calamba, Laguna: Wikis

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City of Calamba
Lungsod ng Calamba

Seal
Nickname(s): Resort Capital of the Philippines
Map of Laguna showing the location of Calamba City
Coordinates: 14°13′N 121°10′E / 14.217°N 121.167°E / 14.217; 121.167
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON
Province Laguna
District II
Barangays 54
Largest Barangay Canlubang
Incorporated (Town) August 28, 1742
Incorporated (City) April 21, 2001
Area
 - City 144.80 km2 (55.9 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 - City 360,281
 Density 2,488/km2 (5,029/sq mi)
 Metro Manila
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4027
4028 - Canlubang
4029 - Camp Vicente Lim (Mayapa)
Area code(s) 49
Income Class 1st Class
Classification Component City
Website elgu2.ncc.gov.ph/CITYOFCALAMBA
Population Census of Calamba City
Census Pop. Rate
1995 218,951
2000 281,146 5.51%
2007 360,281 3.48%
The concrete jar where the legend of the city's name has been immortalized.

Calamba City is a first class city in the province of Laguna, Philippines. Situated only 54 kilometers south of Manila, about an hour by chartered bus, Calamba City is a popular tourist destination with its hot spring resorts, most of which are located in Barangay Pansol, and the Canlubang Golf and Country Club, site of many Philippine Opens. Calamba is also an important modern industrial center in the CALABARZON region as shown by the large number of industrial parks and business estates that are located in the city. According to the latest census, it has a population of 360,281 inhabitants in 58,466 households, making it the most populated town in Laguna province, with San Pedro, Santa Rosa City, Biñan City, and San Pablo City following it as the top 5 municipalities and cities with the highest population in the province.

Calamba City is also the birthplace of José Rizal, the country's national hero.

Contents

Built up area

With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the city is now included in Manila built up area which reaches Lipa City in its southernmost part.[citation needed]

History

The residence of Jose Rizal in Calamba City

The name of the city comes from a legend that during the early time of the Spanish period in the country, two "guardias civil" or soldiers were lost and passing through what is now Calamba. The soldiers met a young lady who came from a river carrying a jar of water and a wooden stove. The soldiers unwittingly in Spanish language and in authoritative tone, to conceal the fact that they were lost, asked the local maiden the name of the place they were in. The lady, who speaks only her native language, naturally thought she was being interrogated about what she was carrying and nervously uttered "kalan-banga", meaning "clay stove" (kalan) and "water jar" (banga). Because the Spaniards could not pronounce it properly, the town has been called Calamba supposedly since then. This legend is immortalized with a large concrete water jar erected in the city plaza with the names of the city's barangays written on its surface. It is considered the World's Biggest "Claypot". This same jar is also found in the city's seal. The plaza was proposed by Dr. Agapito Alzona, then the town councilor to utilize the waste area where the old town market relocated from. The resolution was approved by the then town mayor Roman Lazaro and added additional P5,000 for the fence to the original P15,000 construction cost. It was completed in 1939.

Before it became a separate town, Calamba was then a part of Tabuco, now known as Cabuyao. Calamba became an independent pueblo on August 28, 1742.

During the Japanese occupation in World War II, the city was the theater of a massacre during which the Imperial Japanese Army killed at least 2,000 civilians.[1]

With the passage of Republic Act No. 9024 on April 7, 2001 and the approval of the residents in a plebiscite on April 21, Calamba was promoted from a municipality into Laguna's second component city after San Pablo. A proclaimed city dated April 7, 2001, Calamba is identified as a major growth center and is extremely well positioned to be such. Its highly strategic location, being in a major crossroad in the Region, augurs well for the development of regional facilities. Current and proposed projects, as identified in several government and private sector plans, further strengthen the municipality’s position as major hub in governance, manufacturing, trading, and transshipment. Its sub-urbanization is also well entrenched being the proposed site of major residential community projects and well-established learning institutions.

On October 28, 2003, effected on the Executive Order 246, Calamba City was designated as the regional center of Region IV-A (Calabarzon).

Calamba boasts no less than five national heroes: Dr. Jose Rizal, General Paciano Rizal, Teodora Alonzo, General Vicente Lim, and Lt. Geronimo Aclan.

Geography

Calamba lies at the northern slopes of Mount Makiling, a dormant volcano. The southern terminus of the South Luzon Expressway is in Calamba and this geographic position makes the city a gateway to the southern provinces of Luzon. The highway at the end of the South Luzon Expressway leads east to the other towns of Laguna and south towards the provinces of Batangas and Quezon. Calamba City is bordered by Cabuyao to the north, Los Baños to the east, by the province of Batangas to the south, specifically the municipalities of Santo Tomas and Talisay, and by the province of Cavite to the west, with Tagaytay City and Silang. Laguna de Bay the country's largest lake, forms the city's northwest border. The provincial capital, Santa Cruz, is located 45 kilometers by road to the east. At around 144.8 km2 in land area, Calamba City is the 2nd largest city in Laguna province in terms of land area after San Pablo City.


Elective Official: City Mayor - Hon. Joaquin M. Chipeco, Jr. City Vice Mayor - Hon. Pursino C. Oruga

City Councilors - Hon. Dyan DV Espiridion, Hon. Ruth M. Hernadez, Hon. Luis Vergel G. Baroro, Hon. Leeanne P. Aldabe, Hon. Eduardo Silva, Hon. Pocholo Platon, Hon. Morel Manaig, Hon. Dennis Lanzanas, Hon. Jose Pradas, Hon. Niño Lajara

Barangays

Calamba City is politically subdivided into 54 barangays. Two of them each have another zip code in the province of Laguna.

  • Banlic
  • Bunggo
  • Burol
  • Camaligan
  • Canlubang
  • Hornalan
  • Kay-Anlog
  • La Mesa
  • Lecheria
  • Looc
  • Mabato
  • Mapagong
  • Maunong
  • Mayapa
  • Parian
  • Palo-Alto
  • Prinza
  • Punta
  • Puting Lupa
  • Sucol
  • Tulo
  • Ulango
  • 1. Laguerta
  • 2. Bubuyan
  • 3. Majada Labas
  • 4. Sirang Lupa
  • 5. Barandal
PH Locator Laguna Calamba Barangay.png
  • 6. Paciano Rizal
  • 7. San Cristobal
  • 8. Batino
  • 9. Lawa
  • 10. Real
  • 11. Turbina
  • 12. Makiling
  • 13. Saimsim
  • 14. Bagong Kalsada
  • 15. Masili
  • 16. Pansol
  • 17. Bucal
  • 18. Halang
  • 19. Lingga
  • 20. Palingon
  • 21. Sampiruhan
  • 22. San Juan
  • 23. Banadero
  • 24. Barangay 1
  • 24. Barangay 2
  • 24. Barangay 3
  • 24. Barangay 4
  • 24. Barangay 5
  • 24. Barangay 6
  • 24. Barangay 7
  • 25. San Jose
  • 26. Uwisan
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Canlubang

Barangay Canlubang is the biggest barangay in population and by land area in the city. It is composed of several sitios, some of the sitios that can be found are: Asia I, Asia II, Buntog, Mangumit, Ceris I, Manfil, Palao, MCDC, Kapayapaan, Locomotive etc. It is part of Canlubang, an area of western Laguna which spans also of Biñan City, Santa Rosa City, and Cabuyao, where industrialization is taking its toll. It is the only barangay in Laguna that hosts a patron saint for itself, St. Joseph the Worker, while the neighboring barangays are under the jurisdiction of Mary Help of Christians parish located at Brgy. Mayapa. Canlubang is also the site of many industrial parks, notably the Carmelray Industrial Parks I and II. And also, being one of the biggest barangay in land area and in population, some people refer and some people think that Canlubang is a municipality and not a barangay.

  • COMMERCIAL COMPLEX:
    • Carmel Mall, Canlubang
    • Santa Rowe Commercial Complex
    • Canlubang Golf and Country Club

Mayapa

Barangay Mayapa is a barangay in Calamba where it is surrounded by Barangay Canlubang, Sirang Lupa, Majada Out, Palo-Alto, Barandal, Batino and Paciano Rizal. Mary Help of Christians Parish is the only Roman Catholic Church in this barangay. It is the second most populous barangay in the city, and can be accessible via SLEX. It is bypassed upon direct route to Canlubang, and within the latter's proximity is the Camp General Vicente Lim, headquarters of the PNP (Philippine National Police) Region IV-A.

Makiling

Barangay Makiling serves as a major gateway to Batangas province from Metro Manila. The Maharlika Highway courses through the barangay and connects the South Luzon Expressway to the Old National Highway coursing through Laguna province. Makiling has a 2000 population of 5,130 in 1,074 households.

Makiling is bordered by nearby barangays Ulango and Kay-Anlog to the west, Tulo to the north, Maunong to the northeast, Saimsim to the east, and Sta. Anastacia (Santo Tomas) to the south. The expected extension of the SLEX that will adjoin it to Southern Tagalog Arterial Road or STAR Tollway will pass through Makiling. It is also an industrial, commercial, and educational zone. Some factories and warehouses located in the barangay are Yazaki-Torres, Inc., Lepanto Tiles, etc. Lyceum of the Philippines-Laguna is located adjacent to Yazaki-Torres.

Punta

Punta is found in the west-central part of Calamba City and is composed of 7 puroks. It has a postal code of 4027 and an area code of 49. Part of the barangay is included in the Ciudad de Calamba, a residential zone that spans the barangays of Barandal and Babuyan as well. This barangay is accessible from Batangas via Calamba-Tagaytay Road which connects the southwestern barangays of Calamba City to Tanauan City, Batangas and Tagaytay City.

Real

Barangay Real is bounded by Barangay Uno in the east; Barangay Lecheria in the southeast; Barangay La Mesa in the south; Barangay Turbina in the west; Barangay Prinza in the northwest; Barangays Lawa and Parian in the north.

The barangay also serves as a major gateway to Batangas, eastern Laguna, and towns going to Metro Manila. It will have two malls in the area: one is already constructed, and the other undergoing construction. They are Walter Mart Calamba and SM City Calamba (under construction). Real also has factories and warehouses such as Nalco, IPF-TAK, and Union Galvasteel Corporation.[citation needed]

Turbina

Turbina is located near the center of Calamba City, bordered by barangays Barandal to the west, Prinza to the northwest, Real to the northeast, La Mesa to the east, and Tulo to the south. It is located at the present terminus of the SLEX, and traffic has built up recently in this area when it has built bus stations for buses bound for Batangas, Quezon, Bicol, and the RORO routes in Visayas and Mindanao. The Maharlika Highway passes through this barangay.

Schools

Public

Private

Resorts

Hot Spring

  • 3 Angels Private Hot Spring Resort[1]

Non Hot Spring

  • Villa Paulina Resort [2]

Infrastructure and Road Systems

Calamba City, as the regional center of Region IV-A or Calabarzon, has different roads that course through the city and can take anyone to different locations in the region. There are many roads and highways in Calamba City that still continue to be developed. Such examples are:

  • 1. SLEX or South Luzon Expressway - Calamba City has five interchanges and three overpasses that cross or branch from the SLEX. Going southward from Metro Manila, the hierarchy of the said interchanges and overpasses are: Silangan Interchange or Exit 45 which takes you to Canlubang and Mapagong; Mapagong Overpass which crosses the area of SLEX close to the Calamba Tollway; Canlubang-Mayapa Interchange or Exit 47 that takes you to the National Highway in Parian and adjacent barangays Mayapa, Canlubang, and Paciano Rizal; Batino Overpass which crosses Batino; Batino Exit or Exit 49 wherein anyone can go to cities of Tagaytay and Tanauan and neighboring barangays Barandal, Batino, Prinza, Turbina, Lawa, Punta, and Bubuyan; Batangas Exit or Exit 50 in which motorists can go to Batangas, Quezon province, and Bicol region; and Calamba Interchange or Exit 50-A wherein motorists can access the National Highway to go to eastern towns and cities of Laguna province such as Los Baños, Bay, San Pablo City, Santa Cruz, Pagsanjan, and Siniloan. A proposal for SLEX expansion that can connect it to STAR Tollway in Batangas has been made possible and so SLEX has been recently expanded to connect it to Santo Tomas, Batangas.
  • 2. Maharlika Highway - accessible if entered Exit 50 or Batangas Exit of SLEX. It passes through barangays Turbina, Tulo, and Makiling in Laguna, and continues through Batangas and ends at Lipa City. Along Maharlika Highway are numerous factories, warehouses, and other industrial sites that can be found in Calamba City, Laguna, and Sto. Tomas, Batangas.
  • 3. Old National Highway - it starts from Alabang in Muntinlupa City and ends at Pagsanjan, Laguna. The construction of the SLEX loosened the traffic along the National Highway. Its jurisdiction in Calamba City starts at barangay Banlic and ends at barangay Bagong Kalsada. Recently, the National Highway underwent renovations and reconstructions to improve the driving quality.
  • 4. Chipeco Avenue and Extension - it starts at Padre Burgos Avenue in Barangay III, Calamba City and ends along the railroad tracks at barangay Real. It courses through barangays III, Lecheria, Halang, and Real, thus it crosses the National Highway. Calamba City Hall and Department of Education Building are located adjacent to Chipeco Avenue Extension.
  • 5. Calamba-Sta. Cruz-Famy Road - the major road of the eastern part of the city, it starts at Crossing and ends in the town proper of Famy, Laguna. Recently there had been numerous projects on widening this mostly four-lane provincial road that connects the western and eastern parts of the province. It bypasses Calamba City, Los Baños, Bay, Calauan, Victoria, Pila, Sta. Cruz, Pagsanjan, Lumban, Kalayaan, Paete, Pakil, Pangil, Siniloan, and Famy.

The Calambeño Seal

Calamba City has a golden edge etched at the upper half with the words Lungsod ng Calamba depicting Calamba City as a Philippine component city. Laguna at the bottom part means that Calamba City is still part of Laguna province. The year 1742 mentions the year when Calamba was founded and seceded from the town of Cabuyao, while 2001 was identified as the year of Calamba's cityhood. The inner part of the seal shows a golden jar with the face of Dr. Jose Rizal, the city's prominent figure and the national hero. Beneath the jar was Mt. Makiling, a dominant land form in the city that can be seen anywhere in Calamba. At the left part of Makiling as depicted shows palm trees symbolizing nature, while at right shows buildings symbolizing Calamba City's rapid modernization, urbanization, and industrialization. With both signs located beside each other, it shows everyone that nature and progress can efficiently coexist in Calamba City. Lastly, the water beneath Mt. Makiling shows that Calamba City touches a body of water notably Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country, and that's why Calamba City is also known as the City by the Lake.

Forms of Transportation

Calamba City has various forms of transportation, such as buses, jeepneys, cars, boats, and trains (this was still unconfirmed). However, jeepneys comprise the majority of Calamba's transport. Jeepneys and buses open Calamba City to nearby and distant towns. The following comprise the jeepney routes throughout Laguna and Batangas provinces:

  • Calamba - Sta. Cruz (passes by the municipality of Bay)
  • Calamba - UP Los Baños (or UP College; this route can also access the town proper of Los Baños)
  • Calamba - San Pablo via Calauan (also passes by the municipality of Bay)
  • Calamba - Pagsanjan (either passes through the town proper of Sta. Cruz or passing through the Calamba-Sta. Cruz-Famy Road leading directly to Pagsanjan)
  • Calamba - Biñan (it includes the route to LIIP)
  • Calamba - GMA - Carmona
  • Calamba - Pacita Complex - San Pedro (via Carmona exit)
  • Calamba - Balibago - Santa Rosa (also accesses Brgy. Turbina)
  • Calamba - Canlubang
  • Calamba - Siranglupa (this is the newest route)
  • Calamba - Alabang
  • Calamba - Tanauan
  • Calamba - Tanauan - Lipa (this route also accesses the towns of Santo Tomas and Malvar)

Jeepneys bound for San Pedro or Biñan City also pass through the town of Cabuyao and Sta. Rosa City. Jeepneys bound for GMA and Carmona pass through SLEX. The jeepneys are mostly parked in terminal stations, almost all located at Barangay Real, such as Calamba Central Terminal run by the KMPC (Kalayaan Multi-Purpose Cooperative) and a station just beside Walter Mart and in front of the Calamba Wet and Dry Market. There are some local jeeps that access the western barangays, and there is a station in Lawa Road adjacent to Liana's Discount City.

There are also FX's and vans that are bound for farther towns, such as Balayan and Lemery in Batangas, and Dasmariñas and Tejero in Cavite. Buses are also used as a major source of transportation, with bus companies such as Calamba Megatrans, Inc., HM Liner, Inc., Saint Rose (including Giomabicon Transit), Green Star, and HM Transport, Inc., which actually originated from Sta. Cruz, Laguna. Few of the Calamba-based buses are air-conditioned, like HM Transport buses. The only bus routes open in Calamba City are the following:

  • Calamba - Buendia - Taft - Lawton PGH UN LRT (with drop-off at bus stop located in Barangay Paciano Rizal)
  • Cubao - Calamba - College (UPLB) - Sta. Cruz
  • Calamba - Alabang Metropolis (although this can be connected to the Lawton route)

The PNR (Philippine National Railways) has one train station in Calamba City that is now defunct. Eventually, some rails of the PNR are topped with asphalt and cement, and many slum areas sprung around the rails. Boats are also rare in the city but it also serves as a major form of transportation in coastal barangays. A new resort built on a nearby island, named Wonder Island Resort, has a boat terminal in Barangay Palingon that takes visitors to this wonderful resort that provides a scenic view of Laguna de Bay.

Sister Cities

References

  1. ^ Jintaro Ishida, The Remains of War, 2001, p.238, citing the Barangay Real Memorial.

External links


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