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Calatayud
—  Municipality  —

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Coat of arms
Calatayud is located in Spain
Calatayud
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 41°21′0″N 1°38′0″W / 41.35°N 1.633333°W / 41.35; -1.633333Coordinates: 41°21′0″N 1°38′0″W / 41.35°N 1.633333°W / 41.35; -1.633333
Country  Spain
Autonomous community Aragón
Province Zaragoza
Comarca Comunidad de Calatayud
Judicial district Calatayud
Government
 - Alcalde Víctor Ruiz de Diego (PSOE)
Area
 - Total 154 km2 (59.5 sq mi)
Elevation 530 m (1,739 ft)
Population (2008)
 - Total 21,905
 - Density 142.2/km2 (368.4/sq mi)
 - Demonym Bilbilitano, na
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 50300
Official language(s)
Website Official website

Calatayud (2008 pop. 21,905)[1] is a city and municipality in the province of Zaragoza in Aragón, Spain lying on the river Jalón, in the midst of the Sistema Ibérico mountain range. It is the second-largest city in the province after the capital, Zaragoza, and the largest town in Aragón other than the three provincial capitals. It is the seat of the comarca of Comunidad de Calatayud.

The city has the title "Muy noble, leal, siempre augusta y fidelisima ciudad de Calatayud".[2] Calatayud became the first democratic municipality in 1977, because elections were held one day before all the rest of Spain, to prepare for a visit by King Juan Carlos I. The AVE high-speed train line from Madrid to Barcelona stops in Calatayud.[3]

Contents

History

The city was founded on the site of a Celt-Iberian settlement[4] by the Romans with the name Augusta Bilbilis and was the birthplace of the poet Martial in 40 CE.[5] The site of the ruins of Augusta Bilbilis are approximately four kilometers to the north of the modern city of Calatayud.[6] The modern town was founded by the Moors around the Ayyub castle, circa 716 CE.[7]

The tower of the Santa María church of mudéjar style.

The name Calatayud came from the Arabic Qal`at 'Ayyūb = "Ayyub's fort". The ancient inhabitants of Bilbilis moved to the new site. Occupying a strategic placement between the central meseta of Spain and the Ebro valley the city retained its importance in succeeding centuries. By the eleventh century a substantial Jewish community was present, surviving the reconquista until the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492.[8] The city was re-conquered for by Alfonso I of Aragón in 1119. Many surviving examples of mudéjar church architecture show that the Moorish influence lived on.[9]

The city was the capital of its own province[10] in 1822–23, during the Trieno Liberal. During the Peninsular Wars a notable siege of French occupied Calatayud led to its capture by guerillas in 1811.[11]

The Castle of Calatayud

Attractions

One of the most notable Mudéjar towers of Aragón is the 15th century bell tower of the collegiate church of Santa María, which was built on the site of a mosque.[12] The Muslim fortress is the biggest and oldest of the Muslim fortresses of the Iberian peninsula. The church of "San Pedro" was founded by Ferdinand II of Aragón ("Fernando el catolico") and it was there that the first Cortes (Parliament) of Aragon was held in 1411.[13]

Fiestas

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Instituto nacional de estadística. (National statistics institute)". www.ine.es. http://www.ine.es/GSTConsul/infDatosSeriesAction.do?codigo=DPOP23803&L=0. Retrieved 2009-05-31.  
  2. ^ "goza-zaragoza-programa-fiestas-calatayud.pdf (application/pdf Object)". Ayuntamiento de Calatayud. p. 14. http://www.gozazaragoza.com/documentos/goza-zaragoza-programa-fiestas-calatayud.pdf. Retrieved 2009-05-31.  
  3. ^ "AVE". Ayuntamiento de Calatayud. http://www.calatayud.es/ave/ave.asp. Retrieved 2009-05-31.  
  4. ^ "Municipios de la Comunidad · Información Turística · Portal Turístico Comunidad de Calatayud". turismo.comarcacalatayud.com. http://turismo.comarcacalatayud.com/es/turismo/municipios/detallemunicipio.asp?id=15. Retrieved 2009-01-29.  
  5. ^ "bjj.2007.14.2.259 (application/pdf Object)". www.eupjournals.com. http://www.eupjournals.com/doi/pdf/10.3366/bjj.2007.14.2.259?cookieSet=1. Retrieved 2009-01-28.  
  6. ^ "Comunidad de Calatayud". CAI Tourism of Aragon. http://www.caiaragon.com/en/municipios/index.asp?idloc=16&tipo=1. Retrieved 2009-05-31.  
  7. ^ "SpringerLink - Journal Article". www.springerlink.com. http://www.springerlink.com/content/00v2dqfdl1x24y0b/. Retrieved 2009-01-28.  
  8. ^ "Calatayud". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0004_0_03843.html. Retrieved 2009-01-28.  
  9. ^ "Mudéjar Calatayud (ARTEGUIAS)". www.arteguias.com. http://www.arteguias.com/calatayud.htm. Retrieved 2009-01-28.  
  10. ^ (Spanish) División provisional del territorio español de 27 de Enero de 1822, the text of the proposed 1822 territorial division of Spain, Instituto de Historia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC, Spanish National Research Council). Accessed online 2010-01-03.
  11. ^ various (1911). "4". "Bulgaria" to "Calgary". 4 (11 ed.). Encyclopaedia Britannica. http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/19846. Retrieved 2009-01-29.  
  12. ^ "126491e.pdf (application/pdf Object)". unesdoc.unesco.org. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0012/001264/126491e.pdf. Retrieved 2009-05-31.  
  13. ^ "Church of San Pedro de los Francos of Calatayud". CAI Tourism of Aragon. http://www.caiaragon.com/en/actividades/index.asp?idAct=29&idSeccion=6&idTipo=77&idloc=639. Retrieved 2009-05-31.  

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Calatayud is a city in the province of Zaragoza, in Aragon, Spain. It is located 85 km from Zaragoza and approximately 230km from Madrid. It is the fourth largest city of Aragon, after the provinincial capitals, Zaragoza, Teruel and Huesca. The population is around 18,000 and Calatayud is at an altitude of 530 metres on the river Jalon.

The city has a wide range of shops, bars, restuarants and accomodation. The mudejar towers of churches in the old city heart or casco are renowned. Dominating the skyline is a castle, parts of which date back to 850 AD. The Roman town, Bilbilis, lies four kilomteres from the modern town.
Mujedar church towers in calatayud, Aragon
Mujedar church towers in calatayud, Aragon

Get in

Road

Calatayud lies just off the main highway (A2-E90) between Madrid (2 hours) and Zaragoza (1 hour).

Air

The nearest airports are Madrid (Barajas) and Zaragoza.

Rail

Calatyud is served by regular high speed trains (AVE) from Madrid and Zaragoza.[1]

Get around

The city is quite small and it is possible to walk to all parts.

Bus

There is a city bus service operated by Aragon Tours, who also offer services to surrounding towns and villages. [2]

Rail

RENFE offer a local rail service to towns between Ariza and Zaragoza. [3]

Fortress (Qal’at 'Ayyūb), Calatayud
Fortress (Qal’at 'Ayyūb), Calatayud

Many of the old churches are in the mujedar style. This style was devloped by Muslim craftsmen who stayed in Aragaon after the reconquest.

  • Church of Santa Maria, 15th century mujedar.
  • Church of San Andres, 15th century mujedar.
  • Church of San Pedro of the Franks, gothic and mujedar.
  • Church-of Our Lady of the Rock, 16th century.
  • Collegiate church of Santo Sepulcro, 17th century.
  • Palacios of Sesé, Pujadas and Vezlope, renaissance style
  • Palacio of Baron de Warsage, neoclassic.
  • In the Arab Wall of the city, the Zaragoza gate.
  • Castle of Ayud or Castillo Mayor. 9th-10th century.
  • Old town hall. Plaza de Espana. The Old Consistorial House of Calatayud is a beautiful building of Renaissance style. It was modified in the 17th century, again in 1842.
  • Old Roman city of Bilbilis lies 4 kilometers to the north west of the modern city. Much excavation has been down and it is possible to see the size of this settlement which was the birthplace of the Roman poet Martial.

Buy

There is a small market in Plaza Espana, several supermarkets and a range of other shops.

Eat

A wide range of restuarants are available. Amongst the most notable are:

  • Hospedería El Pilar, Baltasar Gracián 15, 976 897020. Aragonese regional cuisine  edit
  • Hotel Monasterio Benedictino, Pza. San Benito, 976 891500. Spanish cuisine  edit
  • Mesón de la Dolores, Pza de los Mesones 4, 976 889055, [4]. Aragonese cuisine  edit

Sleep

A wide range of pensions are available:

  • Hospedería Mesón de La Dolores, Plaza de los Mesones #4, 976 889 055, [5]. recepcion@mesonladolores.com  edit
  • Hotel Monasterio Benedictino, Plaza San Benito, 976 89 15 00, [6]. info@hotelmonasteriobenedictino.com  edit
  • Tourist Office, Plaza de Fuerte, 976 886322, [7].  edit
  • Monasterio de Piedra. A park in a hidden gorge with waterfalls, cascades, fish lakes and a top class hotel, wine museum and restaurant.[8]
  • Alhama de Aragon. A spa town with a hot lake, which is open for day visitors.[9]
  • Jaraba Gorge. 7 kilometres of the natural gorge of the river Mesa, with pleasant walking routes.
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