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Medieval manuscript of Calcidius' Latin translation of Plato's Timaeus

Calcidius (or Chalcidius; 4th century) was a fourth century Christian who translated the first part (to 53c) of Plato's Timaeus from Greek into Latin around the year 321 and provided with it an extensive commentary. This was done for Bishop Hosius of Córdoba. Very little is otherwise known of him. His translation of the Timaeus was the only extensive text of Plato known to scholars in the Latin west for approximately 800 years.[1] His commentary also contained useful accounts of Greek astronomical knowledge.[1] In the 12th century commentaries on this work were written by Christian scholars including Thierry of Chartres, William of Conches,[2] and Hisdosus.[3]


  1. ^ a b Edward Grant, (2004), Science and Religion, 400 B.C. to A.D. 1550, pages 93‚Äď4. Greenwood Publishing Group
  2. ^ Tina Stiefel, (1985), The Intellectual Revolution in Twelfth Century Europe. St. Martin's Press
  3. ^ Terence Irwin, (1995), Classical philosophy: collected papers, page 206. Taylor & Francis


  • Calcidius on Matter: His Doctrine and Sources; a Chapter in the History of Platonism, J. C. M. van Winden, E.J. Brill Publisher, 1959, (no ISBN)
  • Calcidius on Demons (Commentarius Ch. 127-136), J. Den Boeft, E.J. Brill Publisher, 1977, ISBN 90-04-05283-6
  • Calcidius on Fate: His Doctrine and Sources, J. Den Boeft, Brill Academic Publishers, 1997, ISBN 90-04-01730-5
  • Middle Platonism and Neoplatonism: The Latin Tradition, Stephen Gersh, Publications in Medieval Studies, vol. 23. University of Notre Dame Press, 1986, ISBN 0-268-01363-2, p. 421‚Äď492

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