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Calciseptine
Molecular weight 7036

Calciseptine (CaS) is a natural neurotoxin isolated from the black mamba Dendroaspis p. polylepis venom. This toxin consists of 60 amino acids with four disulfide bonds. Calciseptine specifically blocks L-Type calcium channels, but not other voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels such as N-type and T-type channels.[1]

Contents

Sequence

Its amino acid sequence is: RICYIHKASL PRATKTCVEN TCYKMFIRTQ REYISERGCG CPTAMWPYQT ECCKGDRCNK [2]

Isolation

Calciseptine is purified from the venom of black mamba Dendroaspis p. polyepsis via three isolation steps: (1) gel filtration, (2) ion exchange on TSK SP 5PW, and (3) reverse-phase chromatograghy on RP18. It represents 2.8% of the total venom components.[3]

Target

Calciseptine blocks L-type Ca2+ channels.[1] As a result, it blocks spontaneous contractions of rat portal vein, contractions of the rat thoracic aorta, uterus and cardiac preparations.

References

  1. ^ a b [1] De Weille, J. R., Schweitz, H., Maes, P., Tartar, A. & Lazdunski, M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88, 1991 2437-2440.
  2. ^ [2], UniProtKB article
  3. ^ Schweitz, H., Bidard, J.-N. & Lazdunski, M. Toxicon 1990, 18, 847-856.
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