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Caldervale, Huddersfield, and York and Selby lines
Legend
Continuation backward
North TransPennine service continues to Scarborough, Middlesbrough, and Newcastle
Junction from left Track turning right
Junction to left Track turning from right
Station on track Straight track
Halifax
Station on track Straight track
Hebden Bridge
Unknown route-map component "KBFe" Straight track Unknown route-map component "vSTRa"
Blackpool North
Junction from left Unknown route-map component "vSTRrf" Interchange head
Manchester Airport Airport interchange
Interchange end + Hub
Junction from left Track turning right
Manchester Victoria Manchester Metrolink
+ Hub
Interchange on track + Hub
Manchester Piccadilly Manchester Metrolink
Interchange on track + Hub
Manchester Oxford Road Manchester Metrolink
Abbreviated in this map
North Transpennine service calls at Birchwood and Warrington Central
Unknown route-map component "KBFe"
Liverpool Lime Street
Current services
  • York–Leeds–Halifax–Blackpool North
  • Selby–Halifax–Huddersfield–Wakefield Westgate
  • Huddersfield–Manchester Victoria
  • Leeds–Dewsbury–Brighouse–Manchester Victoria
  • Leeds–Halifax–Manchester Victoria
    North TransPennine services (via Leeds and Huddersfield)
    • Hull–Manchester Picadilly
    • Middlesborough–Manchester Airport
    • Newcastle–Manchester Airport
    • Scarborough–Liverpool Lime Street


The Caldervale Line is a railway route in Northern England between the cities of Leeds and Manchester as well as the seaside resort of Blackpool.

The "Caldervale Line" name was given to the route by the West Yorkshire Metro transport authority, as the route is primarily within the West Yorkshire area. The route also extends into Greater Manchester and Lancashire.

Contents

Services

Passenger train services are operated by Northern Rail and run on the following pattern:

This line, along with the Huddersfield Line and York & Selby Lines is normally merged in national timetables to create a coast to coast service.

Services within West Yorkshire are sponsored by West Yorkshire Metro - their tickets (including Metrocards) can be used up to Hebden Bridge between Leeds & Blackpool, and Walsden between Leeds and Manchester.

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Timetable changes from December 2008

Northern Rail have implemented changes to the Caldervale line services from the December 2008 timetable change. Three trains per hour now run between Leeds and Manchester Victoria - one is the normal stopping service, one runs via Dewsbury and Brighouse (and includes stops at Moston, Mills Hill and Castleton) and one is a limited stop service - between Bradford and Manchester the service only calls at Halifax, Hebden Bridge, Todmorden and Rochdale. This limited stop service brings the journey time down between these two cities to less than one hour.

In addition, some peak services between York and Blackpool North now call at Sowerby Bridge.[1]

The route

Railway lines in Leeds in 1913

Before the 1923 Grouping the first section of the line (Leeds - Bradford) was owned by the Great Northern Railway (GNR); and the entire remainder by the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway (L&YR), apart from the final section of the branch leading into Huddersfield, which was owned by the London and North Western Railway (LNWR).

For the section between Halifax and Burnley the line uses the valley of the River Calder, thus giving the services their name; it also follows the Rochdale Canal from Todmorden into Manchester. Since the route crosses the Pennines, there are many tunnels to negotiate en route.

The route description follows: for the initial section of the route: see article Leeds and Bradford Lines.

Bradford - Halifax

Railway lines around Bradford and around Halifax in 1913
Railway lines around Huddersfield in 1911
Railway lines around Manchester in 1910

Many stations on this route have been closed all stops opened are in bold: original places served, and notes on the route:

    • Bowling was named Bowling Junction for its link with the GNR at this point
    • here is Bowling Tunnel 1648 yd (1483m)
    • Low Moor also a junction with GNR. Station maybe reopening in the future.
    • here was a triangular junction for the L&YR line to Dewsbury
    • here are two tunnels: New Furnace Tunnel and Wyke Tunnel
    • Wyke and Norwood Green
    • here is Pickle Bridge junction for the Pickle Bridge Line to Huddersfield: now closed, there were two stations, Bailiff Bridge and Clifton Road
    • Lightcliffe
    • here is Lightcliffe Tunnel
    • Hipperholme
    • here is Beacon Hill Tunnel 1105 yd (995m)
    • Halifax
  • All the services on the Caldervale line serve Halifax.

Halifax - Huddersfield

This route was re-opened to passengers in 2000 when Brighouse station was re-opened, and a short length of line re-laid to enable trains to reach Huddersfield.

    • Dryclough Junction (where the Huddersfield route leaves the main line)
    • Brighouse
    • Deighton (on the Huddersfield line, Caldervale Line trains do not stop there)
    • Huddersfield

Halifax - Manchester Victoria

Many stations on this route have been closed (or are not served by the Caldervale Line trains): original stations served:

On 28 February 1902 a Wakefield to Rose Grove goods train broke into two due to a broken coupling, resulting in the rear half eventually crashing at high speed into the front half in Millwood Tunnel. No one was killed but wreckage filled the tunnel right up to the roof.[2]

Summit Tunnel was the scene of a major fire in 1984, caused when a freight train hauling petrol tankers derailed.

Blackpool route

Trains continue up the Calder valley to Burnley and Blackburn; it also runs parallel with the Leeds and Liverpool Canal from Burnley. The section from Todmorden to Burnley (often called the Copy Pit line) was opened by the Manchester and Leeds Railway (later L&YR) on 12 November 1849. The East Lancashire Railway (later L&YR) built the Burnley to Preston line, Burnley to Accrington 18 September 1848, Accrington to Blackburn 19 June 1848, and the Blackburn to Preston section on 1 June 1846. Many stations on this route have been closed (or are not served by the Caldervale Line trains): original stations served and other notes on the route:

    • Hall Royd Junction: see above; there are now no stations on the route before Burnley; stations once served, and notes on the route:
    • here was the junction with the original line from Todmorden (to Burnley), forming a triangle (closed 1972 but may be reopened in the near future).
    • Stansfield Hall station opened 1869, closed July 1944
    • here is Kitsonwood Tunnel (290 yards)
    • Nott Wood viaduct
    • Cornholme station closed to all traffic 26 September 1938
    • Portsmouth closed 7 July 1958
    • Copy Pit summit (749 ft)
    • Holme Tunnel (265 yards)
    • Holme: closed 28 July 1930
    • Towneley Tunnel (398 yards)
    • Towneley: serving the nearby Towneley Hall, closed 4 August 1952
    • Burnley Manchester Road station: (there are also Burnley Barracks and Burnley Central see below)
    • Gannow Junction where the line joins from Colne, Nelson, Brierfield, Burnley Central and Burnley Barracks
    • Rose Grove has an island platform with 2 disused bay platforms.
    • here was the Rose Grove Junction for the North Lancashire Loop, an alternative route to Blackburn via Padiham, Simonstone and Great Harwood (closed to passengers 2 December 1957)
    • Hapton
    • Huncoat
    • Accrington
    • here was the triangular junction for the line to Bury (closed 5 December 1966)
    • Church and Oswaldtwistle
    • Rishton
    • Rishton Tunnel
    • here was the other end of the line from Burnley at Great Harwood Junction
    • Blackburn Tunnel

Blackburn to Preston

This line is described in more detail in East Lancashire Line.

    • Blackburn: junction of the line to Bolton
    • Mill Hill
    • Cherry Tree
    • here was the L&YR/LNWR joint line (the Lancashire Union Joint Railway) to Chorley and the West Coast Route (opened 1 November 1869 and closed to passengers 4 January 1960)
    • Pleasington
    • Hoghton
    • Bamber Bridge
    • here was a junction for a direct route to Preston, the surviving route continues to Preston via Lostock Hall where there are further junctions, including one for the former through route to Liverpool.

Preston to Blackpool

This route is described in more detail in Blackpool Branch Lines.

See also

References

External links


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