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Calgary Cowboys
CalgaryCowboys 100.png
City Calgary, Alberta
League World Hockey Association
Operated 19751977
Home arena Stampede Corral
Colours Red and white
Franchise history
1972 Miami Screaming Eagles
1972–1973 Philadelphia Blazers
19731975 Vancouver Blazers
19751977 Calgary Cowboys

The Calgary Cowboys were an ice hockey team that played two seasons in the World Hockey Association (WHA) from 19751977. The Cowboys played at the Stampede Corral in Calgary. The franchise was founded in 1972 as the Miami Screaming Eagles, though it never played a game in Miami. The team was based in Philadelphia and Vancouver, known in both markets as the Blazers, before relocating to Calgary. The franchise folded in 1977.



Miami, Philadelphia and Vancouver

Originally in 1972, the franchise was to be based out of Miami, Florida, called the Miami Screaming Eagles. But due to money problems and a lack of a suitable arena, they never played a game in Miami. Instead, they moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and debuted as the Philadelphia Blazers the same year. After only one season in Philadelphia, the team relocated to Vancouver, British Columbia and became the Vancouver Blazers in 1973–74, then two years later relocated to Calgary to become the Cowboys in 1975–76.


In 1972, the fledgling WHA attempted to place a team in Calgary, to be known as the Broncos in the hopes of taking advantage of an anticipated rivalry with Edmonton, and the Oilers.[1] The franchise failed to get off the ground, however, prompting the Oilers to rename themselves the Alberta Oilers, with the intention of splitting their home schedule between the two cities.[2] This plan similarly failed to materialize, and the Oilers dropped the Alberta moniker after one season. Calgary would get its second chance in the WHA in 1975, when the Vancouver Blazers moved across the Rocky Mountains. Owner Jim Pattison, failing in his goal of taking the Vancouver market away from the NHL's Vancouver Canucks chose to relocate to Calgary.[3] However, by the time the WHA did arrive, the league was already in difficulty, and the team was viewed as minor-league, despite the presence of aging superstars such as Gordie Howe and Bobby Hull in the league.[4]

The franchise played out of the 6,500 Stampede Corral knowing that its small size would prevent the team from achieving profitability initially. They were hoping for strong attendance figures that would encourage the Calgary Exhibition and Stampede board, who owned and operated the Corral, to expand the faciilty to 15,000 seats. Such an expansion had been planned by the Stampede board, but with no timelines, and no commitment to finance it.[5]

In their first season, the Cowboys were not expected to ice a strong team,[6] having inherited a franchise that finished in a last place tie with the Oilers the previous year.[7] Calgary finished 41–35–4 however, as a 44-goal season by Danny Lawson and 42 goals from Ron Chipperfield helped the Cowboys finish a surprising third in the Canadian division.[8]

In the 1976 playoffs, the Cowboys met the Quebec Nordiques in the first round. The series is best known for one of hockey's most legendary brawls.[1] The incident began when Calgary's Rick Jodzio cross-checked Quebec's Marc Tardif in the head, causing both teams to leave their benches.[9] The brawl lasted 20 minutes, and ended only when Quebec police gathered at the players benches and escorted the teams back to their dressing rooms.[10] The game resumed following a 20 minute break to allow both teams to cool down, then resumed without eleven players who were ejected from the game.[9] The incident caught the attention of Quebec's Solicitor General Francois Lalonde, who had the incident investigated as a criminal matter.[9] Jodzio was suspended indefinitely by the league, and later plead guilty in a Quebec court to a charge of assault over the incident.[11] Cowboys coach Joe Crozier was suspended for the rest of the series.[10]

Calgary went on to defeat the Nordiques, who had finished 18-points ahead of Calgary in the regular season, but were defeated by the Winnipeg Jets in the second round. The team never really captured the attention of Calgarians, as fewer than 5,000 fans, on average, attended playoff games against the Jets.[12]

During the 1976–77 season, attendance fell to below 4,500 per game.[12] Rumours abounded that the franchise would move again to Ottawa, though it completed the season in Calgary. Team owner, Jim Pattison, attempted to keep the Cowboys afloat in 1977–78, with the ultimate hope of being a part of the expected amalgamation with the National Hockey League.[13] Pattison was also hoping that the Cowboys would be one of six WHA teams to join the NHL in 1977 following as part of a proposed merger. When the NHL made it clear it had no interest in a team playing out of the Corral, it was expected that Pattison would request a two year leave of absence in the hopes of building a new arena.[14] The NHL voted down the 1977 merger plan,[15], while only 2,000 fans purchased season tickets for the 1977–78 season.[4] With no imminent hope for a new arena, Pattison chose to fold the franchise on August 18, 1977.[13]

Calgary would have to wait only three years for the NHL to arrive, however, as the Atlanta Flames were relocated to the city in 1980–81, playing in the Corral as a temporary home while the Olympic Saddledome was constructed.

Season-by-season record

Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, Pts = Points, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against, PIM = Penalties in minutes

Season GP W L T Pts GF GA PIM Finish Playoffs
1975–76 80 41 35 4 86 307 282 1064 3rd in Canadian Won quarter-final (Quebec)
Lost semi-final (Winnipeg)
1976–77 81 31 43 7 69 252 296 832 5th in Western Did not qualify

Honoured members

One Hockey Hall of Famer played for the Cowboys. Harry Howell finished his 24-year professional career in 1975–76 with Calgary, playing 31 games and recording three assists. At the time of his retirement, Howell had played more major-league hockey games than any other defenceman in history at 1,581.[16]

See also



  • McFarlane, Brian (1990). 100 Years of Hockey. Summerhill Press. ISBN 0-929091-26-4.  
  • Sandor, Steven (2005), The Battle of Alberta: A Century of Hockey's Greatest Rivalry, ISBN 1-894974-01-8
  • Zeman, Gary (1986), Alberta on Ice, ISBN 0969232004
  • Willes, Ed (2004), The Rebel League, McClelland & Stewart, ISBN 0-7710-8947-3


  1. ^ a b Sportak, Randy (2005-01-29). "Wanna be a Cowboy". Calgary Sun. Retrieved 2008-04-04.  
  2. ^ Sandor 2005, p. 93
  3. ^ Willes 2004, p. 143
  4. ^ a b Zeman 1986, p. 90
  5. ^ Bilych, George (1975-05-08). "Cowboys 'Corralled'". Calgary Herald: p. 11.  
  6. ^ Kirshenbaum, Jerry (1975-10-20). "1975–76 WHA preview". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2008-04-04.  
  7. ^ Bilych, George (1975-05-07). "Corral roost for old Eagles". Calgary Herald: p. 53.  
  8. ^ Sandor 2005, p. 95
  9. ^ a b c Bilych, George (1976-04-12). "Cowboys, Nordiques brawl gives hockey a black eye". Calgary Herald: p. 1.  
  10. ^ a b Willes 2004, p. 167
  11. ^ Willes 2004, p. 168
  12. ^ a b Sandor 2005, p. 96
  13. ^ a b Zeman 1986, p. 91
  14. ^ Bilych, George (1977-06-25). "Corrall cause for exclusion from NHL". Calgary Herald: p. 41.  
  15. ^ MacFarlane, 1990, p. 154
  16. ^ "Harry Howell". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2008-04-06.  

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