Calhoun County, Illinois: Wikis

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Calhoun County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Calhoun County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Seat Hardin
Largest city Hardin
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

284 sq mi (735 km²)
254 sq mi (657 km²)
30 sq mi (77 km²), 10.53%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

5,084
20/sq mi (8/km²)
Founded 1825
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Calhoun County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2000 census, the population was 5,084; the population was 5,167 at the 2007 official US Census estimate. The county seat is Hardin. It is part of the Metro-East portion of the St. Louis metropolitan area.

Contents

History

The territory was inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous people along the river fronts. The remains of their and later Native American settlements have provided some of the most valuable archaeological excavations in the country.

Calhoun County was not settled by European Americans until the 19th century, and was organized in 1825. It was named for South Carolina politician John C. Calhoun, then Vice President of the United States.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 284 square miles (171680 Acres) (735 km²), of which 254 square miles (657 km²) is land and 30 square miles (77 km²) (10.53%) is water.

Calhoun County is a narrow 37-mile-long peninsula of mostly high, rolling ground located between the Mississippi River and the Illinois River. The rolling hills escaped the leveling of glaciers.

County transportation is served by two state-operated, free ferries crossing the Illinois River (the Brussels Ferry in the south and the Kampsville ferry in the north). The Golden Eagle ferry, which is privately operated and charges a toll, crosses the Mississippi River to St. Charles County, Missouri. A bridge spans the Illinois River at Hardin. Land routes connect to the north to bordering Pike County.

When transportation was mainly by river, the county had many prosperous farms and orchards. It still produces a major portion of the peach crop of Illinois, and farmers raise corn and other commodities. The hotel in Brussels dates from 1847, when it was a stagecoach stop.

The county is popular with tourists due to the natural beauty of the Illinois River valley and its proximity to the Great River Road. It includes part of the Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge and attracts thousands of birds in migration seasons as part of the Mississippi Flyway. The county has several designated historic districts in the villages and properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Calhoun County was added to the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area in 2003, along with Bond and Macoupin counties in Illinois, and Washington County, Missouri.

The Center for American Archeology is located in Kampsville in the northern part of the county. It has been the center for study of prehistoric indigenous culture in the area. It has created educational opportunities for children and adults to participate in its archaeological digs.

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Adjacent counties

National protected area

Major highways

Settlements

Villages

Unincorporated communities

School districts

  • Brussels Community Unit School District 42
  • Calhoun Community Unit School District 40

Political districts

Demographics

2000 census age pyramid for Calhoun County.
Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 8,917
1910 8,610 −3.4%
1920 8,245 −4.2%
1930 8,034 −2.6%
1940 8,207 2.2%
1950 6,898 −15.9%
1960 5,933 −14.0%
1970 5,675 −4.3%
1980 5,867 3.4%
1990 5,322 −9.3%
2000 5,084 −4.5%
Est. 2007 5,167 1.6%
IL Counties 1900-1990

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 5,084 people, 2,046 households, and 1,438 families residing in the county. The population density was 20 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 2,681 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.80% White, 0.04% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.16% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. 0.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 53.5% were of German, 13.5% American, 6.3% Irish and 6.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 98.5% spoke English and 1.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 2,046 households out of which 29.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.80% were married couples living together, 5.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.70% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 25.90% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 19.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 100.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,375, and the median income for a family was $43,107. Males had a median income of $32,281 versus $20,943 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,785. About 7.30% of families and 9.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.10% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over.

Creditworthiness

According to the TransUnion credit bureau Calhoun County is the only county in the United States to have a 0% delinquency rate on both credit cards and mortgages as of October 2008.

References

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links

Coordinates: 39°10′N 90°40′W / 39.16°N 90.67°W / 39.16; -90.67


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Calhoun County, Illinois
Map
File:Map of Illinois highlighting Calhoun County.png
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the USA highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1825
Seat Hardin
Largest City Hardin
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 10.53%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

5084
Time zone Central : UTC-6/-5

Calhoun County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2000 census, the population is 5,084, and the population was 5,163 at the 2005 unofficial census. The county seat is Hardin, and the county is home to the Center for American Archeology, in Kampsville. Calhoun County was organized in 1825, and was named for John C. Calhoun, Vice President of the United States, and proponent of States' rights. It is Part of The St. Louis Metropolitan area.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 735 km² (284 sq mi). 657 km² (254 sq mi) of it is land and 77 km² (30 sq mi) of it (10.53%) is water.

Calhoun County is a narrow finger of mostly high ground located between the Mississippi River and the Illinois River. It is serviced by two state operated free ferry boats crossing the Illinois River (the Brussels Ferry and the Kampsville ferry) and two privately operated toll ferry boats crossing the Mississippi River into Missouri (the Winfield ferry and the Golden Eagle ferry). There is also one bridge that spans the Illinois River at Hardin as well as land routes to the north into bordering Pike County.

The county had many prosperous farms and orchards at a time when transportation was mainly by river. It is very popular with sight seers in the fall due to the natural beauty of the Illinois River valley and its proximity to the Great River Road. Calhoun county was added to St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area in 2003 along with Bond and Macoupin counties in Illinois, and in Missouri, Washington County.

Adjacent Counties

Demographics

2000 census age pyramid for Calhoun County.

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 5,084 people, 2,046 households, and 1,438 families residing in the county. The population density was 8/km² (20/sq mi). There were 2,681 housing units at an average density of 4/km² (11/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 98.80% White, 0.04% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.16% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. 0.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,046 households out of which 29.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.80% were married couples living together, 5.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.70% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 25.90% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 19.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 100.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,375, and the median income for a family was $43,107. Males had a median income of $32,281 versus $20,943 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,785. About 7.30% of families and 9.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.10% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Census designated places

External links

Coordinates: 39°10′N 90°40′W / 39.16, -90.67

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Calhoun County, Illinois. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Calhoun County, IllinoisRDF feed
County names Calhoun County, Illinois  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Illinois  +
Short name Calhoun County  +

This article uses material from the "Calhoun County, Illinois" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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