California's 23rd congressional district: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

California's 23rd congressional district
Ca23 109.gif
Current Representative Lois Capps (D)
Area 2,479 mi²
Distribution 98.0% urban, 2.0% rural
Population (2000) 639,088
Median income $44,784
Ethnicity 48.7% White, 1.9% Black, 4.9% Asian, 41.7% Hispanic, 0.5% Native American, 0.1% other
Cook PVI D+12

California's 23rd congressional district covers parts of Ventura, Santa Barbara and San Luis Obispo counties. The current Representative for this district is Democrat Lois Capps.

Voting

The district is moderately to heavily (in some places) Democratic with Capps winning the last election (2006) with 65% of the vote. John Kerry received 58% of the vote in this district in 2004; George W. Bush received 40%.[1 ] The district voted for Arnold Schwarzenegger 54-41% in 2006,[2 ] Dianne Feinstein 62-32% in 2006,[3] Barbara Boxer 60-35% in 2004,[4] recalling Gray Davis 53-47%[5] and Schwarzenegger 42-35%[6 ] in 2003, and Davis 48-41% in 2002.[7 ]

Proportionally, it is one of the narrowest districts in the United States and is barely noticeable on most maps. Its largest town is the heavily industrial Oxnard. The lines of this district are controversial and are a result of California's bi-partisan incumbent gerrymandering. The district lines are used both as an outrageous example of gerrymandering, since the district favors a Democrat and is about 200 miles (320 km) long, and paradoxically as an outstanding example of the preservation of the common interests of voters. If the district was distributed among the adjacent inland districts there would be less effective representation of coastal interests, particularly with regards to fisheries, tourism, development, and offshore oil drilling.

However, to preserve Republican numbers representing California in the House of Representatives, the state Republican party has fought to avoid having any part of this district combined with the less-populous parts of either Ventura or Santa Barbara counties, as this would erode the Republican majorities in those counties.

The district has often been criticized for and been cited as an example of gerrymandering. However some of the claims made about the size and shape of the district are untrue. While the length of the district can be measured at about 200 miles, one reaches this number only by following the curves of the coast line. By drawing a straight line from point to point the district is about 70 miles (110 km) long. It connects what many consider to be Northern and Southern California because it is in Central California. Additionally contrary to what some have stated the district is much wider than 5 miles (8.0 km) in many places. Simply looking at the political boundaries alone make the district seem very highly suspect. But once factoring in the population density[8 ] and geography[9 ] the shape and size of the congressional district does make more sense. This does not mean that the district wasn't part of the bipartisan push for preserving incumbents, only that the district's proportions are not so egregious as many opponents say.

Voting

Election results from statewide races
Year Office Results
2008 President[10] Obama 65.3 - 32.3%
2006 Governor[2 ] Schwarzenegger 53.6 - 41.1%
Senator[11] Feinstein 62.3 - 33.1%
2004 President[1 ] Kerry 58.3 - 40.3%
Senator[12] Boxer 60.2 - 34.8%
2003 Recall[5][6 ] Yes 52.8 - 47.2%
Schwarzenegger 42.4 - 35.2%
2002 Governor[7 ] Davis 48.0 - 40.7%
2000 President[13] Gore 48.2 - 46.9%
Senator[14] Feinstein 51.2 - 41.5%
1998 Governor
Senator
1996 President
1994 Governor
Senator
1992 President Clinton 38.4 - 34.5%
Senator Herschensohn 49.4 - 40.6%
Senator Feinstein 46.2 - 45.3%

List of Representatives

Counties Representative Party Dates Notes
San Diego Edouard Izac Democratic 1943-01-03 – 1947-01-03 Redistricted from 18th district
Lost re-election to Fletcher
Charles K. Fletcher Republican 1947-01-03 – 1949-01-03 Lost re-election to McKinnon
Clinton D. McKinnon Democratic 1949-01-03 – 1953-01-03 Redistricted to 30th district
Los Angeles Clyde Doyle Democratic 1953-01-03 – 1963-03-14 Redistricted from 18th district
Died in office
Del M. Clawson Republican 1963-03-14 – 1973-01-03 Redistricted to 33rd district
Los Angeles, Orange 1973-01-03 – 1975-01-03
Los Angeles Thomas M. Rees Democratic 1975-01-03 – 1977-01-03 Redistricted from 26th district
Anthony C. Beilenson Democratic 1979-01-03 – 1983-01-03
Los Angeles (northern L.A. suburbs) 1983-01-03 – 1993-01-03 Redistricted to 24th district
Santa Barbara (Carpinteria), Ventura Elton Gallegly Republican 1993-01-03 – 2003-01-03 Redistricted from 21st district
Redistricted to 24th district
Coastal San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Ventura Lois Capps Democratic 2003-01-03 – present Incumbent

Election Results

194219441946194819501952195419561958196019621963 (Special)1964196619681970197219741976197819801982198419861988199019921994199619982000200220042006

Advertisements

1942

United States House of Representatives elections, 1942[15]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Edouard Izac (incumbent) 42,864 50.5%
Republican James B. Abbey 42,087 49.5%
Totals 84,951 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1944

United States House of Representatives elections, 1944[16]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Edouard Izac (incumbent) 86,707 55.1%
Republican James B. Abbey 70,787 44.9%
Totals 157,494 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1946

United States House of Representatives elections, 1946[17]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Charles K. Fletcher 69,411 56.3%
Democratic Edouard Izac (incumbent) 53,898 43.7%
Totals 123,309 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican gain from Democratic

1948

United States House of Representatives elections, 1948[18]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Clinton D. McKinnon 112,534 55.8%
Republican Charles K. Fletcher (inc.) 87,138 43.2%
Progressive Harry C. Steinmetz 2,017 1.0%
Totals 201,689 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic gain from Republican

1950

United States House of Representatives elections, 1950[19]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Clinton D. McKinnon (inc.) 94,137 51%
Republican Leslie E. Gehres 90,398 49%
Totals 184,535 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1952

United States House of Representatives elections, 1952[20]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Clyde Doyle (incumbent) 138,356 87.5%
Progressive Olive T. Thompson 17,501 11.1%
Republican C. Cleveland (write-in) 2,329 1.4%
Totals 158,186 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1954

United States House of Representatives elections, 1954[21]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Clyde Doyle (incumbent) 90,729 70.9%
Republican Frank G. Bussing 34,911 27.3%
Progressive Olive T. Thompson 2,293 1.8%
Totals 127,933 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1956

United States House of Representatives elections, 1956[22]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Clyde Doyle (incumbent) 120,109 70.9%
Republican E. Elgie "Cal" Calvin 49,198 29.1%
Totals 169,207 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1958

United States House of Representatives elections, 1958[23]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Clyde Doyle (incumbent) 140,817 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1960

United States House of Representatives elections, 1960[24]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Clyde Doyle (incumbent) 148,415 74.2%
Republican Emmett A. Schwartz 51,548 25.8%
Totals 199,963 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1962

United States House of Representatives elections, 1962[25]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Clyde Doyle (incumbent) 83,269 64.2%
Republican Emmett A. Schwartz 46,488 35.8%
Totals 129,757 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1963 (Special)

1963 special election[26]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Del M. Clawson ' 53.2%
Democratic Carley V. Porter 35.4%
Democratic Maurice H. Quigley 4.7%
Democratic Armand R. Porter 2.7%
Democratic James Earle Christo 1.4%
Democratic Lynn W. Johnston 1.4%
Republican Harold R. "Hal" Bennett 0.6%
Republican Harry L. Butler 0.6%
Totals ' 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican gain from Democratic

1964

United States House of Representatives elections, 1964[27]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Del M. Clawson (incumbent) 90,721 55.4%
Democratic H. O. Van Pettin 72,903 44.6%
Totals 163,624 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1966

United States House of Representatives elections, 1966[28]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Del M. Clawson (incumbent) 93,320 67.4%
Democratic Ed O'Connor 45,141 32.6%
Totals 138,461 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1968

United States House of Representatives elections, 1968[29]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Del M. Clawson (incumbent) 95,628 64.9%
Democratic Jim Sperrazzo 51,606 35.1%
Totals 147,234 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1970

United States House of Representatives elections, 1970[30]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Del M. Clawson (incumbent) 77,346 63.3%
Democratic G. L. "Jerry" Chapman 44,767 36.7%
Totals 122,113 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1972

United States House of Representatives elections, 1972[31]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Del M. Clawson (incumbent) 118,731 61.4%
Democratic Conrad G. Tuohey 74,561 38.6%
Totals 193,292 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1974

United States House of Representatives elections, 1974[32]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Thomas M. Rees (incumbent) 119,239 71.4%
Republican Jack E. Roberts 47,615 28.6%
Totals 166,854 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1976

United States House of Representatives elections, 1976[33]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Anthony C. Beilenson 130,619 60.2%
Republican Thomas F. Bartman 86,434 39.8%
Totals 217,053 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1978

United States House of Representatives elections, 1978[34]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Anthony C. Beilenson (inc.) 117,498 65.6%
Republican Joseph Barbara 61,496 34.4%
Totals 178,994 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1980

United States House of Representatives elections, 1980[35]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Anthony C. Beilenson (inc.) 126,020 63.2%
Republican Robert "Bob" Winckler 62,742 31.5%
Libertarian Jeffrey P. Lieb 10,623 5.3%
Totals 199,385 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1982

United States House of Representatives elections, 1982[36]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Anthony C. Beilenson (inc.) 120,788 59.6%
Republican Daid Armor 82,031 40.4%
Totals 202,819 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1984

United States House of Representatives elections, 1984[37]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Anthony C. Beilenson (inc.) 140,461 61.6%
Republican Claude W. Parrish 84,093 36.9%
Libertarian Larry Leathers 3,580 1.6%
Totals 228,134 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1986

United States House of Representatives elections, 1986[38]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Anthony C. Beilenson (inc.) 121,468 65.7%
Republican George Woolverton 58,746 31.8%
Peace and Freedom Tom Hopke 2,521 1.4%
Libertarian Taylor Rhodes 2,019 1.1%
Totals 184,754 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1988

United States House of Representatives elections, 1988[39]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Anthony C. Beilenson (inc.) 147,858 63.5%
Republican Jim Salomon 77,184 33.1%
Libertarian John R. Vernon 4,503 1.9%
Peace and Freedom John Honigsfeld 3,316 1.4%
No party Write-ins 18 0.0%
Totals 232,879 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1990

United States House of Representatives elections, 1990[40]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Anthony C. Beilenson (inc.) 103,141 61.7%
Republican Jim Salomon 57,118 34.2%
Peace and Freedom John Honigsfeld 6,834 4.1%
Totals 167,093 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1992

United States House of Representatives elections, 1992[41]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Elton Gallegly (incumbent) 115,504 54.3%
Democratic Anita Perez Ferguson 88,225 41.4%
Libertarian Jay C. Wood 9,091 4.3%
No party Dunbar (write-in) 61 0.0%
Totals 212,881 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1994

United States House of Representatives elections, 1994[42]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Elton Gallegly (incumbent) 114,043 66.17%
Democratic Kevin Ready 47,345 27.47%
Libertarian Bill Brown 6,481 3.76%
Green Robert T. Marston 4,457 2.59%
No party Nagode (write-in) 14 0.01%
Totals 172,340 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1996

United States House of Representatives elections, 1996[43]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Elton Gallegly (incumbent) 118,880 59.6%
Democratic Robert Unruhe 70,035 35.2%
Libertarian Gail Lightfoot 8,346 4.1%
Natural Law Stephen Hospodar 2,246 1.1%
Totals 199,507 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1998

United States House of Representatives elections, 1998[44]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Elton Gallegly (incumbent) 96,362 60.06%
Democratic Daniel "Dan" Gonzalez 64,068 39.94%
Totals 160,430 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

2000

United States House of Representatives elections, 2000[45]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Elton Gallegly (incumbent) 119,479 54.1%
Democratic Michael Case 89,918 40.7%
Reform Cary Savitch 6,473 3.0%
Libertarian Roger Peebles 3,708 1.6%
Natural Law Stephen P. Hospodar 1,456 0.6%
Totals 221,034 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

2002

United States House of Representatives elections, 2002[46]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Lois Capps (incumbent) 95,752 59.1%
Republican Beth Rogers 62,604 38.6%
Libertarian James E. Hill 3,866 2.3%
Totals 162,222 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2004

United States House of Representatives elections, 2004[47]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Lois Capps (incumbent) 153,980 63.1%
Republican Don Regan 83,926 34.3%
Libertarian Michael Favorite 6,391 2.6%
Totals 244,297 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2006

United States House of Representatives elections, 2006[48]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Lois Capps (incumbent) 114,661 65.2%
Republican Victor G. Tognazzini 61,272 34.8%
No party H.A. Gardner, Jr. (write-in) 18 0.0%
Totals 175,951 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

References

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message