California's 9th congressional district: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 37°48′3.97″N 122°15′14.91″W / 37.8011028°N 122.2541417°W / 37.8011028; -122.2541417

California's 9th congressional district
Ca09 109.gif
Current Representative Barbara Lee (D)
Area 152 mi²
Distribution 99.9% urban, 0.1% rural
Population (2000) 639,088
Median income $44,314
Ethnicity 35.2% White, 26.0% Black, 15.4% Asian, 18.7% Hispanic, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% other
Cook PVI D+37

California's 9th congressional district covers a significant portion of the East Bay portion of the San Francisco Bay Area. It includes the cities of Oakland, Piedmont and Berkeley, among others. The district has been represented in the United States House of Representatives by Democrat Barbara Lee since 1998. Prior to Lee, the district had been represented by Ron Dellums for 27 years, from 1971-1998.

Voting

The district is highly racially diverse and heavily left-leaning, typically voting for Democratic candidates. The district has a Cook Partisan Voting Index score of D+38, making it California's most partisan and most Democratic district in 2000-2004.

John Kerry won the district in 2004 with 85.9% of the vote. Barack Obama swept the district in 2008 with 88.13% of the vote while John McCain received 9.87% of the vote, making it Obama's best and McCain's worst performance in California.

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Election results from statewide races

Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 78.7 - 12.4%
U.S. Senator Boxer 80.5 - 14.5%
U.S. Senator Feinstein 82.9 - 13.0%
1994 Governor
U.S. Senator
1996 President
1998 Governor
U.S. Senator
2000 President[1] Gore 78.6 - 12.0%
Senator[2] Feinstein 73.1 - 12.2%
2002 Governor[3] Davis 67.5 - 12.8%
2003 Recall[4][5] No 82.1 - 17.9%
Bustamante 66.2 - 14.7%
2004 President[6] Kerry 85.9 - 12.6%
Senator[7] Boxer 84.4 - 11.1%
2006 Governor[8] Angelides 67.3 - 24.0%
Senator[9] Feinstein 81.4 - 8.3%
2008 President[10] Obama 85.2 - 12.4%

List of Representatives

Counties Representative Party Dates Notes
Los Angeles outside Los Angeles city Charles W. Bell Progressive Republican 1913-03-04 – 1915-03-03 Newly created district
Lost re-election to Randall
Charles Hiram Randall Prohibition 1915-03-04 – 1921-03-03 Lost re-election to Charles F. Van de Water
Vacant 1921-03-04 - 1921-04-10 Representative-elect Van de Water died
Walter F. Lineberger Republican 1921-04-11 – 1927-03-03 Retired to run for U.S. Senate
William E. Evans Republican 1927-03-04 – 1933-03-03 Redistricted to 11th district
Fresno, Kings, Madera, Merced, Stanislaus Denver S. Church Democratic 1933-03-04 – 1935-01-03 Redistricted from 7th district; retired
Bertrand W. Gearhart Republican 1935-01-03 – 1943-01-03 Lost re-election to White
Fresno, Madera, Merced, Stanislaus 1943-01-03 – 1949-01-03
Cecil F. White Democratic 1949-01-03 – 1951-01-03 Lost re-election to Hunter
Allan O. Hunter Republican 1951-01-03 – 1953-01-03 Redistricted to 12th district
San Mateo J. Arthur Younger Republican 1953-01-03 – 1963-01-03 Redistricted to the 11th district
Eastern Santa Clara 1963-01-03 – 1967-01-03
Southwest Alameda, most of Santa Clara Don Edwards Democratic 1967-01-03 – 1973-01-03 Redistricted to 10th district
Southwest Alameda, northeast Santa Clara 1973-01-03 – 1975-01-03
Alameda outside Oakland Pete Stark Democratic 1975-01-03 – 1993-01-03 Redistricted from 8th district
Redistricted to 13th district
Alameda (Berkeley, Oakland) Ron Dellums Democratic 1993-01-03 – 1998-02-06 Redistricted from 8th district; retired
Vacant 1998-02-06 – 1998-04-07
Barbara Lee Democratic 1998-04-07 – present Incumbent

Election results

191219141916191819201921 (Special)192219241926192819301932193419361938194019421944194619481950195219541956195819601962196419661968197019721974197619781980198219841986198819901992199419961998 (Special)19982000200220042006

1912

United States House of Representatives elections, 1912
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Charles W. Bell 28,845 47.2%
Democratic Thomas H. Kirk 14,571 23.9%
Socialist Ralph L. Criswell 11,123 18.2%
Prohibition George S. Yarnall 6,510 10.7%
Totals 61,049 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican win (new constituency)

1914

United States House of Representatives elections, 1914
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Prohibition Charles Hiram Randall 28,097 30.9%
Progressive Charles W. Bell (incumbent) 27,560 30.3%
Republican Frank C. Roberts 25,176 27.7%
Socialist Henry A. Hart 10,084 11.1%
Totals 90,917 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Prohibition gain from Republican

1916

United States House of Representatives elections, 1916
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Prohibition Charles Hiram Randall (inc.) 58,826 57.8%
Independent Charles W. Bell 33,270 32.7%
Socialist Ralph L. Criswell 9,661 9.5%
Totals 101,757 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Prohibition hold

1918

United States House of Representatives elections, 1918
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Prohibition Charles Hiram Randall (inc.) 38,782 53.0%
Republican Montaville Flowers 31,689 43.3%
Socialist Grace Silver Henry 2,718 3.7%
Totals 73,189 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Prohibition hold

1920

United States House of Representatives elections, 1920[11]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Charles F. Van de Water 62,952 59.7%
Prohibition Charles Hiram Randall (inc.) 36,675 34.8%
Socialist Mary E. Garbutt 5,819 5.5%
Totals 105,446 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican gain from Prohibition

1921 (Special)

Republican Walter F. Lineberger won the special election to replace fellow Republican Charles F. Van de Water, who won the election but died before the 67th Congress convened. Data for this special election is not available.[12]

1922

United States House of Representatives elections, 1922[13]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Walter F. Lineberger (inc.) 66,265 59.1%
Prohibition Charles Hiram Randall 45,794 40.9%
Totals 112,059 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1924

United States House of Representatives elections, 1924[14]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Walter F. Lineberger (inc.) 119,993 63.9%
Prohibition Charles Hiram Randall 67,735 36.1%
Totals 187,728 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1926

United States House of Representatives elections, 1926[15]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican William E. Evans (incumbent) 102,270 59.5%
Prohibition Charles Hiram Randall 61,719 35.9%
Socialist Charles F. Conley 7,943 4.6%
Totals 171,932 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1928

United States House of Representatives elections, 1928[16]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican William E. Evans (incumbent) 222,261 77.0%
Democratic James B. Ogg 58,263 20.2%
Socialist Christian Sorenson 8,090 2.8%
Totals 288,614 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1930

United States House of Representatives elections, 1930[17]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican William E. Evans (incumbent) 182,176 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1932

United States House of Representatives elections, 1932[18]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Denver S. Church 50,125 61.6%
Republican Henry E. Barbour (inc.) 31,209 38.4%
Totals 81,334 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic gain from Republican

1934

United States House of Representatives elections, 1934[19]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Bertrand W. Gearhart 77,650 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican gain from Democratic

1936

United States House of Representatives elections, 1936[20]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Bertrand W. Gearhart (inc.) 82,360 97%
Communist Carl B. Patterson 2,571 3%
Totals 84,931 100%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1938

United States House of Representatives elections, 1938[21]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Bertrand W. Gearhart (inc.) 91,128 96.3%
No party George H. Sciaroni (write-in) 3,536 3.7%
Totals 94,664 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1940

United States House of Representatives elections, 1940[22]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Bertrand W. Gearhart (inc.) 99,708 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1942

United States House of Representatives elections, 1942[23]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Bertrand W. Gearhart (inc.) 65,791 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1944

United States House of Representatives elections, 1944[24]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Bertrand W. Gearhart (inc.) 66,845 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1946

United States House of Representatives elections, 1946[25]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Bertrand W. Gearhart (inc.) 50,171 53.7%
Democratic Hubert Phillips 43,244 46.3%
Totals 93,415 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1948

United States House of Representatives elections, 1948[26]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Cecil F. White 72,826 51.3%
Republican Bertrand W. Gearhart (inc.) 66,563 46.9%
Progressive Josephine F. Daniels 2,573 1.8%
Totals 141,962 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic gain from Republican

1950

United States House of Representatives elections, 1950[27]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Allan O. Hunter 76,015 52%
Democratic Cecil F. White (incumbent) 70,201 48%
Totals 146,216 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican gain from Democratic

1952

United States House of Representatives elections, 1952[28]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican J. Arthur Younger (incumbent) 71,426 53.1%
Democratic Harold F. Taggart 61,028 45.3%
Progressive Charles S. Brown 2,140 1.6%
Totals 134,594 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican win (new constituency)

1954

United States House of Representatives elections, 1954[29]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican J. Arthur Younger (incumbent) 60,648 54.5%
Democratic Harold F. Taggart 50,619 45.5%
Totals 111,267 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1956

United States House of Representatives elections, 1956[30]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican J. Arthur Younger (incumbent) 96,388 60.3%
Democratic James T. McKay 63,504 39.7%
Totals 159,892 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1958

United States House of Representatives elections, 1958[31]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican J. Arthur Younger (incumbent) 90,735 58.8%
Democratic Elma D. Oddstad 63,597 41.2%
Totals 154,332 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1960

United States House of Representatives elections, 1960[32]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican J. Arthur Younger (incumbent) 116,589 59.2%
Democratic John D. Kaster 80,227 40.8%
Totals 196,816 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1962

United States House of Representatives elections, 1962[33]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Don Edwards 79,616 66%
Republican Joseph F. Donovan 41,104 34%
Totals 120,720 100%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic win (new constituency)

1964

United States House of Representatives elections, 1964[34]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Don Edwards (incumbent) 115,954 69.8%
Republican Joseph F. Donovan 50,261 30.2%
Totals 166,215 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1966

United States House of Representatives elections, 1966[35]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Don Edwards (incumbent) 97,311 63.2%
Republican Wilbur G. Durkee 56,784 36.8%
Totals 154,095 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1968

United States House of Representatives elections, 1968[36]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Don Edwards (incumbent) 100,891 56.5%
Republican Larry Fargher 77,521 43.5%
Totals 178,412 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1970

United States House of Representatives elections, 1970[37]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Don Edwards (incumbent) 120,041 69.1%
Republican Mark Guerra 49,556 28.5%
American Independent Edmon V. Kaiser 4,009 2.3%
Totals 173,606 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1972

United States House of Representatives elections, 1972[38]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Don Edwards (incumbent) 123,837 72.3%
Republican Herb Smith 43,134 25.2%
American Independent Edmon V. Kaiser 4,403 2.5%
Totals 171,374 100%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1974

United States House of Representatives elections, 1974[39]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Pete Stark (incumbent) 87,854 70.6%
Republican Edson Adams 36,522 29.4%
Totals 124,376 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1976

United States House of Representatives elections, 1976[40]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Pete Stark (incumbent) 116,398 70.8%
Republican James K. Mills 44,607 27.1%
Peace and Freedom Albert L. Sargis 3,386 2.1%
Totals 164,391 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1978

United States House of Representatives elections, 1978[41]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Pete Stark (incumbent) 88,179 65.4%
Republican Robert S. Allen 41,138 30.5%
Peace and Freedom Lawrance J. Phillips 5,562 4.1%
Totals 134,879 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1980

United States House of Representatives elections, 1980[42]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Pete Stark (incumbent) 90,504 55.3%
Republican William J. "Bill" Kennedy 67,265 41.1%
Libertarian Steven W. Clanin 5,823 3.6%
Totals 163,592 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1982

United States House of Representatives elections, 1982[43]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Pete Stark (incumbent) 104,393 60.7%
Republican William J. "Bill" Kennedy 67,702 39.3%
Totals 172,095 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1984

United States House of Representatives elections, 1984[44]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Pete Stark (incumbent) 136,511 69.9%
Republican J. T. "Eager" Beaver 51,399 26.3%
Libertarian Martha Fuhrig 7,398 3.8%
Totals 195,308 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1986

United States House of Representatives elections, 1986[45]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Pete Stark (incumbent) 113,490 69.7%
Republican David M. "Dave" Williams 49,300 30.3%
Totals 162,790 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1988

United States House of Representatives elections, 1988[46]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Pete Stark (incumbent) 152,866 73%
Republican Howard Hertz 56,656 27%
Totals 214,522 100%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1990

United States House of Representatives elections, 1990[47]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Pete Stark (incumbent) 94,739 58.4%
Republican Victor Romero 67,412 41.6%
Totals 162,151 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1992

United States House of Representatives elections, 1992[48]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Ron Dellums (incumbent) 164,265 71.9%
Republican G. William "Billy" Hunter 53,707 23.5%
Peace and Freedom Dave Linn 10,472 4.6%
No party Muss (write-in) 23 0.0%
Totals 228,467 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1994

United States House of Representatives elections, 1994[49]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Ron Dellums (incumbent) 129,233 72.25%
Republican Deborah Wright 40,448 22.61%
Peace and Freedom Emma Wong Mar 9,194 5.14%
Totals 178,875 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1996

United States House of Representatives elections, 1996[50]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Ron Dellums (incumbent) 154,806 77.1%
Republican Deborah Wright 37,126 18.5%
Peace and Freedom Tom Condit 5,561 2.7%
Natural Law Jack Forem 3,475 1.7%
Republican Omari Musa (write-in) 8 0.0%
Totals 200,976 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1998 (Special)

List of special elections to the United States House of Representatives in California[51]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Barbara Lee 33,497 66.81%
Democratic Greg Harper 8,048 16.05%
Republican Claiborne Sanders 6,114 12.19%
Democratic Randal Stewart 2,481 4.95%
Totals 50,140 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1998

United States House of Representatives elections, 1998[52]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Barbara Lee (incumbent) 140,722 82.83%
Republican Claiborne "Clay" Sanders 22,431 13.20%
Peace and Freedom Gerald Sanders 4,767 2.81%
Natural Law Walter Ruehlig 1,975 1.16%
Totals 169,895 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2000

United States House of Representatives elections, 2000[53]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Barbara Lee (incumbent) 182,352 85.0%
Republican Arneze Washington 21,033 9.8%
Libertarian Fred E. Foldvary 7,051 3.3%
Natural Law Ellen Jefferds 4,214 1.9%
Totals 214,650 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2002

United States House of Representatives elections, 2002[54]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Barbara Lee (incumbent) 135,893 85.0%
Republican Jerald Udinsky 25,333 9.8%
Libertarian James M. Eyer 5,685 3.4%
Republican Hector Reyna (write-in) 6 0.0%
Totals 166,917 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2004

United States House of Representatives elections, 2004[55]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Barbara Lee (incumbent) 215,630 84.6%
Republican Claudia Bermudez 31,278 12.3%
Libertarian James M. Eyer 8,131 3.1%
Totals 255,039 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2006

United States House of Representatives elections, 2006[56]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Barbara Lee (incumbent) 167,245 86.4%
Republican John "J.D." Den Dulk 20,786 10.7%
Libertarian James M. Eyer 5,655 2.9%
Totals 193,686 100.0%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

References

External links


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