|California State University|
|Motto||Vox Veritas Vita (Latin)|
|Motto in English||"Voice Truth Life" (Speak the truth as a way of life.)|
|Type||Public University System|
|Endowment||US$ 717 million (2008/2009) |
|Chancellor||Charles B. Reed|
|Location||Long Beach, California , United States|
|Colors||Red & White|
|Affiliations||State of California|
The California State University (CSU) is one of three public higher education systems in the state of California, the other two being the University of California system and the California Community College system. It is incorporated as The Trustees of the California State University. The California State University system headquarters are at 401 Golden Shore in Downtown Long Beach.
CSU prepares about 60 percent of the teachers in the state, 40 percent of the engineering graduates, and more graduates in business, agriculture, communications, health, education and public administration than all other California universities and colleges combined. Altogether, about half the bachelor's degrees and a third of the master's degrees awarded annually in California are from the CSU.
Since 1961 nearly 2.5 million alumni have received a bachelor's, master's or doctoral degree from the university system. CSU offers more than 1,800 degree programs in some 240 subject areas.
Today's California State University system is the direct descendant of the California State Normal School (now San Jose State University), a normal school established by the California Legislature on May 2, 1862. The California State Normal School was itself derived from the City of San Francisco's Minns Evening Normal School (founded in 1857) a normal school legislature dropped the word "California" from the name of the San Jose and Los Angeles schools, renaming them "State Normal Schools." Later Chico (1887), San Diego (1897), and other schools became part of the State Normal School system. In 1919, the State Normal School at Los Angeles became the Southern Branch of the University of California (now the University of California, Los Angeles). In 1921, the State Normal Schools became the State Teachers Colleges. By this time most of the campuses started to become identified by their city names plus the word "state" (e.g., "San Jose State," "San Diego State," "San Francisco State").
In 1935, the State Teachers Colleges became the California State Colleges and were administered by the California State Department of Education in Sacramento. The Donahoe Higher Education Act of 1960 gave the system greater autonomy from the State of California.
The postwar period brought a great expansion in the number of colleges in the system. Campuses in Los Angeles, Sacramento, and Long Beach were added between 1947 and 1949. Then seven more were authorized to be built between 1957 and 1960. Six more campuses joined the system after the establishment of the Donohoe Higher Education Act in 1960 bringing the total number to 23.
In 1972 the system became The California State University and Colleges, and all of the campuses were renamed with the words "California State University" in their names. Former San Diego State University student body president Calvin Robinson wrote the bill, signed into law by Ronald Reagan, that allowed every California State University the option to revert the schools back to their pre-1972 names: San Jose State, San Diego State, San Francisco State, etc. In 1982, the CSU system dropped the word "colleges" from its name.
Responsibility for the California State University is vested in the 25 member Board of Trustees, whose members are appointed by the Governor of the State of California. There are 5 ex officio Trustees; the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Speaker of the Assembly, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, and the CSU Chancellor. There are 4 special Trustees. The CSU Statewide Alumni Council appoints an Alumni Trustee. The Governor appoints a Faculty Trustee from nominees proposed by the Statewide Academic Senate. The Governor appoints two Student Trustees from nominees proposed by the California State Student Association. The Alumni and Faculty Trustees serve for two years. The Student Trustees serve staggered two-year terms. The sixteen remaining Trustees are appointed by the Governor, confirmed by the State Senate, and serve for eight years. The Trustees appoint the Chancellor, who is the chief executive officer of the system, and the Presidents, who are the chief executive officers of their respective campuses.
Membership of the Board of Trustees: Ex Officio trustees
The Academic Senate of the California State University, made up of elected representatives of the faculty from each campus, recommends academic policy to the Board of Trustees through the Chancellor.
The California State University's permanent, collective endowment has grown to $874 million U.S. dollars as of the close of the 2006-2007 academic year. In addition, each of the 23 campuses of the CSU raise their own funds through donations and other external funding, and each campus controls its own separate endowment funds not counted in the above endowment amount.
|1||California Polytechnic State University||San Luis Obispo||$ 181,530||$ 166,179||$ 130,947||▼-21 %|
|2||San Diego State University||San Diego||$ 99,853||$ 115,090||-||▲15 %|
|3||California State University, Fresno||Fresno||$ 112,901||$ 104,645||$ 91,426||▼-13 %|
|4||California State University, Northridge||Northridge, Los Angeles||$ 60,227||$ 55,379||$ 48,920||▼-12 %|
|5||San Francisco State University||San Francisco||$ 51,202||$ 47,179||$ 43,731||▼-7 %|
|6||San Jose State University||San Jose||$ 50,020||$ 50,108||$ 40,517||▼-19 %|
|7||California State University, Long Beach||Long Beach||$ 36,072||$ 36,616||$ 31,070||▼-15 %|
|8||California State University, Chico||Chico||$ 35,741||$ 34,656||-||-3.0 % ▼|
|9||California State Polytechnic University, Pomona||Pomona||$ 33,717||$ 33,201||$ 27,636||▼-17 %|
|10||Sonoma State University||Rohnert Park||$ 37,417||$ 35,602||$ 26,037||▼-27 %|
|11||California State University, Sacramento||Sacramento||$ 19,155||$ 21,412||$ 19,712||▼-8 %|
|12||California State University, Fullerton||Fullerton||$ 17,592||$ 20,022||$ 18,960||▼-5 %|
|13||Humboldt State University||Arcata||$ 18,797||$ 18,447||$ 15,700||▼-15 %|
|14||California State University, San Bernardino||San Bernardino||$ 12,651||$ 14,190||$ 13,401||▼-6 %|
|15||California State University, Los Angeles||Los Angeles||$ 16,553||$ 15,091||$ 13,224||▼-12 %|
|16||California State University, Bakersfield||Bakersfield||$ 16,460||$ 16,415||$ 13,013||▼-21 %|
|17||California State University, San Marcos||San Marcos||$ 15,158||$ 16,222||$ 12,992||▼-20 %|
|18||California State University, East Bay||Hayward||$ 9,762||$ 9,179||-||-6.0 % ▼|
|19||California State University, Stanislaus||Turlock||$ 11,000||$ 11,084||$ 8,422||▼-24 %|
|NR||California State University Office of the Chancellor||Long Beach||$ 9,744||$ 9,210||$ 7,913||▼-14 %|
|20||California State University, Monterey Bay||Seaside||$ 4,801||$ 7,014||$ 7,676||▲9 %|
|21||California State University, Channel Islands||Camarillo||$ 7,722||$ 7,253||$ 6,242||▼-14 %|
|22||California State University, Dominguez Hills||Carson||$ 6,730||$ 6,567||$ 6,033||▼-8 %|
|23||California Maritime Academy||Vallejo||$ 1,837||$ 1,844||$ 1,882||▲2 %|
During the fall 2004 semester the system employed 11,069 full-time faculty members. The vast majority, 68.3% were tenured or tenure tracked with 59.2% having tenure. Professors comprised 86.6% of faculty members with a plurality, 43.6% being full professors. Associate professors consitituted 18.6% and Assistant professors 24.4% of faculty members while 13.4% were instructors and lecturers. The percentage of full professors declined 31.4% since fall of 1999, while that of assistant professors has risen 57.4%.
The CSU system requires faculty to sign a loyalty oath dating from the Cold War. Some campuses (most recently CSU Fullerton) have refused to hire academics who have refused to sign one, although others have provided for accommodations such as signing statements. Quakers have been particular victims of this policy.
The average faculty salary was roughly $74,000 as of Spring 2007. As of April 2007, the faculty union and CSU have reached an agreement increasing faculty base salaries by 20.7%, boosting the average faculty salary from $74,000 to $91,000 by 2011. Salaries for full-professors will increase from $86,000 to $105,000. While this pay increase will provide a plurality of faculty members with six figure salaries, current CSU faculty salaries remain roughly 15% below the average for "comparable schools." Meanwhile salaries for all presidents have been raised above $300,000 in order to remain competitive with similar schools. As of Fall 2004 average salaries were as follows:
|Data||Lecturer||Instructor||Assistant Professor||Associate Professor||Full Professor|
|Percent of faculty||13.28%||0.10%||24.45%||18.62%||43.55%|
The CSU is composed of the following 23 campuses listed here by order of the year founded:
|Campus||Location||Founded||Campus Area in Acres||Enrollment
|Budget 2009-2010||Athletics Affiliation||Athletics Nickname
|San Jose State University||San Jose||1857||154||26,291||264,661,972||NCAA Division I||San Jose State Spartans
|California State University, Chico||Chico||1887||119||15,963||158,793,102||NCAA Division II||Wildcats
|San Diego State University||San Diego||1897||270||30,821||322,889,316||NCAA Division I||San Diego State Aztecs
|San Francisco State University||San Francisco||1899||134||24,692||275,409,849||NCAA Division II||Gators
|California Polytechnic State University||San Luis Obispo||1901||9,678||18,499||211,492,088||NCAA Division I||Mustangs
|California State University, Fresno||Fresno||1911||327||19,340||211,954,502||NCAA Division I||Fresno State Bulldogs
|Humboldt State University||Arcata||1913||144||7,223||96,443,610||NCAA Division II||Lumberjacks
|California Maritime Academy||Vallejo||1929||87||884||22,622,611||NAIA||Keelhaulers
|California State Polytechnic University, Pomona||Pomona||1938||1,438||17,805||203,236,222||NCAA Division II||Cal Poly Pomona Broncos
|California State University, Los Angeles||Los Angeles||1947||175||16,297||199,576,279||NCAA Division II||Golden Eagles
|California State University, Sacramento||Sacramento||1947||580||23,613||241,084,617||NCAA Division I||Hornets
|California State University, Long Beach||Long Beach||1949||323||30,895||320,307,578||NCAA Division I||49ers and Dirtbags
|California State University, East Bay||Hayward||1959||341||12,510||137,715,021||NCAA Division II||Pioneers
|California State University, Fullerton||Fullerton||1957||236||28,362||293,781,437||NCAA Division I||Titans
|California State University, Northridge||Northridge||1957||353||28,461||304,972,116||NCAA Division I||Matadors
|California State University, Stanislaus||Turlock||1957||220||6,631||87,067,837||NCAA Division II||Warriors
|California State University, Dominguez Hills||Carson||1960||346||8,846||109,631,582||NCAA Division II||Toros
|Sonoma State University||Rohnert Park||1960||269||8,259||86,648,273||NCAA Division II||Seawolves
|California State University, San Bernardino||San Bernardino||1965||441||14,866||160,381,158||NCAA Division II||Coyotes
|California State University, Bakersfield||Bakersfield||1965||375||7,113||82,714,822||NCAA Division I||Roadrunners|
|California State University, San Marcos||San Marcos||1988||304||7,449||91,218,742||NAIA||Cougars|
|California State University, Monterey Bay||Seaside (formerly Fort Ord)||1994||1,387||4,129||62,757,303||NCAA Division II||Otters
|California State University, Channel Islands||Camarillo||2002||826||3,271||51,820,453||None||Dolphins|
A handful of universities have off campus branches that make education accessible in a vast state. Unlike the typical university extension courses, they are degree-granting and students have the same status as other California State University students. The newest campus, the California State University, Channel Islands, was formerly an off campus branch of CSUN. Riverside and Contra Costa counties, which have 3 million residents between them, have lobbied for their off campus branches to be freestanding California State University campuses. Total enrollment for all branches in Fall 2005 is 9,163 students, the equivalent of 2.2% of systemwide enrollment. The following are schools and their respective off campus branches:
Research facilities owned and operated by units of the CSU:
Former units and campuses of the CSU:
Both university systems are California publicly funded higher education institutions. Despite having fewer students, some individual UC campuses, as a result of their research emphasis and medical centers, have larger budgets than the entire CSU system. CSU's Chancellor, Dr Charles B Reed, pointed out when delivering his Pullias Lecture at USC, that California was big enough to afford two world-class systems of public higher education, one that supports research (UC) and one that supports teaching (CSU). However, student per capita spending is stretched far thinner at the CSU, and the lack of a research mission or independent doctoral programs under the California Master Plan leads to a perceived lack of prestige among some academics. For many of the CSU system's early formative years, the more powerful UC system was able to delay or prevent the CSU campuses from gaining the right to grant bachelor's degrees, then later master's degrees and now doctorates in most fields. Thus while similar campuses in other states (e.g., Arizona State University) eventually grew from normal schools into research-oriented state universities, the UC system's powerful research university monopoly has successfully prevented the CSU from experiencing a similar development. Librarian Emeritus Kevin Starr has described the CSU as "in so many ways the Rodney Dangerfield of public higher education."
According to the California Master Plan for Higher Education (1960), both university systems may confer Bachelors or Master's degrees as well as professional certifications, however only the University of California has the authority to issue Ph.D degrees (Doctor of Philosophy) and professional degrees in the fields of law, medicine, veterinary, and dentistry. As a result of recent legislation (SB 724), the California State University may now offer the Ed.D degree (also known as the Doctor of Education or "education doctorate degree") to its graduate students as well as certain types of professional doctorate degrees (for instance, audiology (Au.D), etc.). Additionally, the California State University (CSU) offers Ph.D degrees as a "joint degree" in combination with other institutions of higher education, including "joint degrees" with the University of California (UC) and accredited private universities. This is why, for instance, San Diego State can qualify as a "Research University with high research activity" (Carnegie Foundation link) by offering 16 doctoral degrees.
There are 23 CSU campuses and 10 UC campuses representing 414,000 and 191,000 students respectively. The cost of CSU tuition is approximately half that of UC. Thus, the CSU system has been referred to by former California State University authorities as "The People's University."
CSU and UC use the terms "president" and "chancellor" internally in exactly opposite ways: At CSU, the campuses are headed by "presidents" who report to a systemwide "chancellor"; but at UC, they are headed by "chancellors" who report to a systemwide "president".
CSU has traditionally been more accommodating to the older student than UC, by offering more degree programs in the evenings and, more recently, online. In addition, CSU schools, especially in more urban areas, have traditionally catered to the commuter, enrolling most of its students from the surrounding area. This has changed as CSU schools increase enrollment and some of the more prestigious urban campuses attract a wider demographic.
Historically the requirements for admission to the CSU have been less stringent than the UC system. The CSU attempts to accept applicants from the top one-third (1/3) of California high school graduates. In contrast, the UC attempts to accept the top one-eighth (1/8). In an effort to maintain a 60/40 ratio of upper division students to lower division students and to encourage students to attend a California community college first, both university systems give priority to California community college transfer students.
However, as of 2008 the following CSU campuses use higher standards than the basic admission standards because of the number of qualified students who apply to those campuses as first-time freshmen during the initial application filing period:
An impacted campus or major is one which has more CSU-qualified students than capacity permits. As of 2006, CSU Long Beach, San Diego State, and Cal Poly SLO are impacted for both new freshmen and for transfer students, while CSU Fullerton, Cal Poly Pomona, and Sonoma State are impacted for new freshmen. Thus, these campuses have higher admission standards than the CSU minimum. In addition, some programs at other campuses are similarly impacted. Despite this, CSU undergraduate admissions are quantitatively based and generally do not include items such as personal statements, SAT Subject Test scores, letters of recommendation, or portfolios. In addition, there is geographic preference given to those residing within the commuting areas of the colleges.
The Maritime Academy uses a different admissions process from other CSU schools. Because of the nature of its programs, the Maritime Academy requires all applicants to pass a standard physical examination prior to enrollment.
The UC system follows a consistent style in the naming of campuses, using the words University of California followed by the name of its declared home city. Most CSU campuses follow a similar pattern, though several are named only for their home city or county, such as San Francisco State University, San Jose State University, San Diego State University, or Sonoma State University. A few of the colleges follow neither pattern, in particular the California Maritime Academy (Cal Maritime) and the California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly), the only campuses whose official names do not reference their location in California. Some critics, including Donald Gerth (a former President of California State University, Sacramento), have claimed that the weak California State University identity has contributed to the CSU's perceived lack of prestige when compared to the University of California.
The University of California and most of its campuses are members of the Association of American Universities (AAU), while the California State University (CSU) and several of its campuses (including San Diego and San Jose) are members of the American Association of State Colleges and Universities (AASCU).
ABET, Inc., (formerly the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology), accredits post-secondary degree programs in applied science, computing, engineering, and technology. It is intended to certify the quality of these programs. There California State University has 17 ABET-accredited engineering colleges throughout California.
U.S. News rankings of California State University best undergraduate Engineering programs accredited by the ABET in order.
The CSU is a founding and charter member of CENIC, the Corporation for Education Network Initiatives in California, the nonprofit organization which provides extremely high-performance Internet-based networking to California's K-20 research and education community.
The CSU is a member of the National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges.
.]] The California State University (CSU) is a public university system established in 1857 in California. It is one of three public higher education systems in the state, the other two being the University of California system and the California Community College system. The California State University system headquarters are located in Long Beach, California.
CSU prepares about 60 percent of the teachers in the state, 40 percent of the engineering graduates, and more graduates in business, agriculture, communication studies, health, education and public administration than all other California universities and colleges combined. Altogether, about half the bachelor's degrees and a third of the master's degrees awarded annually in California are from the CSU.
Since 1961, nearly 2.5 million alumni have received a bachelor's, master's or doctoral degree from the CSU system which offers more than 1,800 degree programs in 240 subject areas.
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