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California State University
Motto Vox Veritas Vita (Latin)
Motto in English "Voice Truth Life" (Speak the truth as a way of life.)
Established 1857
Type Public University System
Endowment US$ 717 million (2008/2009) [1]
Chancellor Charles B. Reed
Faculty 44,000
Students 417,112
Location Long Beach, California California, United States United States
Campus 23 campuses
Colors Red & White         
Affiliations State of California
Website CalState.edu
CalState.ca.gov
California State University logo.svg

The California State University (CSU) is one of three public higher education systems in the state of California, the other two being the University of California system and the California Community College system. It is incorporated as The Trustees of the California State University. The California State University system headquarters are at 401 Golden Shore in Downtown Long Beach.[2]

The CSU system is composed of 23 campuses and has over 417,112 students supported by 47,000 faculty members and staff.[3] It is the largest senior system of higher education in the United States.[4]

CSU prepares about 60 percent of the teachers in the state, 40 percent of the engineering graduates, and more graduates in business, agriculture, communications, health, education and public administration than all other California universities and colleges combined. Altogether, about half the bachelor's degrees and a third of the master's degrees awarded annually in California are from the CSU.

Since 1961 nearly 2.5 million alumni have received a bachelor's, master's or doctoral degree from the university system. CSU offers more than 1,800 degree programs in some 240 subject areas.

Contents

History

Today's California State University system is the direct descendant of the California State Normal School (now San Jose State University), a normal school established by the California Legislature on May 2, 1862. The California State Normal School was itself derived from the City of San Francisco's Minns Evening Normal School (founded in 1857) a normal school legislature dropped the word "California" from the name of the San Jose and Los Angeles schools, renaming them "State Normal Schools." Later Chico (1887), San Diego (1897), and other schools became part of the State Normal School system. In 1919, the State Normal School at Los Angeles became the Southern Branch of the University of California (now the University of California, Los Angeles). In 1921, the State Normal Schools became the State Teachers Colleges. By this time most of the campuses started to become identified by their city names plus the word "state" (e.g., "San Jose State," "San Diego State," "San Francisco State").

In 1935, the State Teachers Colleges became the California State Colleges and were administered by the California State Department of Education in Sacramento. The Donahoe Higher Education Act of 1960 gave the system greater autonomy from the State of California.

The postwar period brought a great expansion in the number of colleges in the system. Campuses in Los Angeles, Sacramento, and Long Beach were added between 1947 and 1949. Then seven more were authorized to be built between 1957 and 1960. Six more campuses joined the system after the establishment of the Donohoe Higher Education Act in 1960 bringing the total number to 23.

In 1972 the system became The California State University and Colleges, and all of the campuses were renamed with the words "California State University" in their names. Former San Diego State University student body president Calvin Robinson wrote the bill, signed into law by Ronald Reagan, that allowed every California State University the option to revert the schools back to their pre-1972 names: San Jose State, San Diego State, San Francisco State, etc. In 1982, the CSU system dropped the word "colleges" from its name.

Today the campuses of the CSU include comprehensive and polytechnic universities and the only Maritime Academy in the western United States that receives aid from the federal Maritime Administration.

Governance

Office of the Chancellor in Long Beach

Responsibility for the California State University is vested in the 25 member Board of Trustees, whose members are appointed by the Governor of the State of California. There are 5 ex officio Trustees; the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Speaker of the Assembly, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, and the CSU Chancellor. There are 4 special Trustees. The CSU Statewide Alumni Council appoints an Alumni Trustee. The Governor appoints a Faculty Trustee from nominees proposed by the Statewide Academic Senate. The Governor appoints two Student Trustees from nominees proposed by the California State Student Association. The Alumni and Faculty Trustees serve for two years. The Student Trustees serve staggered two-year terms. The sixteen remaining Trustees are appointed by the Governor, confirmed by the State Senate, and serve for eight years.[5] The Trustees appoint the Chancellor, who is the chief executive officer of the system, and the Presidents, who are the chief executive officers of their respective campuses.

Membership of the Board of Trustees: Ex Officio trustees

Appointed trustees:

  • Roberta Achtenberg
  • Jeffrey L. Bleich
  • Herbert L. Carter
  • Carol R. Chandler
  • Debra S. Farar
  • Kenneth Fong
  • Margaret Fortune
  • George G. Gowgani
  • Curtis Grima
  • Melinda Guzman
  • William Hauck
  • Raymond Holdsworth, Jr.
  • Linda A. Lang
  • Bob Linscheid
  • Peter Mehas
  • Henry Mendoza
  • Lou Monville
  • Craig R. Smith
  • Russel D. Statham
  • Glen Toney
  • Kyriakos Tsakopoulos

The Academic Senate of the California State University, made up of elected representatives of the faculty from each campus, recommends academic policy to the Board of Trustees through the Chancellor.

Chancellors of the CSU

Endowment

The California State University's permanent, collective endowment has grown to $874 million U.S. dollars as of the close of the 2006-2007 academic year.[6] In addition, each of the 23 campuses of the CSU raise their own funds through donations and other external funding, and each campus controls its own separate endowment funds not counted in the above endowment amount.

Link to CSU Endowment & Fundraising webpage
Rank Institution City 2007
Endowment[7]
($000 USD)
2008
Endowment[8]
($000 USD)
2009
Endowment[9]
($000 USD)
Percent
change from
previous year
1 California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo $ 181,530 $ 166,179 $ 130,947 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-3-2.1000000-21 %
2 San Diego State University San Diego $ 99,853 $ 115,090 - &0000000000000015.00000015 %
3 California State University, Fresno Fresno $ 112,901 $ 104,645 $ 91,426 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-4.1000000-13 %
4 California State University, Northridge Northridge, Los Angeles $ 60,227 $ 55,379 $ 48,920 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-3.1000000-12 %
5 San Francisco State University San Francisco $ 51,202 $ 47,179 $ 43,731 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-8.1000000-7 %
6 San Jose State University San Jose $ 50,020 $ 50,108 $ 40,517 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-20.1000000-19 %
7 California State University, Long Beach Long Beach $ 36,072 $ 36,616 $ 31,070 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-6.1000000-15 %
8 California State University, Chico Chico $ 35,741 $ 34,656 - -3.0 %
9 California State Polytechnic University, Pomona Pomona $ 33,717 $ 33,201 $ 27,636 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-8.1000000-17 %
10 Sonoma State University Rohnert Park $ 37,417 $ 35,602 $ 26,037 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-3-8.1000000-27 %
11 California State University, Sacramento Sacramento $ 19,155 $ 21,412 $ 19,712 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-9.1000000-8 %
12 California State University, Fullerton Fullerton $ 17,592 $ 20,022 $ 18,960 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-6.1000000-5 %
13 Humboldt State University Arcata $ 18,797 $ 18,447 $ 15,700 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-6.1000000-15 %
14 California State University, San Bernardino San Bernardino $ 12,651 $ 14,190 $ 13,401 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-7.1000000-6 %
15 California State University, Los Angeles Los Angeles $ 16,553 $ 15,091 $ 13,224 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-3.1000000-12 %
16 California State University, Bakersfield Bakersfield $ 16,460 $ 16,415 $ 13,013 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-3-2.1000000-21 %
17 California State University, San Marcos San Marcos $ 15,158 $ 16,222 $ 12,992 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-3-1.1000000-20 %
18 California State University, East Bay Hayward $ 9,762 $ 9,179 - -6.0 %
19 California State University, Stanislaus Turlock $ 11,000 $ 11,084 $ 8,422 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-3-5.1000000-24 %
NR California State University Office of the Chancellor Long Beach $ 9,744 $ 9,210 $ 7,913 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-5.1000000-14 %
20 California State University, Monterey Bay Seaside $ 4,801 $ 7,014 $ 7,676 &0000000000000009.0000009 %
21 California State University, Channel Islands Camarillo $ 7,722 $ 7,253 $ 6,242 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-5.1000000-14 %
22 California State University, Dominguez Hills Carson $ 6,730 $ 6,567 $ 6,033 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-9.1000000-8 %
23 California Maritime Academy Vallejo $ 1,837 $ 1,844 $ 1,882 &0000000000000002.0000002 %

Faculty

During the fall 2004 semester the system employed 11,069 full-time faculty members. The vast majority, 68.3% were tenured or tenure tracked with 59.2% having tenure. Professors comprised 86.6% of faculty members with a plurality, 43.6% being full professors. Associate professors consitituted 18.6% and Assistant professors 24.4% of faculty members while 13.4% were instructors and lecturers. The percentage of full professors declined 31.4% since fall of 1999, while that of assistant professors has risen 57.4%.[10]

The CSU system requires faculty to sign a loyalty oath dating from the Cold War. Some campuses (most recently CSU Fullerton) have refused to hire academics who have refused to sign one, although others have provided for accommodations such as signing statements. Quakers have been particular victims of this policy.[11]

Salary

The average faculty salary was roughly $74,000 as of Spring 2007.[12] As of April 2007, the faculty union and CSU have reached an agreement increasing faculty base salaries by 20.7%, boosting the average faculty salary from $74,000 to $91,000 by 2011. Salaries for full-professors will increase from $86,000 to $105,000.[12] While this pay increase will provide a plurality of faculty members with six figure salaries, current CSU faculty salaries remain roughly 15% below the average for "comparable schools." Meanwhile salaries for all presidents have been raised above $300,000 in order to remain competitive with similar schools.[13] As of Fall 2004 average salaries were as follows:

Average salaries.[10]
Data[14] Lecturer Instructor Assistant Professor Associate Professor Full Professor
Average salary[10] $52,987 $52,078 $55,788 $67,306 $83,502
Minimum salary[15] $34,356 $40,656 $48,720 $55,944 $70,680
Maximum salary[15] $125,820 $54,708 $109,272 $120,060 $125,820
Percent of faculty[10] 13.28% 0.10% 24.45% 18.62% 43.55%

Enrollment

CSU Fulltime Enrollment 2008.png



CSU Historical Enrollment 2008.png



CSU ethnic composition 2005.JPG

Campuses

The CSU is composed of the following 23 campuses listed here by order of the year founded:

Campus Location Founded Campus Area in Acres Enrollment

(Full time
Fall 2008)[16]

Budget 2009-2010[17] Athletics Affiliation Athletics Nickname
(Conference)
San Jose State University San Jose 1857 154 26,291 264,661,972 NCAA Division I San Jose State Spartans
(WAC)
California State University, Chico Chico 1887 119 15,963 158,793,102 NCAA Division II Wildcats
(CCAA)
San Diego State University San Diego 1897 270 30,821 322,889,316 NCAA Division I San Diego State Aztecs
(MWC)
San Francisco State University San Francisco 1899 134 24,692 275,409,849 NCAA Division II Gators
(CCAA)
California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo 1901 9,678 18,499 211,492,088 NCAA Division I Mustangs
(Big West)
California State University, Fresno Fresno 1911 327 19,340 211,954,502 NCAA Division I Fresno State Bulldogs
(WAC)
Humboldt State University Arcata 1913 144 7,223 96,443,610 NCAA Division II Lumberjacks
(CCAA)
California Maritime Academy Vallejo 1929 87 884 22,622,611 NAIA Keelhaulers
(CPC)
California State Polytechnic University, Pomona Pomona 1938 1,438 17,805 203,236,222 NCAA Division II Cal Poly Pomona Broncos
(CCAA)
California State University, Los Angeles Los Angeles 1947 175 16,297 199,576,279 NCAA Division II Golden Eagles
(CCAA)
California State University, Sacramento Sacramento 1947 580 23,613 241,084,617 NCAA Division I Hornets
(Big Sky)
California State University, Long Beach Long Beach 1949 323 30,895 320,307,578 NCAA Division I 49ers and Dirtbags
(Big West)
California State University, East Bay Hayward 1959 341 12,510 137,715,021 NCAA Division II Pioneers
(CCAA)
California State University, Fullerton Fullerton 1957 236 28,362 293,781,437 NCAA Division I Titans
(Big West)
California State University, Northridge Northridge 1957 353 28,461 304,972,116 NCAA Division I Matadors
(Big West)
California State University, Stanislaus Turlock 1957 220 6,631 87,067,837 NCAA Division II Warriors
(CCAA)
California State University, Dominguez Hills Carson 1960 346 8,846 109,631,582 NCAA Division II Toros
(CCAA)
Sonoma State University Rohnert Park 1960 269 8,259 86,648,273 NCAA Division II Seawolves
(CCAA)
California State University, San Bernardino San Bernardino 1965 441[18] 14,866 160,381,158 NCAA Division II Coyotes
(CCAA)
California State University, Bakersfield Bakersfield 1965 375 7,113 82,714,822 NCAA Division I Roadrunners
California State University, San Marcos San Marcos 1988 304 7,449 91,218,742 NAIA Cougars
California State University, Monterey Bay Seaside (formerly Fort Ord) 1994 1,387[19] 4,129 62,757,303 NCAA Division II Otters
(CCAA)
California State University, Channel Islands Camarillo 2002 826 3,271 51,820,453 None Dolphins

Gallery

Off campus branches

CSU San Bernardino Palm Desert Campus.

A handful of universities have off campus branches that make education accessible in a vast state. Unlike the typical university extension courses, they are degree-granting and students have the same status as other California State University students. The newest campus, the California State University, Channel Islands, was formerly an off campus branch of CSUN. Riverside and Contra Costa counties, which have 3 million residents between them, have lobbied for their off campus branches to be freestanding California State University campuses. Total enrollment for all branches in Fall 2005 is 9,163 students, the equivalent of 2.2% of systemwide enrollment. The following are schools and their respective off campus branches:

  • California State University, Bakersfield
  • California State University, Chico
    • Redding (affiliated with Shasta College)
  • California State University, Fullerton
    • Irvine
    • Garden Grove
  • California State University, East Bay
    • Concord
    • Oakland (Professional & Conference Center)
  • California State University, Fresno
    • Lancaster
  • California State University, San Bernardino
    • Palm Desert
  • California State University, San Marcos
    • Southwest Riverside County
  • San Diego State University
  • San Francisco State University
  • California State University, Stanislaus
    • Stockton, California[1]
  • Sonoma State University
    • Ukiah, California

Laboratories and observatories

Research facilities owned and operated by units of the CSU:

Former campuses

Former units and campuses of the CSU:

Differences between the CSU and UC systems

Both university systems are California publicly funded higher education institutions. Despite having fewer students, some individual UC campuses, as a result of their research emphasis and medical centers, have larger budgets than the entire CSU system. CSU's Chancellor, Dr Charles B Reed, pointed out when delivering his Pullias Lecture at USC, that California was big enough to afford two world-class systems of public higher education, one that supports research (UC) and one that supports teaching (CSU). However, student per capita spending is stretched far thinner at the CSU, and the lack of a research mission or independent doctoral programs under the California Master Plan leads to a perceived lack of prestige among some academics.[20][21] For many of the CSU system's early formative years, the more powerful UC system was able to delay or prevent the CSU campuses from gaining the right to grant bachelor's degrees, then later master's degrees and now doctorates in most fields. Thus while similar campuses in other states (e.g., Arizona State University) eventually grew from normal schools into research-oriented state universities, the UC system's powerful research university monopoly has successfully prevented the CSU from experiencing a similar development. Librarian Emeritus Kevin Starr has described the CSU as "in so many ways the Rodney Dangerfield of public higher education."[22]

According to the California Master Plan for Higher Education (1960), both university systems may confer Bachelors or Master's degrees as well as professional certifications, however only the University of California has the authority to issue Ph.D degrees (Doctor of Philosophy) and professional degrees in the fields of law, medicine, veterinary, and dentistry. As a result of recent legislation (SB 724), the California State University may now offer the Ed.D degree (also known as the Doctor of Education or "education doctorate degree") to its graduate students as well as certain types of professional doctorate degrees (for instance, audiology (Au.D), etc.). Additionally, the California State University (CSU) offers Ph.D degrees as a "joint degree" in combination with other institutions of higher education, including "joint degrees" with the University of California (UC) and accredited private universities. This is why, for instance, San Diego State can qualify as a "Research University with high research activity" (Carnegie Foundation link) by offering 16 doctoral degrees.

There are 23 CSU campuses and 10 UC campuses representing 414,000 and 191,000 students respectively. The cost of CSU tuition is approximately half that of UC. Thus, the CSU system has been referred to by former California State University authorities as "The People's University."[23]

CSU and UC use the terms "president" and "chancellor" internally in exactly opposite ways: At CSU, the campuses are headed by "presidents" who report to a systemwide "chancellor"; but at UC, they are headed by "chancellors" who report to a systemwide "president".

CSU has traditionally been more accommodating to the older student than UC, by offering more degree programs in the evenings and, more recently, online. In addition, CSU schools, especially in more urban areas, have traditionally catered to the commuter, enrolling most of its students from the surrounding area. This has changed as CSU schools increase enrollment and some of the more prestigious urban campuses attract a wider demographic.[24]

Admission standards

Historically the requirements for admission to the CSU have been less stringent than the UC system. The CSU attempts to accept applicants from the top one-third (1/3) of California high school graduates. In contrast, the UC attempts to accept the top one-eighth (1/8). In an effort to maintain a 60/40 ratio of upper division students to lower division students and to encourage students to attend a California community college first, both university systems give priority to California community college transfer students.

However, as of 2008 the following CSU campuses use higher standards than the basic admission standards because of the number of qualified students who apply to those campuses as first-time freshmen during the initial application filing period:[25]

  • Cal Poly
  • Cal Poly Pomona
  • Fullerton
  • Long Beach
  • San Diego

Impacted Campuses

An impacted campus or major is one which has more CSU-qualified students than capacity permits. As of 2006, CSU Long Beach, San Diego State, and Cal Poly SLO are impacted for both new freshmen and for transfer students, while CSU Fullerton, Cal Poly Pomona, and Sonoma State are impacted for new freshmen. Thus, these campuses have higher admission standards than the CSU minimum. In addition, some programs at other campuses are similarly impacted. Despite this, CSU undergraduate admissions are quantitatively based and generally do not include items such as personal statements, SAT Subject Test scores, letters of recommendation, or portfolios. In addition, there is geographic preference given to those residing within the commuting areas of the colleges.[26]

Special admissions process for the California Maritime Academy

The Maritime Academy uses a different admissions process from other CSU schools. Because of the nature of its programs, the Maritime Academy requires all applicants to pass a standard physical examination prior to enrollment.[25]

Campus naming conventions

The UC system follows a consistent style in the naming of campuses, using the words University of California followed by the name of its declared home city. Most CSU campuses follow a similar pattern, though several are named only for their home city or county, such as San Francisco State University, San Jose State University, San Diego State University, or Sonoma State University. A few of the colleges follow neither pattern, in particular the California Maritime Academy (Cal Maritime) and the California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly), the only campuses whose official names do not reference their location in California. Some critics, including Donald Gerth (a former President of California State University, Sacramento), have claimed that the weak California State University identity has contributed to the CSU's perceived lack of prestige when compared to the University of California.[27]

Research and academics

AAU and AASCU

The University of California and most of its campuses are members of the Association of American Universities (AAU), while the California State University (CSU) and several of its campuses (including San Diego and San Jose) are members of the American Association of State Colleges and Universities (AASCU).

ABET

ABET, Inc., (formerly the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology), accredits post-secondary degree programs in applied science, computing, engineering, and technology. It is intended to certify the quality of these programs. There California State University has 17 ABET-accredited engineering colleges throughout California.[28]

Rankings

U.S. News rankings of California State University best undergraduate Engineering programs accredited by the ABET in order.[29]

  • Cal Poly San Luis Obispo
  • Cal Poly Pomona
  • San Jose
  • Los Angeles
  • Long Beach
  • Northridge

CENIC

The CSU is a founding and charter member of CENIC, the Corporation for Education Network Initiatives in California, the nonprofit organization which provides extremely high-performance Internet-based networking to California's K-20 research and education community.

NASULGC

The CSU is a member of the National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges.

Statewide university programs

Agricultural Research Initiative

A comprehensive applied agricultural and environmental research program joining the CSU's four colleges of agriculture (at San Luis Obispo, Pomona, Chico and Fresno) and the state's agriculture and natural resources industries and allied business communities.

Biotechnology

Managed by the San Diego and Chico campuses, the California State University Program for Education and Research in Biotechnology (CSUPERB) provides vision, leadership, and support for biotechnology education and research throughout the CSU to promote biotechnology in California. CSUPERB was created in 1987 and designed to channel CSU system-wide resources and catalyze interdisciplinary, inter-campus, synergistic endeavors involving Biology and Chemistry departments as well as Engineering, Agriculture and Computer Science. The interdisciplinary nature of biotechnology includes areas such as bioengineering; agricultural biotechnology; human pharmaceutical and health applications; environmental and natural resource biotechnology; molecular ecology; marine biotechnology; and bioinformatics and computational biology as they are applied to molecular questions. CSUPERB also recognizes basic research in the molecular and cellular life sciences as contributing to biotechnology, and serves as the official liaison between the CSU system and industry, government, the Congressional Biotechnology Caucus, and the public arena in all biotechnological matters.

Nursing

  • Statewide Nursing Program
Headquartered and administered at the Dominguez Hills campus, the CSU Statewide Nursing Program offers registered nurses courses available throughout California that lead to Bachelors' and Masters' of Science degree in Nursing (awarded by the closest participating CSU campus). See also California Postsecondary Education Committee (CPEC) Reports on CSU Statewide Nursing Program for more information.

Pre-doctoral program

Designed to increase the pool of potential faculty by supporting the doctoral aspirations of California State University students who have experienced economic and educational disadvantages.
Provides financial and other assistance to individuals pursuing doctoral degrees. The program seeks to provide loans to doctoral students who are interested in applying and competing for California State University instructional faculty positions after completion of the doctoral degree.

Professional science master's degree

See PSM degree

The CSU intends to expand its post-graduate education focus to establish and encourage Professional Science Master's degree (PSM) programs using the Sloan model (see link for further discussion).

See also

References

  1. ^ "2008-2009 External Support Annual Report: Endowment". calstate.edu. California State University. As of June 30, 2009. http://www.calstate.edu/universityadvancement/reports/0809externalreport/endowment_market.shtml. Retrieved February 26 ,2010. 
  2. ^ Home Page. California State University. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  3. ^ "The California State University homepage". The California State University. 2006-02-13. http://www.calstate.edu/. Retrieved 2008-08-21. 
  4. ^ "CSU Facts 2006". The California State University. 2006-06-29. http://www.calstate.ca.gov/PA/2006Facts/index.shtml. Retrieved 2006-07-30. 
  5. ^ "The CSU Board of Trustees". The California State University. 2008-01-18. http://www.calstate.edu/PA/info/BOT.shtml. Retrieved 2008-01-18. 
  6. ^ 2006-2007 Annual Report
  7. ^ http://www.nacubo.org/documents/research/NES2008PublicTable-AllInstitutionsByFY08MarketValue.pdf
  8. ^ http://www.nacubo.org/documents/research/NES2008PublicTable-AllInstitutionsByFY08MarketValue.pdf
  9. ^ http://www.nacubo.org/Documents/research/2009_NCSE_Public_Tables_Endowment_Market_Values.pdf
  10. ^ a b c d "CSU Human Resources. (Fall 2004). Profile of CSU Employees: Fall 2004." (PDF). http://iar.csumb.edu/site/Images/iar/Fall2004CSUProfiles.pdf. Retrieved 2007-08-27. 
  11. ^ Paddock, Richard C. (2008-05-09). "Ousted Cal State Fullerton teacher revises oath of loyalty: The university says it is willing to work with the Quaker and her attorneys but suggests it may not have a job for her now". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/news/local/la-me-oath9-2008may09,0,3786001.story. 
  12. ^ a b "CSU Public Affairs Office. (April 3, 2007). CSU, Faculty Union Reach Tentative Agreement on Four-Year Contract.". http://www.calstate.edu/pa/news/2007/tentative.shtml. Retrieved 2007-09-25. 
  13. ^ "Krupnick, M. (September 20, 2007). CSU executives' salaries raised by up to $45,000. Monterey County Herald.". http://www.montereyherald.com/search/ci_6946074?IADID=Search-www.montereyherald.com-www.montereyherald.com. Retrieved 2007-09-25. 
  14. ^ Human Resources, California State University Office of the Chancellor, 2005.
  15. ^ a b "California State University, Office of the Chancellor: Human Resources. (2007/2008). Salary Schedule. (p. 48)" (PDF). http://www.calstate.edu/hrpims/salary/SalarySchd20071001.pdf. Retrieved 2007-11-02. 
  16. ^ CSU | Analytic Studies | In Brief 2008
  17. ^ Final Budget Allocations
  18. ^ http://www.csusb.edu/aboutCSUSB/EconomicImpact.aspx
  19. ^ http://csumb.edu/site/x8338.xml
  20. ^ Lindelof, Bill (November 15, 2007). "CSU budget plan might hike fees". Sacramento Bee. http://www.sacbee.com/101/story/493053.html. Retrieved 2007-11-16. 
  21. ^ Jaschik, Scott (October 18, 2007). "Mississippi State in the Silicon Valley". Inside Higher Education. http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2007/10/18/sjsu. Retrieved 2007-11-16. 
  22. ^ Kevin Starr, Coast of Dreams: California on the Edge, 1990-2003 (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2004), 583.
  23. ^ Reed, Ann (Spring, 2003). "Donald R. Gerth to leave the Sac State presidency after nearly two decades". Capital University Journal. http://www.csus.edu/pubaf/journal/spring2003/17gerth.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 
  24. ^ Saavedra, Sherry (September 23, 2007). "As SDSU evolves, demand for housing grows; University was built as commuter campus". San Diego Union Tribune. http://www.signonsandiego.com/uniontrib/20070923/news_1n23house.html. Retrieved 2008-01-18. 
  25. ^ a b "Campuses that have Higher Standards". The California State University. 2008-01-18. http://www.csumentor.edu/planning/high_school/campuses_that_have_higher_standards.asp. Retrieved 2008-01-18. 
  26. ^ "Impacted Undergraduate Majors and Campuses in the California State University - 2008-2009". The California State University. 2008-01-18. http://www.calstate.edu/ar/impactioninfo.shtml. Retrieved 2008-01-18. 
  27. ^ Gerth, Donald R.; Haehn, James O. (1971). Invisible Giant: The California State Colleges. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco. ISBN 0-87589-110-1. 
  28. ^ http://www.abet.org/schoolstate.asp
  29. ^ [http://www.cefns.nau.edu/Academic/CS/misc_docs/UG_engineering_ranking_08.pdf Best Undergraduate Engineering Programs spring 2008] Retrieved on October 03, 2009

External links


Simple English

.]] The California State University (CSU) is a public university system established in 1857 in California. It is one of three public higher education systems in the state, the other two being the University of California system and the California Community College system. The California State University system headquarters are located in Long Beach, California.[1]

The CSU system is composed of 23 campuses and has over 417,000 students supported by 47,000 faculties and staff.[2] It is the largest senior system of higher education in the United States.[3]

CSU prepares about 60 percent of the teachers in the state, 40 percent of the engineering graduates, and more graduates in business, agriculture, communication studies, health, education and public administration than all other California universities and colleges combined. Altogether, about half the bachelor's degrees and a third of the master's degrees awarded annually in California are from the CSU.

Since 1961, nearly 2.5 million alumni have received a bachelor's, master's or doctoral degree from the CSU system which offers more than 1,800 degree programs in 240 subject areas.

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References

  1. Home Page. California State University. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  2. "The California State University homepage". The California State University. 2006-02-13. http://www.calstate.edu/. Retrieved 2008-08-21. 
  3. "CSU Facts 2006". The California State University. 2006-06-29. http://www.calstate.ca.gov/PA/2006Facts/index.shtml. Retrieved 2006-07-30. 


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