Calumet County, Wisconsin: Wikis

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Calumet County, Wisconsin
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Calumet County
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Map of the U.S. highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Seat Chilton
Largest city Chilton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

397 sq mi (1,028 km²)
320 sq mi (828 km²)
77 sq mi (200 km²), 19.44
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

40,631
Founded 1836
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.calumet.wi.us/

Calumet County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. It is included in the Appleton, Wisconsin, Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2000, the county's population was 40,631. The county seat is Chilton[1].

Contents

History

The county's name originated from the word Calumet, which was a ceremonial pipe used by Native Americans in councils on the east shore of Lake Winnebago.[2] Native Americans from New York State had been relocated to the southwest part of the county in the 1830s, including the Brothertown Indians, Oneida Indians, and Stockbridge Indians. Many of the early residents in the Holyland region in southern part of the county were emigrants from the Schleswig-Holstein region in Germany in the 1840s.

The county was legally organized on February 5, 1850 by Chapter 84 Laws of 1850.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 397 square miles (1,028 km²), of which, 320 square miles (828 km²) of it is land and 77 square miles (200 km²) of it (19.44%) is water. The west boundary is largely in Lake Winnebago. The Niagara Escarpment runs north-south several miles east of the western boundary. The topography has been greatly influenced by glaciation.

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Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Calumet County.
Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 17,078
1910 16,701 −2.2%
1920 17,228 3.2%
1930 16,848 −2.2%
1940 17,618 4.6%
1950 18,840 6.9%
1960 22,268 18.2%
1970 27,604 24.0%
1980 30,867 11.8%
1990 34,291 11.1%
2000 40,631 18.5%
WI Counties 1900-1990
Calumet County Courthouse
2006 Calumet County Fair
2006 Calumet County Fair at night
Grandstands during the 2006 Calumet County Fair
Typical mix of rolling fields and woods in fall
Calumet County in winter
Stock cars at the county fairgrounds
Farmland overlooking Lake Winnebago

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 40,631 people, 14,910 households, and 11,167 families residing in the county. The population density was 127 people per square mile (49/km²). There were 15,758 housing units at an average density of 49 per square mile (19/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.68% White, 0.31% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 1.55% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 1.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 63.4% were of German ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.0% spoke English, 1.7% Spanish and 1.2% German as their first language.

There were 14,910 households out of which 38.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.00% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.10% were non-families. 20.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 32.00% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 100.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.00 males.

Dairy Industry

The University of Wisconsin–Extension has compiled statistics on Calumet County's dairy industry. Calumet County has more cows than people. 73% of land in the county is owned by farmers. 2400 residents are employed in farming. Agriculture results in $338 million in economic activity, and it contributes $68.2 million in income to the county total income (including $7.2 million towards taxes). 87% of farms are owned by individuals or families.[5]

In 1931, the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture described Calumet County as "one of the most important producers of American cheese among the counties of Wisconsin."[6]

Regions

The Holyland is located in southern Calumet County.

Cities, villages, and towns

Cities

Villages

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Transportation

Land

No interstate highways run through Calumet County. There are several U.S. routes in the county. U.S. Route 10 runs east-west across the north edge of the county. U.S. Route 151 runs north-south near the west edge of the county, and turns east-west at the middle of the county. North-south state highways include 55 along the west edge, and 32/57 through the center. East-west state highways include 114 at the northwest corner of the county, and the now defunct 149 along the southeast corner.

Air

The only airport located in Calumet County is the small New Holstein Municipal Airport. It is located just west of New Holstein.

Water

Nearly the entire west boundary of the county is located in Lake Winnebago. The first non-natives to enter the county most likely came in the county from the lake through the Fox River. The Manitowoc River and Sheboygan River both run through the county and flow into Lake Michigan through neighboring counties.

Recreation

County Parks

Calumet County has three county parks, and two county run harbors.

Calumet County Fairgrounds

Calumet County celebrated its 150th annual fair in 2006.[7] The fairgrounds host dirt track stockcars races on Friday nights in the summer.

Lake Winnebago

The west boundary of the county is located almost entirely in Lake Winnebago. Boaters use the lake for recreational boating and fishing in the summer. The lake is the site of ice fishing in the winter, and the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources manages a sturgeon spearing season in February.

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ Stories compiled and presented by the New Holstein Historical Society. Pioneer's Corner. pp. 69–70.  
  3. ^ Wulff, Eugene C.. The New Holstein Story.  
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  5. ^ University of Wisconsin Extension PDF fact sheet
  6. ^ November 23, 2006 article "Looking Back" Chilton Times-Journal, Page 7.
  7. ^ Mike Mathes "Homestead, Avery case top '06 news"; January 4, 2007; Page 2; Tri-County News

External links

Coordinates: 44°05′N 88°13′W / 44.08°N 88.22°W / 44.08; -88.22


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Calumet County, Wisconsin
Map
File:Map of Wisconsin highlighting Calumet County.png
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Map of the USA highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1836
Seat Chilton
Largest City Chilton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 19.44
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

40631
Time zone Central : UTC-6/-5
Website: http://www.co.calumet.wi.us/

Calumet County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. It is included in the Appleton Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2000, the county's population was 40,631. The county seat is Chilton6.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,028 km² (397 sq mi). 828 km² (320 sq mi) of it is land and 200 km² (77 sq mi) of it (19.44%) is water. The west boundary is largely in Lake Winnebago. The Niagara Escarpment runs north-south several miles east of the western boundary. The land surface topology has been greatly influenced by glaciation.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Calumet County.
Calumet County Courthouse
2006 Calumet County Fair
2006 Calumet County Fair at night
Grandstands during the 2006 Calumet County Fair
Typical mix of rolling fields and woods in fall
Calumet County in winter
Stock cars at the county fairgrounds
Farmland overlooking Lake Winnebago

As of the census² of 2000, there were 40,631 people, 14,910 households, and 11,167 families residing in the county. The population density was 49/km² (127/sq mi). There were 15,758 housing units at an average density of 19/km² (49/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 96.68% White, 0.31% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 1.55% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 1.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 63.4% were of German ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.0% spoke English, 1.7% Spanish and 1.2% German as their first language.

There were 14,910 households out of which 38.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.00% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.10% were non-families. 20.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 32.00% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 100.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.00 males.

Dairy Industry

The University of Wisconsin-Extension has compiled statistics on Calumet County's dairy industry. Calumet County has more cows than people. 73% of land in the county is owned by farmers. 2400 residents are employed in farming. Agriculture results in $338 million in economic activity, and it contributes $68.2 million in income to the county total income (including $7.2 million towards taxes). 87% of farms are owned by individuals or families.[1]

In 1931, the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture described Calumet County as "one of the most important producers of American cheese among the counties of Wisconsin."[2]

Cities, villages, and towns

Cities

Villages

Towns

Transportation

Land

No interstate highways run through Calumet County. There are several U.S. routes in the county. U.S. Route 10 runs east-west across the north edge of the county. U.S. Route 151 runs north-south near the west edge of the county, and turns east-west at the middle of the county. North-south state highways include 55 along the west edge, and 32/57 through the center. East-west state highways include 114 at the northwest corner of the county, and the now defunct 149 along the southeast corner.

Air

The only airport located in Calumet County is the small New Holstein Municipal Airport. It is located just west of New Holstein.

Water

Nearly the entire west boundary of the county is located in Lake Winnebago. The first non-natives to enter the county most likely came in the county from the lake through the Fox River. The Manitowoc River and Sheboygan River both run through the county and flow into Lake Michigan through neighboring counties.

Recreation

County Parks

Main article: Calumet County Parks

Calumet County has three county parks, and two county run harbors.

Calumet County Fairgrounds

Calumet County celebrated its 150th annual fair in 2006.[3] The fairgrounds host dirt track stockcars races on Friday nights in the summer.

Lake Winnebago

Main article: Lake Winnebago

The west boundary of the county is located almost entirely in Lake Winnebago. Boaters use the lake for recreational boating and fishing in the summer. The lake is the site of ice fishing in the winter, and the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources manages a sturgeon spearing season in February.

References

  1. ^ University of Wisconsin Extension PDF fact sheet
  2. ^ November 23 2006 article "Looking Back" Chilton Times-Journal, Page 7.
  3. ^ Mike Mathes "Homestead, Avery case top '06 news"; January 4 2007; Page 2; Tri-County News

External links

 
Appleton, Wisconsin (metro)
Flag of Wisconsin
Surrounding communities
(over 10,000)

Grand Chute* | Kaukauna° | Little Chute | Menasha° | Menasha* | Neenah°

(less than 10,000)

Buchanan* | Center* | Clayton* | Combined Locks | Darboy§ | Freedom* | Greenville*
Harrison* | Kaukauna* | Kimberly | Sherwood | Vandenbroek*

Counties

Outagamie | Winnebago | Calumet

*town village °city §unincorporated community

Coordinates: 44°05′N 88°13′W / 44.08, -88.22

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Calumet County, Wisconsin. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

Facts about Calumet County, WisconsinRDF feed
County names Calumet County, Wisconsin  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Wisconsin  +
Short name Calumet County  +

This article uses material from the "Calumet County, Wisconsin" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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