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Coordinates: 52°13′N 0°04′W / 52.22°N 0.07°W / 52.22; -0.07

Cambourne
Cambourne is located in Cambridgeshire
Cambourne

 Cambourne shown within Cambridgeshire
OS grid reference TL318598
District South Cambridgeshire
Shire county Cambridgeshire
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CAMBRIDGE
Postcode district CB23
Dialling code 01954
Police Cambridgeshire
Fire Cambridgeshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament South Cambridgeshire
List of places: UK • England • Cambridgeshire

Cambourne is a new settlement in Cambridgeshire, England, in the district of South Cambridgeshire. It lies on the A428 road between Cambridge, 9 miles (14 km) to the east, and St Neots and Bedford to the west. It comprises the three villages of Great Cambourne, Lower Cambourne and Upper Cambourne. The area is close to Bourn Airfield. The final population is expected to be around 10,000.[1]

Contents

History

As part of plans to build thousands of new homes in the south-east of England, a new settlement in the Cambridge area was considered in the late 1980s. Planning permission for a development at Monkfield Park was given in November 1996, while construction began in June 1998,[2] on what was previously farmland.

As of 2008, work on building Upper Cambourne is underway, with the estimated date of completion being between 2008 and 2010.

The existing planning permission allows 3,300 homes in the development, and there are proposals for a further 950 homes.[3]

Cambourne was initially going to be named Monkfield after the name of the original farm, which is commemorated by a Monkfield Lane in Great Cambourne. The name of the community was created from the names of Cambridge, the nearest city, and Bourn, a nearby village.

The area became a civil parish on 1 April 2004.

Amenities

Many facilities have been built in Cambourne as part of the recent development. These include a Morrisons supermarket and petrol station, a medical practice, allotments, a Chinese takeaway, a pub, The Monkfield Arms, owned by Pathfinder Pubs and a hotel, The Cambridge Belfry, run by QHotels.

The high street in Cambourne is still underway, with a chemist, a fish and chip shop, several estate agents, a bookmaker, a building society, a dry cleaner and an Indian restaurant. However a survey in July 2006 found that more than a third of residents thought that slow development of services was a problem, while almost a quarter thought that the range of shops was poor.[4]

Cambourne has three primary schools, Monkfield Park Primary School, The Vine Inter-Church Primary School and the recently completed Jeavons Wood Primary School which is in temporary buildings behind the new church. All primary schools are in the catchment area for Comberton Village College. Cambourne has many religious services available and is a multicultural community. Cambourne Business Park is located to the north of Lower Cambourne and is the home of South Cambridgeshire District Council, which relocated there in 2004. Environmental facilities include an educational 'Eco Park' which is home to a variety of plant, bird and mammal life and a 'Country Park' covering 80 acres (32 hectares), partially opened in 2001, situated between Lower and Great Cambourne.

In 2008/9, the local police force Cambridgeshire Constabulary announced the building of a new police station in the village. Building has now started. It was planned to be ready by December 2009, however due to delays, it will open in early 2010.

Quidditch Lane in Lower Cambourne

Sport

Various sports clubs are located in the villages, including football, rugby, tennis, netball and cricket clubs with their own pitches.

Cambourne Cricket Club runs two senior teams and two junior teams at U14 and U15 level, with an U11 team looking ever more likely in 2009 after increased interest. Building work on a new pavilion in Lower Cambourne was completed in April 2007, with the club enjoying a sustained period of growth. As of 2008, a second ground is due to be opened in 2009 behind the graveyard which will allow up to four teams to be entered into the Saturday leagues.

The senior football club is Cambourne Rovers FC, whose Saturday side plays in the Cambridgeshire Football League BIS Division 1a. A reserve team has also been entered into Division 5a for the 2008–09 season. CRFC is further represented by a Sunday league team, competing in the Halls of Cambridge Sunday League Division 4B.[5]

Cambourne Rovers Juniors FC has a number of teams playing in the Cambs Mini League and Cambs District Colts League. A second junior club called Cambourne Eagles FC also exists, with teams for under-eights to under-15s. The latter junior club appears to be more successful, with their under-12s winning the 2006–07 league, and also making it to the cup semi-finals. The Eagles U12s move to colts football has also been successful for the club, finishing the 2007–08 season as division C (U12) league champions and winners of the U12 knockout cup.[6] A third, more professional junior club has now been established called Cambourne F.C, with two U8 teams playing in the Cambs Mini League and a U15 team playing in the Cambs Colts league. Cambourne F.C has also set up a Soccer School for children under the age of 7 years old.[7]

Cambourne Exiles Rugby Club was formed in 2005 when some of the villagers decided to form a rugby-related social group. The first game was on 26 November 2005, against Saffron Walden 3. The team have grown to be a competent threes-level team. After the first season of friendly matches, in 2006 the team joined the Greene King Merit League.

Transport

The transport network for the area has been developed further as a result of Cambourne's construction, with the extension of the dual-carriageway section of the A428. This new bypass opened in May 2007 and has moved much traffic from the single carriageway into Cambridge onto the new road. A bus service operates between Cambourne and Cambridge, with a less-frequent service towards St Neots hourly. The nearest railway station is located at St Neots. The speed limit set for the majority of Cambourne was at one point 19 mph, however this was unenforceable due to the fact that the roads are privately-owned, have not been adopted by Cambridgeshire County Council and no Traffic Regulation Order is in place.

Update on speed limits as at Sept 2009, the 19mph signs have all been removed, and the only road in Cambourne that has been adopted and hence has speed limits applied is School Lane where it passes through Lower Cambourne. This has a 30mph restriction, however it is unsigned, even at the start and end of the limit, since the County Council believe that the existence of street lighting is sufficient to impose the limit.

There are currently no speed limit signs in Cambourne other than the odd 10mph sign at the entry to private parking, and 20 mph signs at the entry to the business park.

Therefore with the exception of School Lane, the roads remain unadopted, and can have no Traffic Regulation Order applied, meaning that no speed limits apply.

Source: Cambourne Project Office and Cambridge County Council

Religion

Cambourne has a wide variety of faiths including Cambourne Churches Together and Cambourne Roman Catholic Church. There is also an independent Baptist church called Peacehaven Baptist Church meeting in the hotel.

References

  1. ^ Cambourne FAQs, accessed 3 November 2007
  2. ^ South Cambridgeshire District Council A brief planning history of Cambourne, accessed 3 November 2007
  3. ^ South Cambridgeshire District Council, Cambourne, accessed 3 November 2007
  4. ^ Cambridgeshire County Council, Living in Cambourne: A survey of Cambourne residents, accessed 3 November 2007
  5. ^ Cambourne Rovers FC website
  6. ^ Cambourne Eagles FC website
  7. ^ Cambourne FC website

External links

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