Cambridge Bay, Nunavut: Wikis

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Cambridge Bay
Iqaluktuuttiaq
ᐃᖃᓗᒃᑑᑦᑎᐊᖅ
—  Hamlet  —
Aerial view of Cambridge Bay looking north
Nickname(s): Cam Bay


Cambridge Bay, Nunavut (CanadaGeo)
Cambridge Bay, Nunavut
Coordinates: 69°07′02″N 105°03′11″W / 69.11722°N 105.05306°W / 69.11722; -105.05306Coordinates: 69°07′02″N 105°03′11″W / 69.11722°N 105.05306°W / 69.11722; -105.05306
Country  Canada
Territory  Nunavut
Region Kitikmeot Region
Electoral district Cambridge Bay
Settled 1921
Incorporated (hamlet) 1 April 1984
Government [1][2]
 - Mayor Syd Glawson (acting)
 - Senior Administrative Officer Stephen King
 - MLA Keith Peterson
Area [3][4]
 - Hamlet 202.20 km2 (78.1 sq mi)
 - Urban 0.49 km2 (0.2 sq mi)
Elevation [5] 27 m (89 ft)
Highest elevation 183 m (600 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2006)[3][4]
 - Hamlet 1,477
 Density 7.3/km2 (18.9/sq mi)
 Urban auto
 - Urban Density 2,340.82/km2 (6,062.7/sq mi)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 - Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
Canadian Postal code X0B 0C0
Area code(s) 867
Telephone Exchange 983
GNBC Code CAPHL
NTS Map 77D02
Website Official site

Cambridge Bay (Inuinnaqtun: Iqaluktuuttiaq Inuktitut: ᐃᖃᓗᒃᑑᑦᑎᐊᖅ) (2006 population 1,477;[3] UA population 1,147[4]) named for Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, is a hamlet located in the Kitikmeot Region of Nunavut, Canada. The traditional Inuinnaqtun name for the area is Ikaluktuutiak (old orthography) or Iqaluktuttiaq (new orthography) meaning "good fishing place".

The traditional language of the area was Inuinnaqtun and is written using the Latin alphabet rather than the syllabics of the Inuktitut writing system. Like Kugluktuk, Bathurst Inlet and Umingmaktok syllabics are rarely seen and used mainly by the Government of Nunavut.[6][7]

Contents

Location and population

Located on the south coast of Victoria Island Cambridge Bay is a transportation and administrative center for the western Kitikmeot Region. As of the 2006 census the population was 1,477 an increase of 12.8% from the 2001 census.[3] The population is approximately 80% Inuit. It is a normal stop for passenger and research vessels traversing the Northwest Passage.

The area was a traditional hunting and fishing location and archeological sites are often found. Barren-ground caribou, muskox, Arctic char, lake trout and ringed seal were the primary and remain important food sources today. Situated east of Cambridge Bay is Ovayok Territorial Park.

History

Cambridge Bay was the site of Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and Hudson's Bay Company outposts established during the 1920s. Following World War II a LORAN tower was built near the previous location of Cambridge Bay and a Distant Early Warning Line site established in 1955. Unlike the majority of the DEW Line radar sites which were abandoned or automated, this site, known as CAM-MAIN, remains a manned operation as part of the North Warning System. The military presence and the services and economy this represented acted as a magnet for Inuit who had previously used the area as a temporary site for meeting, hunting, fishing and trade, and a permanent community was soon established.

The Kitikmeot Inuit Association, Nunavut Impact Review Board, and Nunavut Planning Commission have their head offices in Cambridge Bay, as well as the Lands and Resources Department of Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated.

During his campaign for the January 2006 Canadian federal election, Conservative Party leader Stephen Harper unveiled an Arctic Defence plan which would establish a permanent Arctic training school near Cambridge Bay.[8] In August 2007, Harper announced that the training base would be in Resolute Bay, Nunavut.

Cambridge Bay has northern historical significance. It is the final resting place of the Baymaud captained by Roald Amundsen.

Media

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Radio

In addition to a community radio station, Cambridge Bay is served by two CBC Radio One transmitters, rebroadcasting the stations from both Iqaluit and Inuvik, Northwest Territories.

Television

Internet Services

  • QINIQ, Broadband Internet service provider for Nunavut
  • Polarnet, Internet Service provider for the Kitikmeot region[9]
  • Netkaster, satellite Internet service provided by Northwestel[10]


Climate

See also

References

  1. ^ Hamlets elect new councils
  2. ^ Election Results - 2008 General Election
  3. ^ a b c d "2006 Community Profiles". http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=6208073&Geo2=PR&Code2=62&Data=Count&SearchText=Cambridge&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=62&B1=All&Custom=. Retrieved 2007-06-08. 
  4. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts for Urban Area (2006 Census)". Statistics Canada. March 2007. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/popdwell/Table.cfm?T=801&SR=1&S=1&O=A&RPP=9999&PR=0&CMA=0. Retrieved 2008-02-17. 
  5. ^ Elevation at airport. Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 7 May 2009 to 0901Z 2 July 2009
  6. ^ Office of the Languages Commissioner of Nunavut - PDF Dialect Map
  7. ^ Office of the Languages Commissioner of Nunavut - Writing systems
  8. ^ Stephen Harper announces the new defence policy put forward by the Conservative Party of Canada – Pt 5, Canadian American Strategic Review, December 22, 2005.
  9. ^ Polarnet
  10. ^ Netkaster
  11. ^ "Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000". Environment Canada. http://www.climate.weatheroffice.ec.gc.ca/climate_normals/results_e.html?Province=NU%20%20&StationName=&SearchType=&LocateBy=Province&Proximity=25&ProximityFrom=City&StationNumber=&IDType=MSC&CityName=&ParkName=&LatitudeDegrees=&LatitudeMinutes=&LongitudeDegrees=&LongitudeMinutes=&NormalsClass=A&SelNormals=&StnId=1786&. Retrieved 2009-12-09. 
  12. ^ "Calculation Information for 1971 to 2000 Canadian Normals Data". Environment Canada. http://www.climate.weatheroffice.ec.gc.ca/climate_normals/station_metadata_e.html?Province=NU%20%20&StationName=&SearchType=&LocateBy=Province&Proximity=25&ProximityFrom=City&StationNumber=&IDType=MSC&CityName=&ParkName=&LatitudeDegrees=&LatitudeMinutes=&LongitudeDegrees=&LongitudeMinutes=&NormalsClass=A&SelNormals=&StnId=1786&. Retrieved 2009-12-09. 
  13. ^ Sunrise/Sunset/Sun Angle Calculator at the National Research Council (Canada)

Further reading

  • 2007. "Mosaic - Snow Sprints in Cambridge Bay, Nunavut - Photography by Finn O'Hara". Canadian Geographic. 127, no. 2: 100.
  • Barlishen, W. J., and T. N. Webber. A History of the Development of Commercial Fishing in the Cambridge Bay Area of the Northwest Territories. 1973.
  • Canada. Cambridge Bay. Ottawa: Environment Canada, Atmospheric Environment Service, 1984. ISBN 066052564X
  • Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology, and Resource Ventures Incorporated. Cambridge Bay Wind Farm. [Ottawa]: The Branch, 1997.
  • Gajda, Roman. Terrain and Site Analysis of Cambridge Bay, N.W.T. Ottawa: Dept. of Mines and Technical Surveys, Geographical Branch, 1962.
  • Hill, Steven Grant. Ethnography of Inuit Elderly in a Present Day Arctic Settlement, Cambridge Bay, N.W.T. Ottawa: National Library of Canada, 1990. ISBN 0315515651

External links


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