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Topics in Roman mythology
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Roman Kingdom
Religion in ancient Rome
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In Roman mythology, the Camenae were originally goddesses of springs, wells and fountains, or water nymphs of Venus. They were wise, and sometimes gave prophecies of the future. There were four Camenae: Carmenta, Egeria, Porrima or Antevorta, and Postverta or Postvorta. They were worshipped in the sacred forest known as Porta Capena near Rome. Carmentia or Carmentis was the chief among the nymphs, the spring and grove outside the Porta Capena was dedicated to her. On her festival day, the Carmentalia which fell on January the 11 and 15, Vestal Virgins drew water from that spring for the rites. They were later identified with the Greek Muses.

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