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Camille Chautemps


In office
21 February 1930 – 2 March 1930
Preceded by André Tardieu
Succeeded by André Tardieu

In office
26 November 1933 – 30 January 1934
Preceded by Albert Sarraut
Succeeded by Édouard Daladier

In office
22 June 1937 – 13 March 1938
Preceded by Léon Blum
Succeeded by Léon Blum

Born 1 February 1885
Died July 1, 1963 (aged 78)
Political party Radical

Camille Chautemps (1 February 1885 in Paris – 1 July 1963 in Washington, D.C., U.S.) was a French Radical politician of the Third Republic, three times President of the Council (Prime Minister).

Contents

Career

Chautemps entered politics and became Mayor of Tours in 1912, and a Radical deputy in 1919. Between 1924 and 1926, he served in the center-left coalition governments of Édouard Herriot, Paul Painlevé and Aristide Briand, and became President of the Council briefly in 1930. Again in center-left governments in 1932-1934, he served as Interior Minister, and became Prime Minister again in November 1933. He resigned his posts in January 1934 as a result of the Stavisky Affair.

In Léon Blum's Popular Front government of 1936, Chautemps was a Minister of State, and then succeeded Blum at the head of the government from June 1937 to March 1938.

Pursuing the program of the Popular Front, he proceeded to nationalize the railroads and create the SNCF. He resigned shortly before the Anschluss, and served from April 1938 to 1940 as Vice-President of the Council in the governments of Édouard Daladier and Paul Reynaud.

As a cabinet member in 1940, he was among the first to suggest the surrender of France to Nazi Germany. He held a ministry in the Vichy government (see Vichy Regime) but broke with Philippe Petain's government after arriving in the U.S. on an official mission. He lived in the U.S. for much of the rest of his life. After World War II, a French court convicted him in absentia for collaborating with the enemy[1]).

Chautemps's First Ministry, 21 February - 2 March 1930

Chautemps's Second Ministry, 26 November 1933 - 30 January 1934

  • Camille Chautemps - President of the Council and Minister of the Interior - Radical Socialist Party
  • Joseph Paul-Boncour - Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Édouard Daladier - Minister of War
  • Georges Bonnet - Minister of Finance
  • Paul Marchandeau - Minister of Budget
  • Lucien Lamoureux - Minister of Labour and Social Security Provisions
  • Eugène Raynaldy - Minister of Justice
  • Albert Sarraut - Minister of Marine
  • Eugène Frot - Minister of Merchant Marine
  • Pierre Cot - Minister of Air
  • Anatole de Monzie - Minister of National Education
  • Hippolyte Ducos - Minister of Pensions
  • Henri Queuille - Minister of Agriculture
  • Albert Dalimier - Minister of Colonies
  • Joseph Paganon - Minister of Public Works
  • Alexandre Israël - Minister of Public Health
  • Jean Mistler - Minister of Posts, Telegraphs, and Telephones
  • Laurent Eynac - Minister of Commerce and Industry

Changes

  • 9 January 1934 - Lucien Lamoureux succeeds Dalimier as Minister of Colonies. Eugène Frot succeeds Lamoureux as Minister of Labour and Social Security Provisions. William Bertrand succeeds Frot as Minister of Merchant Marine.

Chautemps's Third Ministry, 22 June 1937 - 18 January 1938

Chautemps's Fourth Ministry, 18 January - 13 March 1938

Political offices
Preceded by
Anatole de Monzie
Minister of Justice
1925
Succeeded by
René Renoult
Preceded by
André Tardieu
Prime Minister of France
1930
Succeeded by
André Tardieu
Preceded by
Albert Sarraut
Prime Minister of France
1933–1934
Succeeded by
Édouard Daladier
Preceded by
Léon Blum
Prime Minister of France
1937–1938
Succeeded by
Léon Blum

References








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