From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Camlet, also commonly known as
camelot or camblet, is a woven fabric that might have
originally been made of camel or goat's hair, now chiefly of goat's hair and silk, or of wool and cotton. The
original form of this cloth was very valuable; the term later came
to be applied to imitations of the original eastern fabric.
In the 18th century, England, France, Holland, and Flanders were the chief places of its
exceeded them all in the beauty and quality of its camlets,
followed by England.
A variety of terms have been used for camlet in different
- Figured camlets are those of one color, on which are
stamped various figures, flowers, foliages, etc. The figures were
applied with hot irons, passed together with the fabric, under a
press. In the 18th century, these were chiefly brought from Amiens and Flanders. In antiquity, figured camlets were
much more sought after than in modern times.
- Water camlets are those which, after weaving, received
a certain preparation with water; and were afterwards passed under
a hot press, giving them a smoothness and lustre.
- Waved camlets are those on which waves have been
impressed, as on tabbies.
Manufacturers of camlets had to take care not to introduce any
unnecessary pleats in the fabric, as they were almost impossible to
undo. This difficulty was so notorious, that a proverb existed,
stating that someone "is like a camlet—he has taken his pleat."
The origin of the term is uncertain. While certain authors
reference camlets as originally being made of camel hair, others
believe it is from the Arabic seil el kemel, the Angora goat.
derived the word from zambelot, a Levantine term for stuffs
made with the fine hair of a Turkish goat, probably the Angora
goat, from which comes the term Turkish camelot. Bochart claimed
zambelot was a corruption from Arabic. Others called it
capellote, from capelle, she-goat. Still others
have sourced camelot from the bare Latin camelus,
so that camelot should properly signify a fabric made of
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary. 1913.
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"Camlet". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University
Press. 2nd edition. 1989.
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This article incorporates content from the 1728 Cyclopaedia, a publication in the public