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Campos dos Goytacazes: Wikis

  
  

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Coordinates: 21°45′14″S 41°19′26″W / 21.75389°S 41.32389°W / -21.75389; -41.32389

Campos
—  Municipality  —
The Municipality of
Campos dos Goytacazes
Lagoon in the city

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): "The Capital of Oil and Sugar"
Location of Campos in the State of Rio de Janeiro
Campos is located in Brazil
Campos
Location of Campos in the State of Rio de Janeiro
Coordinates: 21°45′14″S 41°19′26″W / 21.75389°S 41.32389°W / -21.75389; -41.32389
Country  Brazil
Region Southeast
State Bandeira Estado RiodeJaneiro Brasil2.svg Rio de Janeiro
Founded March 28, 1835
Government
 - Mayor Rosinha Garotinho (PSB)
Area
 - Total 4,032 km2 (1,556.8 sq mi)
Elevation 14 m (46 ft)
Population (2008)
 - Total 431,839
 - Density 105/km2 (271.9/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3
Postal Code 28000-000
HDI (2000) 0.752 – medium
Website Campos, Rio de Janeiro

Campos dos Goytacazes is a municipality and city located in the northern area of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, with a population of 431,839 inhabitants. Its area is 4,031.910 km², which makes it the largest municipality in the state and its elevation is 14 m. Its name comes from the geographical characteristic of the region, very flat with fields ("campos" in Portuguese) and from the Goytacazes Indians, that inhabited the region. Campos, as the city is usually known, is a macro region of the Northern Fluminense, and is a micro region of Campos dos Goytacazes. The city has a tropical climate.

The colonization of the area started in the 16th century, and on May 29, 1677 was created the São Salvador de Campos de Goytacazes village. On March 28, 1835 the village was promoted to city status.

The city's distance to Rio de Janeiro city, which is the capital of the state, is 286 km, and the BR-101 is the access highway of the city of Campos. Regular air services are operated from its airport Bartolomeu Lysandro. It is the easternmost municipality in Rio de Janeiro.

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Campos was the see of Bishop Antônio de Castro Mayer, nicknamed "The Lion of Campos", who was one of the bishops who opposed the Vatican II reforms and who teamed with Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre of Dakar to consecrate four independent bishops in Econe, Switzerland, 1991. Nowadays there are in Campos two Roman Catholic jurisdictions: a Diocese, whose Bishop is Monsignor Roberto Gomes Guimarães and the Personal Apostolic Administration of Saint John Mary Vianney, whose Apostolic Administrator is Monsignor Fernando Areas Rifan.

Contents

Economy

The GDP for the city was R$ 16,116,180,000 (2005).[1]

The per capita income for the city was R$ 37,813 (2005).[2]

Education

Portuguese language is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. But English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum.

Educational institutions

Sports

There are at least three football (soccer) clubs in the city: Americano Futebol Clube, Goytacaz Futebol Clube and Clube Esportivo Rio Branco. The derby between Americano and Goytacaz is known as Goyta-cano.

External links

References

  1. ^ (in Portuguese) (PDF) GDP. Campos, Brazil: IBGE. 2005. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/economia/pibmunicipios/2005/tab01.pdf. Retrieved 2007-07-18.  
  2. ^ (in Portuguese) (PDF) per capita income. Campos, Brazil: IBGE. 2005. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/economia/pibmunicipios/2005/tab01.pdf. Retrieved 2007-07-18.  







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