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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Joseph Jacques Ramée's original plan for Union College in Schenectady, New York, the first comprehensively planned campus in the United States[1]

A campus is traditionally the land on which a college or university and related institutional buildings are situated. Usually a campus includes libraries, lecture halls, residence halls and park-like settings. The definition currently defines a collection of buildings that belong to a given institution, either academic or non-academic.

The word first was adopted to describe a particular urban space at the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) during the early decades of the eighteenth century. Some other American colleges later adopted the word to describe individual fields at their own institutions, but "campus" did not yet describe the whole university property. A school might have one space called a campus, one called a field, and another called a yard.

The meaning expanded to include the whole institutional property during the twentieth century, with the old meaning persisting into the 1950s in some places. Sometimes the lands on which company office buildings sit, along with the buildings, are called campuses. The Microsoft Campus in Redmond, Washington, as well as hospitals use the term to describe the territory of their facilities. The word "campus" has also been applied to European universities, although most such institutions are characterized by ownership of individual buildings in urban settings rather than park-like lawns in which buildings are placed.

References

  1. ^ Turner, Paul V. (1996). Joseph Ramée: International Architect of the Revolutionary Era. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 190.  

See also


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to campus article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also Campus

Contents

English

Etymology

From Latin campus (field)

First used in its current sense in reference to Princeton University in the 1770's

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
campus

Plural
campuses

campus (plural campuses)

  1. The grounds or property of a school, college, university, business, church, or hospital, often understood to include buildings and other structures.
    The campus is sixty hectares in size.
  2. An institution of higher education and its ambiance.
    During the late 1960s, many an American campus was in a state of turmoil.

Usage notes

  • The Latinate plural form campi is sometimes used, particularly with respect to colleges or universities; however, it is sometimes frowned upon. By contrast, the common plural form campuses is universally accepted.

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also

  • campi (nonstandard plural)

French

Noun

campus m. (plural campus)

  1. campus (of university)

Latin

Noun

campus (genitive campī); m, second declension

  1. an open, even or flat space; plain, field, sea
  2. a place or field of action, opportunity, scope; subject for debate; theatre

Declension

Number Singular Plural
nominative campus campī
genitive campī campōrum
dative campō campīs
accusative campum campōs
ablative campō campīs
vocative campe campī

Descendants


Simple English

A campus is land where a college or university buildings are placed. Campuses can have libraries, lecture halls, and parks. Campuses can consist of both academic (school and studying-related) buildings and non-academic buildings.[1]

References

  1. Campus from the Free Online Dictionary Retrieved February 1, 2010









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