Camuy, Puerto Rico: Wikis

  
  

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Camuy, Puerto Rico

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): Ciudad Romántica", "Ciudad de los Areneros", "Ciudad del Sol Taíno
Location within the island of Puerto Rico
Country United States
Territory Puerto Rico
Founded 1807
Government
 - Mayor Hon. Edwin García Feliciano (PNP)
 - Senatorial dist. 3 - Arecibo
 - Representative dist. 15
Area
 - Total 52.3 sq mi (135.49 km2)
 - Land 46.3 sq mi (120 km2)
 - Water 6 sq mi (15.49 km2)
Population (2000)
 - Total 35,244
 Density 698.5/sq mi (269.7/km2)
 - Gentilic Camuyanos
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Anthem – "Pedazo de Borinquen"

Camuy (kahm-U-EE) is a municipality in Puerto Rico located on the Valley of Quebradillas, bordering the Atlantic Ocean, north of Lares; east of Quebradillas; and west of Hatillo. Camuy is spread over 12 wards and Camuy Pueblo (The downtown area and the administrative center of the city). The town celebrated its 200th anniversary in 2007.

Camuy is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

Camuy founded in 1807 by Petronila Matos, and formerly part of Arecibo is located in the northwestern coastal region of Puerto Rico, less than 5 minutes west of Hatillo on PR 2 and PR 119. The name Camuy is known to be derived from the Taíno language, although a number of legends give differing explanations for the origin of the name. One such legend claims the name comes from the Taíno word for "sun", another claims derivation from camuy , Taíno for "beautiful scenery", and still another states that Camuy was the name of the Taíno chief Yumac with the letters inverted. The "sun" legend is reflected in the coat of arms for the municipality.

In its beginnings Camuy was integrated into the Party of San Antonio de la Tuna. The "parties" were great extensions of land that divided Puerto Rico. This region today is known as Isabela, Puerto Rico. At the time the party covered the area between Aguadilla and Arecibo, what is known today as the municipalities of Camuy, Hatillo, Quebradillas, Isabela, Utuado, and San Sebastián.

The population of Camuy was 35,244 at the 2000 census, and it has land area of 120.24 km2 (46 sq mi). The municipality is a popular suburb.

Flag

The flag is green like the coat of arms. A white undulating band runs horizontally across and is interrupted in the middle by the figure of the Camuy sun, in this case represented by the colors yellow and black.

Coat of arms

The silver-waving stripe symbolizes the Camuy River (interrupted in the center because the river goes underground for part of its trajectory). The three tower crown distinguishes Camuy as a municipality.

Barrios (Districts/Wards)[1]

  • Abra Honda
  • Camuy Arriba
  • Camuy Pueblo
  • Cibao
  • Ciénagas
  • Membrillo
  • Piedra Gorda
  • Puente
  • Puertos
  • Quebrada
  • Santiago
  • Yeguada
  • Zanja

Geography

A view from inside the Camuy River Cavern

Camuy belongs to the zone designated as the plateau of the northwest where the terrain is level and known as the Valley of Quebradillas. Towards the interior of the municipality, the topography becomes very irregular near Cibao. This strip of land, a zone of wooded hills and depressions, divides Camuy completely into two strips, north and south. The northern strip is known as Lomas de los Puertos.

The Camuy River forms part of the hydrographic system with a length of 24 miles, which at one point becomes a narrow canyon that forms one of the most beautiful cave systems in the world: the Rio Camuy Caverns, first explored in 1958. The Camuy River along with the Caverns are the 3rd largest and longest underground system in the world and the river is one of the few remaining active underground rivers in the Americas, stretching for miles.

The Cibao River is also part of the system.

Economy

Agriculture

Agriculture (sugarcane some time ago) Cattle and milk production.

Business

There's an active manufacturing industry in the city, including companies such as Alaska based Cazador Apparel, Seamless Textiles, Hanes, Best Quality Coop and Camuy Furniture Warehouse.

In terms of commercial development, several fast foods franchises, banks and stores can be found in Camuy. Two strip malls are also planned to be constructed in the city.

Tourism plays an important role in Camuy's economy due in part to the Rio Camuy Caves, La Cueva de Camuy Recreational Area and Camuy's public beaches.

Tourism

Camuy is known for its Parque de las Cavernas del Río Camuy (Camuy River Cave Park), a large network of natural limestone caves and underground waterways shared with nearby municipalities of Hatillo and Lares. The cave system was first documented in the 1973 book Discovery At The Rio Camuy (ISBN 0-517-50594-0) by Russell and Jeanne Gurnee. The park built around the cave system features tours of some of the caves, and is one of the most popular natural attractions in Puerto Rico. The caverns were created by the Río Camuy (Camuy River), one of the few active underground rivers in the Americas, and the third longest underground river in the world.[2] In recognition of this, the Camuy coat of arms includes a symbol for the underground river.

Landmarks and places of interest

  • Hacienda Morell
  • Peñon Brussi Beach
  • Peñon Amador Beach (Home of the Flamingo)
  • Rio Camuy Cave Park
  • La Cueva de Camuy
  • Paseo Tablado del Rio Camuy
  • Iglesia de Piedra
  • Camuy History Museum

Festivals and events

  • Velorio Tres Reyes Magos or Three Kings Celebration - January
  • Mondongo Festival - February
  • Camuy Carnival - February
  • Balseada del Rio Camuy - March
  • Patron Festivities San José - May
  • Peñon Brussi Beach Festival - July
  • Cultural Fair - September

The patron saint of Camuy is San José. His day is celebrated on May 1]. The patron saint festivities are celebrated every year around the last 2 weeks of the month of May, the month of Saint Joseph. His official liturgical day is May 1.

Education

Camuy currently has:

  • 11 Public Elementary Schools
  • 5 Public Intermediate Schools
  • 3 Public High schools
  • 1 Private Elementary School
  • 1 Community College [3]

Religion

Just like the whole island, Camuy is first and foremost Catholic but there are other religions present in the town, including Protestant denominations such as the Pentecostals, Presbyterians, Methodists, and others. There are two Roman Catholic Parishes in Camuy, San Jose Parish named after the patron of the town and located in the town square, Saint Joseph, and The Miraculous Medal (also known as "El Calvario"), in the Piedra Gorda ward. The other famous church is the Methodist church named "Iglesia de Piedra" (Church of Stone) because of its design. The whole church is made completely out of stone.

Sports

The town has many sports (Volleyball, Basketball, Martial Arts, Swimming etc.) but most notably are their baseball teams. Many of them are part of the little league and the intermediate system but at the top the two professional Class A and Double AA baseball teams called "Los Arenosos" (Referring to the abundance of sand from the coastline).

A new municipal sports complex is planned to start construction by the end of 2009.

References

Books about Camuy

Geo links

Ideally Geo Links should be integrated into the main article

External links

Coordinates: 18°29′02″N 66°50′42″W / 18.48389°N 66.845°W / 18.48389; -66.845








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