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Canada at the Olympic Games

Flag of Canada
IOC code  CAN
NOC Canadian Olympic Committee
external link
Olympic history
Summer Games
1896 • 1900 • 1904 • 1908 • 1912 • 1920 • 1924 • 1928 • 1932 • 1936 • 1948 • 1952 • 1956 • 1960 • 1964 • 1968 • 1972 • 1976 • 1980 • 1984 • 1988 • 1992 • 1996 • 2000 • 2004 • 2008
Winter Games
1924 • 1928 • 1932 • 1936 • 1948 • 1952 • 1956 • 1960 • 1964 • 1968 • 1972 • 1976 • 1980 • 1984 • 1988 • 1992 • 1994 • 1998 • 2002 • 2006 • 2010
Flag used from 1924–1956
Flag used from 1960–1964

Canada (IOC country code CAN) has competed at every Winter Olympic Games, and has won at least one medal each time. The country's greatest performance was recently at the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, Italy where Canadian athletes won 24 medals.

Canada has hosted the winter games once, in Calgary in 1988, and will also host the winter games of 2010 in Vancouver. Canada has also hosted the Summer Olympic Games once, in 1976 in Montreal.

Contents

Medal tables

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Medals by Winter Games

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1924 Chamonix 1 0 0 1
1928 St. Moritz 1 0 0 1
1932 Lake Placid 1 1 5 7
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen 0 1 0 1
1948 St. Moritz 2 0 1 3
1952 Oslo 1 0 1 2
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo 0 1 2 3
1960 Squaw Valley 2 1 1 4
1964 Innsbruck 1 0 2 3
1968 Grenoble 1 1 1 3
1972 Sapporo 0 1 0 1
1976 Innsbruck 1 1 1 3
1980 Lake Placid 0 1 1 2
1984 Sarajevo 2 1 1 4
1988 Calgary (host) 0 2 3 5
1992 Albertville 2 3 2 7
1994 Lillehammer 3 6 4 13
1998 Nagano 6 5 4 15
2002 Salt Lake City 7 3 7 17
2006 Turin 7 10 7 24
Total 38 38 43 119

Canada also won the gold medal in ice hockey at the 1920 Summer Olympics; this medal is not counted in this table of Winter Olympic Games.

Medals by sport

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Ice hockey 9N 5 2 16
Speed skating 6 10 12 28
Short track speed skating 5 8 7 20
Alpine skiing 4 1 5 10
Figure skating 3 7 10 20
Curling 2 2 2 6
Freestyle skiing 2 2 2 6
Bobsleigh 2 1 0 3
Cross-country skiing 2 1 0 3
Biathlon 2 0 1 3
Skeleton 1 1 1 3
Snowboarding 1 0 1 2
Total 39 38 43 120

Canada's gold medal in ice hockey at the 1920 Summer Olympics is counted in this table of winter sports.

Alpine skiing

Canada's most celebrated alpine skier is Nancy Greene, who won gold and silver at the 1968 games in Grenoble.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo 0 0 1 1
1960 Squaw Valley 1 0 0 1
1968 Grenoble 1 1 0 2
1976 Innsbruck 1 0 0 1
1980 Lake Placid 0 0 1 1
1988 Calgary 0 0 2 2
1992 Albertville 1 0 0 1
1994 Lillehammer 0 0 1 1
Total 4 1 5 10

Biathlon

Canada's only medals in biathlon were won by Myriam Bedard in the Albertville and Lillehammer games.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1992 Albertville 0 0 1 1
1994 Lillehammer 2 0 0 2
Total 2 0 1 3

Bobsleigh

Canada has won two gold medals in bobsleigh: the surprising victory by Vic Emery's four-man team in Innsbruck (1964) and by Pierre Lueders two-man team in Nagano (1998).

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1964 Innsbruck 1 0 0 1
1998 Nagano 1 0 0 1
2006 Turin 0 1 0 1
Total 2 1 0 3

Cross country skiing

Canada's first medal in cross country skiing was the gold won by Beckie Scott in Salt Lake City (2002), the first time a North American woman won any Olympic medal in this sport. Chandra Crawford followed this up at the next games with a gold medal in the sprint event, and the team of Scott and Sara Renner also won a silver medal in Turin (2006).

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
2002 Salt Lake City 1 0 0 1
2006 Turin 1 1 0 2
Total 2 1 0 3

Curling

Curling is one of the most popular sports in Canada, and both the men's and women's teams have won a medal at each of the three Olympics curling has been held at so far. Canadian curlers also finished in the top 3 places when curling was a demonstration sport in 1988 and 1992. The women's team in 1998, lead by skip Sandra Schmirler and the men's team in 2006, led by skip Brad Gushue, have both won gold medals.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1998 Nagano 1 1 0 2
2002 Salt Lake City 0 1 1 2
2006 Turin 1 0 1 2
Total 2 2 2 6

Figure skating

Canada has won at least one medal in figure skating in 13 of the 16 post-war Winter Olympic games (since 1948). Canada's gold medalists are Barbara Ann Scott (1948) and the pairs of Barbara Wagner and Robert Paul (1960) and Jamie Salé and David Pelletier (2002). Other notable Canadian skaters include Brian Orser and Elvis Stojko, both of whom won silver medals in successive games.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1932 Lake Placid 0 0 1 1
1948 St. Moritz 1 0 1 2
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo 0 1 0 1
1960 Squaw Valley 1 0 1 2
1964 Innsbruck 0 0 2 2
1972 Sapporo 0 1 0 1
1976 Innsbruck 0 0 1 1
1984 Sarajevo 0 1 0 1
1988 Calgary 0 2 1 3
1992 Albertville 0 0 1 1
1994 Lillehammer 0 1 1 2
1998 Nagano 0 1 0 1
2002 Salt Lake City 1 0 0 1
2006 Turin 0 0 1 1
Total 3 7 10 20

Freestyle skiing

Canada has enjoyed success in freestyle skiing after its introduction to the Winter Olympics in 1992. Jean-Luc Brassard (in 1994) and Jennifer Heil (2006) have both won gold medals in the moguls event.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1994 Lillehammer 1 1 1 3
2002 Salt Lake City 0 1 1 2
2006 Turin 1 0 0 1
Total 2 2 2 6

Canadian skiers also finished in the top 3 positions in aerials at the 1988 and 1992 games, when it was a demonstration sport.

Ice hockey

Hockey is Canada's national winter sport, and Canadians are extremely passionate about the game. The nation has traditionally done very well at the Olympic games, winning 6 of the first 7 gold medals. However, by 1956 its amateur club teams and national teams could not compete with the teams of government-supported players from the Soviet Union. When Canada's best players (from the National Hockey League) were able to compete starting in 1998, expectations were high for the country's return to glory, but the Czech Republic won gold and the team fell to Finland in the bronze medal game. Canada finally won its first hockey gold in 50 years in Salt Lake City in 2002, sparking national celebrations. The women's team also won gold in 2002, after winning only silver in the first women's Olympic competition in Nagano. The women repeated as champions in 2006.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1920 AntwerpN 1 0 0 1
1924 Chamonix 1 0 0 1
1928 St. Moritz 1 0 0 1
1932 Lake Placid 1 0 0 1
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen 0 1 0 1
1948 St. Moritz 1 0 0 1
1952 Oslo 1 0 0 1
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo 0 0 1 1
1960 Squaw Valley 0 1 0 1
1968 Grenoble 0 0 1 1
1992 Albertville 0 1 0 1
1994 Lillehammer 0 1 0 1
1998 Nagano 0 1 0 1
2002 Salt Lake City 2 0 0 2
2006 Turin 1 0 0 0
Total 9 5 2 16

Note: Ice hockey was part of the Summer Olympic program for the 1920 games in Antwerp, but is listed here for completeness.

Luge

Canada has never won an Olympic luge medal.

Nordic combined

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in the Nordic combined competition.

Short track speed skating

Canada has benefitted from the addition of short track speed skating to the Olympic program in 1992, winning multiple medals at each games since. Marc Gagnon, who won 3 gold and 2 bronze medals between 1994 and 2002, is one of only 4 Canadian Olympians to win a total of 5 medals.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1992 Albertville 1 2 0 3
1994 Lillehammer 0 2 1 3
1998 Nagano 2 0 2 4
2002 Salt Lake City 2 1 3 6
2006 Turin 0 3 1 4
Total 5 8 7 20

Skeleton

Mellisa Hollingsworth-Richards won Canada's first medal in skeleton at the 2006 Turin games. Duff Gibson later became the first Canadian to win a gold medal in skeleton in the men's event.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
2006 Turin 1 1 1 3
Total 1 1 1 3

Ski jumping

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in ski jumping.

Snowboarding

Ross Rebagliati won a gold medal in snowboarding when the sport made its Olympic debut at the 1998 Nagano games. Initially he was stripped of the medal when traces of marijuana were found in his blood during a drug test, but the IOC reversed its decision a few days later because marijuana was not a banned substance.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1998 Nagano 1 0 0 1
2006 Turin 0 0 1 1
Total 1 0 1 2

Speed skating

Gaetan Boucher (1000 m and 1500 m in 1984), Catriona LeMay Doan (500 m in 1998 and 2002), Cindy Klassen (1500 m in 2006) and Clara Hughes (5000 m in 2006) are Canada's gold medalists in speed skating. In 2006, Cindy Klassen became the first Canadian to ever win five medals in one winter games, winning one gold (1500 m), two silver (Team Pursuit and 1000 m) and two bronze medals (3000 m and 5000 m). She also won a bronze medal in the 2002 games, giving her 6 medals, surpassing short track speed skater Marc Gagnon for the title of most decorated Canadian Winter Olympian. Clara Hughes also has 5 medals, having won 2 bronze medals at the 1996 Summer Olympics, one in 2002 Winter Olympics (making her the first Canadian to have won a medal in both the Summer and Winter Olympics) and two in 2006, making her one of only four Canadians to win five or more medals.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1932 Lake Placid 0 1 4 5
1952 Oslo 0 0 1 1
1976 Innsbruck 0 1 0 1
1980 Lake Placid 0 1 0 1
1984 Sarajevo 2 0 1 3
1994 Lillehammer 0 1 0 1
1998 Nagano 1 2 2 5
2002 Salt Lake City 1 0 2 3
2006 Turin 2 4 2 8
Total 6 10 12 28

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