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Canberra
Australian Capital Territory
Canberra parlimentary axis.JPG
View of Canberra, showing parliamentary axis
Canberra is located in Australia
Canberra
Population: 345,257 (30 June 2008)[1] (8th)
Density: 428.6/km² (1,110.1/sq mi)
Established: 12 March 1913
Coordinates: 35°18′27″S 149°07′27.9″E / 35.3075°S 149.124417°E / -35.3075; 149.124417Coordinates: 35°18′27″S 149°07′27.9″E / 35.3075°S 149.124417°E / -35.3075; 149.124417
Area: 814.2 km² (314.4 sq mi) [2]
Time zone:
 • Summer (DST)
AEST (UTC+10)
Location:
State District:
Federal Division:
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall
19.7 °C
67 °F
6.5 °C
44 °F
616.3 mm
24.3 in
Canberra (pronounced /ˈkænb(ə)rə, ˈkænbɛrə/[3]) is the capital city of Australia. With a population of over 345,000, it is Australia's largest inland city and the eighth largest Australian city overall. The city is located at the northern end of the Australian Capital Territory, 280 km (170 mi) south-west of Sydney, and 660 km (410 mi) north-east of Melbourne.
The site of Canberra was selected for the location of the nation's capital in 1908 as a compromise between rivals Sydney and Melbourne, Australia's two largest cities. It is unusual among Australian cities, being an entirely planned city. Following an international contest for the city's design, a design by the Chicago architects Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin was selected and construction commenced in 1913.
The city's design was heavily influenced by the garden city movement and incorporates significant areas of natural vegetation that have earned Canberra the title "bush capital". Although the growth and development of Canberra were hindered by the World Wars and the Great Depression, it emerged as a thriving city after World War II.
As the seat of the government of Australia, Canberra is the site of Parliament House, the High Court of Australia and numerous government departments and agencies. It is also the location of many social and cultural institutions of national significance, such as the Australian War Memorial, National Gallery of Australia, National Museum of Australia and the National Library of Australia. The federal government contributes the largest percentage of Gross State Product and is the largest single employer in Canberra.

Contents

History

Before European settlement, the area in which Canberra would eventually be constructed was seasonally inhabited by Indigenous Australians. Anthropologist Norman Tindale suggested the principal group occupying the region were the Ngunnawal people, while the Ngarigo lived immediately to the south of the ACT, The Wandandian to the east, the Walgulu also to the south, Gandangara people to the north, and Wiradjuri to the north west. Archaeological evidence of settlement in the region includes inhabited rock shelters, rock paintings and engravings, burial places, camps and quarry sites, and stone tools and arrangements.[4] The evidence suggests human habitation in the area for at least 21,000 years.[5]
The word "Canberra" is derived from the word Kanbarra meaning "meeting place" in the old Ngunnawal language of the local Ngabri people. Alternatively the name was reported to mean "woman's breasts", by journalist John Gale in the 1860s, referring to the mountains of Mount Ainslie and Black Mountain.[6] The Ngunnawal name was apparently used as a reference to corroborees held during the seasonal migration of the Ngunnawal people to feast on the Bogong moths that pass through the region each spring.
Blundells' Cottage, built around 1860,[7] is one of the few remaining buildings built by the first European settlers of Canberra
European exploration and settlement started in the Canberra area as early as the 1820s.[8][9] There were four expeditions between 1820 and 1824.[8][9] White settlement of the area probably dates from 1824, when a homestead or station was built on what is now the Acton peninsula by stockmen employed by Joshua John Moore.[10] He formally purchased the site in 1826, and named the property Canberry.[11]
The European population in the Canberra area continued to grow slowly throughout the 19th century.[12] Among them was the Campbell family of "Duntroon";[13] their imposing stone house is now the officers' mess of the Royal Military College, Duntroon.[14] The Campbells sponsored settlement by other farmer families to work their land, such as the Southwells of "Weetangera".[15] Other notable early settlers included the inter-related Murray and Gibbes families, who owned the Yarralumla estate - now the site of the official residence of the Governor-General of Australia - from the 1830s through to 1881.[citation needed]
The oldest surviving public building in the inner-city is the Anglican Church of St John the Baptist, in the suburb of Reid,[16] which was consecrated in 1845.[17][18] St John's churchyard contains the graves of many of the district's pioneers. As the European presence increased, the indigenous population dwindled, mainly from disease such as smallpox and measles.
Opening of Parliament House in May 1927
The district's change from a New South Wales (NSW) rural area to the national capital started during debates over Federation in the late 19th century.[19][20] Following a long dispute over whether Sydney or Melbourne should be the national capital,[21] a compromise was reached: the new capital would be built in New South Wales, so long as it was no closer than 100 miles (160 km) to Sydney,[19] with Melbourne to be the temporary capital while the new capital was built.[22]

20th century

Newspaper proprietor John Gale circulated a pamphlet titled 'Dalgety or Canberra: Which? advocating Canberra to every member of the Commonwealth's seven States Parliaments. By many accounts, it was decisive in the selection of Canberra as the site in 1908, as was a result of survey work done by the government surveyor Charles Scrivener.[23] The NSW government ceded the Federal Capital Territory (as it was then known) to the federal government.[19]
In an international design competition conducted by the Department of Home Affairs, on 24 May 1911,[24] the design by Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin was chosen for the city,[25][26] and in 1913 Griffin was appointed Federal Capital Director of Design and Construction and construction began.[27] The plans included proposals for railed transport within the city,[28] however none were to eventuate with Canberra's single interstate passenger station and goods yard remaining to the south at Eastlake (now Kingston). During the construction of the principal buildings, there were a number of temporary construction railway lines laid to Civic in central Canberra.[28]
On 12 March 1913,[29] the city was officially given its name by Lady Denman, the wife of the then Governor-General Lord Denman, at a ceremony at Kurrajong Hill,[30] which has since become Capital Hill and the site of the present Parliament House.[31] Canberra Day is a public holiday observed in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) on the second Monday in March to celebrate the founding of Canberra.
Two of Canberra's best-known landmarks, Parliament House and Old Parliament House (foreground). Commonwealth Place runs alongside the lake and includes the International Flag Display. Questacon is on the right
The federal government moved to Canberra on 9 May 1927, with the opening of the Provisional Parliament House.[32] The Prime Minister, Stanley Bruce,[33] had officially taken up residence in The Lodge a few days earlier.[citation needed] Planned development of the city slowed significantly during the depression of the 1930s and during World War II.[34] Some projects planned for that time, including Roman Catholic and Anglican cathedrals, were never completed.[35]
The development of Canberra gained pace after the Second World War,[36] and it has grown beyond the original planners' expectations since then.[citation needed] Several Government departments, together with public servants, were moved to Canberra from Melbourne following the war.[37] Government housing projects were undertaken to accommodate the city's growing population.[38]
Suburbs in Canberra Central (often referred to as North Canberra and South Canberra) were further developed in the 1950s,[39] and urban development in the districts of Woden Valley and Belconnen commenced in the mid and late 1960s respectively.[40] Many of the new suburbs were named after Australian politicians, such as Barton, Deakin, Reid, Braddon and Parkes. Lake Burley Griffin was completed in 1964.[41]
On 27 January 1972 the Aboriginal Tent Embassy was first established on the grounds of Parliament House; it was created to draw attention to indigenous rights and land issues and has been continuously occupied since 1992. On 9 May 1988,[citation needed] a larger and permanent Parliament House was opened on Capital Hill as part of Australia's bicentenary celebrations,[16][42] and the Federal Parliament moved there from the Provisional Parliament House, now known as Old Parliament House.
In December 1988, the ACT was granted full self-government through an Act of the Commonwealth Parliament. .Following the first election on 4 March 1989[43], a 17-member Legislative Assembly sat at its offices in London Circuit, Civic,[citation needed] on 11 May 1989. The Australian Labor Party formed the ACT's first government,[44] led by the Chief Minister Rosemary Follett, who made history as Australia's first female head of government.^ ACT Chief Minister Jon Stanhope said he was quietly confident the reform would succeed this time.
  • Australian Capital Territory Okays Same-Sex Unions - Towleroad, More than gay news. More gay men 3 February 2010 14:28 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

[45]
On 18 January 2003, parts of Canberra were engulfed by bushfires that killed four people, injured 435, and destroyed 487 homes and the major research telescopes of Australian National University's Mount Stromlo Observatory.[46]

Geography

Panoramic view of Canberra and Lake Burley Griffin set against the backdrop of distant New South Wales
Canberra covers an area of 814.2 square kilometres[2] (314.3 sq. mi) and is located near the Brindabella Ranges (Brendy Bear Ranges), approximately 150 kilometres (93 mi) inland from Australia's east coast. It is located at elevations that range from 550 metres to 700 metres (1,800 to 2,300 ft) AHD. The highest point is Mount Majura at 888 metres (2,913 ft). Other large hills include Mount Taylor, Mount Ainslie, Mount Mugga Mugga and Black Mountain. The surrounding bushland and the original bushland that Canberra was built in is a mixture of eucalyptus savanna, open grassland, scrubland, swamp and dry eucalyptus forests.[citation needed]
The location of Canberra within the ACT, Canberra's main districts are shown in yellow, they are Canberra Central (marked as North Canberra and South Canberra), Woden Valley, Belconnen, Weston Creek, Tuggeranong, and Gungahlin
The urban environs of the city of Canberra straddle the Ginninderra plain, Molonglo plain, the Limestone plain, and the Tuggeranong plain (Isabella's Plain). The Molonglo River which flows across the Molonglo plain has been dammed to form the National Capital's iconic feature Lake Burley Griffin.[47] The Molonglo then flows into the Murrumbidgee north-west of Canberra, which in turn flows north-west toward the New South Wales town of Yass. The Queanbeyan River joins the Molonglo River at Oaks Estate just within the ACT.[48]
A number of creeks, including Jerrabomberra and Yarralumla Creeks, flow into the Molonglo and Murrumbidgee.[48] Two of these creeks, the Ginninderra and Tuggeranong, have similarly been dammed to form Lakes Ginninderra and Tuggeranong.[49][citation needed] Until recently the Molonglo River had a history of sometimes calamitous floods; the area was a flood plain prior to the filling of Lake Burley Griffin.

Climate

Canberra has a marine west coastal climate (Köppen Classification Cfb)[50] with four distinct seasons, because of its latitude, elevation and distance from the coast. Whereas the climates of most Australian coastal areas, which include all the state capital cities, are moderated by the sea. Canberra experiences hot, quite dry summers, and cold winters with heavy fog and frequent frosts, with a rare spot of snow in the CBD but the surrounding areas get annual snowfall through winter and often the snow capped mountains can be seen from the CBD.
The highest recorded maximum temperature was 42.2 °C (108 °F) on 1 February 1968.[51] The lowest recorded minimum temperature was −10.0 °C (14 °F) on 11 July 1971. Light snow falls in the city in one out of approximately three winters but is usually not widespread and quickly dissipates.
Canberra is protected from the West by the Brindabellas which create a slight rain shadow in Canberra's valleys, however the effect is not as pronounced as in the Monaro region just south of Canberra. Annual Rainfall is the third lowest of the Capital cities (after Adelaide and Hobart) but is spread fairly evenly over the seasons, with late spring bringing the highest rainfall. Thunderstorms can occur between September and April, and may occur at any time during the day. However severe hail and wind producing thunderstorms usually only occur in the heat of a summer's afternoon or evening. The variability of rainfall across the city is high in Summer, due to the 'hit and miss' properties of storms, which are the main producers of rain for Canberra in Summer.
Climate data for Canberra
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Temperatures: °C (°F)
Mean daily maximum 27.9 (82.2) 27.1 (80.8) 24.5 (76.1) 20.0 (68.0) 15.5 (59.9) 12.2 (54.0) 11.3 (52.3) 13.0 (55.4) 16.2 (61.2) 19.4 (66.9) 22.7 (72.9) 26.1 (79.0) 19.7 (67.5)
Highest recorded maximum
Date and year recorded
41.4 (106.5)
31st 1968
42.2 (108.0)
1st 1968
37.5 (99.5)
13th 1998
32.6 (90.7)
4th 1986
24.5 (76.1)
10th 1967
20.1 (68.2)
4th 1957
19.7 (67.5)
29th 1975
24.0 (75.2)
30th 1982
28.6 (83.5)
26th 1965
32.7 (90.9)
13th 1946
38.9 (102.0)
26th 1997
39.2 (102.6)
21st 1994
Lowest recorded maximum
Date and year recorded
12.2 (54.0)
9th 1970
12.0 (53.6)
23rd 1949
12.4 (54.3)
3rd 1961
8.2 (46.8)
29th 1952
4.3 (39.7)
28th 2000
2.1 (35.8)
25th 1949
2.5 (36.5)
19th 1949
3.5 (38.3)
7th 1965
5.9 (42.6)
20th 1959
7.2 (45.0)
3rd 1967
9.1 (48.4)
11th 1965
10.9 (51.6)
11th 1952
Mean daily minimum 13.1 (55.6) 13.1 (55.6) 10.7 (51.3) 6.6 (43.9) 3.2 (37.8) 1.0 (33.8) −0.1 (32.0) 1.0 (33.8) 3.2 (37.8) 6.1 (43.0) 8.7 (47.7) 11.3 (52.3) 6.5 (43.7)
Highest recorded minimum
Date and year recorded
24.8 (76.6)
22nd 1967
24.1 (75.4)
6th 1973
26.0 (78.8)
9th 1983
18.0 (64.4)
5th 1986
15.1 (59.2)
5th 2000
12.7 (54.9)
9th 1995
10.5 (50.9)
29th 1975
11.4 (52.5)
18th 1988
16.1 (61.0)
27th 1965
18.0 (64.4)
2nd 1998
26.0 (78.8)
6th 1946
23.9 (75.0)
19th 1940
Lowest recorded minimum
Date and year recorded
1.8 (35.2)
1st 1956
3.0 (37.4)
28th 1985
-1.1 (32.0)
24th 1967
−3.7 (25.3)
25th 1999
−7.5 (18.5)
30th 1976
−8.5 (16.7)
8th 1957
−10.0 (14.0)
11th 1971
−8.5 (16.7)
9th 1994
−6.4 (20.5)
10th 1982
−3.3 (26.1)
4th 1957
−1.8 (28.8)
28th 1967
1.1 (34.0)
18th 1971
Precipitation: mm (Inches)
Mean total rainfall 59.2 (2.3) 56.1 (2.2) 50.8 (2.0) 46.0 (1.8) 44.7 (1.7) 40.8 (1.6) 41.3 (1.6) 46.2 (1.8) 52.1 (2.0) 62.3 (2.4) 64.6 (2.5) 53.5 (2.1) 617.5 (24.3)
Highest recorded total
Year recorded
218.4 (8.6)
1995
211.0 (8.3)
2002
312.2 (12.3)
1950
187.2 (7.4)
1989
149.6 (5.9)
1953
126.0 (5.0)
1956
121.0 (4.8)
1993
156.2 ()
1974
150.6 (6.1)
1978
161.0 (6.3)
1976
138.2 (5.4)
1995
215.2 (8.5)
1947
1062.5 (41.8)
1950
Lowest recorded total
Year recorded
1.1 (0.04)
1947
0.0 (0.00)
1968
1.3 (0.05)
1954
0.8 (0.03)
1997
0.0 (0.00)
1982
4.0 (0.16)
1979
3.8 (0.15)
1982
2.0 (0.08)
1994
3.0 (0.12)
1994
2.4 (0.09)
1977
0.2 (0.01)
1982
0.0 (0.00)
1967
261.6 (10.3)
1982
Highest daily rainfall
Date and year recorded
95.0 (3.7)
12th 1945
77.8 (3.1)
5th 2002
126.0 (5.0)
15th 1989
75.2 (3.0)
2nd 1959
95.8 (3.8)
3rd 1948
54.6 (2.1)
28th 1997
48.0 (1.9)
9th 2005
48.4 (1.9)
29th 1974
43.4 (1.7)
8th 1978
104.9 (4.1)
21st 1959
69.8 (2.7)
7th 1989
86.6 (3.4)
30th 1948
Canberra Airport Latitude: -35.3049S Longitude: 149.2014E Elevation: 578.4 m ASL[52][53]

Urban Structure

bikepath to Weston Creek
Inner Canberra demonstrates some aspects of the Griffin plan, in particular the Parliamentary Triangle
View from Tuggeranong Hill, looking down into Tuggeranong Valley
Canberra seen from Spot Satellite
Canberra is a planned city that was originally designed by Walter Burley Griffin, a major 20th century American architect.[54] Major roads follow a wheel-and-spoke pattern rather than a grid.[55] The city is laid out on two perpendicular axes: a water axis stretching along Lake Burley Griffin, and a ceremonial land axis stretching from Parliament House on Capital Hill north-eastward along ANZAC Parade to the Australian War Memorial at the foot of Mount Ainslie.[56]
The area known as the Parliamentary Triangle is formed by three of Burley Griffin's axes, stretching from Capital Hill along Commonwealth Avenue to the City Centre around City Hill, along Constitution Avenue to the Defence precinct on Russell Hill, and along Kings Avenue back to Capital Hill.[56]
The larger scheme of Canberra's layout is based on the three peaks surrounding the city, Mount Ainslie, Black Mountain, and Red Hill. The main symmetrical axis of the city is along ANZAC Parade and roughly[57] on the line[58] between Mount Ainslie and Bimberi Peak. Bimberi Peak being the highest mountain in the ACT approximately 52 km south west of Canberra. The precise alignment of ANZAC parade is between Mount Ainslie and Capital Hill (formally Kurrajong Hill).
The Griffins assigned spiritual values to Mount Ainslie, Black Mountain, and Red Hill and originally planned to cover each of these in flowers. That way each hill would be covered with a single, primary color which represented its spiritual value. This part of their plan never came to fruition. In fact, WWI interrupted the construction and some conflicts after the war made it a difficult process for the Griffins. Nevertheless, Canberra stands as an exemplary city design and is located halfway between the ski slopes and the beach. It enjoys a natural cooling from geophysical factors.
The urban areas of Canberra are organised into a hierarchy of districts, town centres, group centres, local suburbs as well as other industrial areas and villages. There are seven residential districts, each of which is divided into smaller suburbs, and most of which have a town centre which is the focus of commercial and social activities. The districts were settled in the following chronological order:
  • Canberra Central, mostly settled in the 1920s and '30s, with expansion up to the 1960s, 25 suburbs
  • Woden Valley, first settled in 1963, 12 suburbs
  • Belconnen, first settled in 1967, 25 suburbs (1 not yet developed)
  • Weston Creek, settled in 1969, 8 suburbs
  • Tuggeranong, settled in 1974, 18 suburbs
  • Gungahlin, settled in the early 1990s, 18 suburbs (6 not yet developed)
  • Molonglo, development to begin in 2010, 12 suburbs planned.
The Canberra Central district is substantially based on Walter Burley Griffin's designs.[citation needed] In 1967 the then National Capital Development Commission adopted the "Y Plan" which laid out future urban development in Canberra around a series of central shopping and commercial area known as the 'town centres' linked by freeways, the layout of which roughly resembled the shape of the letter Y,[59] with Tuggeranong at the base of the Y and Belconnen and Gungahlin located at the ends of the arms of the Y.[59]
Development in Canberra has been closely regulated by government, both through the town planning process, but also through the use of crown lease terms that have tightly limited the use of parcels of land. All land in the ACT is held on 99 year leases from the national government, although most leases are now administered by the Territory government.
Most suburbs have their own local shops, and are located close to a larger shopping centre serving a group of suburbs. Community facilities and schools are often also located near local shops or group shopping centres. Many of Canberra's suburbs are named after former Prime Ministers, famous Australians, early settlers, or use Aboriginal words for their title.
Street names typically follow a particular theme; for example, the streets of Duffy are named after Australian dams and reservoirs, the streets of Dunlop are named after Australian inventions, inventors and artists and the streets of Page are named after biologists and naturalists. Most diplomatic missions are located in the suburbs of Yarralumla, Deakin and O'Malley. There are three light industrial areas: the suburbs of Fyshwick, Mitchell and Hume.

Governance

ACT Legislative Assembly
& the statue Ethos (Tom Bass, 1961)
Outside Canberra, the Australian Capital Territory has no settlements larger than a village. The Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly performs the roles of both a city council and territory government.[citation needed] The assembly consists of 17 members, elected from three districts using proportional representation.[44] The three districts are Molonglo, Ginninderra and Brindabella, which elect seven, five and five members, respectively.[60]
The Chief Minister is elected by the Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) and selects another four MLAs to serve as Ministers to form, with the Chief Minister, an Executive (known informally as the cabinet.)[citation needed] At the 2004 election the Australian Labor Party, headed by Chief Minister Jon Stanhope, won nine of the 17 seats and formed the ACT's first majority government.[44]
The Australian federal government retains some influence over the ACT government. In the administrative sphere, most frequently this is through the actions of the National Capital Authority which is responsible for planning and development in areas of Canberra which are considered to be of national importance or which are central to Griffin's plan for the city, such as the Parliamentary Triangle, major approach and processional roads, areas where the Commonwealth retains ownership of the land or undeveloped hills and ridge-lines (which form part of the Canberra Nature Park). The national government also retains a level of control over the Territory Assembly through the provisions of the Australian Capital Territory (Self-Government) Act 1988. This Act of the national Parliament is the constitution for the ACT and limits the range of matters upon which the Assembly can legislate.
The Australian Federal Police (AFP) provides all of the police services of a state police force under a contractual agreement with the Australian Capital Territory Government. The AFP is responsible for policing in Canberra, Australia’s National Capital and the surrounding Australian Capital Territory (ACT). The AFP provides this service to the people of the ACT through its community policing arm, ACT Policing (Australian Capital Territory Police). The Chief Police Officer of the ACT is Roman Quaedvlieg, Commander Kevin Zuccato is Deputy Chief Police Officer (Response), Commander Bruce Hill is Deputy Chief Police Officer (Investigation and Support) and Mr Paul Williams is the Director of Corporate Services.
People who have been charged with offences are tried either in the ACT Magistrates Court or for more severe offences, the ACT Supreme Court. Prisoners were held in remand at the Belconnen Remand Centre in the ACT. The new prison, Alexander Maconochie Centre, was officially opened on 11 September 2008 by Jon Stanhope, the Chief Minister. The total cost for construction was $131 million and took 22 months to build. The police minister, Simon Corbell, appointed the first official visitor as Craig Sams.
Courts such as a Small Claims Tribunal and a Family Court exist for civil law actions and other non-criminal legal matters.

Economy

Many Canberrans are employed by Government departments such as the Australian Treasury
As of July 2006, the unemployment rate in Canberra is 2.8%, well below the national unemployment rate of 4.8%,[61] with labour shortages reported in some sectors. As a result of low unemployment and substantial levels of public sector and commercial employment, Canberra has the highest average disposable income of any Australian capital city.[62] The gross average weekly wage of a Canberra resident is $1,208.50, compared with the Australia wide average of $1,043.10.[63]
The median house price in Canberra as of June 2005 was $352,500, lower than Sydney, Melbourne and Perth but higher than all other capital cities.[64] The median house price in September 2006 was $375,000.[citation needed] The average price in November 2006 was $411,305.[65] The median weekly rent paid by Canberra residents is higher than rents in all other states and territories.[66]
As at the September quarter of 2006 the median rent for a 3 bedroom house was $320 per week. This is the highest of all capital cities in Australia. The median rent for 'other' dwellings is $300 per week.[citation needed] Factors contributing to this higher weekly rental market include; higher average weekly incomes, restricted land supply,[67] and inflationary clauses in the ACT Residential Tenancies Act.[68]
The city's main industry is government administration and defence, which accounted for 26.1% of Gross Territory Product in 2003–04 and employed over 40% of Canberra's workforce.[63][69] The major public-sector employers in Canberra include the parliament and government departments such as Department of Defence, Finance, Foreign Affairs and Trade, and Treasury.
A number of Australian Defence Force establishments are located in or near Canberra, most notably the Australian Defence Force headquarters and HMAS Harman, which is a naval communications centre that is being converted into a tri-service, multi-user depot. The former RAAF Fairbairn, adjacent to the Canberra International Airport was sold to the operators of the Airport, but the base continues to be used for RAAF VIP flights.
A growing number of independent software vendors have based themselves in Canberra, to capitalise on the concentration of government customers. Notable among these are QSP, Tower Software, RuleBurst and The Distillery. Property and business services, construction, health and community services, and education are other significant contributors to the economy of Canberra.

Demographics

Shopping at the weekly Old Bus Depot Markets, Kingston
As of 2006, the population of Canberra was 323,056 people[70] and the city has a population density of 1,005.0 persons per square kilometre (2,602.9/sq mi), which is dense with respect to other Australian cities. The 2006 census showed that 1.2% of Canberra's population were of indigenous origin and 21.7% were born overseas. The largest group of people born overseas came from English-speaking countries, led by the United Kingdom and then New Zealand.
Significant numbers of immigrants have also come from Germany, Italy and Vietnam. Recent immigrants have arrived from countries in East and South Asia.[citation needed] Most locals are native speakers of English; many have a second language, the most common being Mandarin, Italian, Vietnamese, Cantonese and Greek.
Canberrans are relatively young, highly mobile, and well educated. The median age is 34 years, and only 9.8% of the population is aged over 65 years.[70] Between 1996 and 2001, 61.9% of the population either moved to or from Canberra, which is the second highest mobility rate of any Australian capital city.[71]
As of May 2004, 30% of people in the ACT aged 15–64 had a level of educational attainment equal to at least a bachelor's degree, significantly higher that the national average of 19%.[72] Approximately 60% of Canberra residents describe themselves as Christian, the most common denominations being Catholic and Anglican; 6% of the population practice a non-Christian religion and 23% are not religious.[70]
As of 2002 the most common crimes in Canberra are property related crimes, unlawful entry with intent and motor vehicle theft. They affect 1,961 and 630 of every 100,000 persons respectively. Homicide and related offences—including murder, attempted murder, manslaughter and driving causing death—affect 1.5/100,000 persons, which is below the national average of 4.9/100,000. Rates of assault and sexual assault are also below the national average.[73]

Education

ANU School of Art (formerly the Canberra High School)
The two main tertiary institutions are the Australian National University (ANU) in Acton and the University of Canberra (UC) in Bruce.[citation needed] The ANU was established as a research university in 1946;[74] it continues to have a strong research focus and is ranked among the best universities in the world in The Times Higher Education Supplement and the Shanghai Jiao Tong World University Rankings.[75] Using these rankings as a measure, the ANU continues to be Australia's top ranked University.
There are also two religious university campuses in Canberra: Signadou in the North Canberra suburb of Watson is a campus of the Australian Catholic University; St Mark's Theological College in Barton is a campus of the secular Charles Sturt University.[citation needed]
The Australian Defence Force Academy (ADFA) and the Royal Military College, Duntroon are located in the Inner North suburb of Campbell. ADFA teaches military undergraduates and postgraduates and is officially a campus of the University of New South Wales; Duntroon provides Australian Army Officer training. Tertiary level vocational education is also available through the multi-campus Canberra Institute of Technology.[citation needed]
In February 2004 there were 140 public and non-governmental schools in Canberra; 96 were operated by the Government and 44 are non-Government. During 2006 the ACT Government announced closures of up to 39 schools, to take effect from the end of the school year and after a series of consultations the Government announced its "Towards 2020: Renewing Our Schools"[76] plan that closed some schools at the end of 2006 with more in 2007 and 2008, while consolidating school campuses and opening 'super-schools' (large public schools for kindergarten through to year 12) through to 2020. Most suburbs are planned to include a primary school and a nearby preschool, and schools are usually located near open areas for play and sports.

Culture

Arts and entertainment

The National Museum of Australia established in 2001 records Australia's social history and is one of Canberra's more architecturally daring buildings
Canberra is home to many national monuments and institutions such as the Australian War Memorial, the National Gallery of Australia, the National Portrait Gallery, the National Library of Australia, the National Archives of Australia, the Australian Academy of Science and the National Museum of Australia. Many Commonwealth government buildings in Canberra are open to the public, including Parliament House, the High Court and the Royal Australian Mint.[citation needed]
Lake Burley Griffin is the site of the Captain Cook Memorial and the National Carillon.[77] Other sites of interest include the Black Mountain Tower, the Australian National Botanic Gardens, the National Zoo and Aquarium, the National Dinosaur Museum and Questacon – the National Science and Technology Centre.[citation needed]
A copy of every book published in Australia is required by law to be held by the National Library of Australia.[78]
The Canberra Museum and Gallery in the city is a repository of local history and art. Several historic homes are open to the public: Lanyon and Tuggeranong Homesteads in the Tuggeranong Valley, Mugga-Mugga in Symonston, and Blundells' Cottage in Parkes all display the lifestyle of the early European settlers. Calthorpes' House in Red Hill is a well preserved example of a 1920s house from Canberra's very early days. Duntroon House, in the suburb of Campbell, was one of the district's earliest homesteads and is now the officers' mess at Royal Military College; it is occasionally open to the public.[citation needed]
Canberra Multicultural Festival, Ainslie Ave near the Assembly Building and CMAG, crowded, noon 9 February 2008
Canberra has many venues for live music and theatre: the Canberra Theatre and Playhouse which hosts many major concerts and productions; and Llewellyn Hall (within the ANU School of Music), a world-class concert hall are two of the largest. The Street Theatre operates as a venue for local professional and amateur production companies, as well as producing a season of professional shows each year. The Albert Hall was the city's first performing arts venue, opened in 1928. It was the original performance venue for theatre groups such as the Canberra Repertory Society and the Canberra Philharmonic Society.[citation needed]
Stonefest at the University of Canberra is Canberra's largest music festival. Canberra is also the home turf of an Australian hip-hop duo, Koolism. There are numerous bars and nightclubs which also offer live entertainment, particularly concentrated in the areas of Dickson, Kingston and the city. Most town centres have facilities for a community theatre and a cinema, and they all have a library. Popular cultural events include the National Folk Festival, the Royal Canberra Show, the Summernats car festival, the Canberra Multicultural Festival in February and the Celebrate Canberra festival which is held over 10 days in March in conjunction with Canberra Day.[citation needed]
Canberra-Nara park with Kasuga stone lantern framed by the gate
Canberra maintains sister-city relationships with both Nara, Japan and Beijing, China. Canberra has friendship-city relationships with both Dili, East Timor and Hangzhou, China. City-to-city relationships encourage communities and special interest groups both locally and abroad to engage in a wide range of exchange activities. The Canberra Nara Candle Festival held annually in spring, is a community celebration of the Canberra Nara Sister City relationship. The Festival is held in Canberra Nara Park on the shores of Lake Burley Griffin.[citation needed]

Media

ABC Canberra studios
Prime Television Broadcast Centre in the suburb of Watson
As Australia's political centre, Canberra is the most important centre for much of Australia's political reportage and thus all the major media organisations, including the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, the commercial television networks, and the metropolitan newspapers maintain local bureaus. Many news organisations are represented in the "press gallery", a group of journalists who report on the national parliament. The National Press Club of Australia in Barton has regular television broadcasts of its weekly lunches at which a prominent guest, typically a politician, delivers a half-hour speech followed by a question-and-answer session.[citation needed]
Canberra has a daily newspaper, The Canberra Times, which was established in 1926,[79] and some free weekly suburban and special interest publications, one of these being CityNews. Canberra has five free-to-air television stations (analogue and digital) including two government funded (ABC and SBS) and three commercial stations (Prime, WIN and Southern Cross Ten); four of these offer digital high-definition simulcasts of their main channel (Prime HD, WIN HD, ABC HD, SBS HD) and six additional digital-only channels: 7Two on Prime, GO!, ABC2, ABC3, SBS Two and One HD. Prior to 1989, Canberra was serviced by just the ABC, SBS and Capital Television, which later became Southern Cross Ten, with Prime and WIN arriving as part of the Government's regional aggregation programme in that year.[80] Subscription (pay) television services are available from Foxtel via satellite service, and cable by local telecommunications company TransACT who also offer telephone and broadband internet services on their optical fibre cable network covering many suburbs.[citation needed]
A number of community radio stations broadcast in Canberra, including 2XXfm, ArtSound FM, CMS Radio, Valley FM based in Tuggeranong, and Radio 1RPH which offers broadcasts for the print handicapped. There are a number of commercial AM and FM radio stations including those belonging to the Capital Radio Network (2CA and 2CC), the Austereo/ARN owned 104.7 and Mix 106.3, both of which were introduced in 1988 and Raw FM 87.6 MHz a dance music station. Public radio broadcasters ABC Radio and SBS Radio operate a number of stations.[citation needed]

Sport

A rugby league match at Canberra Stadium
In addition to local sporting leagues, Canberra has a number of sporting teams that compete in national and international leagues. The best known teams are the Canberra Raiders and the Brumbies who play rugby league and rugby union respectively, and who have both been champions of their leagues.[81][82] Both teams play their home games at Canberra Stadium,[83] which is Canberra's largest stadium and was used to hold preliminary soccer matches for the 2000 Summer Olympics and matches for the 2003 Rugby World Cup.[84][85] Canberra also has a successful basketball team, the Canberra Capitals, the team has won six out of the last ten national women's basketball titles.[86]
There are also teams that participate in national competitions in netball, field hockey, ice hockey and cricket. Manuka Oval is another large outdoor sporting facility where cricket and Australian Rules football are played. The Melbourne based AFL team the Kangaroos played some home games at Manuka Oval until July 2006.[87] Following the move of the Kangaroos' alternative home ground to Carrara in Queensland, Melbourne and the Western Bulldogs will play home games at Manuka Oval from 2007 against the Sydney Swans.[88] Canberra is also home to the Barassi International Australian Football Youth Tournament.[89] The historic Prime Minister's XI cricket match is played at Manuka Oval annually.[90] Other significant annual sporting events include the Canberra Marathon[91] and the City of Canberra Half Ironman Triathlon. The Canberra Women's Tennis Classic was held in the lead up to the Australian Open until 2006.[92]
The Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) is located in the Canberra suburb of Bruce.[93] The AIS is a specialised educational and training institution providing coaching for elite junior and senior athletes in a number of sports. The AIS has been operating since 1981 and has achieved significant success in producing elite athletes, both local and international.[93] The majority of Australia's team members and medals at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney were won by AIS graduates.[94] It is also a popular tourist destination.
Canberra has numerous sporting ovals, golf courses, skate parks, tennis courts and swimming pools that are open to the public. A Canberra-wide series of bicycle paths are available to cyclists for recreational and sporting purposes. Canberra Nature Parks have a large range of walking paths, horse and mountain bike trails. Water sports like sailing, rowing and water skiing are popular activities on Canberra's lakes.[95] The Rally of Canberra is an annual motor sport event and a facility for drag racing is currently being planned for construction.[96][97]

Infrastructure

Health

The Canberra Hospital
Canberra has two large public hospitals, the 500-bed Canberra Hospital - formerly the Woden Valley Hospital - located in Garran and the smaller 174 bed Calvary Public Hospital located in Bruce. Both public hospitals are also teaching hospitals. The largest private hospital in Canberra is the Calvary John James Hospital in Deakin. Calvary Private Hospital in Bruce and Healthscope's National Capital Private Hospital in Garran are also major healthcare providers.
The Royal Canberra Hospital was located on Acton Peninsula on Lake Burley Griffin; it was closed on 27 November 1991 and was demolished in 1997 in a controversial implosion. This was to facilitate construction of the National Museum of Australia. The city has 10 aged care facilities.
Canberra's hospitals receive emergency cases from throughout southern New South Wales. The ACT Ambulance Service is one of four operational agencies of the ACT Emergency Services Authority. NETS ACT & Southern provides dedicated ambulance service for inter-hospital transport of sick newborns within the ACT and into surrounding New South Wales.[citation needed]

Transport

The car is by far the dominant form of transport in Canberra. Past planning policies have resulted in well developed good quality roads and a low population density spread over a relatively large area of the city. Canberra's districts are generally connected by 'parkways' - limited access dual carriageway roads with speed limits generally set at 80 to 100 km/h. An example is the Tuggeranong Parkway which links Canberra's CBD and Tuggeranong, and bypasses Weston Creek. In most districts, discrete residential suburbs are bounded by access roads.[citation needed]
ACTION, the government-operated bus service, provides public transport throughout the city. Deane's Transit Group provides bus services between Canberra and nearby areas of New South Wales through their Transborder Express (Murrumbateman and Yass) and Deane's Buslines (Queanbeyan) brands. Deane's Buslines also operates the Airliner service between Canberra City and the airport..June 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] In the 2006 census, 7.7% of the journeys to work involved a bus; with 7.4% walking or cycling to work,[70] a higher proportion than in any other Australian capital city.^ Australian Capital Territory Okays Same-Sex Unions - Towleroad, More than gay news.
  • Australian Capital Territory Okays Same-Sex Unions - Towleroad, More than gay news. More gay men 3 February 2010 14:28 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

There are two local taxi companies, Aerial Capital Group the owner of the Canberra Elite and Silver Service brands which enjoyed monopoly status for over four decades, and a recent arrival, Cabxpress.[citation needed]
An interstate CountryLink railway service connects Canberra to Sydney. Canberra's railway station is in the inner south suburb of Kingston. Between 1920 and 1922 the train line crossed the Molonglo River and ran as far north as the city centre, although the line was closed following major flooding and was never rebuilt. Train services to Melbourne are provided by way of a CountryLink bus service which connects with a rail service between Sydney and Melbourne in Yass, about one hour's drive from Canberra.
Plans to establish a very fast train like a TGV service between Melbourne, Canberra and Sydney have been contemplated,[98] but not implemented by both government and private enterprise, as various proposals have not been deemed economically viable. The plan was shelved by former Federal Transport Minister John Anderson in 2000.[99][100]
The original plans for Canberra included proposals for railed transport within the city,[28] however none were to eventuate with Canberra's single interstate passenger station and goods yard remaining to the south at Kingston. During the construction of the principal buildings, there were a number of temporary construction railway lines laid to Civic in central Canberra.[28]
Canberra is about three hours by road from Sydney on the Federal Highway (National Highway 23), which connects with the Hume Highway (National Highway 31) near Goulburn, and seven hours by road from Melbourne on the Barton Highway (National Highway 25), which joins the Hume Highway at Yass. It is a two hour drive on the Monaro Highway (National Highway 23) to the ski fields of the Snowy Mountains and the Kosciuszko National Park. Batemans Bay, a popular holiday spot on the New South Wales coast, is also two hours away via the Kings Highway.[citation needed]
Canberra International Airport provides direct domestic services to Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide and Perth, with connections to other domestic centres. [1] There are direct daily flights to Albury and Newcastle in New South Wales. No regular commercial international flights operate from the airport. Until 2003 the civilian airport shared runways with RAAF Base Fairbairn. On 27 June of that year, the Air Force base was decommissioned and from that time the airport was fully under civilian control. Major Australian cities such as Sydney have a secondary airport, but in Canberra this airport also provides for charter operations, general aviation, parachuting and flying training.[citation needed]

Utilities

Black Mountain Tower is a landmark and tourist attraction in addition to providing telecommunications
The ACT government owned ACTEW Corporation manages Canberra's water and sewerage infrastructure. ActewAGL is a joint venture between ACTEW and AGL, and is the retail provider of Canberra's utility services including water, natural gas, electricity, and also some telecommunications services via a subsidiary TransACT. Since 2003 all ACT consumers have been able to choose the electricity retailer of their choice. Canberra's water is stored in four reservoirs, the Corin, Bendora and Cotter dams on the Cotter River and the Googong Dam on the Queanbeyan River. The Googong Dam is in New South Wales but it is managed by the ACT government. ACTEW Corporation owns Canberra's two wastewater treatment plants, located at Fyshwick and at Lower Molonglo on the Molonglo River.[citation needed]
Electricity for Canberra comes from the national power grid through substations at Holt and Fyshwick (via Queanbeyan). Some limited local renewable power is produced via a hydro generator on the main water supply pipeline for Canberra at Mount Stromlo and methane plants at waste landfill sites at Belconnen and Mugga Lane. The first domestic power supply in Canberra was in 1913 for the suburb of Acton. Unlike most Australian cities, the power poles in Canberra's older suburbs are located along the rear boundaries of residential housing lots rather than on the street front. In newer areas the power supply and communications cabling are located underground.[citation needed]
As in other parts of Australia, terrestrial and mobile telecommunications services are provided by a range of competing companies. The majority of POTS and ADSL infrastructure belong to Telstra. GSM and 3G mobile telephony and data services infrastructure has also being established by Telstra along with Optus, Vodafone, Three and Netspeed. Parts of Central and Northern Canberra are services by Fibre-optic data connections established by TransACT. The ACT has the highest rate of computer use and internet connection in Australia.[101]

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Canberra is twinned with:[102]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Main Features". 3218.0 - Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2007-08. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 23 April 2009. http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Products/3218.0~2007-08~Main+Features~Main+Features?OpenDocument. Retrieved 2009-05-13. (refer table "ESTIMATED RESIDENT POPULATION, States and Territories - Capital City and Balance of State"
  2. ^ a b ACT Planning & Land Authority, Planning data statistics
  3. ^ Macquarie ABC Dictionary. The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. 2003. p. 144. ISBN 0 876429 37 2. 
  4. ^ Gillespie, Lyall (1984). Aborigines of the Canberra Region. Canberra: Wizard (Lyall Gillespie). pp. 1–25. ISBN 0959025502. 
  5. ^ Flood, JM., David, B., Magee, J. and English, B. 1987. Birrigai: a Pleistocene site in the south eastern highlands, Archaeology in Oceania 22:9-22
  6. ^ Australia’s National Capital by Crispin Hull, Ch. 2 European settlement and the naming of Canberra
  7. ^ ""Historic Blundells' Cottage"". National Capital Authority. http://www.nationalcapital.gov.au/visiting/attractions/blundells_cottage.asp. 
  8. ^ a b Fitzgerald, p. 5.
  9. ^ a b Gillespie, pp. 3–8.
  10. ^ Gillespie, p. 9.
  11. ^ Fitzgerald, p. 12.
  12. ^ Gibbney, p. 48.
  13. ^ Fitzgerald, p. 9.
  14. ^ http://www.dha.gov.au/publications/australian-capital-territory.pdf
  15. ^ Gibbney, pp. 87–95.
  16. ^ a b Sparke, p. 116.
  17. ^ Gillespie, p. 78.
  18. ^ Fitzgerald, p. 17.
  19. ^ a b c Fitzgerald, p. 92.
  20. ^ Gillespie, pp. 220–230.
  21. ^ Davison, Hirst and Macintyre, pp. 464–465, 662–663.
  22. ^ Wigmore, p. 24.
  23. ^ Fitzgerald, p. 93.
  24. ^ Fitzgerald, p. 100.
  25. ^ Gillespie, p. 178.
  26. ^ Wigmore, pp. 160–166.
  27. ^ Wigmore, p. 63.
  28. ^ a b c d Railways in the Australian Capital Territory MacDonald, B.T. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, May, 1967 pp106-116
  29. ^ Gillespie, p. 303.
  30. ^ Fitzgerald, p. 103.
  31. ^ Fitzgerald, p. 105.
  32. ^ Fitzgerald, p. 130.
  33. ^ Wigmore, p. 101.
  34. ^ Wigmore, pp. 125–128.
  35. ^ Gibbney, pp. 116–126.
  36. ^ Sparke, pp. 103–104, 145, 188, 323.
  37. ^ wigmore, pp. 111–120.
  38. ^ Gibbney, pp. 230–242.
  39. ^ Gibbney, p. 250.
  40. ^ Sparke, p. 180.
  41. ^ Fitzgerald, p. 157.
  42. ^ Fitzgerald, p. 138.
  43. ^ Elections ACT
  44. ^ a b c "Past election results". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. http://www.abc.net.au/elections/act/2008/guide/pastelections.htm. Retrieved 2010-01-13. 
  45. ^ Jerga, Josh (2009-12-03). "NSW boasts first female leadership team". The Sydney Morning Herald. http://news.smh.com.au/breaking-news-national/nsw-boasts-first-female-leadership-team-20091204-k94l.html. Retrieved 2010-01-13. 
  46. ^ Doogan (coroner), Maria (December 2006). The Canberra Firestorm: Inquests and inquiry into four deaths and four fires between 8 and 18 January 2003. 1. Canberra: ACT Coroners Court. http://www.courts.act.gov.au/BushfireInquiry/The_Canberra_Firestorm_Report/The%20Canberra%20Firestorm%20%28VOL%20I%29%20%28chapter%201%29.pdf. 
  47. ^ Sparke, pp. 131–132.
  48. ^ a b Gibbney, inside cover.
  49. ^ Sparke, pp. 181–182.
  50. ^ "Statistics for AUS ACT.Canberra.Airport RMY". EnergyPlus. U.S. Department of Energy. http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/weatherdata/5_southwest_pacific_wmo_region_5/AUS_ACT.Canberra.Airport_RMY.stat. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  51. ^ Australian Bureau of Meteorology 2005. Climate of Canberra Area
  52. ^ "Averages for Canberra Airport, 1939 - 2009". Australian Government. Bureau of Meteorology. http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_070014.shtml. Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  53. ^ "Basic Climatological Station Metadata". Australian Government. Bureau of Meteorology. http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/cdo/metadata/pdf/metadata070014.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  54. ^ Wigmore, pp. 60–63.
  55. ^ Wigmore, p. 67.
  56. ^ a b Wigmore, p. 64.
  57. ^ Google Earth
  58. ^ Wigmore, pp. 64–67.
  59. ^ a b Sparke, pp. 154–155.
  60. ^ "Election Summary". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. http://www.abc.net.au/elections/act/2008/guide/summary.htm. Retrieved 2010-01-13. 
  61. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics. 10 August 2006. Series 6202.2, Labour Force, p. 16(PDF)
  62. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2005. Household Income and Income Distribution in the ACT - Sep 2005
  63. ^ a b ACT Department of Treasury. 2006. Economics Branch Publication, Full-Time Adult Average Weekly Ordinary Time Earnings
  64. ^ Real Estate Institute of Australia. Press Release - It’s official: the property market has cooled, 9 September 2005
  65. ^ ACT Department of Treasury. 2006. Economics Branch Publication, September Quarter 2006. ACT residential Property Market report
  66. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2004. Census of Population and Housing Australia in Profile A Regional Analysis. (PDF, 20MB)
  67. ^ all of ACT land is held by Govt.
  68. ^ s68 allows for an annual increase linked to a Rental Housing CPI index, which is usually significantly higher than CPI. For 2008 this deems an increase up to 10.12% as not excessive on the face of it.
  69. ^ ACT Department of Treasury. 2004. Economics Branch Publication, Gross State Product 2003–04
  70. ^ a b c d Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Community Profile Series : Canberra (Statistical Division)". 2006 Census of Population and Housing. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/ProductSelect?newproducttype=Community+Profiles&collection=Census&period=2006&areacode=805&breadcrumb=LP&currentaction=201&action=401. Retrieved 2009-01-24. 
  71. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2003. Australian Demographic Statistics, Population Mobility
  72. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2005. Education in the ACT
  73. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2005. Recorded Crime, Australia
  74. ^ Gibbney, pp. 258–262.
  75. ^ Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University 2005. Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2004
  76. ^ ACT Government, "Towards 2020: Renewing Our Schools"
  77. ^ "Lake Burley Griffin Interactive Map". National Capital Authority. http://www.nationalcapital.gov.au/enjoythelake/map.asp. Retrieved 2009-06-01. 
  78. ^ "Section 201". Copyright Act 1968. http://www.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/sinodisp/au/legis/cth/consol_act/ca1968133/s201.html?query=national%20and%20library%20and%20of%20and%20australia. Retrieved 2007-10-09. 
  79. ^ Wigmore, p. 87.
  80. ^ "Broadcasting Services Amendment (Media Ownership) Bill 2002 (Bills Digest 132, 2001-02)". Aph.gov.au. http://www.aph.gov.au/LIBRARY/pubs/bd/2001-02/02bd132.htm?canberra. Retrieved 2009-07-13. 
  81. ^ "Brumbies Crowned Super 12 Champions.". Irish Rugby. 2004-05-22. http://www.irishrugby.ie/6855_3684.php. Retrieved 2007-10-08. 
  82. ^ "Premiership records.". Canberra Raiders Pty Ltd 2008. http://www.raiders.com.au/2008/history/records.php. Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  83. ^ "Canberra Stadium". Australian Institute of Sport. http://www.ais.org.au/facilities/stadium.asp. Retrieved 2007-10-08. 
  84. ^ "Sydney 2000:Football". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 1999. http://www.abc.net.au/news/olympics/sports/football.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-08. 
  85. ^ "Complete draw for 2003 Rugby World Cup". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2003. http://www.abc.net.au/rugbyunion/worldcup/2003/draw/default.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-08. 
  86. ^ "Capitals clinch WNBL title". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2007-02-17. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/02/17/1850385.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-08. 
  87. ^ Hinds, Richard (2005-04-01). "Kangaroos finding capital gains taxing". Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/news/AFL/Kangaroos-finding-capital-gains-taxing/2005/03/31/1111862534238.html. Retrieved 2007-10-08. 
  88. ^ "Dogs, Demons to play in Canberra". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 16 August 2006. http://abc.net.au/news/items/200608/1716460.htm?canberra. Retrieved 2007-10-09. 
  89. ^ "Who Rules, Aussie Rules!". AFL. 2007-02-15. http://www.afl.com.au/GameDevelopment/International/tabid/285/Default.aspx. Retrieved 2007-10-08. 
  90. ^ "Dizzy to lead PM's XI". Cricket Australia. 2006-10-06. http://www.cricket.com.au/default.aspx?s=newsdisplay&id=37685. Retrieved 2007-10-08. 
  91. ^ "Canberra Marathon". Canberra Marathon. http://www.canberramarathon.com.au/. Retrieved 2007-10-08. 
  92. ^ "Title winners head to Canberra". Tennis Australia. 2006-01-07. http://www.cricket.com.au/default.aspx?s=newsdisplay&id=37685. Retrieved 2007-10-08. 
  93. ^ a b Sparke, p. 304.
  94. ^ "Overview of the AIS". Australian Institute of Sport. http://www.ais.org.au/overview/index.asp. Retrieved 2007-10-08. 
  95. ^ "Boating on Lake Burley Griffin". National Capital Authority. http://www.nationalcapital.gov.au/visiting/lake_burley_griffin/boating/. Retrieved 2007-10-09. 
  96. ^ "Canberra Dragway Frequently Asked Questions" (PDF). ACT government. 21 February 2006. http://www.tams.act.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/43069/act_dragway_faq_feb200620.pdf. Retrieved 2007-10-08. 
  97. ^ "Possum Bourne". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2003-05-03. http://www.abc.net.au/stateline/act/content/2003/s847002.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-08. 
  98. ^ Richardson, Michael (19 July 2000). "Sydney to Canberra in 80 Minutes–by High-Speed Train". International Herald Tribune. http://www.iht.com/articles/2000/07/19/ausrail.2.t.php. 
  99. ^ "Oz HSR Received?". The Australian. 29 October 2002. http://eriksrailnews.com/archive/hst2.html. 
  100. ^ "Govt considers rail link between eastern cities". PM transcript. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 14 June 2001. http://www.abc.net.au/pm/stories/s312944.htm. 
  101. ^ "ACT has highest rate of eCensus returns". Media release. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2006-08-11. http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/mediareleasesbyReleaseDate/49A64B934C728DCCCA2571C70004BE20?OpenDocument. Retrieved 2006-08-12. 
  102. ^ "Canberra's international relationships - Canberra's international relationships". www.cmd.act.gov.au. http://www.cmd.act.gov.au/international. Retrieved 2009-10-20. 
  103. ^ "Sister Cities". Beijing Municipal Government. http://www.ebeijing.gov.cn/Sister_Cities/Sister_City/. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 

References

  • Fitzgerald, Alan (1987). Canberra in two centuries:A pictorial history. Clareville Press. ISBN 0-909278-02-4. 
  • Gibbney, Jim (1988). Canberra 1913–1953. Australian Government Publishing Service. ISBN 0-644-08060-4. 
  • Gillespie, Lyall (1991). Canberra 1820–1913. Australian Government Publishing Service. ISBN 0-644-08060-4. 
  • Sparke, Eric (1988). Canberra 1954–1980. Australian Government Publishing Service. ISBN 0-644-08060-4. 
  • Wigmore, Lionel (1971). Canberra: history of Australia’s national capital. Dalton Publishing Company. ISBN 0-909906-06-8. 

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Canberra is the capital city of Australia.

Sourced

  • Canberra: There's nothing to it!
  • Canberra: Why wait for death?
  • Canberra: Gateway to everywhere else!
  • I have planned a city not like any other city in the world. I have planned it not in a way that I expected any governmental authorities in the world would accept. I have planned an ideal city, a city that meets my ideal of the city of the future.

Unsourced

  • The best view of Canberra is from the back of a departing train.
    • Percy Deane, Secretary of the Prime Minister's Department, 1928
  • It is always easy to sneer and criticise, but now that a start has been made [it is] the duty of patriotic Australians to do all that lies in their power to make this capital worthy of a Commonwealth ... That here a city may arise where those responsible for the government of this country in the future may seek and find inspiration in its noble buildings, its broad avenues, its shaded parts and sheltered gardens - a city bearing perhaps some resemblance to the city beautiful of our dreams.
    • Lord Denman at a formal dinner held after its christening, March 12, 1913.
  • It is an expression of bureaucratic Existentialism. It exists without existing.
  • It's just like a little country town, isn't it? Charming, of course, but just a little country town.
  • Don't blame us, we just live here!"
    • Movement set up after every political problem in Australia was blamed on Canberra, being the seat of government.

External Links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Oceania : Australia : Canberra
Canberra's Old and New Parliament House
.
Canberra's Old and New Parliament House
Canberra [1]is the capital city of Australia, located in the Australian Capital Territory (which is surrounded by the state of New South Wales), southwest of Australia's largest city Sydney.^ Canberra office...serving the Australian Capital Territory.

^ About CanberraCanberra is Australia's capital city, and is located in the Australian Capital Territory, which is part of the Australian Capital Region.

^ The area of the Australian Capital Territory was taken from the state of New South Wales.

It has a population of about 340,000 people.

Understand

History

.Canberra was established in 1913 as a purpose-built capital for the newly federated Australian nation - this brought the rivalry between Sydney and Melbourne for national capital status to an end.^ Since 1913 Canberra has actively developed its role as National Capital.

^ National Museum of Australia - Canberra informationAll Australians are reflected in their capital, Canberra.

^ Canberra, the national capital city of Australia is situated in the Australian ...

.The artificial creation of the city was not without critics however - many said that it was a "waste of a good sheep pasture". Canberra is a highly planned city, its primary design conceived by the American architect Walter Burley Griffin, built on the shores of an artificial lake (Lake Burley Griffin).^ The American architects Marion Mahony Griffin and Walter Burley Griffin won an international competition for the design of the new city.

^ Canberra is arranged around the artificial Lake Burley Griffin.

^ CANBERRA INFORMATIONCanberra, the capital of Australian Capital Territory was designed by American architect Walter Burley Griffin, with the land being bought in 1911, ...

Populated at first largely by politicians and public servants, it has taken several decades to develop its own identity and culture. A building spree in the late 20th century and a concerted effort to develop public institutions in the city have made it a viable destination for the traveller.

Geography

.Lake Burley Griffin divides central Canberra.^ Canberra is arranged around the artificial Lake Burley Griffin.

^ CANBERRA INFORMATIONCanberra, the capital of Australian Capital Territory was designed by American architect Walter Burley Griffin, with the land being bought in 1911, ...

^ There are watersports on Lake Burley Griffin with canoes, catamarans, paddle boats and surf skis for hire.

.The central shopping and commercial area, known as "Civic", on the north side and the parliamentary triangle and embassy area is on the south side.^ Opened in 1988, new Parliament House (as it’s commonly known, to distinguish it from the old Parliament House) is a marble lined monstrosity squatting at the apex of the Parliamentary Triangle.

^ In Civic, on the northern side of the lake, are the shops, businesses, university and suburbs such as Reid, Braddon, Turner and Acton.

^ Canberra´s most important public buildings are located within the Parliamentary Triangle, formed by the lake on the north side and two long avenues, Commonwealth and Kings, which radiate from Capital Hill, the city´s political and geographical epicenter.

.National institutions are likewise divided, examples being the National Museum of Australia and the Australian War Memorial on the north side and the National Library and National Gallery of Australia on the south side.^ Museums Australia As a national association representing the museum and gallery sector, Museums Australia...
  • +Organisations - Australian Capital Territory 3 February 2010 14:28 UTC www.art-search.com.au [Source type: News]

^ Australian War Memorial was built.

^ Australian War Memorial, which includes a museum and an art gallery.

.There are suburbs surrounding central Canberra, and also suburbs surrounding several outlying town centres.^ A highly planned city, Canberra comprises of five large town centers namely Central Canberra, Belconnen, Woden, Tuggeranong and Queanbeyan.
  • Hotels in Canberra, Accommodation in Canberra Australia, Canberra Hotels 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hotels in Canberra, Accommodation in Canberra Australia, Canberra Hotels 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Canberra and its surrounding suburbs are in the northeast of the territory, while the Namadgi National Park occupies the whole southwestern area.

^ Canberra is also surrounded by the satellite towns of Woden, Belconnen and Tuggeranong.

.These town centres are Belconnen and Gungahlin to the north, and Tuggeranong and Woden to the south.^ Canberra is also surrounded by the satellite towns of Woden, Belconnen and Tuggeranong.

^ A highly planned city, Canberra comprises of five large town centers namely Central Canberra, Belconnen, Woden, Tuggeranong and Queanbeyan.
  • Hotels in Canberra, Accommodation in Canberra Australia, Canberra Hotels 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hotels in Canberra, Accommodation in Canberra Australia, Canberra Hotels 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are seven districts in Canberra: North Canberra (15 suburbs), South Canberra (13 suburbs), Woden Valley (12 suburbs), Belconnen (25 suburbs), Weston Creek (8 suburbs), Tuggeranong (19 suburbs), and Gungahlin (18 suburbs).

City Centre
City Centre

Time

.Australian Capital Territory follows the same time as New South Wales that surrounds it.^ The Australian Capital Territory is entirely surrounded by the state of New South Wales.

^ The area of the Australian Capital Territory was taken from the state of New South Wales.

^ Why is it called the 'Australian Capital Territory'?

.It is 10 hours ahead of GMT (UTC+10).^ Great Britain/United Kingdom is one hour ahead of UTC during summer.
  • The World Clock - Time Zones - Asia 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.timeanddate.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Daylight saving starts on the first Sunday in October and ends the first Sunday in April (UTC+11).^ In Canberra daylight saving begins at 2.00am on the last Sunday in October and concludes on the last Sunday of March at 3:00am when clocks are put back one hour.
  • Emigrating to Canberra - Australian Capital Territory 3 February 2010 14:28 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

^ During daylight saving time the local clock is moved forward one hour to gain an 'extra hour' of daylight at the end of the working day.
  • Emigrating to Canberra - Australian Capital Territory 3 February 2010 14:28 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

People

.Many people who live in Canberra are not originally from Canberra, having usually moved there to study or take up employment with the Australian Government.^ On 869 of this was people living outside of Canberra.

^ Many of the people who live in Canberra were not born there, and are there to work or study for a few years before moving on.

^ UNSW@ADFA - Visiting or Moving to Canberra?Should you be visiting Canberra or thinking of moving to take up a position at UNSW@ADFA, we have listed some links below which might be of interest and ...

.A common pattern is that people from other parts of Australia move to Canberra, study or work for a few years and then return to their place of origin or move on to elsewhere.^ Many of the people who live in Canberra were not born there, and are there to work or study for a few years before moving on.

^ Home to over 300,000 people, about 150km inland from the east coast and 280 kilometres south west of Sydney stands Canberra, the Capital of Australia.
  • Canberra hotels, Canberra Accommodation Australia, Hotel.com.au Canberra Hotel Reservations 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.hotel.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Originally established by Pietro Baracchi, an Italian-born astronomer who became the Government Astronomer for Victoria, the observatory took part in Australia's war efforts during WWII by producing gun sights and other optical equipment.

.As this means a constant influx of new arrivals to Canberra, you should not be reluctant to ask for directions and the like from locals - they are more than used to it and usually only too happy to help.^ If you need to make a phone call to someone in another country and you are not quite sure how to dial the number, then this service should hopefully help you.
  • International Dialing/Area codes calculator 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.timeanddate.com [Source type: News]

^ New taxi service for Canberra - Breaking News - National ...Canberra's second taxi service is officially on the road, ending months of anticipation from locals and federal politicians upset with the existing service.

^ More than a collection of pretty old buildings, this National Trust homestead documents the life of the region before Canberra existed.

.Canberrans on the whole are easygoing, friendly and tolerant people who have the highest levels of education and income in Australia.^ The educational level is higher in Canberra than anywhere else in the country, and 4.5% of the population hold a postgraduate degree, in comparison to the Australia-wide average of 1.8%.

.Ethnically, Canberra's population is more diverse than most regional areas of Australia, but nowhere near as culturally and linguistically varied as Sydney and Melbourne.^ Canberra is the third-most expensive area to buy a house in Australia, after Melbourne and Perth.

^ Most of the territory consists of an area formerly known as Yass-Canberra, which was ceded to the Commonwealth by New South Wales in 1911.

^ Alliance Française - Canberra Australia - HomepageView listing of classes and area cultural activities.

Climate

.Canberra can get just as hot as anywhere else in Australia during the summer months (November-March), with temperatures above 30ºC a frequent occurrence from December through to March.^ Take a trip to the ski fields of the Snowy Mountains to the southwest during winter months or the pristine beaches and coastline of the South Coast of NSW for a summer treat.
  • Canberra hotels, Canberra Accommodation Australia, Hotel.com.au Canberra Hotel Reservations 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.hotel.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Summer in Canberra is like all Australian summers, and can be unbearably hot to those from a colder country.

^ Set in the beginning of March, the festival provides a good way to sample Australian culture as the hot summer weather winds its way into autumn.

.It can get bitterly cold during the winter months (June-August) owing to its altitude and proximity to the Snowy Mountains.^ Take a trip to the ski fields of the Snowy Mountains to the southwest during winter months or the pristine beaches and coastline of the South Coast of NSW for a summer treat.
  • Canberra hotels, Canberra Accommodation Australia, Hotel.com.au Canberra Hotel Reservations 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.hotel.com.au [Source type: General]

Overnight temperatures in winter frequently drop below zero and tend to hover around 10ºC during the day. However, it is usually a clear, brisk cold, and rarely a dull, damp cold. .It rarely snows in Canberra, and when it does it does not stick on the ground for more than a few hours.^ Civic is also the centre of Canberra’s nightlife, which is somewhat more lively than its reputation suggests.

^ More than a collection of pretty old buildings, this National Trust homestead documents the life of the region before Canberra existed.

^ Canberra is a University town with more than six tertiary institutions, ...

.Canberra is less humid than Australian coastal cities.^ Not far from the centre of the capital city of Canberra, Black Mountain is one of the three major nature reserves in the Australian Capital Territory.

^ Chinese New Year: There is a large Chinese population in every Australian city, and Canberra is no exception.

^ Canberra 100All Australians proudly celebrate the centenary of Canberra, the nation’s capital - a city that symbolises our freedom, spirit, achievements and aspirations ...

.The hottest days are often mitigated by welcome, cooling, mountain breezes, particularly towards the end of the day, and the temperature drops overnight.^ The temperature, however, doesn't often go over 40ºC, and early summer days can be quite pleasant.

^ Rug up for the winter months as temps often drop below zero at night and are usually below 10C in the day.

Visitor Centre

The comprehensive visitor centre is on Northbourne Avenue, on the main road from Sydney into Canberra [2] +61 2 6205-0044.

Get in

By plane

.Canberra International Airport (IATA: CBR), [3] is well served by flights from other Australian capital cities.^ Canberra, the national capital city of Australia is situated in the Australian ...

^ As Australia’s capital, Canberra is a city proud to be international.

^ Canberra office...serving the Australian Capital Territory.

The following airlines fly to Canberra daily:
.From other cities you can fly to one of the above cities and then to Canberra.^ Being an ideal place in the city of Canberra, this hotel offers a warm welcome, pleasant ambience and convenient facilities to make your stay a memorable one.
  • Canberra hotels, Canberra Accommodation Australia, Hotel.com.au Canberra Hotel Reservations 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.hotel.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Offering comfortable accommodation and convenient facilities, the Quality Hotel Woden Canberra provides you with all of the quality amenities to make your stay a memorable one.
  • Canberra hotels, Canberra Accommodation Australia, Hotel.com.au Canberra Hotel Reservations 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.hotel.com.au [Source type: General]

.International visitors would normally fly to Sydney or Melbourne and transfer to a domestic flight to Canberra (or a road coach from Sydney Airport to Canberra).^ Apartment and hotel accommodation in Sydney Melbourne Chatswood ...Apartment and hotel accommodation in Sydney Melbourne Chatswood Canberra Adelaide Brisbane Perth Darwin.

^ Melbourne ...With over 18 years experience and offices in Brisbane, Canberra, Melbourne, Perth and Sydney, we partner with our clients to attract the best specialist ...

^ Sydney Melbourne Canberra Brisbane Adelaide ...All the space of an apartment…with hotel service!

Flying time is 50 minutes from Sydney, 1 hour from Melbourne, 2 hours from Brisbane and Adelaide, and 4 hours from Perth.
Although the airport is international, there are currently no scheduled commercial international flights, flights to Fiji having ceased several years ago.
.A shuttle [8] runs between Canberra airport and the bus interchange in Civic every half an hour weekdays, and every hour on weekends.^ Canberra Runner - Home of the ACT Cross Country ClubOn behalf of the ACT Cross Country Club, I invite all running families to Canberra for our 2007 Instant Colour Press Canberra Half Marathon Weekend.

The fare is $9. Alternatively, ACTION buses service Brindabella Business Park, which is immediately adjacent to the airport. They have direct services from there to Belconnen via Civic. The service is somewhat erratic, so best to check the timetable. Tickets are only $3, including a transfer.
Taxis are available in front of the terminal towards the Qantas end of the terminal. Fares are around $25 to Civic.
It is almost possible to use Canberra's offroad cycleway network to access the airport. Follow the cycleway along the north side of the lake. A section of cycleway was recently completed alongside the Molonglo River underneath the Monaro Highway Bridge which veers left and passes underneath the Pialligo Avenue bridges. Turn right, cross the creek, beware of the gravel surface at this point, cross over Fairbairn Avenue, and use the Airport service road through the airport precinct, and make your way to the terminal.
There is a long stay and short stay car park, both within walking distance of the terminal. Expect to pay around $17 per day to park at the long stay. .The long stay is only cheaper than the short stay if you are parking for a day or more.^ (Book more than 3 days ahead and save on booking fees, excludes last minute deals) .
  • Canberra hotels, Canberra Accommodation Australia, Hotel.com.au Canberra Hotel Reservations 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.hotel.com.au [Source type: General]

The Countrylink Xplorer at Sydney before leaving for Canberra via the Southern Highlands and the scenic Molongolo Gorge
.
The Countrylink Xplorer at Sydney before leaving for Canberra via the Southern Highlands and the scenic Molongolo Gorge
NSW Countrylink [9] runs services from Sydney to Canberra twice a day.^ Sydney Melbourne Canberra Brisbane Adelaide ...All the space of an apartment…with hotel service!

^ The Sydney Morning Herald: national, world, business ...Canberra 7 Day Forecast.

The trip takes just over 4 hours, which is slower than a bus or driving, but the train takes a very scenic route through the Southern Highlands and the Molongolo Gorge, compared to an unexciting freeway journey by road. .The train arrives in Kingston on the south side of Canberra, which is an easy 20 minutes walk from most of the attractions on the south side of Lake Burley Griffin.^ Location Conveniently situated in the inner south of Canberra and adjacent to the cosmopolitan Kingston Village with it's many restaurants and boutique shops, the Rydges is just minutes from the major tourist attractions - Parliament House, The National Gallery, High Court of Australia and Australian War Memorial.
  • Canberra hotels, Canberra Accommodation Australia, Hotel.com.au Canberra Hotel Reservations 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.hotel.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Canberra Airport is only 10 kms away and Kingston Train Station is just 1km.

^ Location The Quality Hotel Woden is a unique property, located about 10 minutes from the city of Canberra and its many popular attractions.
  • Canberra hotels, Canberra Accommodation Australia, Hotel.com.au Canberra Hotel Reservations 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.hotel.com.au [Source type: General]

.On some days it is possible to do a day trip by train from Sydney and get 5-6 hours to spend in Canberra.^ Lifeline Canberra INC - Welcome To Our SiteLifeline provides counselling and counselling related services, the core of which is a 24 hour service provided by trained telephone counsellors.

^ The Sydney Morning Herald: national, world, business ...Canberra 7 Day Forecast.

.To get to Civic (the Canberra CBD) on the northern side of the lake, however, will require further transport, ACTION buses service the station to Civic every hour or so for $3. The economy train fare is $56 in peak season (the Christmas/New Year period and school holidays) and $40 in off-peak, discounts may be available depending on the day or for advance purchase.^ Lifeline Canberra INC - Welcome To Our SiteLifeline provides counselling and counselling related services, the core of which is a 24 hour service provided by trained telephone counsellors.

^ ACTION Buses - Routes / TimetablesThe Canberra Bus Map guides you through the detailed bus services operated in the Nation's Capital, by ACTION. All the information you need to plan your ...

.Countrylink also runs a once-daily train/bus between Melbourne and Canberra: the bus runs from the centre of Canberra to the small town of Cootamundra, where travellers switch to the train to Melbourne's Southern Cross Station; tickets cost $91 in off-peak and $107 in peak season.^ CountryLink: Canberra fromCoach, Canberra to Yass Junction, Daily, View timetable Reverse direction ...

^ Canberra Southern Cross Club - WodenThe Canberra Southern Cross Club, Woden hosts a variety of social clubs for all ages and interests.

^ Centre for Customs and Excise Studies: OVERVIEW OF THE CENTREThe Centre for Customs and Excise Studies, University of Canberra, provides an international focal point for education, training, consultancy services and ...

.Bicycles must be boxed and checked as luggage on CountryLink services and cost $12.10 per bicycle, and there is only room for three on any train.^ Canberra Airport is only 10 kms away and Kingston Train Station is just 1km.

By bus

.All coaches to Canberra terminate at the Jolimont Centre, which is in the city centre and immediately across the road from the Canberra local bus (ACTION) interchange.^ New taxi service for Canberra - Breaking News - National ...Canberra's second taxi service is officially on the road, ending months of anticipation from locals and federal politicians upset with the existing service.

^ Canberra City Uniting ChurchInformation about their conference centre, worship times, calendar, groups, and contacts.

^ ACTION BusesThis site has everything you need to know about getting around Canberra by bus.

.Murrays [10], tel 132251, Murrays operate up to 10 daily express services between Sydney (Central Station) and Canberra with extra services on peak days.^ Canberra and the ACT operate on Eastern Standard Time (EST) meaning it is 10 hours in front of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) without daylight saving.
  • Emigrating to Canberra - Australian Capital Territory 3 February 2010 14:28 UTC www.globalvisas.com [Source type: News]

They are the main operator on this route. Service takes just over 3hrs. They always have $15 one way fares available on the web, for the early or late services, and $18 for the others. .The service is non-stop (with some services via Sydney International Airport).^ International Services - Canberra Institute of TechnologyA large range of accommodation is available for students close to CIT campuses as well as in some of Canberra's most popular suburbs.

Murrays also run a daily service from Canberra to Wollongong and Canberra to Narooma. The coaches are more cramped than the trains. Seats are unassigned, so it helps to be there early and not to have luggage to go under the bus, as that lets you get on first and secure your window seat. Buses often fill to capacity, and can experience delays due to peak traffic into and out of Sydney, although the non-stop nature means that they have been known to run 10-15 minutes early on a good run.
Greyhound Pioneer [11], tel 131499, operate a bus service competing with Murray's. Fares seem to be either $15 or $36, so you might get lucky and get a cheap ride. Note that it may not be possible to get the $15 fares when booking a return journey; if so, you probably need to book each leg separately. They also offer a direct service to Melbourne. Greyhound's coach services usually include video entertainment. .The Greyhound services are not non-stop, which not only makes the service slower, but means you can't take advantage of good traffic conditions to make up 15 minutes or so on a good traffic day.^ UNSW@ADFA - Visiting or Moving to Canberra?Should you be visiting Canberra or thinking of moving to take up a position at UNSW@ADFA, we have listed some links below which might be of interest and ...

^ CitySearch.com.au - CanberraCitySearch Canberra - Australia's leading city guide providing up to the minute information and editorial reviews on services such as restaurants, ...

NSW Countrylink also run daily buses to and from Eden on the South Coast, via Bega and Cooma.
.V/Line [12], tel 136196. V/Line have two services which connect Canberra to Melbourne.^ Lifeline Canberra INC - Canberra Emergency Accommodation ServiceCanberra emergency accommodation service (CEAS) information and counselling line.

^ Canberra Accommodation Waldorf Apartment Hotel Serviced Hotel ...Choose from our range of Canberra accommodation styles with studio, one, two and three bedroom serviced hotel apartments for vacation rental, ...

^ Sydney Melbourne Canberra Brisbane Adelaide ...All the space of an apartment…with hotel service!

The fastest option is a bus from Canberra to Albury with a connecting train from Albury to Melbourne. This takes around 8 hours. The more scenic option is to travel to Melbourne via Cooma, Sale & Bairnesdale. Likewise, this service connects with a train at Bairnesdale allowing you to continue your journey west towards Melbourne.
.Be aware that V/Line rail services between Albury and Melbourne are suspended until 2010 and all services are being replaced by road coaches.^ Sydney Melbourne Canberra Brisbane Adelaide ...All the space of an apartment…with hotel service!

V/Line rail services will resume after the single Broad Gauge track from Seymour to Albury has been converted to Standard Gauge.

By car

.The drive from Sydney to Canberra is 290km and takes around three and a half hours from the Sydney CBD, less from outer suburbs in Sydney.^ The Sydney Morning HeraldThe Canberra suburbs hit hardest by the weekend fires may be redesigned to make ...

.The road is dual-carriageway, mostly freeway-like conditions from the Harbour Bridge all the way to Canberra, mostly with a 110km/h speed limit, via the M5 Motorway, Hume and Federal Highways.^ Canberra AttractionsSituated at Gold Creek on the Barton Highway, the Australian Reptile Centre Canberra provides a dynamic, professionally presented educational venue of all ...

.There are 3 sets of on-road services located on the Hume Highway between Sydney and the turn-off to the Federal Highway to Canberra, as well as many well-maintained and often scenic rest stops with toilets and picnic tables ideal for a picnic.^ New taxi service for Canberra - Breaking News - National ...Canberra's second taxi service is officially on the road, ending months of anticipation from locals and federal politicians upset with the existing service.

^ Welcome to the Edlins of Canberra's website here you will find information on the services we provide, where we are located, and coming events.

^ Family Court of Australia Canberra Family Law RegistryCanberra Family Law Registry provides registry services to both the Family Court of Australia and the Federal Magistrates Court which include: ...

Take drinks, as the rest areas have no water, or tank water which is not recommended for drinking. A third option which will enable you to see more of the countryside is to stop at one of the small towns in the Southern Highlands on the way which will have a cafe or two.
Drivers should be aware that it is rare to make the entire trip between Canberra and Sydney without at least one police speed trap. The city of Goulburn, on the way to Canberra, is the training centre for New South Wales police officers and they often send new recruits to run speed checks on the freeway. There are also several fixed speed traps, all of which are signposted in advance.
.The drive from Melbourne to Canberra is 650km and takes roughly eight hours on the Hume and Barton Highways, again mostly on dual-carriageway roads.^ Canberra AttractionsSituated at Gold Creek on the Barton Highway, the Australian Reptile Centre Canberra provides a dynamic, professionally presented educational venue of all ...

ACTION buses are Canberra's primary form of public transport
.
ACTION buses are Canberra's primary form of public transport
ACTION buses [13] cover the majority of Canberra.^ Anglican Diocese of Canberra & GoulburnOfficial site - part of the Province of New South Wales, covering most of the south-east of NSW. Information about the diocese, news, publications and ...

As of March 2009, fares are $3 for adults and $1.50 for concessions (have your student or concession card ready to show the driver; for international students, it's always good to have an ISIC Card because many drivers -- although not strictly supposed to -- will accept these). There are also all-day, weekly monthly and 10-ride-faresaver tickets available. An off-peak all-day ticket costs $4.10 and is valid for travel on weekdays between 9AM & 4.30PM and after 6PM, as well as all day on weekends and holidays. 10 ride faresavers offer a significant discount on single fares at $8.20 for students (school term weekdays only) $11 concession and $22 for adults.
There has been increasing criticism of ACTION, as services have decreased in number and prices have increased. Some residents will tell you not to use ACTION services. During peak hours, ACTION buses, especially inter-town routes, can be extremely crowded. However, for those dependent on public transport there is no other option within Canberra. Note that the inter-town services are very frequent and reliable, especially during peak hour.
Tips for riding the buses:
.
  • If you need to change buses to get somewhere, ask for a transfer ticket; it'll let you on to as many buses as you need within 90 minutes of getting on the first bus.
  • Tell the driver where you need to get to (and how quickly if that's important) and ask them what your options are.^ NetRegistry || Domain Names, Web Hositng ...Grow your business online with NetRegistry - Everything you need from Domain Names, Web Hosting through to eCommerce and Online Marketing.

    ^ ACTION BusesThis site has everything you need to know about getting around Canberra by bus.

    ^ Ask any Canberran and they'll tell you that Canberra is a great place to live, ...

    Some buses snake through the suburbs and can take a while to cover a relatively short distance while others may be more direct or express services.
  • To travel between the interchanges (i.e. Belconnen, Civic, Woden and Tuggeranong) catch any bus in the 300 series (300, 312, 313, 314, 315, 318 or 319) as these are far quicker then other bus with your intended location as its destination. .Note that this service runs as Route 900 on Weekends and Public Holidays.
  • Buses do not operate between midnight and 6AM, and after 7PM on Sundays and public holidays.^ ACTION Buses - Routes / TimetablesThe Canberra Bus Map guides you through the detailed bus services operated in the Nation's Capital, by ACTION. All the information you need to plan your ...

    There is however a 'flexibus' or 'nightrider' system with certain routes running at these times -- for a flat fare of $10 -- that operates on weekends in early summer, but not throughout the year.
  • Many buses have a push-bike rack on the front, and the passenger can put the bike there to get to another bike-friendly destination.

By bike

.Bicycles are a practical way to get around Canberra while visiting, and will get you to most attractions using a well developed network of off-road cycle paths.^ CORC: Canberra Off Road Cyclists: HomeCORC is Canberra's premier cycling club, with over 200 members and offering great events and services in the ACT and abroad.

^ If you’re traveling to school, work or just touring around Canberra, ...

^ ACT Health - Maps - The Canberra HospitalYou can use the navigation tool - Home > > Consumer Information > > Maps > > Map of The Canberra Hospital - to move from where you are now to other sections of ...

.Canberra also has generally well developed on-road cycle facilities but the on-road cycle lanes do sometimes end and start in utterly inexplicable places.^ New taxi service for Canberra - Breaking News - National ...Canberra's second taxi service is officially on the road, ending months of anticipation from locals and federal politicians upset with the existing service.

^ The XXVI IPhO took place at the University of Canberra which generously ...

.The grade can be a little steep as away from central Canberra is fairly hilly, but all the attractions around the lake are accessible on fairly flat paths.^ Canberra Irish Club LimitedThe Canberra Irish Club welcomes members and guests from all around Australia.

Pedal Power [14] has a list of commuter and other routes. Bicycles are also permitted on footpaths in the ACT (except when passing shops during trading hours).
There are bike racks to lock your bike up at most shopping centres and points of interest. Bike helmets are compulsory.
The intertown buses will carry two bikes on bike racks on the front of the buses. The bike racks have clips, so no additional equipment is necessary. Only 20" tyres or larger bikes are carried. There is no charge for using the bike rack. Kids must be accompanied by adults, and child seats and other accessories must be removed from the bike.
A bicycle path map bought from a visitor information, petrol station or newsagent also shows bike paths and on-road cycle lanes. .The map is also online at the ACT Department of Planning [15].^ ACT Chief Minister's Department - Canberra Social Plan DocumentsFeedback, research and speeches on Towards the Canberra Social Plan.

Town Centre?
Drivers are often confused by the many signs around Canberra that direct you to the "Town Centre". The unanswered question that the sign poses, is "Which Town?". The city centre, also known as "Civic", is its own centre, but the other Canberra "towns" are Belconnen and Gungahlin (to the north of the lake), and Woden, Weston Creek and Tuggeranong (to the south). Each of these towns has its own suburbs. .You will see signs directing you to each of these towns, but once you get closer the sign will simply direct you to the "town centre". You need to know which town you are in for the sign to make sense.^ ACTION BusesThis site has everything you need to know about getting around Canberra by bus.

^ Canberra City Life - THE Guide to Canberra AustraliaThe online guide for residents and visitors with all you need to know about the city of Canberra, Australia.

Most attractions in Canberra provide parking, usually at no extra cost, and Canberra roads are generally of excellent quality and relatively uncongested.
The default speed limit on all roads in the ACT is 50km/h, unless signposted otherwise. Major roads in the ACT will have 60-100km/h speed limits in 10km/h intervals. There is little rhyme or reason regarding how a speed limit is set in the ACT, with similar roads having vastly different speed limits. In some situations, the same road will have a different speed limit for traffic heading in oposite directions. Speed limit signs within the ACT tend to be spiradic and intermittently placed. .Several major limited access roads like the Tuggeranong Parkway (between the City and the town centres of Woden, Weston Creek and Tuggeranong) are 100km/h, though others are 80-90km/h.^ CanberraArea and Location Description: Canberra covers an area of approximately 1 900 sq km from the whole of Weston Creek, Woden Valley, Stromlo, Tuggeranong, ...

^ Canberra Labor Club GroupCanberra Labor Club: Belconnen, City, Ginninderra and Weston Creek - It's all about YOU! www.laborclub.com.au/ - 11k .

Any road in the ACT may have it's speed limit enforced by Police. The ACT also has the highest amount of speed cameras per capita in Australia. Fixed speed cameras have plenty of warning signs in advance via overt signage. Red light/speed cameras have much smaller warning signs, usually not coupled with a sign reminding of the speed limit. If in doubt, slow to 50km/h. Mobile speed camera vans operate on major roads in the ACT. These may be overtly or covertly parked, and may be identified by a large white sign on the roof.
.Motorists should watch out for 40km/h school zones which in Canberra are active throughout the school day (unlike surrounding New South Wales where they only operate for an hour or two at the beginning and end of the school day).^ Canberra Bushwalking ClubOrganizes walks in the Canberra and South East New South Wales region of Australia.

^ Catholic Archdiocese of Canberra and GoulburnThe Catholic Archdiocese of Canberra and Goulburn encompasses a huge geographic area of southern New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), ...

^ Anglican Diocese of Canberra & GoulburnOfficial site - part of the Province of New South Wales, covering most of the south-east of NSW. Information about the diocese, news, publications and ...

School zones are rigorously policed.
.Drivers in the suburbs of Tuggeranong can also be confused as "Monaro Highway" is signposted as a destination on numerous signs for the three roads that head east-west through Tuggeranong whereas the Monaro Highway is actually a north-south road about 10km east of Tuggeranong.^ Anglican Diocese of Canberra & GoulburnOfficial site - part of the Province of New South Wales, covering most of the south-east of NSW. Information about the diocese, news, publications and ...

The confusion arises because it is unclear on most signs that the road in question is not actually the Monaro Highway. The intended meaning is that the road is an appropriate route to the Monaro Highway.
.The main shopping and commercial area of Canberra is known as Civic, but you will never see a signpost to Civic.^ Address: Shop 4, 5 Mort Street, Civic, Canberra City, ACT. Contact: ...

It is signposted as "City".
Take change for parking meters in Civic if you want to park on the streets, or in the government parking lots. Parking in the CBD can be difficult on weekdays, due to development of carparks and encouragement to take public transport. .There are several multi-level carparks near the Canberra Centre with ticket pay-stations and pay-booths.^ Mallesons Stephen Jaques Level 9 St George Centre 60 Marcus Clarke Street Canberra City ACT 2602 Australia.

^ Dendy Canberra Centre, Level 2, North Quarter Canberra Centre.

.Note that all day parking in the Canberra Centre is cheaper on the rooftop level.^ Please note that all visa issuing is conducted at the Visa Section in Canberra.

^ Canberra AttractionsSituated at Gold Creek on the Barton Highway, the Australian Reptile Centre Canberra provides a dynamic, professionally presented educational venue of all ...

^ Mallesons Stephen Jaques Level 9 St George Centre 60 Marcus Clarke Street Canberra City ACT 2602 Australia.

You will need to collect a parking entry ticket from the first boom gate and then feed the ticket into the second boom gate as you enter the rooftop level.
Fixed speed traps in Canberra are highly visible with multiple signs informing motorists that they are approaching a speed trap. However, mobile police speed traps are set up in large, highly visible white vans with police signage informing motorists that their speed has been checked. The ACT Government also has "red light" cameras on some intersections; if in doubt, stop on the yellow light.
Note that many Red Light cameras double as speed cameras regardless of whether a red light infringement has occurred. The signage for these speed cameras is substantially less visible than the signage for standard speed cameras.
Petrol/fuel. There are remarkably few fuel stations on the main roads. Instead they tend to be located near local shops, off the main roads. Look for the small blue fuel pump signs pointing off the main roads. Start looking well before you run too low. There are several petrol stations just east of Northbourne Avenue at Civic.

See

Museums and other institutions

North of Lake Burley Griffin

Australian War Memorial
.
Australian War Memorial
  • Australian War Memorial, Treloar Crescent (top of ANZAC Parade, at the other end from Parliament House), ph +61 2 6243-4211 or +61 2 6243-4598 (for recorded information), fax +61 2 6243 4325, [16].^ Australian War Memorial: One of the world's great museumsIn Canberra the Memorial, in close cooperation with RSL ACT, hosts the Dawn Service and ...

    ^ Parliament of Australia: House of RepresentativesFederal Member for Canberra - member of the Australian Labor Party.

    .Daily 10AM-5PM. Not just a memorial, this is one of Australia's premier museums, covering Australian military history from Federation to the present day and including fascinating exhibits of equipment, memorabilia and battle dioramas.^ Australian War Memorial: One of the world's great museumsIn Canberra the Memorial, in close cooperation with RSL ACT, hosts the Dawn Service and ...

    ^ Australian International Hotel School - Canberra LifestyleCanberra is the capital of Australia and home of the federal government.

    ^ National Museum of Australia - Canberra informationAll Australians are reflected in their capital, Canberra.

    You could easily spend a full day here (it has a café, or bring a picnic lunch if the weather is nice and sit on the lawns at the front). Anzac Parade, leading up to the War Memorial has a number of memorials to different wars and those involved in wars. Free entry, allow 4-7 hours.
  • Canberra Museum and Gallery, Cnr London Circuit & Civic Square, Civic, [17]. .Tue-Fri 10AM-5PM; Sat-Sun 12PM-5PM.^ Canberra Cycling Club - Events - 2007 Canberra TourThe 24th Canberra Tour will be held on Fri 27th, Sat 28th & Sun 29th April 2007.

    .A museum and art gallery featuring works and exhibits of the local region.^ ACT Museums and Galleries - Canberra Museum and GalleryA vibrant place in the heart of the city, Canberra Museum and Gallery celebrates the region's social history and visual arts with dynamic exhibitions and ...

    Also features the Sydney Nolan Collection - the works of Sir Sydney Nolan, a famous Australian artist.
    Free.  .'see', 'Canberra');return false;" title="click to edit Canberra Museum and Gallery">edit
  • National Capital Exhibition, Barine Dr ( in Commonwealth Park (off Commonwealth Avenue)), [18], open 9-5 Mon-Fri, 10-4 Sat-Sun.^ Canberra Accomodation Association, 'cos there's too much to see in ...Click here to enter.

    ^ Exhibition Park in Canberra - EPIC is Canberra's premier events venueExhibition Park In Canberra (EPIC) - the National Capital's premier multi-purpose events complex.

    ^ The National Capital AuthorityFocusing on Canberra, offers historical details, information for visitors, and future government plans.

    .See an exhibition about the original Burley Griffin Plan for Canberra and how the city was planned and built.^ Canberra City Uniting ChurchInformation about their conference centre, worship times, calendar, groups, and contacts.

    ^ ACT Ultimate Frisbee Association - HomeInformation about playing ultimate frisbee in Canberra, including city leagues, tournaments, photos, teams, schools, universities, and rules.

    ^ CANBERRA INFORMATIONCanberra, the capital of Australian Capital Territory was designed by American architect Walter Burley Griffin, with the land being bought in 1911, ...

    .Good views over Lake Burley Griffin out to the museums on the Lake's south shore.^ Rydges Lakeside Canberra Accommodation in Canberra ACT HotelRydges Lakeside Hotel Canberra - Rydges Lakeside Canberra, a hotel of tradition and warmth, boasts a city centre location on the shores of Lake Burley ...

    ^ ANU - Department of Nuclear Physics - Nuclear PhysicsLocated close to the shores of Lake Burley Griffin in Canberra, Australia, Nuclear Physics is one of the Departments that make up the Research School of ...

    Free.
  • National Film & Sound Archive, McCoy Circuit, Acton, ph +61 6248 2000, [19]. .A unique collection of Australian sound and film recordings of which a small selection showing iconic moments in Australia's cultural history is explored in this museum.
  • National Museum of Australia, Lawson Crescent, ph +61 2 6208-5000, fax +61 2 6208-5099, [20].^ National Museum of Australia - Canberra informationAll Australians are reflected in their capital, Canberra.

    ^ National Museum of Australia - NMA HomepageFeaturing three themes: Australian society and history; aboriginal Australia; and, people's interaction with the environment.

    ^ National Archives of Australia - Fact Sheet 38 - Passenger records ...Passenger records held in Canberra.

    .This controversial museum has lots of interactive exhibits and groups items by concept rather than era.^ Canberra: CSIRO Discovery (ACT) (Profile - Location)At CSIRO Discovery, visitors can explore and experience a sophisticated and interactive exhibition with lots of activities for people of all ages.

    Free admission except for special exhibits. .Allow 2-7 hours.
  • Australian National Botanic Gardens, [21].^ Australian National Botanic Gardens Home PageAustralian plants, databases on living plants, herbarium specimens and photographs.

    .Located at the base of Black Mountain in Acton, the ANBG has the largest collection of Australian native flora in the country.^ It is located on the lower slopes of Black Mountain in Canberra.

    ^ Australian Botany pagesGrows, studies and promotes Australias native flora.

    It also has some interesting water dragons that live in the water features around the gardens. .A delightful place for a picnic, try to grab some food from the city centre first to take with you for lunch.^ UNSW@ADFA - Visiting or Moving to Canberra?Should you be visiting Canberra or thinking of moving to take up a position at UNSW@ADFA, we have listed some links below which might be of interest and ...

    ^ Virtual Canberra: Australia's National CapitalVirtual Canberra is a website where you can take a personal virtual walking tour of the parliamentary zone, 'the place of the people', located in the heart ...

    ^ The City centre is the dynamic heart; a place for business, cultural and social activity.

    If you are there during summer, call and ask about the jazz evenings. These are held on the weekend and many families attend with evening picnic and champagne in tow, to chill out to the sounds of jazz in the balmy evening temperatures. Entry is free, however parking is $1.40/hr or $7 all day at ticket machines, with proceeds going towards the gardens.

South of Lake Burley Griffin

  • High Court of Australia, Parkes Place, Parkes, [22], 9:45-4:30 Mon-Fri (not open weekends or public holidays). This vast building is the home of Australia's highest court and contained a vast lobby and three main courtrooms that are open to the public. Tours are available, though restricted when the court is sitting. .There is a cafeteria in the building as well.
  • National Gallery of Australia, Parkes Place, Parkes, ph +61 2 6240-6502, [23].^ National Gallery of Australia Homeof 1024x768 pixels displaying thousands of colours.

    ^ Virtual Canberra: Australia's National CapitalVirtual Canberra is a website where you can take a personal virtual walking tour of the parliamentary zone, 'the place of the people', located in the heart ...

    ^ National Archives of Australia - Our History - CanberraThe foundation stone for the National Archives in Canberra was laid by the Prince of Wales in 1920 but no building followed this ceremony.

    .10AM–5PM. Located by Lake Burley Griffin, this modern structure is one of the country's largest art galleries.^ Rydges Lakeside Canberra Accommodation in Canberra ACT HotelRydges Lakeside Hotel Canberra - Rydges Lakeside Canberra, a hotel of tradition and warmth, boasts a city centre location on the shores of Lake Burley ...

    ^ ANU - Department of Nuclear Physics - Nuclear PhysicsLocated close to the shores of Lake Burley Griffin in Canberra, Australia, Nuclear Physics is one of the Departments that make up the Research School of ...

    It has a vast collection of paintings and sculptures collected from Australia and the rest of the world and has excellent Aboriginal artwork. A nice gift store and a large bookstore on the ground level. Free except for special exhibits. The Gallery offers free public one-hour tours: Australian and International art at 11AM and 2PM daily, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander art at 11AM on Thursdays and Sundays. .Allow at least half a day and possibly more.
  • National Library of Australia, King ph +61 2 6262-1111, fax +61 2 6257-1703, [24].^ National Archives of Australia - Fact Sheet 142 - Canberra air ...On that day a Lockheed Hudson crashed into a hill near the Canberra aerodrome.

    ^ Visiting Canberra - National Library of AustraliaVisiting the National Library means visiting Australia's national capital - Canberra - in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT).

    The library is primarily a research centre, but normally has one exhibition showing parts of the collection. .Also notable for its neo-classical architecture.
  • National Portrait Gallery, King Edward Terrace, Parkes (adjacent to High Court and National Gallery of Australia), +61 2 6102-7000, [25].^ National Gallery of Australia Homeof 1024x768 pixels displaying thousands of colours.

    ^ National Gallery of Australia, Canberra.

    10AM-5PM, except Christmas Day. The Gallery opened to the public on the 4 December 2008, and displays some 400 portraits of people who have shaped and who continue to shape the nation. There are gallery spaces for the collection and temporary exhibitions, public areas including a café, shop, function room, theatrette, education and school group areas, and basement car parking. Portraits are in various media, depending on the era. Galleries are themed by era. The web site gives a good idea of the content. free except for major exhibitions. (35.3005S,149.134E) edit
  • Old Parliament House (featuring the Museum of Australian Democracy), King George Terrace, Parkes ph +61 2 6270-8222, fax +61 2 6270-8111, [26] [27]. The headquarters of Australian government from the 1920s to 1988, this building is a must for political and/or historical junkies. The building gives a real feel of what it was like when it was in use and has in the past regularly featured rotating exhibitions on the controversies and scandals that rocked Australian politics. It is now a permanent museum. Most of the main rooms - the Prime Minister's office, the Cabinet Room, the various party rooms, the two houses - are open to visitors, as are many smaller rooms like the whips' offices and the broadcasting area. .There are also historical photos of Canberra as it used to be, including the times prior to the creation of the artificial lake that show Canberra under snow during winter (the lake warmed up the city and snow falls rarely on the city now).^ Canberra City Uniting ChurchInformation about their conference centre, worship times, calendar, groups, and contacts.

    ^ Australian Railway Historical Society (ACT) - Heritage Railway ...The Australian Railway Historical Society operates Canberra Railway Museum, 'Federal City Express' trains, Michelago Tourist Railway, inter-state train ...

    ^ Canberra Fertility CentreProvides a range of services from ovulation monitoring and ovulation induction to artificial insemination (including donor insemination), ...

    The gift store has decent souvenirs. Parking is free, admission is A$2 for adults, A$1 concession. .Allow 2-3 hours.
  • Parliament House of Australia, Capital Hill (access from Commonwealth Avenue), ph +61 2 6277-5399 or +61 2 6277-2727 (for recorded information), [28].^ Cycling in CanberraProvides general information on cycling trails and parks in Australia's capital city.

    ^ The National Capital Authority Understanding the Capital Fact ...The founding of Canberra followed the creation of the Commonwealth of Australia ...

    ^ Canberra Australia Tourism Australian Capital Territory ...Canberra Australia Tourism Australian Capital Territory Information Guide.

    .The seat of Australia's federal government and legislature and a remarkable piece of modern architecture.^ Australian International Hotel School - Canberra LifestyleCanberra is the capital of Australia and home of the federal government.

    .Tours are available (you must pass through a security check) or when Parliament is sitting you are allowed to view proceedings in the public gallery (another security check is required for this, and expect queues and long waits around 2PM on sitting days for "Question Time" in the House of Representatives.^ If you’re traveling to school, work or just touring around Canberra, ...

    ^ Parliament of Australia: HomeConsisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate.

    The Senate is likely to be less busy but less exciting.) .Allow 2-3 hours.
  • Questacon - The National Science and Technology Centre, King Edward Terrace, Parkes, ph +61 2 6270-2800 or 1800 020 603 (free call, recorded information), [29].^ Welcome to Questacon!Questacon - the National Science and Technology Centre, Canberra Australia.

    9AM-5PM. Questacon is an interactive museum of science with exhibits illustrating scientific ideas from the principles of physics to the motion of an earthquake. Great for kids and excellent science books can be picked up here. (Oct 06) $15.50 adults, $10.50 concessions, $9 children, and $46 for a family of 2 adults and 3 children. Allow at least half a day.

In the suburbs

Chinese Embassy
.
Chinese Embassy
  • Australian Institute of Sport (AIS), Leverrier Crescent, Bruce, +61 2 6214-1111 (fax: +61 2 6251-2680), [30].^ Australian Sports Commission - AIS campus map - CanberraThe campus is located in the Belconnen satellite town region of Canberra’s western suburbs.

    The AIS runs tours a couple of times a day. The tours are usually run by in-residence athletes. .See the training areas and find out about the development and strategy of the facility.^ Find out more about Canberra and Australia by visiting these great Internet sites!

    At the end of the tour there are interactive exhibits to try various sports. The pool here is open for public access during certain hours.
    $15.  .'see', 'Canberra');return false;" title="click to edit Australian Institute of Sport">edit
  • Australian Reptile Centre, O'Hanlon Place, Gold Creek Village, Nicholls ACT; ph +61 2 6253-8533 [31].^ CANBERRA BICYCLE MUSEUM. and RESOURCE CENTRE. Where: 3 Rosevear Place in Dickson, ACT. When open: Wednesdays 10am to 4pm and ...

    ^ Institute for Applied EcologyUniversity of Canberra, ACT 2601, AUSTRALIA Telephone: + 61 2 6201 5786 Facsimile: +61 2 6201 5305 Email: director@aerg.canberra.edu.au ...

    ^ Canberra Accomodation Association, 'cos there's too much to see in ...Click here to enter.

    Open daily 10AM - 5PM. Adults $7.50, children $6, concession $7, family tickets (2 adults & 3 or more children) $29, discounts available for group bookings. .Located about 13km north of City via the Barton Highway.
  • Embassies.^ About CanberraCanberra is Australia's capital city, and is located in the Australian Capital Territory, which is part of the Australian Capital Region.

    As the national capital, Canberra hosts the embassies of most countries, listed below in Embassies. Most of the embassies are built in an architectural style typical of that particular country. .In Yarralumla (the closest embassy district to the city), the Embassy of China, Embassy of Papua New Guinea are particularly worth a look.^ Suomen suurlähetystö, Canberra - Suomen konsulaatti, SydneyEmbassy of Finland in Canberra, accredited to Australia, New Zealand, Fiji and Papua New Guinea.

    ^ Slovak Embassy and Consulate, Canberra, AustraliaEmbassy of the Slovak Republic, located in Canberra and accredited to Australia, New Zealand and Fiji, and with some responsibilities in Papua New Guinea, ...

    ^ Welcome to the Royal Norwegian Embassy in Canberra, Australia ...The Royal Norwegian Embassy in Canberra represents the Norwegian Government in Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Cook Islands and Tonga.

    .The Embassy of the United States of America is also worth a drive past, being the oldest embassy in Canberra.^ Embassy of the United States of America - CanberraInformation on the United States Embassy Canberra Australia.

    .It is best to have a car or bicycle for touring so you can stop and have a look around.
  • Government House (Yarralumla), viewing platform off Lady Denman Drive, Yarralumla.^ If you’re traveling to school, work or just touring around Canberra, ...

    The main official residence of the Governor-General of Australia, representative of Queen Elizabeth in Australia. Closed to the public except for open days. There is a viewing platform off the Lady Denman Drive, or glimpses can be seen from the main gate at Dunrossil Drive, Yarralumla, or Weston Park, Yarralumla. .Often kangaroos are to be spotted munching grass on the lawns, so be careful driving along the ride that gets to the viewpoint, especially at dusk.  edit
  • Royal Australian Mint, [32].^ The Royal Australian Mint, Canberra, Australia - RAMThe Royal Australian Mint Website, Canberra, Australia.

    . Take a tour of the mint and see how coins are made. You will even get the chance to mint your own souvenir coin. Look for the pudding coins as a souvenir (not always available). Allow 1-2 hours. Free.  .'see', 'Canberra');return false;" title="click to edit Royal Australian Mint">edit
  • The Lodge, Adelaide Avenue, Deakin.^ Canberra Accomodation Association, 'cos there's too much to see in ...Click here to enter.

    ^ The Royal Australian Mint, Canberra, Australia - RAMThe Royal Australian Mint Website, Canberra, Australia.

    The Prime Minister's official residence. Generally closed to the public and one can only see part of the garden from behind the wall. There are open days about once a year and if you are lucky to be in Canberra then, it shouldn't be missed.  edit
Black Mountain Tower
Black Mountain Tower
  • Black Mountain Tower (Telstra Tower), Black Mountain Drive, Acton (5 km from the city centre), +61 2 6219-6111 (fax: +61 2 6257-6600). Open daily 9AM-10PM. .This functional communications tower rises 195 m above the summit of Black Mountain, providing 360 degree views of Canberra and the countryside around it from a viewing platform 60m up the tower.^ Map of Canberra - Lonely PlanetYou'll soon be zipping around like a local, thanks to this map of Canberra provided by Lonely Planet.

    ^ It is located on the lower slopes of Black Mountain in Canberra.

    Well worth a visit, day or night, for the fantastic views - look for the cork tree plantation and Parliament House. It has a revolving restaurant and telecommunications history display. Above the restaurant there is a two level viewing platform: the bottom level is indoor and has a souvenir shop and refreshments; the upper level is an open air area. Its a nice view, but the mountain is already already 260m above the lake, and the viewing platform is only another 60m above the mountain. .You can decide if that is worth the price of admission. $7.50 adult, $3 aged pensioner, $3 child 4-16 yrs, free for children under 4 years; a family pass (2 adults, 2 children) costs $17..
    ^ Canberra Montesssori SchoolOffering a Montessori education for children ages 18 months to 12 years.

     .'see', 'Canberra');return false;" title="click to edit Black Mountain Tower">edit
  • Other Lookouts - Canberra is surrounded by hills and there are plenty of other great vantage points to view the city.^ Canberra Accomodation Association, 'cos there's too much to see in ...Click here to enter.

    ^ It is located on the lower slopes of Black Mountain in Canberra.

    ^ Holiday accommodation Canberra & surrounds, Australian Capital ...TakeABreak.com.au lists great Holiday accommodation in Canberra & surrounds, Australian Capital Territory, Australia -- easy to find and book.

    Many of these you can also drive to the top. The best vantage points are:
    • Mount Ainslie (off Fairbairn Avenue, Campbell/Forrest) - vehicular access available
    • Red Hill (off Melbourne Avenue, Deakin/Forrest) - vehicular access available
    • Mount Majura (access via Antill St in Watson, also service road off Majura Road) - no vehicular access, walking tracks only.
    • Mount Taylor (access via Waldock St, Chifley) - partial vehicular access; to reach the top you will need to walk.
    • Mount Pleasant (via General Bridges Drive, Duntroon) - vehicular access available between 7AM and 7PM.
  • Kangaroos in the wild, Campbell Park Offices, Northcott Drive (north), Campbell (off Fairbairn Avenue (between the Australian War Memorial and the airport, at the roundabout go the opposite direction from the Australian Defence Force Academy along what appears to be a road into the bush (forest). After about 250m, a massive building will appear. This office complex is used by the Department of Defence. Veering left (up-hill) there will be occasional free parking spaces on weekdays; veering right (down-hill) there is an extensive, free car park.). mornings until around 8-9AM; afternoons after 4.30PM in winter, or else from a hour before sunset. Kangaroos form family social groups come to the semi-irrigated grassland next to the Campbell Park Offices (reputedly the longest building in the Southern Hemisphere) from the adjacent nature park and graze the grass from evening until mid-morning. During the day they return to the nature park reserve and lie in the shade of the trees. Observe the kangaroos on the grass areas in the car park or near the building. During the day, you can park and walk along paths to the up-hill side of the building, even cross the fence, and look for kangaroos in the reserve. Security guards are not concerned by tour groups in coaches, or people in/from cars. free. (35.281S,149.172E) edit
  • Blundell's Cottage, [33]. A historic cottage of some of the earliest settlers of the area. Guided tours and school tours available. $7 adults $5 concession $15 family.  .'see', 'Canberra');return false;" title="click to edit Blundell's Cottage">edit
  • Calthorpe's House, 24 Mugga Way, Red Hill, [34].^ Canberra Accomodation Association, 'cos there's too much to see in ...Click here to enter.

    ^ ACT Museums and GalleriesCanberra Museum and Gallery, Calthorpes House, Lanyon, Mugga Mugga, The Nolan Gallery, and The Cultural Facilities Corporation.

    Sat and Sun 1PM-4PM. .Historic house picturing life in Canberra in the early days of the territory. $7 Adult $5 Concession $15 Family.^ CRC for Freshwater EcologyThe University of Canberra Aquatic Ecology lab, built to house the Canberra part of the CRCFE (pictured), was opened by former Minister for Science, ...

    ^ Canberra District Historical SocietyResources, publications, and reference materials for the history of Australia and the Australian Capital Territory, as well as society membership ...

    ^ Canberra free classifieds ads Canberra Property, Auto, Jobs, Business & Computing, House Leisure & Family, ...

    Note a three site pass covers here, Lanyon (in Tharwa, see below) and Mugga Mugga in Symanston (see the website).
    .  edit
Canberra Floriade occurs during the Australian spring
.
Canberra Floriade occurs during the Australian spring
  • Floriade [35] festival of flowers, a yearly event held in spring (September-October), not to be missed.^ Canberra Games FestivalThe Academy of Interactive Entertainment Ltd presents the Canberra Games Festival - More than you Imagine...held during July 2005 at various venues and ...

    ^ ACT Government Events - Canberra Nara Candle FestivalThe Canberra Nara Candle Festival is a unique and spectacular celebration ...

    ^ Conflux 4: HomeFriday September 28 to Monday October 1, 2007 Canberra, Australia ...

    Tulips are the main feature but many other colourful flowers and floral displays are featured. There are also sculptures, garden stalls, makeshift restaurants, activities, live music by local performers and sometimes there is even a gnome or scarecrow festival where children (and some adults) paint gnomes or make scarecrows and enter a competition to choose the best. .Great for a photo opportunity!
  • Summernats [36] is a festival of modified cars, car cruising, burnouts, etc, which takes place first thing in the new year.^ Summernats Car Festival - www.canberratourism.com.au/CA256FCD00181C0A/pag...

    .If you are not into this culture, this is a good time not to be in Canberra, as even the most civilised hotels are overtaken by drunken 'nats'.
  • The Multicultural Festival, [37].^ National Multicultural Festival -Welcome"Carnivale certainly brought out the Latin spirit in Canberra and the festival demonstrated in no uncertain terms that it has come of age.

    ^ Canberra Nara Candle Festival - a celebration of Australian and Japanese cultures ...

    a must to visit, has many events, such as concerts, performances and an International Food Fare with over 200 stalls selling original food of different countries. Happens every year in February.  edit
  • Thai Embassy Food Fair - once a year - do not miss this! The Philippines, Sri Lanka and some other embassies do similar events sometimes.
  • Diplomatic Charity Bazaar - held occasionally. .Great place to buy original things specific to various countries, sold by staff of the embassies.
  • The National Folk Festival - held every Easter over 5 days, featuring local, national and international folk musicians, dancers and craftspeople.
  • The Canberra show [38] held in February featuring shows, amusement park rides and agricultural competitions.^ This 10-day festival features community ...

    ^ Canberra Shorts - Local Short Film Festival Featuring ACT ...CANBERRA FILM NEWS is a monthly e-newsletter released the Monday before each Canberra Shorts.

    ^ The Canberra Times Spring Home and Leisure Show - Caravans - 4WD ...Better than ever, with something for everyone, The Canberra Times Spring Home and Leisure, Caravans, 4WD, Camping Show is at Exhibition Park in Canberra 19 ...

    Has most of the features of the Sydney Royal Easter Show, but on a smaller scale with less crowds.
  • Check out the Canberra Times [39] newspaper on Saturday for upcoming events.
Bimberi wilderness, Namadgi National Park, southern ACT
Bimberi wilderness, Namadgi National Park, southern ACT
.The majority of the Australian Capital Territory is actually not Canberra city and there is a large area of national park.^ Canberra office...serving the Australian Capital Territory.

^ National Museum of Australia - Canberra informationAll Australians are reflected in their capital, Canberra.

^ Canberra, the national capital city of Australia is situated in the Australian ...

.While most people don't spend any time outside of the city there is plenty to do if you want to get away from the museums and attractions for a while.^ The city's national museums and attractions hold and share the treasures of our nation.

  • Tharwa Village, (via Tharwa Drive, accessible from the Monaro Highway south of Canberra or at the end of the Tuggeranong Parkway). A small village, one of the original settlements in the ACT area. See the old bridge over the Murumbidgee River, visit Lanyon Homestead (see below) and Cuppacumbalong Pottery. Tharwa is also the gateway to Namadgi National Park and Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve.  edit
  • Lanyon Homested, Lanyon Drive, [40]. Tuesday - Sunday 10AM-4PM. .Historic homestead of early Canberra settlers, guided tours, walks and a maintained garden.^ Virtual Canberra: Australia's National CapitalVirtual Canberra is a website where you can take a personal virtual walking tour of the parliamentary zone, 'the place of the people', located in the heart ...

    ^ ANU - DISCOVER ANU - ABOUT ANU - ABOUT CANBERRA - EXTERNAL LINKSThis self-guided tour lets you explore Canberra without ever leaving home.

    Cafe for lunch, coffee and cake. .Note a three house pass for $15/10/30 covers Lanyon, Calthorpe's House and Mugga Mugga house in Symanston. $7 Adult $5 Concession $15 Family.
    ^ ACT Museums and GalleriesCanberra Museum and Gallery, Calthorpes House, Lanyon, Mugga Mugga, The Nolan Gallery, and The Cultural Facilities Corporation.

     .'see', 'Canberra');return false;" title="click to edit Lanyon Homested">edit
  • Namadgi National Park, (via Tharwa Road and Naas Road (some parts accesible via Weston Creek, Cotter Dam Road and Brindabella Road further north)), [41].^ CanberraArea and Location Description: Canberra covers an area of approximately 1 900 sq km from the whole of Weston Creek, Woden Valley, Stromlo, Tuggeranong, ...

    ^ Exhibition Park in Canberra - EPIC is Canberra's premier events venueExhibition Park In Canberra (EPIC) - the National Capital's premier multi-purpose events complex.

    ^ New taxi service for Canberra - Breaking News - National ...Canberra's second taxi service is officially on the road, ending months of anticipation from locals and federal politicians upset with the existing service.

    .The National Park making up most of the ACT and the most northerly of the Australian Alps national parks.^ Visiting Canberra - National Library of AustraliaVisiting the National Library means visiting Australia's national capital - Canberra - in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT).

    ^ PANDORA Collection - Bushfires, Canberra, A.C.T., January 2003 ...Bushfire damage : Mount Stromlo Observatory, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT Australia · Fires in Canberra 18 January 2003 ...

    Lots of walking tracks, including scenic views over the Brindabella Ranges, mountain bike trails and scenic drives (on unsealed roads). Inside the park are Honeysuckle Creek and Orroral Valley, the former sites of tracking sites for the Apollo Moon Landings. Enquire at the visitors centre on Naas Road or see the website for further details. In winter roads in the park may be closed because of snowfall.
    Free (charges apply for camping).  edit
Lake Burley Griffin
.
Lake Burley Griffin
  • Explore Lake Burley Griffin - on or off the water.^ ANU - Department of Nuclear Physics - Nuclear PhysicsLocated close to the shores of Lake Burley Griffin in Canberra, Australia, Nuclear Physics is one of the Departments that make up the Research School of ...

    .You can:
    • Hire a paddle boat, canoe or kayak and mess around on Lake Burley Griffin.^ ANU - Department of Nuclear Physics - Nuclear PhysicsLocated close to the shores of Lake Burley Griffin in Canberra, Australia, Nuclear Physics is one of the Departments that make up the Research School of ...

      .Hire is available from:
      • Lake Burley Griffin Boat Hire, Acton Jetty Acton.^ ANU - Department of Nuclear Physics - Nuclear PhysicsLocated close to the shores of Lake Burley Griffin in Canberra, Australia, Nuclear Physics is one of the Departments that make up the Research School of ...

        ph +61 2 6249-6861. (Note: The lake may be closed when algae blooms are significant)
      • Row'n'Ride, Canberrra Avenue, Fyshwick. ph .0410 547 838, [42]
    • Alternatively, take a scenic cruise on the lake with Lake Burley Griffin Cruises [43].^ ANU - Department of Nuclear Physics - Nuclear PhysicsLocated close to the shores of Lake Burley Griffin in Canberra, Australia, Nuclear Physics is one of the Departments that make up the Research School of ...

      .Phone 0419 418 846.
    • If you're up for some exercise, you can walk, cycle or skate around Lake Burley Griffin (approx.^ UNSW@ADFA - Visiting or Moving to Canberra?Should you be visiting Canberra or thinking of moving to take up a position at UNSW@ADFA, we have listed some links below which might be of interest and ...

      ^ If you’re traveling to school, work or just touring around Canberra, ...

      ^ ANU - Department of Nuclear Physics - Nuclear PhysicsLocated close to the shores of Lake Burley Griffin in Canberra, Australia, Nuclear Physics is one of the Departments that make up the Research School of ...

      25km). .Hire is available from:
      • Capital Bicycle Hire [44], which rents high quality mountain bikes and runs tours around Canberra's extensive bicycle path network and off-road trail system.^ ACT Cricket: Home -> Home PageIn reply, the Canberra duo picked off the runs to set a new record for the highest chase in Tasmanian grade history.

        ^ CORC: Canberra Off Road Cyclists: HomeCORC is Canberra's premier cycling club, with over 200 members and offering great events and services in the ACT and abroad.

        ^ If you’re traveling to school, work or just touring around Canberra, ...

        Phone 0412 547 387.
      • Mr Spokes Bike Hire, [45] Barrine Drive, Acton. ph +61 .2 6257-1188.
  • Ride Canberra's Mountain Bike Trails: Canberra offers a large number of Mountain Biking locations around Canberra, many of which are considered some of the best in Australia.^ Ferns of the Canberra RegionA website about the wild ferns that grow in this part of southeastern Australia, the conditions they need and their ecology, with many photographs and ...

    ^ Canberra Rape Crisis Centre, Home PageCanberra Rape Crisis Centre is a rape crisis centre located in Canberra, Australia.

    ^ Canberra Irish Club LimitedThe Canberra Irish Club welcomes members and guests from all around Australia.

    .See Canberra Off Road Cyclists (CORC [46]) for locations.^ CORC: Canberra Off Road Cyclists: HomeCORC is Canberra's premier cycling club, with over 200 members and offering great events and services in the ACT and abroad.

    .Canberra is also home to the largest 24 hour Mountain Bike Race in the world (Scott 24hr [47]), held in early October each year.
  • Explore Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve [48] is about a 40 minute drive south of Canberra via Tuggeranong Parkway and Tharwa Drive.^ Team Velo Canberra Website - Home PageTeam Velo Canberra was formed to help develop cyclists in the Canberra region, allowing them to race as a team throughout Australia in local, ...

    ^ Lifeline Canberra INC - Welcome To Our SiteLifeline provides counselling and counselling related services, the core of which is a 24 hour service provided by trained telephone counsellors.

    ^ SCD-in-Canberra-home-pageInformation about classes and balls, as well as contact information for the presentation group and show dates.

    .You can take Ranger-guided walks or have fun with the hands on displays such as the interactive computer program on Tidbinbilla's bird species and look at the live animal displays.^ Virtual Canberra: Australia's National CapitalVirtual Canberra is a website where you can take a personal virtual walking tour of the parliamentary zone, 'the place of the people', located in the heart ...

    The gift shop sells an interesting range of clothes, toys, books, cards and souvenirs. Coffee and light refreshments are also available.
  • Go tobogganing in Corin Forest, Tourist Drive 5, +61 2 6235-7333, [49]. .Weekends, ACT school & public holidays, 10AM - 4PM.^ CANBERRA BICYCLE MUSEUM. and RESOURCE CENTRE. Where: 3 Rosevear Place in Dickson, ACT. When open: Wednesdays 10am to 4pm and ...

    This alpine recreation facility features a bobsled ride in summer, and snowplay and tobogganing in winter. Is is high enough to receive natural snowfalls. Check the website or call before heading up that the road is open, and that there is snow. Free entry, rides from $7, all day pass $35.  .'do', 'Canberra');return false;" title="click to edit Corin Forest">edit
  • See the stars and planets at Mount Stromlo Observatory [50], Cotter road, Weston Creek.^ CanberraArea and Location Description: Canberra covers an area of approximately 1 900 sq km from the whole of Weston Creek, Woden Valley, Stromlo, Tuggeranong, ...

    ^ Canberra Labor Club GroupCanberra Labor Club: Belconnen, City, Ginninderra and Weston Creek - It's all about YOU! www.laborclub.com.au/ - 11k .

    ^ PANDORA Collection - Bushfires, Canberra, A.C.T., January 2003 ...Bushfire damage : Mount Stromlo Observatory, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT Australia · Fires in Canberra 18 January 2003 ...

    ph +61 .2 6125-0230. Mount Stromlo is Australia's premier astronomical observatory.^ PANDORA Collection - Bushfires, Canberra, A.C.T., January 2003 ...Bushfire damage : Mount Stromlo Observatory, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT Australia · Fires in Canberra 18 January 2003 ...

    .Badly damaged in 2003 bushfires, the partially rebuilt observatory reopened in October 2004. They run a Saturday night star gazing event for the public, call +61 2 6125-0232.
  • Go wine tasting in the Wineries around Canberra (most are outside of the ACT but all very close to Canberra).^ Canberra: CSIRO Discovery (ACT) (Profile - Location)At CSIRO Discovery, visitors can explore and experience a sophisticated and interactive exhibition with lots of activities for people of all ages.

    ^ Canberra Christian School - Canberra, ACT, AustraliaWelcomes all students.

    ^ Australian War Memorial: One of the world's great museumsIn Canberra the Memorial, in close cooperation with RSL ACT, hosts the Dawn Service and ...

    They are described as cool climate wines and some are very well known and regarded. Try Jeir Creek, Gallagher, Clonakilla and Lark Hill, just to name a few. .There are '33 wineries within 35 minutes of Canberra'. Visit the Canberra Wineries website for more information [51].
  • Take a scenic drive into the southern ACT - recommended by locals:
    • Head south to Tharwa, and then take the road to Adaminaby.^ Canberra Shorts - Local Short Film Festival Featuring ACT ...CANBERRA FILM NEWS is a monthly e-newsletter released the Monday before each Canberra Shorts.

      ^ New taxi service for Canberra - Breaking News - National ...Canberra's second taxi service is officially on the road, ending months of anticipation from locals and federal politicians upset with the existing service.

      ^ UNSW@ADFA - Visiting or Moving to Canberra?Should you be visiting Canberra or thinking of moving to take up a position at UNSW@ADFA, we have listed some links below which might be of interest and ...

      The road is very good for all of what I describe, any car can go on it, but further south than what I describe requires a 4WD. Take the road out of Tharwa, and remain on the road for about 10km. Take the signed road to Honey Suckle Creek. Very important historical site, this is where the signals from the Apollo 11 space landing were received, and then beamed around the world. Also a nice drive, and a very good camp ground.
    • On the same road, not far off the Adaminaby Road is a walking (Fire ranger) trail to the top of Mount Tennant. About a 5 hour round hike, but worth every step. Go back onto the Adaminaby road, and head south. Another site of a space centre on the right down the road, worth a look, but not as interesting
    • Remaining on the road for another ten kilometers, entering the Namadgi National park, and two hundred meters after a single lane bridge is a signed turn off to Yankee's Hat. This is a four km drive, any car can take it, and look for Kangaroos. Hundreds either side of the road. .The walk to Yankee's hat will take you to see aboriginal art.
    • Road to Adaminaby.^ Virtual Canberra: Australia's National CapitalVirtual Canberra is a website where you can take a personal virtual walking tour of the parliamentary zone, 'the place of the people', located in the heart ...

      If you have a robust vehicle, take the road south. The country is magnificent. It takes about an hour from Yankee's hat.

Learn

Four universities are based in Canberra:
.
  • The Australian National University (ANU) [52] is in the suburb of Acton, relatively close to the city centre.^ Homewas held from Sunday evening, July 2 to Friday lunchtime, July 7, 2006 at The Australian National University Canberra, Australia.

    ^ Canberra 100All Australians proudly celebrate the centenary of Canberra, the nation’s capital - a city that symbolises our freedom, spirit, achievements and aspirations ...

    ^ ANU - DISCOVER ANU - ABOUT ANU - ABOUT CANBERRAThe Australian National University commands a magnificent position between lake and mountain in the centre of the nation's capital, Canberra.

    It is highly regarded internationally and one of the top 20 universities in the world. .Locally known for its expansive green campus.
  • The University of Canberra (UC) [53] in the suburb of Bruce (about 8 km (5 miles) NW of the CBD)and the Australian Catholic University [54] at Watson (about 5km NE of the CBD).
  • The Australian International Hotel School (AIHS) [55] awards undergraduate and graduate degrees in business and hospitality fields, and is well regarded internationally.
  • The Australian Defence Force Academy (ADFA) [56], a faculty of The University of NSW [57], provides teaching for military and civilian undergraduates and postgraduates.
  • Canberra Antiques Centre, Ph/Fax: (02) 61623737, [58].^ University of Canberra : Centre for Applied Psychology : HomeOffers APA accredited undergraduate and graduate degrees with an applied research and practice focus.

    ^ It consists of seventeen academics, six general staff members, and about 55 graduate students ...

    ^ Homewas held from Sunday evening, July 2 to Friday lunchtime, July 7, 2006 at The Australian National University Canberra, Australia.

    10AM - 5PM seven days at 37 Townsville Street, Fyshwick. Over a dozen professional dealers, both local and interstate, offer a top variety of antique and retro furniture, funky vintage clothing, vintage fabrics, militaria, numismatics, pottery, vintage needlework tools & accessories, electricals, silver, art glass, quality bric-a-brac and designer items. Well presented with great music playing and a nice vibe throughout.
  • Jamison market - every Sunday near Jamison centre, in Belconnen. Fresh produce stalls and flea market. Come and get your bargain. Vinyl records, second hand clothing, furniture, bric-a-brac.
  • Old Bus Depot Market, every Sunday. Arts and crafts – all of a high standard. Food stalls, including fresh produce and live music. Theme days such as international food held occasionally.
  • Gorman House market - every Saturday in Braddon, just north of the city (easy walk). Crafts, second-hand items, antiques, international food in a lovely, grassy setting.
  • Tuggeranong Market - First Sunday of every month in the lovely Tuggeranong Homestead opposite the Calwell Shops. Lots of stalls, selling amazing stuff.
  • Trash and Treasure Market in Woden is hosted by Rotary and held every Sunday morning. Expect a mixed bag of books, plants, and assorted household junk.
  • Fyshwick Market, Dalby St (Cnr Mildura St) Fyshwick, tel +61 2 6295-0606. - Fresh produce, including fruit, vegetables, meat and fish. Open Thursday to Sunday. .Sunday afternoons are a good time to pick up some bargains.
  • Belconnen Market, Lathlain St, Belconnen (off Benjamin Way), ACT | Telephone: +61 2 6251-1680 | Fax: +61 2 6251-7721, [59].^ Institute for Applied EcologyUniversity of Canberra, ACT 2601, AUSTRALIA Telephone: + 61 2 6201 5786 Facsimile: +61 2 6201 5305 Email: director@aerg.canberra.edu.au ...

    ^ ACT Cricket: Home -> Home PageIn reply, the Canberra duo picked off the runs to set a new record for the highest chase in Tasmanian grade history.

    The Markets are open from 8:00AM to 6:00PM Wednesday to Sunday. Some stores now open 7 days a week. Thursday's is senior's day with 10% discounts.
  • Capital Region Farmers Market, [60]. .EPIC (Well Station Road near Federal Highway, North Canberra) - Saturday mornings 8AM to 11AM.^ New taxi service for Canberra - Breaking News - National ...Canberra's second taxi service is officially on the road, ending months of anticipation from locals and federal politicians upset with the existing service.

    ^ ACT - Welcome to Tennis ACTThe Belwests North Canberra Junior Open will be held on Saturday 14 & Sunday 15 April 2007.

    Sellers are the producers. Stalls are all food related.
  • Southside Farmers Market, [61]. Woden CIT (formerly Woden High School) (Ainsworth Street near Hindmarsh Drive, Phillip) - Sunday mornings 9AM to 12PM. Sellers are the producers. .Stalls are all food related.
  • Gold Creek Village, Barton Highway, Gungahlin (From the city, take Northbourne avenue to the Barton Highway (left) then follow about 5km to a major roundabout; go straight on about 2km and follow signs to turn right.).^ Canberra AttractionsSituated at Gold Creek on the Barton Highway, the Australian Reptile Centre Canberra provides a dynamic, professionally presented educational venue of all ...

    shopping hours. This is a 'village' of specialty shops, attractions, hotels (for drinks), coffee shops, a native reptile 'museum', a butterfly enclosure, and garden supplies, in a group of separate buildings in a strip about 1km long. .Locals and visitors alike use the area, especially on weekends.  edit
  • Canberra Centre [62] is a large shopping mall in Civic, covering a large section of the central Canberra shopping district.^ Visiting Canberra - Tourist InformationFeaturing Canberra's accommodation, attractions, events, exhibitions, tours and entertainment, tailored for both local and overseas visitors.

    ^ ACT Health - Maps - The Canberra HospitalYou can use the navigation tool - Home > > Consumer Information > > Maps > > Map of The Canberra Hospital - to move from where you are now to other sections of ...

    ^ Canberra Central - City Centre - www.canberracentral.gov.auCanberra is Australia’s national capital.

    It has department stores, food hall and eateries, specialty shops for adults and kids fashion both upmarket and basic. There are also electronics, books, CDs, souvenirs and Australian made products.
  • City Walk is an outdoor mall area in Civic. .There is alfresco eating and shopping.
  • Belconnen Mall is the name of the enclosed shopping centre owned by Westfield located within the Belconnen Town Centre to the north.^ Australian Sports Commission - AIS campus map - CanberraThe campus is located in the Belconnen satellite town region of Canberra’s western suburbs.

    .Although it does not have as many clothes stores, it features a 'Myer' department store and a 'K-mart', as well as two supermarkets and a food court.^ Canberra CentreNow with a choice of David Jones, Myer, Target, Dendy Cinemas, Big W, Supabarn Supermarket and over 250 stores, Canberra Centre is the perfect location for ...

    It is located over three levels. .Note that the location of the bus stop/interchange moved to the opposite side of the centre in May 2009.
  • Woden Westfield and Tuggeranong Hyperdome are the two major enclosed shopping centres to the south, located within the Woden and Tuggeranong town centres respectively.^ CanberraArea and Location Description: Canberra covers an area of approximately 1 900 sq km from the whole of Weston Creek, Woden Valley, Stromlo, Tuggeranong, ...

    .Woden Plaza features a 'David Jones' department store, a 'BIG W', two supermarkets, as well as approximately 200 specialty stores and a food court.^ Canberra CentreNow with a choice of David Jones, Myer, Target, Dendy Cinemas, Big W, Supabarn Supermarket and over 250 stores, Canberra Centre is the perfect location for ...

    .The Tuggeranong Hyperdome (further south) features a small 'Myer' department store, a 'K-mart' and a 'Target', as well as supermarkets and a food court plus specialty clothing stores.
  • Fyshwick is the suburb to shop for appliances and technical stuff, along with furniture and homewares.^ Canberra CentreNow with a choice of David Jones, Myer, Target, Dendy Cinemas, Big W, Supabarn Supermarket and over 250 stores, Canberra Centre is the perfect location for ...

    It is also Canberra's 'red-light' district. .Most of Canberra's antique shops can also be found here.^ CANBERRA SHOPPINGCanberra Shopping Information - Find out where to go quickly and easily here.

    Fyshwick now has a DFO - Direct Factory Outlet for big brands, big bargains and big savings.
  • Lonsdale St in Braddon (close to Civic) houses a handful of boutiques, specialising in independent clothing labels and other designer objects.
  • Manuka is another area that has boutiques and restaurants. Millers of Manuka boutique sells leading women's fashion brands like Max Mara and others. For less expensive women's clothing try Witchery. Booklovers would do well to check out Paperchain bookstore.
  • Kingston is yet another shopping and restaurant area not far from Manuka.

Specialty

Many of the most interesting shopping experiences are at the national institutions, almost all of which have specialist shops inside. The National Gallery has a superb range of art books, both overseas and indigenous. .Likewise the National Library, the Questacon Science Museum, the War Memorial, the National Museum at Acton, the Film and Sound Archive, and so on - if you're looking for unique Australian items, these are the places to go.^ Australian War Memorial: One of the world's great museumsIn Canberra the Memorial, in close cooperation with RSL ACT, hosts the Dawn Service and ...

^ National Museum of Australia - Canberra informationAll Australians are reflected in their capital, Canberra.

^ National Museum of Australia - NMA HomepageFeaturing three themes: Australian society and history; aboriginal Australia; and, people's interaction with the environment.

Eat

Canberra has many fine eateries, but beware - many will be closed on Sundays. All public buildings in Canberra are smoke free.
  • Zambreros [63] 29 Lonsdale St Braddon, Cnr East Row & Aligna St Civic, also in Woden & Belconnen. Absolutely delicious local favourite, serving fresh Burritos & Tacos with great sauces and salsas. .The Civic store is open late night on Thursday - Saturday nights, perfect drunken snack!
  • Cornucopia Bakery, 40 Mort Street, Braddon, ph 6249 1494. Wide range of traditional bakery products, meat pies and sandwiches, prepared on the premises.^ Address: Shop 4, 5 Mort Street, Civic, Canberra City, ACT. Contact: ...

    (However, for a bakery it is fairly expensive)
  • Griffith Vietnamese Restaurant, Griffith Shops. Cheap, no frills place with little/no décor and ordinary 'Australianised' Vietnamese food.
  • Hansel & Gretel 42 Townsend St. Philip. Great European style shop and cafe. Canberra's best coffee is roasted and sold on the premises. Also great selection of nuts, chocolates, and Easter and Christmas treats. The cafe serves healthy light lunches and a selection of cakes and biscuits.
  • Kismet, Flinders Way Manuka. .Another wonderful Turkish eatery at easy on the pocket prices, Kabak and Falafel are easily one of the best in Canberra if not Australia.
  • Pide House, 2 Lawry Place, Jamison Group Centre, Macquarie (near Belconnen T/C) and Woden Plaza, Corinna Street, Woden.^ BILBYS OnlineBilbys began in 1987 in Canberra, Australia, when a group of individuals formed an informal training group to pursue their goals in the sport of triathlon.

    ^ Canberra Rape Crisis Centre, Home PageCanberra Rape Crisis Centre is a rape crisis centre located in Canberra, Australia.

    ^ Canberra City Uniting ChurchInformation about their conference centre, worship times, calendar, groups, and contacts.

    tel +61 2 6251-3325 (Jamison) and +61 2 6260-3016 (Woden), [64]. Nice, inexpensive Turkish food in a proper restaurant (not a takeaway outlet). .The Woden location is open all day (one of the very few in Canberra).
  • Piyaros, Lonsdale St, Braddon (close to the city), ph +61 6248 8802, [65].^ CanberraArea and Location Description: Canberra covers an area of approximately 1 900 sq km from the whole of Weston Creek, Woden Valley, Stromlo, Tuggeranong, ...

    ^ Canberra: CSIRO Discovery (ACT) (Profile - Location)At CSIRO Discovery, visitors can explore and experience a sophisticated and interactive exhibition with lots of activities for people of all ages.

    ^ Canberra Irish Club: citysearchCanberra Irish Club is a Canberra business located at 6 Parkinson St Weston ACT 2611 specialising in Catering, Clubs - Licensed, Clubs - General, ...

    Great quality, cheap, Thai food. 11:30AM-2:30PM Lunch Mon-Fri, 5-10PM Dinner 7 Days. Take away available.
  • The Front Gallery and Cafe, Lyneham Shops, Wattle Street, Lyneham. Enjoy a coffee and explore an art exhibition. Comfy couches. 8AM – 10PM Tues - Sat & 8AM – 6PM Sun - Mon.
  • Yarralumla Halal Pide House 45 Novar St Yarralumla. +61 2 6281 1991. High quality Turkish at a reasonable price, no alcohol allowed on premises. Absolutely delicious kebab rolls - local favourite. Take away available.
  • Belluci's Restaurant, Cape St (cnr Woolley St), Dickson. tel +61 2 6257-7788. Popular Italian restaurant.
  • Bruno's Truffels, Unit 2, 106 Mawson Place, Mawson. tel +61 2 6286-6377. Nice cafe and shop for locally made chocolates and pastries.
  • Cafe D'Lish, Shop 3, Duff Place, Deakin. tel +61 .2 6281-3533. fax +61 2 6281-3450. Swiss owner, nice pastries made on premises.
  • CREAM, Cnr Bunda and Genge Sts Civic (Canberra Centre North Quarter) +61 2 6162 1448. Cool, Hip and extremely funky!^ Canberra Rex Hotel & Functions Centre- WelcomeThe Canberra Rex Hotel is situated 1km to the north of the Canberra city centre, ideal for corporate, budget and familiy travellers.

    ^ Mallesons Stephen Jaques Level 9 St George Centre 60 Marcus Clarke Street Canberra City ACT 2602 Australia.

    ^ Dendy Canberra Centre, Level 2, North Quarter Canberra Centre.

    Lunch and dinner served as well as coffee and a wonderful array of cakes and sweets.
  • Dickson shops: This is the Canberra equivalent of Chinatown. Lots of great Asian food and a few pubs/clubs to have a beer at. .This shopping centre is located a 10 minute bus ride north of Civic, just off Northbourne Avenue, and has a fantastic eat street, with everything from Thai to Turkish to Vietnamese at reasonable prices.^ Located just 5 minutes from the heart of the city of Canberra.

    ^ Directions : turn off from Canberra Avenue on to Furneaux Street.

    Turk Oz has a delicious spinach and feta pide. Dickson Noodle House makes a terrific Laksa and is quite cheap. Au Lac is an excellent vegetarian Vietnamese place with delicious soy-based versions of everything.
  • Four Rivers Sichuan Chinese Restaurant, Unit 66, The Coventry Apartments, 12 Challis Street, Dickson, +61 2 6162-0666. - Very tasty, authentic Sichuan cuisine. Yum-cha lunches.
  • Ginseng, 15 Flinders Way, Manuka. tel +61 2 6260 8346 or +61 2 6260 8347. Try either the traditional or vegetarian Singapore noodle and the Laksa. Book in advance and ask for a table on the second floor, you will get the best view of the Manuka tree tops!!
  • Italo-Australian Club Franlin St, Forrest. You can obtain a temporary 28 day membership for $1 upon entry. .You can get a hearty Italian pasta dish for around $15, with drinks both alcoholic and non-alcoholic reasonably priced.
  • Koko Black Bunda St Canberra Centre North Quarter.^ ACT - Welcome to Tennis ACTThe Belwests North Canberra Junior Open will be held on Saturday 14 & Sunday 15 April 2007.

    ^ Did you mean Canberra ACT 2600 (Inner South) or Canberra ACT 2601 (Inner North) ?

    ^ Canberra Rex Hotel & Functions Centre- WelcomeThe Canberra Rex Hotel is situated 1km to the north of the Canberra city centre, ideal for corporate, budget and familiy travellers.

    Warm and tasty Chocolate shop with a second to none chocolate selection as well as a innovative and interesting Hot Chocolate and Drink Menu. Nice, welcoming decor.
  • Maestral Seafood Restaurant, 13 Trenerry Street, Weston Creek. tel +61 2 6287 3930.. Mediterranean/Croatian, lots of fresh seafood and steak. Former Prime Minister John Howard ate here!
  • New Asia Chinese Restaurant, Unit 75, The Coventry Apartments, 2 Cape Street, Dickson, +61 2 6262-8860. - Offer authentic Shanghai, Sichuan, Cantonese, and some Malaysian cuisines. Some of the signature dishes include: Crispy Fragrant Duck, Yu Xiang Pork and Egg Plant Hot Pot, Shantung Lamb and Shantung Chicken. The food is fresh and the service is friendly. Very popular with Chinese oversea students and local communities. .Open 7 days a week (except Saturday and Sunday lunches).^ ACT - canberra glassworksCanberra Glassworks was very excited with the genuinely amazing interest we received on our open day on Saturday 17 March 2007.

    ^ ACT - Welcome to Tennis ACTThe Belwests North Canberra Junior Open will be held on Saturday 14 & Sunday 15 April 2007.

    Fully licenced. BYO for bottled wines only. Setting capacity: 34 people.
  • Rama's, Shop 6, Pearce Shopping Centre, Hodgson Crescent, Pearce. tel +61 2 6286 1964 or +61 2 6286 9437. Fijian/Indian, best (and hottest - no joke) curries in town. Can be very noisy.
  • Red Belly Black, located near the ACT law courts in Hobart Place. Excellent coffee, good breakfast menu, mid priced lunch menu, great cakes. .Only open Mon - Fri from 7:30AM until 4PM. A good way to start the weekday morning.
  • Sammy's Kitchen Bunda St Canberra Centre North Quarter.^ ACT - Welcome to Tennis ACTThe Belwests North Canberra Junior Open will be held on Saturday 14 & Sunday 15 April 2007.

    ^ Canberra Rex Hotel & Functions Centre- WelcomeThe Canberra Rex Hotel is situated 1km to the north of the Canberra city centre, ideal for corporate, budget and familiy travellers.

    ^ Mallesons Stephen Jaques Level 9 St George Centre 60 Marcus Clarke Street Canberra City ACT 2602 Australia.

    Serving a menu inspired mainly by Malaysian but also Cantonese flavoures. .Another restaurant with cool and sometimes almost yuppy feel.
  • Silo Bakery and Cafe, 36 Giles St, Kingston.^ The York Canberra: citysearchThe York Canberra is a Canberra business located at 31 Giles St Kingston ACT 2604 specialising in Accommodation - Hotels, Accommodation - Motels, ...

    tel +61 2 6260-6060, [66]. Good breakfast, however almost always very crowded - expect 'attitude' instead of service. They also have a dedicated cheese room.
  • Sukothai, 27 Bentham Street, Yarralumla. tel +61 2 6281 1092. Inexpensive non-authentic Thai food. Eat in and takeaway.
  • Tosolini's, Cnr London Circuit and East Row, Civic, +61 2 6247-4317, [67]. 7 AM until late, 7 days. Great breakfast, good lunch and brilliant dinner. Traditional and experimental Italian cuisine, with a fine list of local and imported liquor. Very friendly and warm atmosphere, with professional staff.  edit
  • Tu Do, 7 Sargood St, O'Connor. tel +61 2 6248 6030. Cheap and tasty Vietnamese, very popular with the local Vietnamese community. Good bar nearby too.
  • Aubergine Restaurant, 18 Barker St, Griffith. tel +61 .2 6260-8666. Food is very good, but beware the cancellations policy when changing a booking - you could be charged for the meals your party did not eat.
  • Courgette Restaurant, 54 Marcus Clarke St, Acton.^ Mallesons Stephen Jaques Level 9 St George Centre 60 Marcus Clarke Street Canberra City ACT 2602 Australia.

    tel +61 2 6247-4042. Sister restaurant to Aubergine Restaurant, fine dining. Fantastic weekday 4-course lunch for under $45.
  • Ottoman Cuisine Restaurant, Cnr Broughton & Blackall St Barton. tel +61 2 6273-6111. Consistently awarded best Turkish in Australia, great atmosphere.
  • Rubicon 6A Barker St, Griffith. Tel 6295 9919. Consistently excellent food, extensive winelist and BYO (bring your own) are accepted. Great atmosphere, romantic rear indoor courtyard.
  • The Chairman & Yip, 108 Bunda Street, Civic, +61 2 6248-7109, [68]. Lunch noon-2:30 Tue-Fri. Dinner 6-10:30 Mon-Sat. .East/West fusion of great repute.  edit
  • The Ginger Room, located in Old Parliament House, the Ginger Room offers fine dining, in either a two course, or three course meal option.^ The hotel is located in the heart of Canberra close to parliament house and ...

    Food offerings can be inconsistent in quality but if it is good, it's really good.
  • The Promenade Cafe at the Hyatt Hotel, Commonwealth Ave, offers daily buffet dinners in its restaurant from 6PM and high teas from 3 to 5PM.

Drink

.Canberra's many bars and clubs will be closed on Sunday nights and early into the week.^ Canberra District Ducati ClubThe Canberra District Ducati Club (CDDC) works closely with local service and training agencies to promote safe and enjoyable riding of Italian motorcycles ...

Civic can appear to be a ghost town but there are areas such as Bunda Street where you will always find some happening funky bars.
.
  • Kingston Hotel (Off Canberra Avenue, near Manuka Oval).^ The York Canberra: citysearchThe York Canberra is a Canberra business located at 31 Giles St Kingston ACT 2604 specialising in Accommodation - Hotels, Accommodation - Motels, ...

    ^ Canberra Hotels at up to 70% off with Check-in.com.auCanberra Hotels - Last Minute Hotels priced low to sell fast.

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    .One of Canberra's longest running pubs, offering a 'cook your own' style open grill bistro, comprehensive restaurant, several pool halls, a drive-through bottle shop and bare bones backpackers accommodation (though usually occupied by long-term tenants).^ The Embassy Motel CanberraThe Embassy Motel - comfortable accommodation with a Licensed Restaurant, Conference Rooms, pool, sauna, BBQ in a quiet but convenient location only minutes ...

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    Once notorious for being rough, it is now a safe and friendly pub. Same ownership as Civic Pub and Uni Pub.
  • King O'Malleys in Civic (inside City Walk Hotel building, Ground floor). .Large Irish pub with a relaxed atmosphere, does pub-style meals lunch and dinner and a home for all types.
  • The Wig and Pen [69] Canberra House Arcade, Alinga St Civic, 6248 0171, [70].^ Tango Social Club of Canberra - Home PageA not-for-profit organization for all things tango, based in Canberra.

    ^ House profiles, architect biographies, essays on styles and a history of Canberra.

    Serves a wide range of award winning beers brewed on the premises, as well as a selection of other boutique and independent brews. .Be aware of rude bar staff and a hostility to cyclists as at June 2009.
  • The Phoenix, 21 East Row Canberra City, 6247 1606. About as rustic and dingy as a Canberra establishment is likely to get, this pub attracts a varied crowd, with more than its fair share of bohemian types.
  • Trinity Bar (Just behind the Turkish Pide House in Dickson).^ Canberra Games FestivalThe Academy of Interactive Entertainment Ltd presents the Canberra Games Festival - More than you Imagine...held during July 2005 at various venues and ...

    ^ Canberra City Uniting ChurchInformation about their conference centre, worship times, calendar, groups, and contacts.

    ^ ACT Ultimate Frisbee Association - HomeInformation about playing ultimate frisbee in Canberra, including city leagues, tournaments, photos, teams, schools, universities, and rules.

    This is a great lounge bar with impressive cocktail menu and jazz/DJs playing each evening Thurs-Saturday. Sunday afternoons/evenings are also busy during Summer.
  • Hippo Lounge (Upstairs, Garema Place, Civic). Cocktail bar with an intimate setting amidst Baroque-meets-student-digs decor. There's also live Jazz on Wednesday nights.
  • Old Parliament House. Every Friday afternoon (5PM to 7PM), the court yards of Old Parliament House have DJs and reasonably priced cocktails. It is very popular with graduates after work, before heading off to other places.
  • Academy [71] (Bunda St Civic). Two-tiered nightclub, Canberra's largest, is a converted movie theatre which retains the old projection screen. Enjoy the dance floor downstairs or sit back in the cosier cocktail bar upstairs.
  • Cube, 33 Petrie Plaza, Civic (downstairs from Antigo's cafe), +61 2 6257-1110, [72]. Opens Thu 8PM, Fri 9PM, Sat 10PM, Sun 9PM. Closes 5AM. Canberra's only gay nightclub with a variety of theme nights. Fridays and Saturdays are busiest.  edit
  • Uni Pub (University Ave). Multistory bar with levels dedicated to various activities including Pool and a Restaurant. Fridays and Saturdays are busiest.
  • Filthy McFaddens (Kinston). Tucked away in a corner of Kingston Green a slate floored Irish pub opened by the owners of The Phoenix. Catch folk music most Friday/Saturday nights.
  • PJ O'Reilly's (West Row - City). Another Irish themed bar like King O'Malley's.
  • Mooseheads [73] (East Row - London Cct - City). A bar with local history. Recently burnt down and restored, Mooseheads is famous as an Australian Defence Force Academy (ADFA) hangout.
  • Tilley's Devine Cafe Gallery (Lyneham Shops). Originally a "female only" establishment, it now opens it's doors to everyone and is a fantastic venue for acoustic and jazz local and international acts. Food and coffee available, along with a large bar selection.
  • All Bar Nun (O'Connor Shops). Recently expanded bar in a suburban shop setting. Great for pre-dinner drinks before moving on to one of the small restaurants in the area.
  • Kremlin Bar (Northbourne Ave - City). Lounge bar with a good cocktail list. Find a DJ there most weekends.
  • Shooters (East Row - City). Rough and tumble reputation.
  • Das Kapital (Narrabundah Shops). Intimate lounge bar, $5 Homemade Pizza and $10 jugs of Beer Wednesday-Thursday. DJ's and Bands most weekends.
  • ICBM (Northbourn Ave - City) No Cover Charge! Awsome if you like simple and not "mixed up music", can get very busy on Friday and Saturday nights.
  • Northbar (Northbourn Ave - City) A great place to start the night, cool, chic decor is a great setting to sip on a famous Vodka infusions.
  • Durham Pub, (Kingston). Good selection of beers on tap, warm atmosphere, Trivia on Tuesdays and Karaoke on Wednesday  edit
  • Parlour Wine Room, (Civic) (Behind Rydges Lakeside). Very intimate lounge bar, great selection of wines.  edit

Sleep

Serviced apartments

Serviced, short-term apartments are widely available throughout Canberra and are available for stays as short as one night. Amenities typically include kitchen, washer and dryer, and separate bedrooms. A full range of properties exist from budget to 5 star.
  • Southern Cross Apartment Rentals [74] offers a wide range of serviced apartments throughout Canberra.
  • Canberra City YHA, 7 Akuna Street, Canberra City, tel +61 2 6248-9155 (canberracity@yhansw.org.au, fax +61 2 6249-1731), [75]. Beds in a shared dormitory from $26 per night. Double or twin rooms from $76 per night. Family rooms $96 per night.
  • Victor Lodge, 29 Dawes St, Kingston, +61 +61 2 6295-7777 (contact@victorlodge.com.au, fax +61 +61 2 6295-2466), [76]. Reception 7:30AM-9PM. Kitchen is only open from 11AM-9PM but breakfast is provided and included in the rates. Free parking. Shops, cafes and grocery store are nearby. Dorm beds from $27.
  • Rydges Eagle Hawk Resort, Federal Highway. ph +61 2 6241-6033. fax +61 2 6241-3691. email reservations_eaglehawk@rydges.com, [77]. A large resort, a few kilometers from the outskirts of Canberra, with motel-style accommodation. It is on the Federal Highway just across the border. Rooms include small kitchenettes, and it is possible to get two interconnecting rooms for families or groups (at less than the price of two rooms). The resort has a large pool, a breakfast room and restaurant, and a small spa and sauna area. Double rooms $140 per night without breakfast and $170 with breakfast. Rates may be as low as $110 if you pay in advance and agree to a 48 hour cancellation period via the Rydges Direct system.
  • Novotel Canberra Hotel, 65 Northbourne Avenue, Canberra ACT 2600 - Ph: +61 2 6245-5000 Fax: 6245 5100 E: H2796-RE@accor.com, [78]. In Canberra's Civic Centre on Northbourne Ave, Novotel Canberra accommodates business and convention visitors, and families travelling with children. Directly above the Canberra Coach Terminal. Rate range $150 - 250.
  • Rydges Lakeside Canberra, (toll free: 1300-857-922), [79]. London Circuit, - Rydges Lakeside Canberra is on the shores of Lake Burley Griffin, walking distance to Civic.  edit
  • Rydges Capital Hill, (toll free: 1300-857-922), [80]. Cnr Canberra Avenue & National Circuit Forest. Located across the lake from Civic, close to Parliament House.  edit
  • Hyatt Hotel Canberra, +61 2 6270-1234 (fax: +61 2 6281-5998), [81]. Commonwealth Avenue, Yarralumla. tel 13 1234 (local call within Australia) . email canberra@hyatt.com.au. Double room from $190 per night.  edit
  • Hotel Kurrajong, National Circuit, Barton, +61 2 6234-4444 (fax: +61 2 6234-4466), [82]. Each of the Kurrajong’s 26 rooms have King size beds, mini bar, tea and coffee making facilities, in-room safe, free in-house movies.  edit
  • There are a number of Bed and Breakfast places just off Northbourne Avenue, in Canberra's inner north. These tend to be mid-range, cost-wise, but are comfortable and refreshing if you are looking for a 'home away from home'.

Stay safe

Canberra is a very safe city and enjoys one of the lowest crime rates in all of Australia. However, it is wise to be cautious at night (and sometimes during off-peak hours), especially around the bus interchanges at Civic, Woden, Tuggeranong and Belconnen as some youths may tend to be hostile.
Despite apparent afluence, Canberra has people who live 'rough'. Particularly around Civic, it is common to be asked for money "for a bus" or some other purpose. This is a well-organised activity targeting both visitors and locals alike; simply decline and the "beggar" will usually move on to the next available person. Occasionally, Civic's late-night party-goers will have over-spent and ask for bus-money; these people are easily seen for who they are.

Contact

The National Library of Australia provides free WiFi and free internet access from its 40 computer terminals (webmail is blocked on some computers, so ask the staff to show you which ones you can access webmail from). The library is located adjacent to Commonwealth Avenue Bridge on the southern side of Lake Burley Griffin near the National Gallery of Australia and Questacon. It is open 9AM-9PM Monday-Thursday, 9AM-5PM Friday-Saturday and 1.30PM-5PM on Sundays.
There is also free internet available at all of the public libraries in Canberra, though the terminals at Tuggeranong may be occupied during school hours by students of the college next door since it is a dual-use library. Membership is not required, but you may have to book a few hours in advance due to high demand.
McDonald's restaurants in the ACT offer free WiFi, no purchase required. Full list of participating restaurants available at [83]; the closest to Civic is the Braddon store, corner Cooyong & Mort Streets. Service is subject to content filtering and session download limits.
The Pancake Parlour at Civic (in the Sydney Building, near bus bay 4) also offers free WiFi to customers, along with power points at several tables.

Cope

Embassies

This is a list of foreign missions in Canberra. Some countries may have their representative in other cities, and Department of Foreign Affairs keeps a complete list [84].
  • Afganistan, 4 Beale Crescent, Deakin, +61 2 6282-7311, [85].  edit
  • Algeria, 9 Terrigal Crescent, O'Malley, +61 2 6286-7355, [86].  edit
  • Argentina, John McEwen House, Level 2, 7 National Circuit, Canberra, +61 2 6273-9111, [87].  edit
  • Austria, 12 Talbot Street, Forrest, +61 2 6295-1533, [88].  edit
  • Bangladesh, 43 Culgoa Circuit, O'Malley, +61 2 6290-0511, [89].  edit
  • Belgium, 19 Arkana Street, Yarralumla, +61 2 6273-2501, [90].  edit
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina, 5 Beale Crescent, Deakin, +61 2 6232-5490, [91].  edit
  • Botswana, 52 Culgoa Circuit, O'Malley, +61 2 6290-7500.  edit
  • Brazil, 19 Forster Crescent, Yarralumla, +61 2 6273-2372, [92].  edit
  • Brunei Darussalam, 10 Beale Crescent, Deakin, +61-2-6285 4500 ().  edit
  • Bulgaria, 33 Culgoa Circuit, O'Malley, +61 2 6286-9711, [93].  edit
  • Cambodia, 5 Canterbury Crescent, Deakin, +61 2 6273-1154, [94].  edit
  • Canada, Commonwealth Avenue, Yarralumla, +61 2 6270-4000, [95].  edit
  • Chile, 10 Culgoa Circuit, O'Malley, +61 2 6286-2430, [96].  edit
  • China, 15 Coronation Drive, Yarralumla, +61 2 6273-4780, [97].  edit
  • Colombia, Level 2, 161 London Circuit, Canberra, +61 2 6230-4203 ().  edit
  • Croatia, 14 Jindalee Crescent, O'Malley, +61 2 6286-6988 ().  edit
  • Cuba, 1 Gerogery Place, O'Malley, +61 2 6290-2151 ().  edit
  • Cyprus, 30 Beale Crescent, Deakin, +61 2 6281-0832 ().  edit
  • Czech Republic, 8 Culgoa Circuit, O'Malley, +61 2 6290-1386 ().  edit
  • Denmark, 15 Hunter Street, Yarralumla, +61 2 6270-5333, [98].  edit
  • Egypt, 1 Darwin Avenue, Yarralumla, +61 2 6273-4437.  edit
  • Eritrea, 16 Bulwarra Close, O'Malley, +61 2 6290-1991 ().  edit
  • European Union, 18 Arkana Street, Yarralumla, +61 2 6271-2777, [99].  edit
  • Fiji, 19 Beale Crescent, Deakin, +61 2 6260-5115 ().  edit
  • Finland, 12 Darwin Avenue, Yarralumla, +61 2 6273-3800 ().  edit
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, 74 Banks Street, Yarralumla, +61 2 6282-6220, [100].  edit
  • France, 6 Perth Avenue, Yarralumla, +61 2 6216-0100, [101].  edit
  • Germany, 119 Empire Circuit, Yarralumla, +61 2 6270-1911, [102].  edit
  • Ghana, 13 Numeralla Street, O'Malley, +61 2 6290-2110, [103].  edit
  • Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, 50 Culgoa Circuit, O'Malley, +61 2 6290-7900.   edit
  • Greece, 9 Turrana Street, Yarralumla, +61 2 6273-3011 ().  edit
  • Holy See, 2 Vancouver Street, Red Hill, +61 2 6295-3876 ().  edit
  • Hungary, 17 Beale Crescent, Deakin, +61 2 6282-3226 ().  edit
  • India, 3-5 Moonah Place, Yarralumla, +61 2 6273-3999, [104].  edit
  • Indonesia, 8 Darwin Avenue, Yarralumla, +61 2 6250-8600, [105].  edit
  • Iran, 25 Culgoa Circuit, O'Malley, +61 2 6290-2427, [106].  edit
  • Iraq, 48 Culgoa Circuit, O'Malley, +61 2 6286-2744, [107].  edit
  • Ireland, 20 Arkana Street, Yarralumla, +61 2 6273-3022 ().  edit
  • Israel, 6 Turrana Street, Yarralumla, +61 2 6215-4500, [108].  edit
  • Italy, 12 Grey Street, Deakin, +61 2 6273-3333, [109].  edit
  • Japan, 112 Empire Circuit, Yarralumla, +61 2 6273-3244.  edit
  • Jordan, 20 Roebuck Street, Red Hill, +61 2 6295-9951, [110].  edit
  • Kenya, Level 3, Manpower Building 33/35 Ainslie Avenue, Canberra, +61 2 6247-4788 ().  edit
  • Kuwait, 5 Callemonda Rise, O'Malley, +61 2 6286-7777, [111].  edit
  • Laos, 1 Dalman Crescent, O'Malley, +61 2 6286-4595, [112].  edit
  • Lebanon, 27 Endeavour Street, Red Hill, +61 2 6295-7378, [113].  edit
  • Malaysia, 7 Perth Avenue, Yarralumla, +61-2-6273 1543, [114].  edit
  • Malta, 38 Culgoa Circuit, O'Malley, +61 2 6290-1724 ().  edit
  • Mauritius, 2 Beale Crescent, Deakin, +61 2 6281-1203 ().  edit
  • Mexico, 14 Perth Avenue, Yarralumla, +61 2 6273-3963, [115].  edit
  • Mongolia, 29 Cobbadah Street, O'Malley, +61 2 6286-2947 ().  edit
  • Morocco, 17 Terrigal Crescent, O'Malley, +61 2 6290-0755, [116].  edit
  • Myanmar, 22 Arkana Street, Yarralumla, +61 2 6273-3811, [117].  edit
  • Nepal, Suite 2.02, AAPT Building 24 Marcus Clarke Street, Canberra, +61 2 6162-1554, [118].  edit
  • Netherlands, 120 Empire Circuit, Yarralumla, +61 2 6220-9400, [119].  edit
  • New Zealand, Commonwealth Avenue, Yarralumla, +61 2 6270-4211, [120].  edit
  • Nigeria, 26 Guilfoyle Street, Yarralumla, +61 2 6282-7411, [121].  edit
  • Norway, 17 Hunter Street, Yarralumla, +61 2 6273-3444, [122].  edit
  • Pakistan, 4 Timbarra Crescent, O'Malley, +61 2 6290-1676, [123].  edit
  • Papua New Guinea, 39-41 Forster Crescent, Yarralumla, +61 2 6273-3322, [124].  edit
  • Peru, 40 Brisbane Avenue, Barton, +61 2 6273-7351, [125].  edit
  • Philippines, 1 Moonah Place, Yarralumla, +61 2 6273-2535, [126].  edit
  • Poland, 7 Turrana Street, Yarralumla, +61 2 6272-1000, [127].  edit
  • Portugal, 23 Culgoa Circuit, O'Malley, +61 2 6290-1733 ().  edit
  • Republic of Korea, 113 Empire Circuit, Yarralumla, +61 2 6270-4100, [128].  edit
  • Romania, 4 Dalman Crescent, O'Malley, +61 2 6286-2343, [129].  edit
  • Russia, 78 Canberra Avenue, Griffith, +61 2 6295-9033, [130].  edit
  • Samoa, 13 Culgoa Circuit, O'Malley, +61 2 6286-5505 ().  edit
  • Saudi Arabia, 38 Guilfoyle Street, Yarralumla, +61 2 6250-7000, [131].  edit
  • Serbia, 4 Bulwarra Close, O'Malley, +61 2 6290-2630 ().  edit
  • Singapore, 17 Forster Crescent, Yarralumla, +61 2 6271-2000 ().  edit
  • Slovakia, 47 Culgoa Circuit, O'Malley, +61 2 6290-1516, [132].  edit
  • Slovenia, Level 6, St George's Building 60 Marcus Clarke Street, Canberra, +61 2 6243-4830 ().  edit
  • Solomon Islands, Suite 3 18 Napier Close, Deakin, +61 2 6282-7030 ().  edit
  • South Africa, Corner State Circle and Rhodes Place, Yarralumla, +61 2 6272-7300, [133].  edit
  • Spain, 15 Arkana Street, Yarralumla, +61 2 6273-3555, [134].  edit
  • Sri Lanka, 35 Empire Circuit, Forrest, +61 2 6239-7041, [135].  edit
  • Sweden, 5 Turrana Street, Yarralumla, +61 2 6270-2700, [136].  edit
  • Switzerland, 7 Melbourne Avenue, Forrest, +61 2 6162-8400, [137].  edit
  • Syria, 41 Culgoa Circuit, O'Malley, +61 2 6218-5200, [138].  edit
  • Thailand, 111 Empire Circuit, Yarralumla, +61 2 6206-0100 ().  edit
  • Timor-Leste, 25 Blaxland Crescent, Griffith, +61 2 6260-8800 ().  edit
  • Tonga, 7 Newdegate Street, Deakin, +61 2 6232-4806 ().  edit
  • Turkey, 6 Moonah Place, Yarralumla, +61 2 6234-0000, [139].  edit
  • Uganda, 7 Dunoon Street, O'Malley, +61 2 6286-1234.  edit
  • Ukraine, Level 12, St George Centre 60 Marcus Clarke Street, Canberra, +61 2 6230-5789, [140].  edit
  • United Arab Emirates, 12 Bulwarra Close, O'Malley, +61 2 6286-8802, [141].  edit
  • United Kingdom, Commonwealth Avenue, Yarralumla, +61 2 6270-6666, [142].  edit
  • United States of America, 1 Moonah Place, Yarralumla, +61 2 6214-5600, [143].  edit
  • Uruguay, 24 Brisbane Avenue, Barton, +61 2 6273-9100 ().  edit
  • Venezuela, 7 Culgoa Circuit, O'Malley, +61 2 6290-2968, [144].  edit
  • Vietnam, 6 Timbarra Crescent, O'Malley, +61 2 6290-1549, [145].  edit
  • Zimbabwe, 11 Culgoa Circuit, O'Malley, +61 2 6286-2281 ().  edit

Get out

NSW regions:
  • Queanbeyan - located just across the NSW border
  • Yass - Service town, near the road to Melbourne
  • Goulburn - Country town, worth a visit if you are travelling onward to Sydney.
  • Snowy Mountains - its possibly to spend a day skiing from Canberra, leaving early, and returning late.
  • Batemans Bay - the closest ocean beaches to Canberra - 115 minutes away.
  • Collector - a small historic town 30 minutes drive north of Canberra ideal for a day trip. Famous for a kidnap and murder by bushrangers.
  • Gundaroo - a small historic town north of Canberrra, you can follow the range from Gundaroo through to Collector as an scenic alternative to the federal highway. Some dirt roads involved.
  • Bungendore - a small historic town 20 minutes drive from central Canberra, via Queanbeyan. It has an award winning wood gallery [146] and associated cafe and many interesting places to eat, shop or stay.
Routes through Canberra
END  N noframe S  MichelagoCooma
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Contents

English

Etymology

.From Ngunnawal "kamberra", meaning meeting place.^ "Kamberra" is the Aboriginal word for meeting place.

^ The city was named Canberra after the suggestion of Lady Denman, since the word Canberra means "meeting place" in the language of the local aboriginal people.
  • Australian Capital Territory Culture | Australian Capital Territory History 3 February 2010 14:28 UTC www.world66.com [Source type: News]

^ History Trivia : Located on the ancient lands of the Ngunnawal Aboriginal people, the city's name is thought to mean 'meeting place', derived from the Aboriginal name Kamberra.
  • Mark & Alice talking about the Australian Capital Territory 3 February 2010 14:28 UTC www.beluba.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Proper noun

Canberra
.
  1. National capital of Australia, located in the Australian Capital Territory.
  2. (Colloquial) The Australian government.^ View all Australian National University jobs in Australian Capital Territory .
    • Jobs in Australian Capital Territory | Indeed.com.au 3 February 2010 14:28 UTC www.indeed.com.au [Source type: News]

    ^ Canberra is Australia's national capital (not Sydney).
    • Canberra Map, Maps of Canberra - Real Travel 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC realtravel.com [Source type: News]

    ^ The Australian Capital Territory, (ACT), is, believe it or not, the capital territory of the Commonwealth of Australia and its smallest self-governing territory.

    .A new tax policy was announced by Canberra today.^ A referendum was held in early 1993, and the results were announced to the public on March 12, the 80th anniversary of the founding of Canberra; the new flag became official on March 31.
    • Australian Capital Territory, flag of (Australian federal territory flag) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 3 February 2010 14:28 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Summary by the Canberra Times Todays News .
    • ACT Libraries - Canberra Information 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.library.act.gov.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Translations


Italian

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Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Canberra
Wikipedia it

Proper noun

Canberra f.
  1. Canberra

Simple English

Canberra
Coordinates: 35°18′27″S 149°07′27.9″E / 35.3075°S 149.124417°E / -35.3075; 149.124417
Country Australia
State/Territory ACT
Population (30 June 2008)[1] 345,257
File:ACT in Australia
Canberra is in the south-east of Australia

Canberra is the capital city of Australia. There are 340 800 people who live there.[2] It doesn’t belong to a state but it is in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT).

Canberra was started in 1913 and in the middle of the city is Lake Burley-Griffin . This lake was created especially for the city. There was a competition to design the new capital city of Australia. The competition was won by an architect from Chicago in the United States of America. His name was Walter Burley Griffin. Griffin designed his triangular town as a garden town, so its size expanded over a big area. But as Canberra grew larger and larger, the lake was no longer in the middle of the town, but the people who are in charge of planning the city make sure Canberra is as close to Griffin's original plan as possible. Canberra has a size in area nearly as big as Berlin, but the number of people who live there is much smaller.

Before Canberra was founded, Australia’s two most important cities, Sydney and Melbourne, were arguing which city should be the capital of the continent. First Melbourne was elected the capital, but in 1908 there was a vote. The result: an area of 2400 square kilometers was given to the country by New South Wales to build Canberra in. This was the place, 300 kilometers away from Sydney and with a distance of 650 kilometers to Melbourne, where a few years later Canberra was built.

Canberra is an Aboriginal name which means "Meeting place" and you can say it in many different ways. Some people say "CAN-bruh" a few use "CAN-buh-ruh" and a small number of people pronounce it "can-BEAR-ruh"; all three forms are correct.

Tourists who visit Canberra come to see the many national monuments and other famous sights. Some places to visit are the Government House, Parliament House , the High Court of Australia, the Australian War Memorial, the National Gallery of Australia, The Royal Australian Mint, Telstra Tower, the National Library of Australia, and the National Museum of Australia.

References


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 25, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Canberra, which are similar to those in the above article.








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