Cane: Wikis

  
  
  
  

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  • more than one thousand people are caned in Singapore each year using a bamboo cane that has been soaked in water overnight to prevent splitting?

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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A thin, flexible cane designed for corporal punishment.
 

Cane are either of two genera of tall, perennial grasses with flexible, woody stalks from the family Poaceae that grow throughout the world in wet soils. They are related to and may include species of bamboo. The genus Arundo is native from the Mediterranean region to the Far East. Arundinaria is found in the New World. In English, the word "cane" derives from biblical Hebrew Qanah for uses corresponding closely to English; in the Bible it is often translated "reed." Cane commonly grow in large riparian stands known as canebrakes, found in toponyms throughout the Southern and Far Western United States; they are much like tules, indigenous to wetland margins of California.

Depending on how flexible they are, different kinds of canes may be fashioned for a variety of purposes, such as tools, walking sticks, crutches, weapons, and in corporal punishment. Judicial canes or school canes, used in some countries for legal corporal punishment, must meet particular specifications, such as a high degree of flexibility.

Similar to bamboo, cane historically has been used for many other purposes as well, such as baskets, furniture, boats, roofs and wherever stiff, withy sticks can be used to advantage.

Contents

Cane in the Bible

A brake of Giant Cane growing in Israel.

In the Bible, canes are frequently used as measuring rods, walking sticks, or writing pens. In Israel "cane" properly refers to the species Arundo donax, Giant Cane, about which the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia states:

It grows in immense quantities in the Jordan valley along the river and its tributaries and at the oases near the Dead Sea, notably around `Ain Feshkhah at the northwest corner. It is a lofty reed, often twenty feet high, of a beautiful fresh green in summer when all else is dead and dry, and of a fine appearance from a distance in the spring months when it is in full bloom and the beautiful silky panicles crown the top of every reed...
Hebrew Qaneh, ("cane," is translated as) "stalk" (Genesis 41:5, 22); "shaft" (Exodus 37:17, etc.); "reed," or "reeds" (1 Kings 14:15 2 Kings 18:21 Isaiah 36:6; Isaiah 42:3 Psalm 68:30, the King James Version "spearman"); "calamus" (Exodus 30:23 Songs 4:14 Ezekiel 27:19); "sweet cane," margin "calamus" (Isaiah 43:24 Jeremiah 6:20); "bone" (Job 31:22); used of the cross-beam of a "balance" (Isaiah 46:6); "a measuring reed" (Ezekiel 40:3); "a staff of reed," i.e. a walking-stick (Isaiah 36:6 Ezekiel 29:6); the "branches" of a candlestick (Exodus 37:18).[1]

In the Bible, cane appears most notably in Ezekiel, where it is the measuring rod used to measure the prophet Ezekiel's visionary temple, and in Revelation, where it is used to measure the New Jerusalem.

Caning

Thin, flexible "canes", typically made of rattan instead of cane, make ideal implements for administering corporal punishment, as when used correctly they can inflict much pain without using excessive force. These may be called school canes or judicial canes depending on size.

In North America, where walking sticks with curved tops are called "canes", but are most often made of wood, "caning" may refer to beating someone in self-defense with a stick heavier than that used for corporal punishment.

Walking canes

Canes may be finished into walking sticks. In North America, walking sticks typically have tops curved like judicial canes, and even when made of wood, they are called "canes." Thus in 1856, when Charles Sumner of Massachusetts was "caned" for insulting a fellow U.S. Congressman for a physical handicap, he was beaten with a wooden walking cane that splintered.[2]

Aids for the disabled

Canes may be finished as walking sticks to aid the blind and other disabled persons. Currently, such "canes" are normally made of light-weight but sturdy material such as aluminium or high-tech carbon derivatives.

Other uses

A Cherokee river cane basket.

Cane may be used for a variety of artistic and practical purposes, such as Indian baskets of North America.

Cane is also used to describe furniture made of wicker.

Cane is a length of colored and/or patterned glass rod used in caneworking, a style of glassblowing.

A "cane" was also used in the historic event that came to be known as "that night on the band trip" by Kristian Kotov.

Cane in Dancing

Dancing with cane and sticks can be done in both folkloric and cabaret shows. For example, such dances may involve twirling canes overhead and off to the sides, striking the cane on the floor, or balancing them on the head. [3]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://bibleencyclopedia.com/reed.htm
  2. ^ www.associatedcontent.com/article/479761/the_caning_of_senator_charles_sumner.html
  3. ^ Cane in Dancing Explained

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

CANE, a name applied to many plants which have long, slender, reed-like stalks or stems, as, for example, the sugar-cane, the bamboo-cane or the reed-cane. From the use as walkingsticks to which many of these plants have been applied, the name "cane" is improperly given to sticks, irrespective of the source from which they are derived. Properly it should be restricted to a peculiar class of palms, known as rattans, included under the two closely allied genera Calamus and Daemonorops, of which there are a large number of species. The plants are found widely extended throughout the islands of the Indian Archipelago, the Malay Peninsula, China, India and Ceylon; and also in Australia and Africa. They were described by Georg Eberhard Rumpf or Rumphius (1627-1702), governor of Amboyna, and author of the Herbarium Amboynense (6 vols. folio, Amsterdam, 1 74 1 - 1 755), under the name of Palmijunci, as inhabitants of dense forests into which the rays of the sun scarce can penetrate, where they form spiny bushes, obstructing the passage through the jungle. The slender stems rarely exceed an inch in diameter and are generally much smaller. They creep or trail to an enormous length, often reaching 500 or 600 ft., and support themselves on trees or bushes by recurved spines borne on the stalk or back of the midrib of the leaf, or by stiff hooks replacing the upper leaflets. In some cases the midrib is elongated beyond the leaflets to form a long whip-like structure, bearing recurved hooks at intervals. The natives, in preparing the canes for the market, strip off the leaves by pulling the cut plant through a notch made in a tree. The canes always present distinct rings at the junction of the sheathing leaves with the stem. They assume a yellow colour as they dry; and those imported from Calcutta have a glossy surface, while the produce of the Eastern Archipelago presents a dull exterior.

Canes, on account of their lightness, length, strength and flexibility, are used for a great variety of purposes by the inhabitants of the countries in which they grow. Split into thin strips they are twisted to form ropes and ships' cables, an application mentioned by Captain Dampier in his Voyages. A more important application, however, is for basket-work, and for making chairs, couches, pillows, &c., as the great strength and durability of thin and easily prepared strips admit of such articles being made at once airy, strong and flexible. Much of the beautiful and elaborate basket-work of the Chinese and Japanese is made from thin strips of cane, which are also used by the Chinese for larger works, such as door-mats, houses and sheds.

A very large trade with Western countries and the United States is carried on in canes and rattans, the principal centres of the trade being Batavia, Sarawak, Singapore, Penang and Calcutta. In addition to the varieties used for walking-sticks, whip and umbrella handles, &c., the common rattans are in extensive demand for basket-making, the seats and backs of chairs, the ribs of cheap umbrellas, saddles and other harnesswork; and generally for purposes where their strength and flexibility make them efficient substitutes for whalebone. The walking-stick "canes" of commerce include a great many varieties, some of which, however, are not the produce of trailing palms. The well-known Malacca canes are obtained from Calamus Scipionum, the stems of which are much stouter than is the case with the average species of Calamus.


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Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki


a tall sedgy plant with a hollow stem, growing in moist places. In Isa. 43:24; Jer. 6:20, the Hebrew word kaneh is thus rendered, giving its name to the plant. It is rendered "reed" in 1 Kings 14:15; Job 40:21; Isa. 19:6; 35:7. In Ps. 68:30 the expression "company of spearmen" is in the margin and the Revised Version "beasts of the reeds," referring probably to the crocodile or the hippopotamus as a symbol of Egypt. In 2 Kings 18:21; Isa. 36:6; Ezek. 29:6, 7, the reference is to the weak, fragile nature of the reed. (See CALAMUS.)

This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.

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Simple English

A cane is stick from a piece of wood, or sometimes of metal. It is used by someone to help support themself when they are walking. A person might need a cane because of their age, or weight, or for another reason.








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