Canon: Wikis

  
  
  
  

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Canon may refer to:

Contents

Culture and arts

  • Aesthetic canon, when drawing/modeling etc. a human figure, a rule for its proportions.
  • Cannons (house), a stately home in Edgeware, Middlesex now known by its modern spelling, Canons
  • Canon as a number of art masterpieces:
    • Chinese classics or Chinese canonical texts
    • Film canon, the limited number of masterpieces by which all other films are judged
    • Western canon, the books, music, and art that have been the most influential in shaping Western culture
  • Canon (fiction), material that is considered to be "genuine", "something that actually happened", or can be directly referenced as material produced by the original author or creator.
  • Canon (music), a contrapuntal composition which employs a melody with one or more imitations

Geography

  • Canon, Georgia, a city in Franklin County, Georgia, United States
  • Cañon or canyon, a deep valley between cliffs

Religion

Religious canons:
or
  • Canon (priest), a Christian priest who belongs to one of certain chapters

Names

Canon is the name of:

Others

See also


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

CANON. The Greek word Kavcov means originally a straight rod or pole, and metaphorically what serves to keep a thing upright or straight, a rule. In the New Testament it occurs in Gal. vi. 16, and 2 Cor. x. 13, 15, 16, signifying in the former passage a measure, in the latter what is measured, a district. .The general applications of the word fall mainly into two groups, in one of which the underlying meaning is that of rule, in the other that of a list or catalogue, i.e. of books containing the rule.^ The papers in the book go back 20 years, and recount ongoing petty arguments between himself and his fellow B-theorists on the one hand, and the A-theorists on the other hand.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Of course, we can always say “everything is conscious” but this doesn’t really solve anything – even if everything is conscious, some things are more conscious than others and the problem of consciousness then is pushed into defining what it means for one thing to have a higher degree of consciousness than another.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But yet, it does tie back into Lojban -- which I notice contains a single word for "I" just like ordinary languages.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

.Of the first, such uses as that of a standard or rule of conduct or taste, or of a particular form of musical composition (see below) may be mentioned, but the principal example is of the sum of the laws regulating the ecclesiastical body (see Canon Law).^ But it turns out that such paradoxes may be ruled out by the weirdness inherent in laws of quantum physics.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A correct, useful music theory would need to combine the language of notes and delays and such with the language of emotional and cognitive responses.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The example of music may serve to illustrate both of these points.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

In the 'second group of uses that of the ecclesiastical dignitary(see below), that of the list of the names of those persons recognized as saints by the Church (see Canonization), and that of the authoritative body of Scriptures (see below) are examples.

Music

A canon in part-music is the form taken by the earliest compositions in harmony, successive or consequent parts having the same melody, but each beginning at a stated period after its precursor or antecedent. .In many early polyphonic compositions, one or more voices were imitated note for note by the others, so that the other parts did not need to be written out at all, but were deduced from the leaders by a rule or canon.^ There's at least one complex path (Novamente) and probably many other complex paths as well; and eventually someone will follow one of them if we don't annihilate ourselves first.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Procedural knowledge at doing proofs is needed for fully understanding complex proofs -- because so many steps are left out in proofs as typically written down, if you don't know how to do proofs, you won't be able to fill in all the gaps in your head when you read a proof, so you'll never get more than a general understanding.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Each prayer is written down on a little piece of wood (which you buy for five dollars), then placed on a special prayer rack with all the others.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

Sir Frederick Bridge has pointed out that in this way the term " canon " came to supersede the old name of the art-form, Fuga ligata. (See also under Fugue, Contrapuntal Forms and Music.) .When the first part completes its rhythmical sentence before the second enters, and then continues the melody as an accompaniment to the second, and so on for the third or fourth, this form of canon in England was styled a " round " or " catch "; the stricter canon being one in which the succession of parts did not depend on the ending of the phrase.^ In the case that one part of the brain is modeling another part of the brain, sometimes the model produced by the second part may affect the actions taken by the first part.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Finally, the first part comes to a conclusion; and the second part collapses its virtual multiverse model almost instantly thereafter.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A virtual multiverse occurs in this second part of the brain, one branch in which I kiss her, the other in which I don’t.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

But outside England catches and canons were undifferentiated. The " round " derived its name from the fact that the first part returned to the beginning while the others continued the melody; the " catch " meant that each later part caught up the tune. .The problem of the canon, as an artistic composition, is to find one or more points in a melody at which one or more successive parts may start the same tune harmoniously.^ In the case that one part of the brain is modeling another part of the brain, sometimes the model produced by the second part may affect the actions taken by the first part.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ None of us contains that much in and of ourselves, but any one of us may be more or less critical in triggering large-scale activation patterns ...
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His theme was an amusing one which may resonate with many readers of this blog -- the third paragraph particularly reminds me of myself on some of my more productive days!
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

Catches were familiar in English folk music until after the Restoration; different trades having characteristic melodies of their own. In the time of Charles II. they took a bacchanalian cast, and later became sentimental. .Gradually the form went out as a type of folk music, and now survives mainly in its historical interest.^ The patterns in the music I'm making now are a lot more subtle and interesting."
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A piece of music comes out of the cultural/psychological/emotional transpersonal matrix, and has meaning and pattern mainly in combination with this matrix, as a sequence of control instructions for the human brains that form components of this matrix...
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

(H. CH.) The Church Dignitary. - A canon is a person who possesses a prebend, or revenue allotted for the performance of divine service in a cathedral or collegiate church. .Though the institute of canons as it at present exists does not go back beyond the 11th century it has a long history behind it.^ As a time travel fable, it's got Back to the Future beat by a long shot, without need of paradoxical absurdities beyond those intrinsic to human nature.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It may be that our present reality is not consistent with there having been time travelers going back into our past doing interesting stuff.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

The name is derived from the list (matricula) of the clergy belonging to a church, Kavc. v being thus used in the council of Nicaea (c. 16). In the synod of Laodicea the adjective Kavovucos is found in this sense (c. 15); and during the 6th century the word canonicus occurs commonly in western Europe in relation to the clergy belonging to a cathedral or other church. Eusebius of Vercelli (d. 370) was the first to introduce the system whereby the cathedral clergy dwelt together, leading a semi-monastic life in common and according to rule; and St Augustine established a similar manner of life for the clergy of his cathedral at Hippo. The system spread widely over Africa, Spain and Gaul; a familiar instance is St Gregory's injunction to St Augustine that at Canterbury the bishop and his clergy should live a common life together, similar to the monastic life in which he had been trained; that these " clerics " at Canterbury were not monks is shown by the fact that those of them in the lower clerical grades were free to marry and live at home, without forfeiting their position or emoluments as members of the body of cathedral clergy (Bede, Hist. Eccl. i. 27). This mode of life for the secular clergy, which became common in the west, seems never to have taken root in the east. It came to be called vita canonica, canonical life, and it was the object of various enactments of councils during the 6th, 7th and 8th centuries. The first serious attempt to legislate for it and reduce it to rule was made by Chrodegang, bishop of Metz (c. 750), who composed a rule for the clergy of his cathedral, which was in large measure an adaptation of the Benedictine Rule to the case of secular clergy living in common. Chrodegang's Rule was adopted in many churches, both cathedral and collegiate (i.e. those served by a body of clergy). In 816 the synod of Aix-la-Chapelle (see Mon. Germ. Concil. ii. 307) made further regulations for the canonical life, which became the law in the Frankish empire for cathedral and collegiate churches. The Rule of Chrodegang was taken as the basis, but was supplemented and in some points mitigated and made less monastic in character. There was a common dormitory and common refectory for all, but each canon was allowed a dwelling room within the cloister; the use of flesh meat was permitted, and the clothing was of better quality than that of monks. Each canon retained the use of his private property and money, but the revenues of the cathedral or church were treated as a common fund for the maintenance of the whole establishment. The chief duty of the canons was the performance of the church services. Thus the canons were not monks, but secular clergy living in community, without taking the monastic vows or resigning their private means - a form of life somewhat resembling that of the fathers of the London or Birmingham Oratory in our day. The bishop was expected to lead the common life along with his clergy.
The canonical life as regulated by the synod of Aix, subsisted in the 9th and 10th centuries; but the maintenance of this intermediate form of life was of extreme difficulty. .There was a constant tendency to relax the bonds of the common life, and attempts in various directions to restore it.^ In the old days this was pretty much the only experience there was -- everyday human life plus various shamanic and psychedelic experiences....
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

In England, by the middle of the 10th century, the prescriptions of the canonical life seem to have fallen into desuetude, and in nine cathedrals the canons were replaced by communities of Benedictines. In the 11th century the Rule of Chrodegang was introduced into certain of the English cathedrals, and an Anglo-Saxon translation of it was made under Leofric for his church of Exeter. .The turning point came in 1059, when a reforming synod, held at the Lateran, exhorted the clergy of all cathedral and collegiate churches to live in community, to hold all property and money in common, and to "lead the life of the Apostles" (cf.^ Perhaps Vorpal homunculi do not possess inner lives, and Broderick's point is that these seeming superhumans, for all their power, are soulless automatons without a shred of humanity....
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

Acts ii.44, 45). .The clergy of numerous churches throughout Western Europe (that of the Lateran Basilica among them) set themselves to carry out these exhortations, and out of this movement grew the religious order of Canons Regular or Augustinian Canons.^ If probability theory was relevant, it was in the context of evaluations like Probability ( my own spiritual/emotional state is good GIVEN THAT I carry out these religious practices) > Probability ( my own spiritual/emotional state is good GIVEN THAT I don't carry out these religious practices) The evaluation criterion was internal/subjective not external/objective.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

The opposite tendency also ran its course and produced the institute of secular canons. .The revenues of the cathedral were divided into two parts, that of the bishop and that of the clergy; this latter was again divided among the clergy themselves, so that each member received his own separate income, and the persons so sharing, whatever their clerical grade, were the canons of the cathedral church.^ This suggests that the history of the universe may be divided into two periods: temporally forward and temporally bidirectional.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

Naturally all attempt at leading any kind of common life was frankly abandoned. In England the final establishment of this order of things was due to St Osmund (1090). The nature and functions of the institute of secular canons are described in the article Cathedral.
See Du Cange, Glossarium, under " Canonicus "; Amort, Vetus Disciplina Canonicorum (1747), to be used with caution for the earlier period; C. du Molinet, Reflexions historiques et curieuses sur les antiquites des chanoines tant seculiers que reguliers (1674); Herzog, Realencyklopadie (3rd ed.), art. " Kapitel "; Wetzer and Welte, Kirchenlexicon (2nd ed.), art. " Canonica vita " and " Canonikat." The history of the canonical institute is succinctly told, and the best literature named, by Max Heimbucher, Orden and Kongregationen, 1896, i. § 55; also by Otto ZOckler, Askese and Monchtum, 1897, pp. 422-425. On medieval secular canons a standard work is Chr. Wordsworth's Statutes of Lincoln Cathedral (1892-1897); see also an article thereon by Edm. Bishop in Dublin Review, July 1898.
(E. C. B.) In the Church of England, the canons of cathedral or collegiate churches retain their traditional character and functions, though they are now, of course, permitted to marry. Their duties were defined by the Canons of 1603, and included that of residence at the cathedrals according to "their local customs and statutes," and preaching in the cathedral and in the churches of the diocese, " especially those whence they or their church receive any yearly rent or profit." A canonry not being legally a " cure of souls," a canon may hold a benefice in addition to his prebend, in spite of the acts against pluralities. By the Canons of 1603 he was subject to discipline if he made his canonry an excuse for neglecting his cure. By the act of 1840 reforming cathedral chapters the number of canonries was greatly reduced, while some were made applicable to the endowment of archdeaconries and professorships. .At the same time it was enacted that a canon must have been six years in priest's orders, except in the case of canonries annexed to any professorship, headship or other office in any university.^ Certain works of great art manage to be intensely personal and dramatically universal at the same time, and this often results from wisdom in the sense I'm defining it here.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

The obligatory period of residence, hitherto varying in different churches, was also fixed at a uniform period of three months. .The right of presentation to canonries is now vested in some cases in the crown, in others in the lord chancellor, the archbishop or in the bishop of the diocese.^ Way back when I wrote down some mathematics embodying these notions, but I don't feel like regenerating that right now.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (Don't get me wrong, we are moving toward AGI in the Novamente project right now, but we could be moving 10 times faster with some fairly modest investment ...
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

Honorary canons are properly canons who have no prebend or other emoluments from the common fund of the chapter. In the case of old cathedrals the title is bestowed upon deserving clergymen by the bishop as a mark of distinction. In new cathedrals, e.g. Manchester or Birmingham, where no endowment exists for a chapter, the bishop is empowered to appoint honorary canons, who carry out the ordinary functions of a cathedral body (see Cathedral).
Minor canons, more properly styled priest-vicars, are appointed by the dean and chapter. Their function is mainly to sing the service, and they are selected therefore mainly for their voices and musical qualifications. They may hold a benefice, if it lies within 6 m. of the cathedral.
In the Protestant churches of the continent canons as ecclesiastical officers have ceased to exist. In Prussia and Saxony, however, certain chapters, secularized at the Reformation, still exist. The canons (Domherren) are, however, laymen with no ecclesiastical character whatever, and their rich prebends are merely sources of endowment for the cadets of noble families.
See Phillimore, Eccles. Law, 2 vols. (London, 1895). (W. A. P.) The Scriptures. - .There are three opinions as to the origin of the application of the term " canon " to the writings used by the Christian Church.^ There is a Lojban term " malglico " which translates roughly to "damn English" or "fucking English" -- it refers to the tendency to use Lojban in English-like ways.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

.According to Semler, Baur and others, the word had originally the sense of list or catalogue - the books publicly read in Christian assemblies.^ What is my conclusion about psi after reading Damien's book, and exploring in more depth the work of May's team and others?
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

Others, as Steiner, suppose that since the Alexandrian grammarians applied it to collections of old Greek authors as models of excellence or classics. it meant classical (canonical) writings. According to a third opinion, the term included from the first the idea of a regulating principle. .This is the more probable, because the same idea lies in the New Testament use of the noun, and pervades its applications in the language of the early Fathers down to the time of Constantine, as Credner has shown.'^ While you're paying attention, you may be interested in another idea I've been working on lately, which is a variant of the Lojban language (tentatively called Lojban++) that I think may be very useful for communication between humans and early-stage AGI's.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We don't really want to say Consciousness = Consciousness(Consciousness) I think it's probably more useful to say: Consciousness is a hyperset, and consciousness is contained in its membership scope Here by the "membership scope" of a hyperset S, what I mean is the members of S, plus the members of the members of S, etc.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then these new individuals, as they grow up and live, give more statistical data to throw into the probability distribution, etc.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

The " Kav w of the church " in the Clementine homilies, 2 the " ecclesiastical Kavcwv " 3 and the " Kavcbv of the truth " in Clement and Irenaeus, 4 the of the faith in Polycrates, 5 the regula fidei of Tertullian, 6 and the libri regulares of Origen 7 imply a normative principle. Credner's view of as an abbreviation of ypackai Kavovos, equivalent to Scri pturae legis in Diocletian's Act, 8 is too artificial, and is unsanctioned by usage.
The earliest example of its application to a catalogue of the Old or New Testament books occurs in the Latin translation of Origen's homily on Joshua, where the original seems to have been Kavcbv. The word itself is certainly in Amphilochius, 9 as well as in Jerome 10 and Rufinus." As the Latin translation of Origen has canonicus and canonizatus, we infer that he used KavovocOs, opposed as it is to apocryphus or secretus. The first occurrence of KavovLKOS is in the 59th canon of the council of Laodicea, where it is contrasted with and arcavovewros. Kavovt 6p. va,"canonized books," is first used in Athanasius's festal epistle. .12 The kind of rule which the earliest Fathers thought the Scriptures to be can only be conjectured; it is certain that they believed the Old Testament books to be a divine and infallible guide.^ But it seems nearly certain that for our grandchildren, or great-great-grandchildren, “old age” may well be something they read about in the history books, along with black plague and syphilis, an ailment of the past.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

But the New Testament was not so considered till towards the close of the 2nd century, when the conception of a Catholic Church was realized. .The collection of writings was not called Scripture, or put on a par with the Old Testament as sacred and inspired, till the time of Theophilus of Antioch (about 180 A.D.).^ This entry is motivated by an interesting news article that my friend David Hart forwarded to me, about one of my old favorite topics: time travel.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Easy enough to say and think about; and rather tricky to put into practice on a real-time basis.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

Hence Irenaeus applies the epithets divine and perfect to the Scriptures; and Clement of Alexandria calls them inspired.
When distinctions were made among the Biblical writings other words were employed, synonymous with KavovcNeva or vovevµEVa, such as Ev&caOnKa, eopCcrpEva. The canon was thus a catalogue of writings, forming a rule of truth, sacred, divine. revealed by God for the instruction of men. The rule was perfect for its purpose. (See Bible: section Canon.) The term " canonical," i.e. that which is approved or ordered by the " canon " or rule, is applied to ecclesiastical vestments, " canonicals," and to those hours set apart by the Church for prayer and devotion, the " Canonical Hours " (see Breviary). (S. D.) Zur Geschichte des Kanons, pp. 3-68.
Clement Horn., ap. Coteler. vol. i. p. 608.
Strornata, vi. 15, p. 803, ed. Potter.
Adv. Haeres. i. 95. s Euseb. H.E. v. 24. s De praescript. Haereticorum, ohs. 12, 13.
Comment. in Mat. iii. p. 916, ed. Delarue.
8 Monumenta vetera ad Donatistarum historiam pertinentia, ed. Dupin, p. 168.
9 At the end of the Iambi ad Seleucum, on the books of the New Testament, he adds, ypa01ay. Prologus galeatus in ii. Reg. 11 Expos. Symb. Apost. 37, p. 374, ed. Migne.
After the word is added Kai irapabo%vra, 7rccrreu Evra ri 96a tIvaf. Opp. vol. i. p. 961, ed. Benedict.


Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki

This word is derived from a Hebrew and Greek word denoting a reed or cane. Hence it means something straight, or something to keep straight; and hence also a rule, or something ruled or measured. It came to be applied to the Scriptures, to denote that they contained the authoritative rule of faith and practice, the standard of doctrine and duty. .A book is said to be of canonical authority when it has a right to take a place with the other books which contain a revelation of the Divine will.^ Well of course he was right, but he left out the other half that Nietzsche said so well: "Have you ever said Yes to one joy?
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

Such a right does not arise from any ecclesiastical authority, but from the evidence of the inspired authorship of the book. The canonical (i.e., the inspired) books of the Old and New Testaments, are a complete rule, and the only rule, of faith and practice. They contain the whole supernatural revelation of God to men. The New Testament Canon was formed gradually under divine guidance. .The different books as they were written came into the possession of the Christian associations which began to be formed soon after the day of Pentecost; and thus slowly the canon increased till all the books were gathered together into one collection containing the whole of the twenty-seven New Testament inspired books.^ Hypersets are a different formalism than the ones typically used to model these other aspects of cognition, but ultimately they're not so complex or problematic.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The basic idea of the book was: To succeed at X, find the one thing essential to X, and focus obsessively on X, to the exclusion of all else.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is also a clear reference to the "Colors" dream within this one, which is not surprising -- my dreams all tend to link into each other, as if they form their own connected universe, separate from and parallel to this one.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

Historical evidence shows that from about the middle of the second century this New Testament collection was substantially such as we now possess. Each book contained in it is proved to have, on its own ground, a right to its place; and thus the whole is of divine authority.

The Old Testament Canon is witnessed to by the New Testament writers. Their evidence is conclusive. .The quotations in the New from the Old are very numerous, and the references are much more numerous.^ (A much more ridiculous, though amusing, book on time travel is J.H. Brennan's book, " Time Travel: A New Perspective ."
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

.These quotations and references by our Lord and the apostles most clearly imply the existence at that time of a well-known and publicly acknowledged collection of Hebrew writings under the designation of "The Scriptures;" "The Law and the Prophets and the Psalms;" "Moses and the Prophets," etc.^ One is the way he spent a load of his time on stuff other than writing -- business of various sorts, as well as lecturing, traveling and so forth.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But of course, these comments are based on not having seen his book, which hasn’t been released yet – they’re based on his prior books and his speeches and online writings – maybe his book will give fair time to the transcensionist aspects as well, we’ll see.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The collection of all these possible universes is known as the "multiverse."
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

.The appeals to these books, moreover, show that they were regarded as of divine authority, finally deciding all questions of which they treat; and that the whole collection so recognized consisted only of the thirty-nine books which we now posses.^ All these issues will be dealt with in my philosophy-of-mind book "The Hidden Pattern", which I expect to complete mid-fall.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I'll get back to doing the final edits on the Probabilistic Logic Networks book now ...
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But AI language comprehension tools aren't really up to this task -- all they can do now is fairly simplistic "information extraction."
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

Thus they endorse as genuine and authentic the canon of the Jewish Scriptures. The Septuagint Version (q.v.) also contained every book we now have in the Old Testament Scriptures. .As to the time at which the Old Testament canon was closed, there are many considerations which point to that of Ezra and Nehemiah, immediately after the return from Babylonian exile.^ The tone was upbeat, the discussions were animated and intelligent, and all in all there was a feel of real excitement about having so many AGI people in one place at one time.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

This article needs to be merged with Bible Canon.
This article needs to be merged with Canon of the Old Testament.
This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.
what mentions this? (please help by turning references to this page into wiki links)

Gaming

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!

Canon, in terms of videogames, is what actually happened in the storyline. .Changes in what is considered canonical (when they occur) are often a result of earlier translation errors, other developers creating a story without consideration for the established storyline of the series, or significant mid-series overall-storyline changes.^ Well, my ideas might be WRONG, but they're definitely just as serious as a lot of other books published.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ What shocks me about arguments of the second form is how often they come from individuals who are publicly aligned with other extremely radical ideas.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Episodic knowledge = knowledge of stories that have occurred in the history of intelligent beings (oneself, others one knows, others one has heard about,...
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

For example, Castlevania Legends for the Gameboy is no longer canon. .It screwed with Castlevania 3, made Alucard Trevor's father, gave no explanation as to why Dracula would be resurrected only a few years afterward and how he could start taking over Europe after having been killed so recently, and a whole slew of other problems.^ But of course, if we manage to extend human lives by 30 or 40 years via partly solving the problem of aging, then I’ll have 30 or 40 extra years in which to help the biologists solve the other problems….
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This explanation also suggests why wisdom is such an elusive concept: there's no such thing.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Day after day, hour after hour, minute after minute, I'm faced with deciding between option A and option B -- yet how seriously can I take this decision process if I know I have no real will anyway?
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

.When Koji Igarashi got complete creative control over the series, he said "Wow, this storyline is a mess, let's clean it up," so he made Castlevania Legends no longer canon.^ Like I said, it's not that no progress has been made -- I think Oaklander's views on time are basically right.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

He retconned it into a side-story or a what-if scenario.
Another example of a game going from canon to not-canon would be Resident Evil for the gameboy. This game took place on a cruise ship and starred Leon Kennedy from Resident Evil 2. At the end of this game, Leon is infected with some sort of virus.
.In the original conceptions of RE4 (well, ONE of the original conceptions), they were going to continue this storyline and start off with Leon infected by some kind of virus that would cause hallucinations.^ Hooking this kind of PK experiment up to a quantum eraser apparatus, one would obtain a practical example of reverse causation.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Well, six and a half years later, Mark's suggestion has started to seem like a pretty good one.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If I'd been able to offer them some easily comprehensible apparent path to AGI, I bet they would have invested.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

.When they revamped RE4 and scrapped the early build, and started making the game we now have, they ditched that storyline as well.^ But they're now spending their time on (interesting, useful) narrow-AI applications rather than on trying directly to build a thinking machine.
  • The Multiverse According to Ben 25 September 2009 2:59 UTC www.goertzel.org [Source type: Original source]

Leon isn't infected with any virus, and the gameboy RE "never happened."

This article uses material from the "Canon" article on the Gaming wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

You might be looking for the weapon cannon

'Canon' comes from a Latin word meaning “rule” or “law”.

The word canon may mean:

  • Canon (Georgia) is the name of a small City in Northeast Georgia (USA).


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 23, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Dimension, which are similar to those in the above article.








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