Cantabria (Spanish Congress Electoral District): Wikis

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Location of Cantabria electoral district in Spain

Cantabria is one of the 52 electoral districts (circunscripciones) used for the Spanish Congress of Deputies - the lower chamber of the Spanish Parliament, the Cortes Generales. It corresponds to the autonomous community of Cantabria. Santander is the largest municipality with 165,000 voters - 35% of the total electorate. Torrelavega is the second largest municipality with almost 50,000 voters.

Contents

Boundaries and electoral system

Under Article 68 of the Spanish constitution [1] the boundaries must be the same as the autonomous community of Cantabria and under Article 140 this can only be altered with the approval of congress. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The electoral system used is closed list proportional representation with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method. Only lists which poll 3% or more of all valid votes cast, including votes "en blanco" i.e. for "none of the above" can be considered for seats. Under article 12 of the constitution, the minimum voting age is 18.

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Eligibility

Article 67.3 of the Spanish Constitution prohibits dual membership of the Cortes and regional assemblies, meaning that candidates must resign from Regional Assemblies if elected. Article 70 also makes active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals ineligible. [1]

Number of members

Cantabria has returned five members at every election since the restoration of democracy.

Under Spanish electoral law, all provinces are entitled to a minimum of 2 seats with a remaining 248 seats apportioned according to population. [2] These laws are laid out in detail in the 1985 electoral law. (Ley Orgánica del Régimen Electoral General) The practical effect of this has been to overrepreseent smaller provinces at the expense of larger provinces. Cantabria had a ratio of 95,838 voters per deputy in 2004 [3] a figure below the Spanish average of 98,777 voters per deputy. [4]

Summary of seats won 1977–2008

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 3 3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 1 2 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2
People's Party (PP) 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3

Seats shown for the Peoples Party include seats won by their predecessors the Popular Alliance in 1982 and the Popular Coalition in 1986.

Vote share summary 1977-2008

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 40.1 41.9 5.4
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 26.4 30.3 45.0 44.3 40.1 37.2 35.6 33.5 40.9 43.6
People's Party (PP) 14.3 10.3 38.9 34.1 38.4 37.0 50.5 56.8 51.9 50.0
United Left (IU) 5.5 6.6 3.1 3.1 6.4 7.4 11.4 5.0 3.3 2.3
National Union (UN) 3.9 0.6
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 5.1 13.0 9.7 1.5 0.4 0.2 0.2
Union for Cantabrian Progress (UPCA) 8.2
Cantabrian Regional Party (PRC) 5.7

Results

Cantabria produced the same outcome in terms of seats in 2004 as in 2000. This was the first time that the party that won the General Election had failed to win the most seats here.

Santander municipality produced a result very close to the community average in 2004, with PP leading PSOE by 14.5%. PSOE polled better in Torrelavega, leading PP by 7%.

In 2008, PP led PSOE by 13% in Santander, with PSOE extending their lead over the PP to 11.7% in Torrelavega.

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2008 General Election

e • d Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
People's Party (Partido Popular) 184,853 49.99 3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 161,278 43.61 2 Elena Salgado
United Left 8,395 2.27 0
Union, Progress and Democracy 5,094 1.38 0
Others 5,634 1.50 0

2004 General Election

e • d Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
People's Party (Partido Popular) 190,383 51.90 3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 149,906 40.87 2 Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba
United Left 12,146 3.31 0
Others 6,124 1.70 0

2000 General Election

e • d Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
People's Party (Partido Popular) 189,442 56.84 3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 111,556 33.47 2
United Left 16,714 5.02 0
Others 6,830 2.00 0

1996 General Election

e • d Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Cantabria.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
People's Party (Partido Popular) 175,651 50.47 3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 123,940 35.61 2
United Left 39,541 11.36 0
Others 3,290 0.90 0

source:[5]

External links

References

  1. ^ a b Spanish Constitution
  2. ^ General features of Spanish electoral system
  3. ^ Cantabria election result 2004
  4. ^ 2004 Spanish election
  5. ^ Interior ministry link to election results


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