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République et Canton de Genève
Flag of Canton of Geneva.svg Wappen Genf matt.svg
Map of Switzerland, location of Canton of Geneva highlighted
Coordinates 46°2′N 6°7′E / 46.033°N 6.117°E / 46.033; 6.117Coordinates: 46°2′N 6°7′E / 46.033°N 6.117°E / 46.033; 6.117
Capital Geneva
Population 438,177 
 - Density 1,554 /km² (4,024 /sq mi)
Area  282 km² (109 sq mi)
Highest point 516 m (1,693 ft) - Les Arales
Lowest point 332 m (1,089 ft) - Rhone at Chancy
Joined 1815
Abbreviation GE
Languages French
Executive Conseil d'Etat (7)
Legislative Grand Council (100)
Municipalities 45 municipalities
Website GE.ch

The Canton of Geneva is the westernmost canton or state of Switzerland, surrounded on almost all sides by France. The official name of this canton in French is République et Canton de Genève. Like some other Swiss cantons (Ticino, Neuchâtel, Jura) this canton calls itself a republic, as part of the Swiss confederation.

The canton of Geneva is located in the southwestern corner of Switzerland and is considered one of the most cosmopolitan areas of the country. As a center of the Calvinist Reformation, the city of Geneva has had a great influence on the canton, which essentially consists of the city and its hinterlands.

Contents

History

Geneva was an independent republic until 1798, but had been an "everlasting ally" of the Swiss Confederation since 1584. During the Napoleonic wars, Geneva was occupied and annexed to France. After its liberation in 1813, Geneva joined the Swiss Confederation in 1815 as the 22nd canton, having been enlarged by French and Savoyard territories at the Vienna Congress.

Geography

Lake Geneva with the Jet d'Eau on the background

The area of the canton of Geneva is 282 square kilometers (108.9 sq mi). The canton is practically isolated from other cantons of Switzerland. The canton is bordered only by Vaud. The adjoining French departements are Ain (to the north) and Haute-Savoie (to the south and east). The current boundaries of the canton were established in 1815.

Government

The constitution of the canton was established in 1847 and since then amended several times. The cantonal government (Council of State) has seven members who are elected for four years.

The legislature, the Grand Council, has 100 seats, with deputies elected for four years at a time. In the most recent election, on 11 October 2009, the classical liberal Liberal Party was the largest party, with 20 seats, followed by the Green Party and the populist Geneva Citizens' Movement, with 17 seats each.

In a similar way to what happens at the Federal level, any change to the Constitution is subject to compulsory referendum. In addition, any law can be subject to a referendum if it is demanded by 7000 persons entitled to vote, and 10,000 persons may also propose a new law.

Municipalities

Municipalities of the Canton of Geneva

There are 45 municipalities in the canton (As of 2009).[1]

Geneva does not have any administrative districts. There are 10 cities with a population of over 10,000 as of 2007: Genève (188,174), Vernier (32,038); Lancy (27,548); Meyrin (20,793); Carouge (19,114); Onex (17,328); Thônex (13,251); Versoix (12,468); Grand-Saconnex (10,607); Chêne-Bougeries (10,148).

Demographics

Village square in Meyrin

As of 2007 the population of the canton is 438,177 of which 163,951 (or 37.42%) are foreigners.[2]

As home of Calvin's Reformation, the canton of Geneva has traditionally been a Protestant Christian stronghold. However, over the latter part of the 20th century the proportion of Catholics (40% as of 2000) rose, in large part due to immigration from Southern Europe, and now they outnumber Protestants (17% as of 2000)[3] in the canton. However, the canton is still officially considered Protestant. The surrounding regions of France are mostly Roman Catholic.

Economy

The city of Geneva dominates the economy of the canton. It is a center of commerce, trade and finance. Geneva is of international significance also as a financial center. A great number of Swiss banks are located in Geneva, particularly in the area of private banking.

The service industry is most significant in Geneva where there are headquarters of a number of international corporations and organizations, such as the United Nations and the International Labor Organization. Agriculture is commonplace in the hinterlands of Geneva, particularly wheat and wine. Precision machinery and instruments are other branches where the economy of the canton of Geneva is strong. This is also reflected in the tradition of watchmaking in Geneva.

Transport

Most of the main roads in the canton of Geneva radiate from the capital city of Geneva. Of these main roads, a great number lead into France rather than any Swiss canton. The canton is served by an international airport at Cointrin (Geneva International Airport) which has one terminal only. There are good rail links to cities in France and Switzerland. Since 1984 the French high-speed trains (TGV) come to Geneva. In 1964 the canton of Geneva was connected to the Swiss highway system, in 1970 to that of France.

Education

The main educational institution is the University of Geneva, founded in 1559 by Calvin. It was originally called Schola Genevensis. The original buildings are not used by the University any longer, but by Collège Calvin.

Culture

Jeûne genevois is a public holiday specific to Geneva, celebrated on the Thursday following the first Sunday of September.

References

External links

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République et Canton de Genève
Coordinates 46°2′N 6°7′E / 46.033°N 6.117°E / 46.033; 6.117Coordinates: 46°2′N 6°7′E / 46.033°N 6.117°E / 46.033; 6.117
Capital Geneva
Population 453,292  (12/2009)[1]
 - Density 1,607 /km² (4,163 /sq mi)
Area  282 km² (109 sq mi)
Highest point 516 m (1,693 ft) - Les Arales
Lowest point 332 m (1,089 ft) - Rhone at Chancy
Joined 1815
Abbreviation GE
Languages French
Executive Conseil d'Etat (7)
Legislative Grand Council (100)
Municipalities 45 municipalities
Website GE.ch
View map of Geneva

The Canton of Geneva (French: République et Canton de Genève; German: Republik und Kanton Genf; Italian: Repubblica e Canton Ginevra; Romansh: Republica e Chantun Genevra) is the French speaking westernmost canton or state of Switzerland, surrounded on almost all sides by France. As is the case in several other Swiss cantons (e.g. Ticino, Neuchâtel, and Jura), this canton is referred to as a republic within the Swiss confederation.

The canton of Geneva is located in the southwestern corner of Switzerland and is considered one of the most cosmopolitan areas of the country. As a center of the Calvinist Reformation, the city of Geneva has had a great influence on the canton, which essentially consists of the city and its hinterlands.

Contents

History

Geneva was an independent republic until 1798, but had been an "everlasting ally" of the Swiss Confederation since 1584. During the Napoleonic wars, Geneva was occupied and annexed to France. After its liberation in 1813, Geneva joined the Swiss Confederation in 1815 as the 22nd canton, having been enlarged by French and Savoyard territories at the Vienna Congress.

Geography

File:Geneva Lac
Lake Geneva with the Jet d'Eau on the background
File:100911 panorama depuis Thoiry
View from beneath Le Reculet towards Canton of Geneva, Annemasse, the Salève and the Mont-Blanc

The area of the canton of Geneva is 282 square kilometers (108.9 sq mi). The canton is practically isolated from other cantons of Switzerland. The canton is bordered only by Vaud. The adjoining French departements are Ain (to the north) and Haute-Savoie (to the south and east). The current boundaries of the canton were established in 1815.

Government

The constitution of the canton was established in 1847 and since then amended several times. The cantonal government (Council of State) has seven members who are elected for four years.

The legislature, the Grand Council, has 100 seats, with deputies elected for four years at a time. In the most recent election, on 11 October 2009, the classical liberal Liberal Party was the largest party, with 20 seats, followed by the Green Party and the populist Geneva Citizens' Movement, with 17 seats each.

In a similar way to what happens at the Federal level, any change to the Constitution is subject to compulsory referendum. In addition, any law can be subject to a referendum if it is demanded by 7000 persons entitled to vote, and 10,000 persons may also propose a new law.

Municipalities

File:Karte Gemeinden des Kantons Genf
Municipalities of the Canton of Geneva

There are 45 municipalities in the canton (As of 2009).[2]

Geneva does not have any administrative districts. There are 10 cities with a population of over 10,000 as of 2007: Genève (188,174), Vernier (32,038); Lancy (27,548); Meyrin (20,793); Carouge (19,114); Onex (17,328); Thônex (13,251); Versoix (12,468); Grand-Saconnex (10,607); Chêne-Bougeries (10,148).

Demographics

The population of the canton (as of Template:Safesubst:) is 453,292.[1] As of 2007, the population included 163,951 foreigners, or about 37.4 % of the total population.[3]

As home of Calvin's Reformation, the canton of Geneva has traditionally been a Protestant Christian stronghold. However, over the latter part of the 20th century the proportion of Catholics (40% as of 2000) rose, in large part due to immigration from Southern Europe, and now they outnumber Protestants (17% as of 2000)[4] in the canton. However, the canton is still officially considered Protestant. The surrounding regions of France are mostly Roman Catholic.

Economy

The city of Geneva dominates the economy of the canton. It is a center of commerce, trade and finance. Geneva is of international significance also as a financial center. A great number of Swiss banks are located in Geneva, particularly in the area of private banking.

The service industry is most significant in Geneva where there are headquarters of a number of international corporations and organizations, such as the United Nations and the International Labor Organization. Agriculture is commonplace in the hinterlands of Geneva, particularly wheat and wine. Precision machinery and instruments are other branches where the economy of the canton of Geneva is strong. This is also reflected in the tradition of watchmaking in Geneva.

Transport

Most of the main roads in the canton of Geneva radiate from the capital city of Geneva. Of these main roads, a great number lead into France rather than any Swiss canton. The canton is served by an international airport at Cointrin (Geneva International Airport) which has one terminal only. There are good rail links to cities in France and Switzerland. Since 1984 the French high-speed trains (TGV) come to Geneva. In 1964 the canton of Geneva was connected to the Swiss highway system, in 1970 to that of France.

Education

The main educational institution is the University of Geneva, founded in 1559 by Calvin. It was originally called Schola Genevensis. The original buildings are not used by the University any longer, but by Collège Calvin.

Culture

Jeûne genevois is a public holiday specific to Geneva, celebrated on the Thursday following the first Sunday of September.

References

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office, MS Excel document – Bilanz der ständigen Wohnbevölkerung nach Kantonen, Bezirken und Gemeinden (German) accessed 25 August 2010
  2. ^ "Liste officielle des communes de la Suisse - 01.01.2008". http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/fr/index/infothek/nomenklaturen/blank/blank/gem_liste/03.Document.90142.xls. Retrieved 15 décembre 2008. 
  3. ^ Federal Department of Statistics (2008). "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeit, Geschlecht und Kantonen" (Microsoft Excel). http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/de/index/themen/01/02/blank/key/raeumliche_verteilung/kantone__gemeinden.html. Retrieved November 5, 2008. 
  4. ^ Federal Department of Statistics (2004). "Wohnbevölkerung nach Religion" (Interactive Map). http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/de/index/themen/01/05/blank/key/religionen.html. Retrieved 2009-01-15. 

External links


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