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Cáodòng (Chinese: 曹洞宗pinyin: Cáo dòng zōngWade-Giles: Ts'ao-tung-tsung) is a Chinese Zen Buddhist sect founded by Dongshan Liangjie and his Dharma-heirs in the 9th century. Some attribute the name "Cáodòng" as a union of "Dongshan" and "Caoshan" from one of his Dharma-heirs, Caoshan Benji; however, the "Cao" much more likely came from Cáoxī (曹溪), the "mountain-name" of Huineng, the Sixth Ancestor of Chan, as Caoshan was of little importance unlike his contemporary and fellow Dharma-heir, Yunju Daoying. The sect emphasised sitting meditation, and later "silent illumination" techniques.

In 1227 Dōgen Zenji, a former Tendai student, studied Caodong Buddhism, and returned to Japan to establish the Sōtō sect.

Caodong masters:

See also

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